Python _functools.partial() Examples

The following are 30 code examples for showing how to use _functools.partial(). These examples are extracted from open source projects. You can vote up the ones you like or vote down the ones you don't like, and go to the original project or source file by following the links above each example.

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Example 1
Project: jawfish   Author: war-and-code   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 7 votes vote down vote up
def wraps(wrapped,
          assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
          updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Decorator factory to apply update_wrapper() to a wrapper function

       Returns a decorator that invokes update_wrapper() with the decorated
       function as the wrapper argument and the arguments to wraps() as the
       remaining arguments. Default arguments are as for update_wrapper().
       This is a convenience function to simplify applying partial() to
       update_wrapper().
    """
    return partial(update_wrapper, wrapped=wrapped,
                   assigned=assigned, updated=updated)


################################################################################
### total_ordering class decorator
################################################################################ 
Example 2
Project: pyspark-cassandra   Author: TargetHolding   File: tests.py    License: Apache License 2.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def test_write_conf(self):
        rdd = self.sc.parallelize([{'key':i, 'text':i, 'int':i} for i in range(10)])
        save = partial(rdd.saveToCassandra, self.keyspace, self.table)

        save(batch_size=100)
        save(batch_buffer_size=100)
        save(batch_grouping_key='replica_set')
        save(batch_grouping_key='partition')
        save(consistency_level='ALL')
        save(consistency_level=ConsistencyLevel.LOCAL_QUORUM)
        save(parallelism_level=10)
        save(throughput_mibps=10)
        save(ttl=5)
        save(ttl=timedelta(minutes=30))
        save(timestamp=time.clock() * 1000 * 1000)
        save(timestamp=datetime.now())
        save(metrics_enabled=True)
        save(write_conf=WriteConf(ttl=3, metrics_enabled=True)) 
Example 3
Project: meddle   Author: glmcdona   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def update_wrapper(wrapper,
                   wrapped,
                   assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
                   updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Update a wrapper function to look like the wrapped function

       wrapper is the function to be updated
       wrapped is the original function
       assigned is a tuple naming the attributes assigned directly
       from the wrapped function to the wrapper function (defaults to
       functools.WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS)
       updated is a tuple naming the attributes of the wrapper that
       are updated with the corresponding attribute from the wrapped
       function (defaults to functools.WRAPPER_UPDATES)
    """
    for attr in assigned:
        setattr(wrapper, attr, getattr(wrapped, attr))
    for attr in updated:
        getattr(wrapper, attr).update(getattr(wrapped, attr, {}))
    # Return the wrapper so this can be used as a decorator via partial()
    return wrapper 
Example 4
Project: ironpython2   Author: IronLanguages   File: functools.py    License: Apache License 2.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def update_wrapper(wrapper,
                   wrapped,
                   assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
                   updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Update a wrapper function to look like the wrapped function

       wrapper is the function to be updated
       wrapped is the original function
       assigned is a tuple naming the attributes assigned directly
       from the wrapped function to the wrapper function (defaults to
       functools.WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS)
       updated is a tuple naming the attributes of the wrapper that
       are updated with the corresponding attribute from the wrapped
       function (defaults to functools.WRAPPER_UPDATES)
    """
    for attr in assigned:
        setattr(wrapper, attr, getattr(wrapped, attr))
    for attr in updated:
        getattr(wrapper, attr).update(getattr(wrapped, attr, {}))
    # Return the wrapper so this can be used as a decorator via partial()
    return wrapper 
Example 5
Project: kobo-predict   Author: awemulya   File: functools.py    License: BSD 2-Clause "Simplified" License 6 votes vote down vote up
def wraps(wrapped,
          assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
          updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Decorator factory to apply update_wrapper() to a wrapper function

       Returns a decorator that invokes update_wrapper() with the decorated
       function as the wrapper argument and the arguments to wraps() as the
       remaining arguments. Default arguments are as for update_wrapper().
       This is a convenience function to simplify applying partial() to
       update_wrapper().
    """
    return partial(update_wrapper, wrapped=wrapped,
                   assigned=assigned, updated=updated)


