microgear- python is a client library for Python The library is used to connect application code or hardware with the NETPIE Platform's service for developing IoT applications. For more details on the NETPIE Platform, please visit https://netpie.io .

Outgoing Network Port

Make sure ther following ports are allowed to connect from your network.


$ pip install microgear

Usage Example

import microgear.client as microgear
import logging
import time

appid = <appid>
gearkey = <gearkey>
gearsecret =  <gearsecret>

microgear.create(gearkey,gearsecret,appid,{'debugmode': True})

def connection():
    logging.info("Now I am connected with netpie")

def subscription(topic,message):
    logging.info(topic+" "+message)

def disconnect():

microgear.on_connect = connection
microgear.on_message = subscription
microgear.on_disconnect = disconnect

More examples

Library Usage




In the key generation process on the web netpie.io, the developer can specify basic rights to each key. If the creation of microgear is within right scope, a token will be automatically issued, and the microgear can be connected to NETPIE immediately. However, if the requested scope is beyond the specified right, the developer will recieve a notification to approve a microgear's connection. Note that if the microgear has operations beyond its right (e.g., pulishing to the topic that it does not has the right to do so), NETPIE will automatically disconnect the microgear. In case that APPKEY is used as a gearkey, the developer can ignore this attribute since by default the APPKEY will gain all rights as the ownwer of the app.

gearkey = <gearkey>
gearsecret =  <gearsecret>
appid = <appid>

microgear.create(gearkey,gearsecret,appid, {'debugmode': True, 'scope': "r:/outdoor/temp,w:/outdoor/valve,name:logger,chat:plant", 'alias': "logger"})

microgear.connect(will_block): microgear connection


while True:
    microgear.chat("doraemon","Hello world. "+str(int(time.time())))

If you want the library to Block after being connected to the platform, you could wait for specified events using callback (on_*). In this case, use the argument True for this function. For example,


microgear.setalias(alias): microgear can set its own alias, which to be used for others make a function call chat(). The alias will appear on the key management portal of netpie.io .



microgear.setname(gearname): microgear can set its own name to use with chat() This function is deprecated. Please use setalias() instead



microgear.chat(gearname, message): sending a message to a specified gearname


microgear.chat("html","hello from python");

microgear.publish(topic, message, retain): In the case that the microgear want to send a message to an unspecified receiver, the developer can use the function publish to the desired topic, which all the microgears that subscribe such topic will receive a message.



microgear.subscribe(topic) microgear may be interested in some topic. The developer can use the function subscribe() to subscribe a message belong to such topic. If the topic used to retain a message, the microgear will receive a message everytime it subscribes that topic.



microgear.resettoken() For deleting Token in cache and on the platform. If deleted, need to get a new Token for the next connection.


microgear.writeFeed(feedid, data, apikey): write time series data to a feed storage


data = {"field1":random.randint(1, 10),"field2":random.randint(1, 10),"field3":random.randint(1, 10)}

microgear.useTLS(tlsmode): Enable or disable TLS. For microgear-python, TLS is disabled by default.



microgear.pushOwner(message): push notification to NETPIE mobile application


microgear.pushOwner("temp : 28.5");


An application that runs on a microgear is an event-driven type, which responses to various events with the callback function in a form of event function call:

microgear.on_connect This event is created when the microgear library successfully connects to the NETPIE platform.

Parameter set

def callback_connect() :
    print "Now I am connected with netpie"
microgear.on_ connect = callback_connect

microgear.on_disconnect This event is created when the microgear library disconnects the NETPIE platform.

Parameter set

def callback_disconnect() :
    print "Disconnected”
microgear.on_disconnect = callback_disconnect

microgear.on_message When there is an incomming message from chat or from subscribed topic. This event is created with the related information to be sent via the callback function.

Parameter set

def callback_message(topic, message) :
  print "I got message from ", topic, ": ", message
microgear.on_message= callback_message

microgear.on_present This event is created when there is a microgear under the same appid appears online to connect to NETPIE.

Parameter set

def callback_present(gearkey) :
    print gearkey+" become online."
microgear.on_present = callback_present

microgear.on_absent This event is created when the microgear under the same appid appears offline.

Parameter set

def callback_absent(gearkey) :
    print gearkey+" become offline."
microgear.on_absent = callback_absent

microgear.on_warning This event is created when some event occurs, and a warning message will be notified.

Parameter set

def callback_warning(msg) :
    print msg
microgear.on_warning = callback_warning

microgear.on_info This event is created when there is some event occurs within a microgear

Parameter set

def callback_info(msg) :
    print msg
microgear.on_info = callback_info

microgear.on_error This event is created when an error occurs within a microgear.

Parameter set

def callback_error(msg) :
    print msg
microgear.on_error = callback_error