Data Crawling on Steroids
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:opendns/og-miner.git cd og-miner pip install -r requirements.txt
After this step, you will need to configure your API keys in conf.json
$ ./miner.py --help Miner Script (version 3.7) usage: miner.py [-h] [--domain DOMAIN] [--domains DOMAINS] [--url URL] [--urls URLS] [--ip IP] [--ips IPS] [--asn ASN] [--asns ASNS] [--email EMAIL] [--emails EMAILS] [--hash HASH] [--hashes HASHES] [--regex REGEX] [--regexes REGEXES] [--query QUERY] [--json JSON] [--pull PULL] [--push PUSH] [--config CONFIG] [--profile PROFILE] [--token TOKEN] [--ttl TTL] [--title TITLE] [--explore EXPLORE] [--operate OPERATE] [--depth DEPTH] [--workers WORKERS] [--output OUTPUT] [--mongo MONGO] [--reset] [--no-output] [--stats] optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --domain DOMAIN Mine from a domain. --domains DOMAINS Mine from a list of domains in a file. --url URL Mine from a URL. --urls URLS Mine from a list of URLs in a file. --ip IP Mine from an IP. --ips IPS Mine from a list of IPs in a file. --asn ASN Mine from an ASN. --asns ASNS Mine from a list of ASNs in a file. --email EMAIL Mine from an email address. --emails EMAILS Mine from a list of emails in a file. --hash HASH Mine from a hash. --hashes HASHES Mine from a list of hashes in a file. --regex REGEX Mine from a regex. --regexes REGEXES Mine from a list of regexes in a file. --query QUERY Mine from graph vertices matching the query --json JSON Load custom tasks from a JSON file. --pull PULL Pull entries to mine from a ZMQ stream. --push PUSH Push mined results to a ZMQ stream. --config CONFIG Select a configuration file. --profile PROFILE Select a mining profile. --token TOKEN Set the mining token. --ttl TTL Set the mining token TTL (in seconds). --title TITLE Set the dataset title. --explore EXPLORE Set the list of explorers. --operate OPERATE Set the list of operators. --depth DEPTH Set the mining maximum depth. --workers WORKERS Set the number of worker threads. --output OUTPUT Set the output JSON filename. --mongo MONGO Use MongoDB as a graph database. --reset Reset graph. --no-output No JSON output. --stats Compute performance metrics.
The miner script is a powerful data mining tool that helps users discover and build relationships between various entry points in a graph oriented fashion. Multiple sources of data already are implemented using a modular plugin system. and can be easily integrated using a modular plugin system.
Before digging too deep into the miner details, it is important to see the big picture. At OpenDNS, we build the "Security Graph". This security graph can be seen as a complex relational database representing Internet entities (Domains, IPs, ASNs, Whois ...) built on one hand from our DNS logs, on the other hand from external parties (Whois DB, MaxMind GeoIP, etc.). We connect those entites using several relationships (Co-occurrence, Related Domains, Domain-IP mapping, Registration etc.)
In other words, all this agglomerated data can be seen as a giant graph connecting dots of information. The miner script is a useful tool to extract parts of this graph ("subgraphs"). It digs inside the whole data network from given entry points using a certain mining profile. You can define as many entry points as you want from the command line and the mining profile is defined in a JSON file inside the "profiles" folder. If no profile is defined, it will fall back to the default one.
Once the miner has finished running, the output is a graph dataset stored in the JSON format. You can define the name of the resulting file with the --output argument and this file can be analyzed and loaded with various graph analysis softwares (ex: OpenGraphiti).
You can start from any domain, IP, email, ASN or binary hash. Use the --domain, --ip, --email, --asn and --hash arguments if you have only one (Or only one of each). You can use the arguments --domains, --ips, --emails, --asns and --hashes if you need to pass a list contained in a file. The file needs to have only one entry per line.
Starts digging from test.com
$ ./miner.py --domain test.com
Starts digging from domain test.com, ip 188.8.131.52 and asn 1234.
$ ./miner.py --domain test.com --ip 184.108.40.206 --asn 1234
Starts digging from all domains located in 'domains.txt', saves the result in 'result.json' and sets the title of the dataset.
$ ./miner.py --domains domains.txt --output result.json --title "Infected Domains"
In reality, the data mining process is nothing more than a customizable Breadth First Traversal. Long story short, here is what it does :
The mining profiles help you customize a couple of things :
Different mining profiles will give you different results. Usually, a certain profile corresponds to a certain use case. For example, the "default.json" profile parses every type of node, edges and attributes but select only a bunch of neighbors at every iteration and is limited to a small depth. This is only intended to give you a relatively small dataset for an overview of a certain node neighborhood and a quick understanding of the various types of data that we collect.
Please take a look at "profiles/default.json" for concrete examples.