About

This is pulseaudio-dlna. A lightweight streaming server which brings DLNA / UPNP and Chromecast support to PulseAudio and Linux. It can stream your current PulseAudio playback to different UPNP devices (UPNP Media Renderers) or Chromecasts in your network. Its main goals are: easy to use, no configuration hassle, no big dependencies.

UPNP renderers in your network will show up as pulseaudio sinks.

Image of pulseaudio-dlna

License

pulseaudio-dlna is licensed under GPLv3.

pulseaudio-dlna is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

pulseaudio-dlna is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with pulseaudio-dlna.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

Donation

Image of pulseaudio-dlna If I could help you or if you like my work, you can buy me a coffee, a beer or pizza.

Changelog

Installation via PPA

Supported Ubuntu releases:

Ubuntu users can install pulseaudio-dlna via the following repository.

sudo apt-add-repository ppa:qos/pulseaudio-dlna
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install pulseaudio-dlna

Starting

After that you can start pulseaudio-dlna via:

pulseaudio-dlna

Head over the the using section for further instructions.

Installation for other distributions

Some community members are providing packages for others distributions. Keep in mind that since i am not using those, i can hardly support them!

Installation via git

Other linux users can clone this git repository, make sure you have all the dependencies installed and the PulseAudio DBus module is loaded.

Basic requirements

These are the requirements pulseaudio-dlna acutally needs to run. These dependencies will get installed if you install it via the PPA.

You can install all the dependencies in Ubuntu via:

sudo apt-get install python2.7 python-pip python-setuptools python-dbus python-docopt python-requests python-setproctitle python-gi python-protobuf python-notify2 python-psutil python-concurrent.futures python-chardet python-netifaces python-pyroute2 python-netaddr python-lxml python-zeroconf vorbis-tools sox lame flac faac opus-tools

PulseAudio DBus module

Since version 0.2.2 the DBus module should be loaded automatically, if it was not loaded before. It that does not work, you can load the DBus module in Ubuntu via the following command. Note that you have to do this every time you restart PulseAudio (or your computer).

pacmd load-module module-dbus-protocol

Or to make changes persistant edit the file /etc/pulse/default.pa with your favorite editor and append the following line:

load-module module-dbus-protocol

Install it local

The recommend method of using pulseaudio-dlna is to install it local to a python virtualenv. In that way you will keep your system clean. If you don't like it anymore, just delete the folder. For that method you need some additional dependencies.

virtualenv requirements

So all Ubuntu versions prior to 14.10 Utopic need to install:

sudo apt-get install python-virtualenv python-dev

All Ubuntu versions above install:

sudo apt-get install virtualenv python-dev

Installing & starting

Change to the project root folder and start the installation via:

make

After that you can start pulseaudio-dlna via:

bin/pulseaudio-dlna

Install it to your system

Since some people like it more to install software globally, you can do that too. In many software projects this is the default installation method.

Installing & starting

Change to the root folder and start the installation via:

make install

After that you can start pulseaudio-dlna via:

pulseaudio-dlna

Using

pulseaudio-dlna should detect the ip address your computer is reachable within your local area network. If the detected ip address is not correct or there were no ips found, you still can specifiy them yourself via the host option (--host <your-ip>)

Right after startup it should start searching for UPNP devices in your LAN and add new PulseAudio sinks. After 5 seconds the progress is complete and you can select your UPNP renderers from the default audio control.

In case you just want to stream single audio streams to your UPNP devices you can do this via pavucontrol.

You can install pavucontrol in Ubuntu via the following command:

sudo apt-get install pavucontrol

Note that pulseaudio-dlna has to run all the time while you are listening to your music. If you stop pulseaudio-dlna it will cleanly remove the created UPNP devices from PulseAudio and your UPNP devices will stop playing.

Since 0.4, new devices are automatically discovered as they appear on the network.

CLI

Usage:
    pulseaudio-dlna [--host <host>] [--port <port>][--encoder <encoders> | --codec <codec>] [--bit-rate=<rate>]
                    [--encoder-backend <encoder-backend>]
                    [--filter-device=<filter-device>]
                    [--renderer-urls <urls>]
                    [--request-timeout <timeout>]
                    [--chunk-size <chunk-size>]
                    [--msearch-port=<msearch-port>] [--ssdp-mx <ssdp-mx>] [--ssdp-ttl <ssdp-ttl>] [--ssdp-amount <ssdp-amount>]
                    [--cover-mode <mode>]
                    [--auto-reconnect]
                    [--debug]
                    [--fake-http10-content-length] [--fake-http-content-length]
                    [--disable-switchback] [--disable-ssdp-listener] [--disable-device-stop] [--disable-workarounds] [--disable-mimetype-check]
    pulseaudio-dlna [--host <host>] [--create-device-config] [--update-device-config]
                    [--msearch-port=<msearch-port>] [--ssdp-mx <ssdp-mx>] [--ssdp-ttl <ssdp-ttl>] [--ssdp-amount <ssdp-amount>]
    pulseaudio-dlna [-h | --help | --version]