################################################################################
### total_ordering class decorator
################################################################################

# The total ordering functions all invoke the root magic method directly
# rather than using the corresponding operator.  This avoids possible
# infinite recursion that could occur when the operator dispatch logic
# detects a NotImplemented result and then calls a reflected method. 
Example 6
Project: kobo-predict   Author: awemulya   File: functools.py    License: BSD 2-Clause "Simplified" License 6 votes vote down vote up
def partial(func, *args, **keywords):
    """New function with partial application of the given arguments
    and keywords.
    """
    if hasattr(func, 'func'):
        args = func.args + args
        tmpkw = func.keywords.copy()
        tmpkw.update(keywords)
        keywords = tmpkw
        del tmpkw
        func = func.func

    def newfunc(*fargs, **fkeywords):
        newkeywords = keywords.copy()
        newkeywords.update(fkeywords)
        return func(*(args + fargs), **newkeywords)
    newfunc.func = func
    newfunc.args = args
    newfunc.keywords = keywords
    return newfunc 
Example 7
Project: kobo-predict   Author: awemulya   File: functools.py    License: BSD 2-Clause "Simplified" License 6 votes vote down vote up
def __init__(self, func, *args, **keywords):
        if not callable(func) and not hasattr(func, "__get__"):
            raise TypeError("{!r} is not callable or a descriptor"
                                 .format(func))

        # func could be a descriptor like classmethod which isn't callable,
        # so we can't inherit from partial (it verifies func is callable)
        if isinstance(func, partialmethod):
            # flattening is mandatory in order to place cls/self before all
            # other arguments
            # it's also more efficient since only one function will be called
            self.func = func.func
            self.args = func.args + args
            self.keywords = func.keywords.copy()
            self.keywords.update(keywords)
        else:
            self.func = func
            self.args = args
            self.keywords = keywords 
Example 8
Project: kobo-predict   Author: awemulya   File: functools.py    License: BSD 2-Clause "Simplified" License 6 votes vote down vote up
def __get__(self, obj, cls):
        get = getattr(self.func, "__get__", None)
        result = None
        if get is not None:
            new_func = get(obj, cls)
            if new_func is not self.func:
                # Assume __get__ returning something new indicates the
                # creation of an appropriate callable
                result = partial(new_func, *self.args, **self.keywords)
                try:
                    result.__self__ = new_func.__self__
                except AttributeError:
                    pass
        if result is None:
            # If the underlying descriptor didn't do anything, treat this
            # like an instance method
            result = self._make_unbound_method().__get__(obj, cls)
        return result 
Example 9
Project: BinderFilter   Author: dxwu   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def update_wrapper(wrapper,
                   wrapped,
                   assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
                   updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Update a wrapper function to look like the wrapped function

       wrapper is the function to be updated
       wrapped is the original function
       assigned is a tuple naming the attributes assigned directly
       from the wrapped function to the wrapper function (defaults to
       functools.WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS)
       updated is a tuple naming the attributes of the wrapper that
       are updated with the corresponding attribute from the wrapped
       function (defaults to functools.WRAPPER_UPDATES)
    """
    for attr in assigned:
        setattr(wrapper, attr, getattr(wrapped, attr))
    for attr in updated:
        getattr(wrapper, attr).update(getattr(wrapped, attr, {}))
    # Return the wrapper so this can be used as a decorator via partial()
    return wrapper 
Example 10
Project: Computable   Author: ktraunmueller   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def update_wrapper(wrapper,
                   wrapped,
                   assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
                   updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Update a wrapper function to look like the wrapped function

