BERT(S) for Relation Extraction

Overview

A PyTorch implementation of the models for the paper "Matching the Blanks: Distributional Similarity for Relation Learning" published in ACL 2019.
Note: This is not an official repo for the paper.
Additional models for relation extraction, implemented here based on the paper's methodology:

Requirements

Requirements: Python (3.6+), PyTorch (1.2.0+), Spacy (2.1.8+)

Pre-trained BERT models (ALBERT, BERT) courtesy of HuggingFace.co (https://huggingface.co)
Pre-trained BioBERT model courtesy of https://github.com/dmis-lab/biobert

To use BioBERT(biobert_v1.1_pubmed), download & unzip the contents to ./additional_models folder.

Training by matching the blanks (BERTEM + MTB)

Run main_pretraining.py with arguments below. Pre-training data can be any .txt continuous text file.
We use Spacy NLP to grab pairwise entities (within a window size of 40 tokens length) from the text to form relation statements for pre-training. Entities recognition are based on NER and dependency tree parsing of objects/subjects.

The pre-training data taken from CNN dataset (cnn.txt) that I've used can be downloaded here.
However, do note that the paper uses wiki dumps data for MTB pre-training which is much larger than the CNN dataset.

Note: Pre-training can take a long time, depending on available GPU. It is possible to directly fine-tune on the relation-extraction task and still get reasonable results, following the section below.

main_pretraining.py [-h] 
    [--pretrain_data TRAIN_PATH] 
    [--batch_size BATCH_SIZE]
    [--freeze FREEZE]  
    [--gradient_acc_steps GRADIENT_ACC_STEPS]
    [--max_norm MAX_NORM]
    [--fp16 FP_16]  
    [--num_epochs NUM_EPOCHS]
    [--lr LR]
    [--model_no MODEL_NO (0: BERT ; 1: ALBERT ; 2: BioBERT)]  
    [--model_size MODEL_SIZE (BERT: 'bert-base-uncased', 'bert-large-uncased';   
                ALBERT: 'albert-base-v2', 'albert-large-v2';   
                BioBERT: 'bert-base-uncased' (biobert_v1.1_pubmed))]

Fine-tuning on SemEval2010 Task 8 (BERTEM/BERTEM + MTB)

Run main_task.py with arguments below. Requires SemEval2010 Task 8 dataset, available here. Download & unzip to ./data/ folder.

main_task.py [-h] 
    [--train_data TRAIN_DATA]
    [--test_data TEST_DATA]
    [--use_pretrained_blanks USE_PRETRAINED_BLANKS]
    [--num_classes NUM_CLASSES] 
    [--batch_size BATCH_SIZE]
    [--gradient_acc_steps GRADIENT_ACC_STEPS]
    [--max_norm MAX_NORM]
    [--fp16 FP_16]  
    [--num_epochs NUM_EPOCHS]
    [--lr LR]
    [--model_no MODEL_NO (0: BERT ; 1: ALBERT ; 2: BioBERT)]  
    [--model_size MODEL_SIZE (BERT: 'bert-base-uncased', 'bert-large-uncased';   
                ALBERT: 'albert-base-v2', 'albert-large-v2';   
                BioBERT: 'bert-base-uncased' (biobert_v1.1_pubmed))]    
    [--train TRAIN]
    [--infer INFER]

Inference (--infer=1)

To infer a sentence, you can annotate entity1 & entity2 of interest within the sentence with their respective entities tags [E1], [E2]. Example:

Type input sentence ('quit' or 'exit' to terminate):
The surprise [E1]visit[/E1] caused a [E2]frenzy[/E2] on the already chaotic trading floor.

Sentence:  The surprise [E1]visit[/E1] caused a [E2]frenzy[/E2] on the already chaotic trading floor.
Predicted:  Cause-Effect(e1,e2) 
from src.tasks.infer import infer_from_trained

inferer = infer_from_trained(args, detect_entities=False)
test = "The surprise [E1]visit[/E1] caused a [E2]frenzy[/E2] on the already chaotic trading floor."
inferer.infer_sentence(test, detect_entities=False)
Sentence:  The surprise [E1]visit[/E1] caused a [E2]frenzy[/E2] on the already chaotic trading floor.
Predicted:  Cause-Effect(e1,e2) 

The script can also automatically detect potential entities in an input sentence, in which case all possible relation combinations are inferred:

inferer = infer_from_trained(args, detect_entities=True)
test2 = "After eating the chicken, he developed a sore throat the next morning."
inferer.infer_sentence(test2, detect_entities=True)
Sentence:  [E2]After eating the chicken[/E2] , [E1]he[/E1] developed a sore throat the next morning .
Predicted:  Other 

Sentence:  After eating the chicken , [E1]he[/E1] developed [E2]a sore throat[/E2] the next morning .
Predicted:  Other 

Sentence:  [E1]After eating the chicken[/E1] , [E2]he[/E2] developed a sore throat the next morning .
Predicted:  Other 

Sentence:  [E1]After eating the chicken[/E1] , he developed [E2]a sore throat[/E2] the next morning .
Predicted:  Other 

Sentence:  After eating the chicken , [E2]he[/E2] developed [E1]a sore throat[/E1] the next morning .
Predicted:  Other 

Sentence:  [E2]After eating the chicken[/E2] , he developed [E1]a sore throat[/E1] the next morning .
Predicted:  Cause-Effect(e2,e1) 

FewRel Task

Download the FewRel 1.0 dataset here. and unzip to ./data/ folder.
Run main_task.py with argument 'task' set as 'fewrel'.

python main_task.py --task fewrel
Results:
(5-way 1-shot)
BERTEM without MTB, not trained on any FewRel data
Model size Accuracy (41646 samples)
bert-base-uncased 62.229 %
bert-large-uncased 72.766 %

Benchmark Results

SemEval2010 Task 8

1) Base architecture: BERT base uncased (12-layer, 768-hidden, 12-heads, 110M parameters)

Without MTB pre-training: F1 results when trained on 100 % training data:

2) Base architecture: ALBERT base uncased (12 repeating layers, 128 embedding, 768-hidden, 12-heads, 11M parameters)

Without MTB pre-training: F1 results when trained on 100 % training data:

To add