       wrapper is the function to be updated
       wrapped is the original function
       assigned is a tuple naming the attributes assigned directly
       from the wrapped function to the wrapper function (defaults to
       functools.WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS)
       updated is a tuple naming the attributes of the wrapper that
       are updated with the corresponding attribute from the wrapped
       function (defaults to functools.WRAPPER_UPDATES)
    """
    for attr in assigned:
        setattr(wrapper, attr, getattr(wrapped, attr))
    for attr in updated:
        getattr(wrapper, attr).update(getattr(wrapped, attr, {}))
    # Return the wrapper so this can be used as a decorator via partial()
    return wrapper 
Example 11
Project: oss-ftp   Author: aliyun   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def update_wrapper(wrapper,
                   wrapped,
                   assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
                   updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Update a wrapper function to look like the wrapped function

       wrapper is the function to be updated
       wrapped is the original function
       assigned is a tuple naming the attributes assigned directly
       from the wrapped function to the wrapper function (defaults to
       functools.WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS)
       updated is a tuple naming the attributes of the wrapper that
       are updated with the corresponding attribute from the wrapped
       function (defaults to functools.WRAPPER_UPDATES)
    """
    for attr in assigned:
        setattr(wrapper, attr, getattr(wrapped, attr))
    for attr in updated:
        getattr(wrapper, attr).update(getattr(wrapped, attr, {}))
    # Return the wrapper so this can be used as a decorator via partial()
    return wrapper 
Example 12
Project: pmatic   Author: LarsMichelsen   File: functools.py    License: GNU General Public License v2.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def update_wrapper(wrapper,
                   wrapped,
                   assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
                   updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Update a wrapper function to look like the wrapped function

       wrapper is the function to be updated
       wrapped is the original function
       assigned is a tuple naming the attributes assigned directly
       from the wrapped function to the wrapper function (defaults to
       functools.WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS)
       updated is a tuple naming the attributes of the wrapper that
       are updated with the corresponding attribute from the wrapped
       function (defaults to functools.WRAPPER_UPDATES)
    """
    for attr in assigned:
        setattr(wrapper, attr, getattr(wrapped, attr))
    for attr in updated:
        getattr(wrapper, attr).update(getattr(wrapped, attr, {}))
    # Return the wrapper so this can be used as a decorator via partial()
    return wrapper 
Example 13
Project: GraphicDesignPatternByPython   Author: Relph1119   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def wraps(wrapped,
          assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
          updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Decorator factory to apply update_wrapper() to a wrapper function

       Returns a decorator that invokes update_wrapper() with the decorated
       function as the wrapper argument and the arguments to wraps() as the
       remaining arguments. Default arguments are as for update_wrapper().
       This is a convenience function to simplify applying partial() to
       update_wrapper().
    """
    return partial(update_wrapper, wrapped=wrapped,
                   assigned=assigned, updated=updated)


################################################################################
### total_ordering class decorator
################################################################################

# The total ordering functions all invoke the root magic method directly
# rather than using the corresponding operator.  This avoids possible
# infinite recursion that could occur when the operator dispatch logic
# detects a NotImplemented result and then calls a reflected method. 
Example 14
Project: GraphicDesignPatternByPython   Author: Relph1119   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def __new__(*args, **keywords):
        if not args:
            raise TypeError("descriptor '__new__' of partial needs an argument")
        if len(args) < 2:
            raise TypeError("type 'partial' takes at least one argument")
        cls, func, *args = args
        if not callable(func):
            raise TypeError("the first argument must be callable")
        args = tuple(args)

        if hasattr(func, "func"):
            args = func.args + args
            tmpkw = func.keywords.copy()
            tmpkw.update(keywords)
            keywords = tmpkw
            del tmpkw
            func = func.func

        self = super(partial, cls).__new__(cls)

        self.func = func
        self.args = args
        self.keywords = keywords
        return self 
Example 15
Project: GraphicDesignPatternByPython   Author: Relph1119   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def __setstate__(self, state):
        if not isinstance(state, tuple):
            raise TypeError("argument to __setstate__ must be a tuple")
        if len(state) != 4:
            raise TypeError(f"expected 4 items in state, got {len(state)}")
        func, args, kwds, namespace = state
        if (not callable(func) or not isinstance(args, tuple) or
           (kwds is not None and not isinstance(kwds, dict)) or
           (namespace is not None and not isinstance(namespace, dict))):
            raise TypeError("invalid partial state")

        args = tuple(args) # just in case it's a subclass
        if kwds is None:
            kwds = {}
        elif type(kwds) is not dict: # XXX does it need to be *exactly* dict?
            kwds = dict(kwds)
        if namespace is None:
            namespace = {}

        self.__dict__ = namespace
        self.func = func
        self.args = args
        self.keywords = kwds 
Example 16
Project: GraphicDesignPatternByPython   Author: Relph1119   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def __get__(self, obj, cls):
        get = getattr(self.func, "__get__", None)
        result = None
        if get is not None:
            new_func = get(obj, cls)
            if new_func is not self.func:
                # Assume __get__ returning something new indicates the
                # creation of an appropriate callable
                result = partial(new_func, *self.args, **self.keywords)
                try:
                    result.__self__ = new_func.__self__
                except AttributeError:
                    pass
        if result is None:
            # If the underlying descriptor didn't do anything, treat this
            # like an instance method
            result = self._make_unbound_method().__get__(obj, cls)
        return result 
Example 17
Project: Fluid-Designer   Author: Microvellum   File: functools.py    License: GNU General Public License v3.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def wraps(wrapped,
          assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
          updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Decorator factory to apply update_wrapper() to a wrapper function

       Returns a decorator that invokes update_wrapper() with the decorated
       function as the wrapper argument and the arguments to wraps() as the
       remaining arguments. Default arguments are as for update_wrapper().
       This is a convenience function to simplify applying partial() to
       update_wrapper().
    """
    return partial(update_wrapper, wrapped=wrapped,
                   assigned=assigned, updated=updated)


################################################################################
### total_ordering class decorator
################################################################################

# The total ordering functions all invoke the root magic method directly
# rather than using the corresponding operator.  This avoids possible
# infinite recursion that could occur when the operator dispatch logic
# detects a NotImplemented result and then calls a reflected method. 
Example 18
Project: Fluid-Designer   Author: Microvellum   File: functools.py    License: GNU General Public License v3.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def partial(func, *args, **keywords):
    """New function with partial application of the given arguments
    and keywords.
    """
    if hasattr(func, 'func'):
        args = func.args + args
        tmpkw = func.keywords.copy()
        tmpkw.update(keywords)
        keywords = tmpkw
        del tmpkw
        func = func.func

    def newfunc(*fargs, **fkeywords):
        newkeywords = keywords.copy()
        newkeywords.update(fkeywords)
        return func(*(args + fargs), **newkeywords)
    newfunc.func = func
    newfunc.args = args
    newfunc.keywords = keywords
    return newfunc 
Example 19
Project: Fluid-Designer   Author: Microvellum   File: functools.py    License: GNU General Public License v3.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def __init__(self, func, *args, **keywords):
        if not callable(func) and not hasattr(func, "__get__"):
            raise TypeError("{!r} is not callable or a descriptor"
                                 .format(func))

        # func could be a descriptor like classmethod which isn't callable,
        # so we can't inherit from partial (it verifies func is callable)
        if isinstance(func, partialmethod):
            # flattening is mandatory in order to place cls/self before all
            # other arguments
            # it's also more efficient since only one function will be called
            self.func = func.func
            self.args = func.args + args
            self.keywords = func.keywords.copy()
            self.keywords.update(keywords)
        else:
            self.func = func
            self.args = args
            self.keywords = keywords 
Example 20
Project: Fluid-Designer   Author: Microvellum   File: functools.py    License: GNU General Public License v3.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def __get__(self, obj, cls):
        get = getattr(self.func, "__get__", None)
        result = None
        if get is not None:
            new_func = get(obj, cls)
            if new_func is not self.func:
                # Assume __get__ returning something new indicates the
                # creation of an appropriate callable
                result = partial(new_func, *self.args, **self.keywords)
                try:
                    result.__self__ = new_func.__self__
                except AttributeError:
                    pass
        if result is None:
            # If the underlying descriptor didn't do anything, treat this
            # like an instance method
            result = self._make_unbound_method().__get__(obj, cls)
        return result 
Example 21
Project: Imogen   Author: CedricGuillemet   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def wraps(wrapped,
          assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
          updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Decorator factory to apply update_wrapper() to a wrapper function

       Returns a decorator that invokes update_wrapper() with the decorated
       function as the wrapper argument and the arguments to wraps() as the
       remaining arguments. Default arguments are as for update_wrapper().
       This is a convenience function to simplify applying partial() to
       update_wrapper().
    """
    return partial(update_wrapper, wrapped=wrapped,
                   assigned=assigned, updated=updated)


################################################################################
### total_ordering class decorator
################################################################################

# The total ordering functions all invoke the root magic method directly
# rather than using the corresponding operator.  This avoids possible
# infinite recursion that could occur when the operator dispatch logic
# detects a NotImplemented result and then calls a reflected method. 
Example 22
Project: Imogen   Author: CedricGuillemet   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def __new__(*args, **keywords):
        if not args:
            raise TypeError("descriptor '__new__' of partial needs an argument")
        if len(args) < 2:
            raise TypeError("type 'partial' takes at least one argument")
        cls, func, *args = args
        if not callable(func):
            raise TypeError("the first argument must be callable")
        args = tuple(args)

        if hasattr(func, "func"):
            args = func.args + args
            tmpkw = func.keywords.copy()
            tmpkw.update(keywords)
            keywords = tmpkw
            del tmpkw
            func = func.func

        self = super(partial, cls).__new__(cls)

        self.func = func
        self.args = args
        self.keywords = keywords
        return self 
Example 23
Project: Imogen   Author: CedricGuillemet   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def __setstate__(self, state):
        if not isinstance(state, tuple):
            raise TypeError("argument to __setstate__ must be a tuple")
        if len(state) != 4:
            raise TypeError(f"expected 4 items in state, got {len(state)}")
        func, args, kwds, namespace = state
        if (not callable(func) or not isinstance(args, tuple) or
           (kwds is not None and not isinstance(kwds, dict)) or
           (namespace is not None and not isinstance(namespace, dict))):
            raise TypeError("invalid partial state")

        args = tuple(args) # just in case it's a subclass
        if kwds is None:
            kwds = {}
        elif type(kwds) is not dict: # XXX does it need to be *exactly* dict?
            kwds = dict(kwds)
        if namespace is None:
            namespace = {}

        self.__dict__ = namespace
        self.func = func
        self.args = args
        self.keywords = kwds 
Example 24
Project: Imogen   Author: CedricGuillemet   File: functools.py    License: MIT License 6 votes vote down vote up
def __get__(self, obj, cls):
        get = getattr(self.func, "__get__", None)
        result = None
        if get is not None:
            new_func = get(obj, cls)
            if new_func is not self.func:
                # Assume __get__ returning something new indicates the
                # creation of an appropriate callable
                result = partial(new_func, *self.args, **self.keywords)
                try:
                    result.__self__ = new_func.__self__
                except AttributeError:
                    pass
        if result is None:
            # If the underlying descriptor didn't do anything, treat this
            # like an instance method
            result = self._make_unbound_method().__get__(obj, cls)
        return result 
Example 25
Project: scylla   Author: acaceres2176   File: functools.py    License: Apache License 2.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def wraps(wrapped,
          assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
          updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Decorator factory to apply update_wrapper() to a wrapper function

       Returns a decorator that invokes update_wrapper() with the decorated
       function as the wrapper argument and the arguments to wraps() as the
       remaining arguments. Default arguments are as for update_wrapper().
       This is a convenience function to simplify applying partial() to
       update_wrapper().
    """
    return partial(update_wrapper, wrapped=wrapped,
                   assigned=assigned, updated=updated)


################################################################################
### total_ordering class decorator
################################################################################

# The total ordering functions all invoke the root magic method directly
# rather than using the corresponding operator.  This avoids possible
# infinite recursion that could occur when the operator dispatch logic
# detects a NotImplemented result and then calls a reflected method. 
Example 26
Project: scylla   Author: acaceres2176   File: functools.py    License: Apache License 2.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def partial(func, *args, **keywords):
    """New function with partial application of the given arguments
    and keywords.
    """
    if hasattr(func, 'func'):
        args = func.args + args
        tmpkw = func.keywords.copy()
        tmpkw.update(keywords)
        keywords = tmpkw
        del tmpkw
        func = func.func

    def newfunc(*fargs, **fkeywords):
        newkeywords = keywords.copy()
        newkeywords.update(fkeywords)
        return func(*(args + fargs), **newkeywords)
    newfunc.func = func
    newfunc.args = args
    newfunc.keywords = keywords
    return newfunc 
Example 27
Project: scylla   Author: acaceres2176   File: functools.py    License: Apache License 2.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def __init__(self, func, *args, **keywords):
        if not callable(func) and not hasattr(func, "__get__"):
            raise TypeError("{!r} is not callable or a descriptor"
                                 .format(func))

        # func could be a descriptor like classmethod which isn't callable,
        # so we can't inherit from partial (it verifies func is callable)
        if isinstance(func, partialmethod):
            # flattening is mandatory in order to place cls/self before all
            # other arguments
            # it's also more efficient since only one function will be called
            self.func = func.func
            self.args = func.args + args
            self.keywords = func.keywords.copy()
            self.keywords.update(keywords)
        else:
            self.func = func
            self.args = args
            self.keywords = keywords 
Example 28
Project: scylla   Author: acaceres2176   File: functools.py    License: Apache License 2.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def __get__(self, obj, cls):
        get = getattr(self.func, "__get__", None)
        result = None
        if get is not None:
            new_func = get(obj, cls)
            if new_func is not self.func:
                # Assume __get__ returning something new indicates the
                # creation of an appropriate callable
                result = partial(new_func, *self.args, **self.keywords)
                try:
                    result.__self__ = new_func.__self__
                except AttributeError:
                    pass
        if result is None:
            # If the underlying descriptor didn't do anything, treat this
            # like an instance method
            result = self._make_unbound_method().__get__(obj, cls)
        return result 
Example 29
Project: ironpython3   Author: IronLanguages   File: functools.py    License: Apache License 2.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def wraps(wrapped,
          assigned = WRAPPER_ASSIGNMENTS,
          updated = WRAPPER_UPDATES):
    """Decorator factory to apply update_wrapper() to a wrapper function

       Returns a decorator that invokes update_wrapper() with the decorated
       function as the wrapper argument and the arguments to wraps() as the
       remaining arguments. Default arguments are as for update_wrapper().
       This is a convenience function to simplify applying partial() to
       update_wrapper().
    """
    return partial(update_wrapper, wrapped=wrapped,
                   assigned=assigned, updated=updated)


################################################################################
### total_ordering class decorator
################################################################################

# The total ordering functions all invoke the root magic method directly
# rather than using the corresponding operator.  This avoids possible
# infinite recursion that could occur when the operator dispatch logic
# detects a NotImplemented result and then calls a reflected method. 
Example 30
Project: ironpython3   Author: IronLanguages   File: functools.py    License: Apache License 2.0 6 votes vote down vote up
def __init__(self, func, *args, **keywords):
        if not callable(func) and not hasattr(func, "__get__"):
            raise TypeError("{!r} is not callable or a descriptor"
                                 .format(func))

        # func could be a descriptor like classmethod which isn't callable,
        # so we can't inherit from partial (it verifies func is callable)
        if isinstance(func, partialmethod):
            # flattening is mandatory in order to place cls/self before all
            # other arguments
            # it's also more efficient since only one function will be called
            self.func = func.func
            self.args = func.args + args
            self.keywords = func.keywords.copy()
            self.keywords.update(keywords)
        else:
            self.func = func
            self.args = args
            self.keywords = keywords