Options:
    --create-device-config                 Discovers all devices in your network and write a config for them.
                                           That config can be editied manually to adjust various settings.
                                           You can set:
                                             - Device name
                                             - Codec order (The first one is used if the encoder binary is available on your system)
                                             - Various codec settings such as the mime type, specific rules or
                                               the bit rate (depends on the codec)
                                           A written config is loaded by default if the --encoder and --bit-rate options are not used.
    --update-device-config                 Same as --create-device-config but preserves your existing config from being overwritten
       --host=<host>                       Set the server ip.
    -p --port=<port>                       Set the server port [default: 8080].
    -e --encoder=<encoders>                Deprecated alias for --codec
    -c --codec=<codecs>                    Set the audio codec.
                                           Possible codecs are:
                                             - mp3   MPEG Audio Layer III (MP3)
                                             - ogg   Ogg Vorbis (OGG)
                                             - flac  Free Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC)
                                             - wav   Waveform Audio File Format (WAV)
                                             - opus  Opus Interactive Audio Codec (OPUS)
                                             - aac   Advanced Audio Coding (AAC)
                                             - l16   Linear PCM (L16)
    --encoder-backend=<encoder-backend>    Set the backend for all encoders.
                                           Possible backends are:
                                             - generic (default)
                                             - ffmpeg
                                             - avconv
    -b --bit-rate=<rate>                   Set the audio encoder's bitrate.
    --filter-device=<filter-device>        Set a name filter for devices which should be added.
                                           Devices which get discovered, but won't match the
                                           filter text will be skipped.
    --renderer-urls=<urls>                 Set the renderer urls yourself. no discovery will commence.
    --request-timeout=<timeout>            Set the timeout for requests in seconds [default: 15].
    --chunk-size=<chunk-size>              Set the stream's chunk size [default: 4096].
    --ssdp-ttl=<ssdp-ttl>                  Set the SSDP socket's TTL [default: 10].
    --ssdp-mx=<ssdp-mx>                    Set the MX value of the SSDP discovery message [default: 3].
    --ssdp-amount=<ssdp-amount>            Set the amount of SSDP discovery messages being sent [default: 5].
    --msearch-port=<msearch-port>          Set the source port of the MSEARCH socket [default: random].
    --cover-mode=<mode>                    Set the cover mode [default: default].
                                           Possible modes are:
                                             - disabled       No icon is shown
                                             - default        The application icon is shown
                                             - distribution   The icon of your distribution is shown
                                             - application    The audio application's icon is shown
    --debug                                enables detailed debug messages.
    --auto-reconnect                       If set, the application tries to reconnect devices in case the stream collapsed
    --fake-http-content-length             If set, the content-length of HTTP requests will be set to 100 GB.
    --disable-switchback                   If set, streams won't switched back to the default sink if a device disconnects.
    --disable-ssdp-listener                If set, the application won't bind to the port 1900 and therefore the automatic discovery of new devices won't work.
    --disable-device-stop                  If set, the application won't send any stop commands to renderers at all
    --disable-workarounds                  If set, the application won't apply any device workarounds
    --disable-mimetype-check               If set, the application won't check the device's mime type capabilities
    -v --version                           Show the version.
    -h --help                              Show the help.

Samples:

Device configuration rules

Most times the automatic discovery of supported device codecs and their prioritization works pretty good. But in the case of a device which does work out of the box or if you don't like the used codec you can adjust the settings with a device configuration.

If you want to create a specific configuration for your devices you can do that via the --create-device-config flag. It will search for devices on your network and write a config for them. It will look for / write them at:

The purpose of this is that the application should do the most work for the user. You just have to edit the file instead of writing it completely on your own.

Let's make an example: I started the application via pulseaudio-dlna --create-device-config and that is what was discovered:

    "uuid:e4572d54-c2c7-d491-1eb3-9cf17cf5fe01": {
        "rules": [],
        "flavour": "DLNA",
        "name": "Device name",
        "codecs": [
            {
                "rules": [],
                "bit_rate": null,
                "identifier": "mp3",
                "mime_type": "audio/mpeg"
            },
            {
                "rules": [],
                "identifier": "flac",
                "mime_type": "audio/flac"
            },
            {
                "channels": 2,
                "rules": [],
                "identifier": "l16",
                "sample_rate": 48000,
                "mime_type": "audio/L16;rate=48000;channels=2"
            },
            {
                "channels": 2,
                "rules": [],
                "identifier": "l16",
                "sample_rate": 44100,
                "mime_type": "audio/L16;rate=44100;channels=2"
            },
            {
                "channels": 1,
                "rules": [],
                "identifier": "l16",
                "sample_rate": 44100,
                "mime_type": "audio/L16;rate=44100;channels=1"
            }
        ]
    }

It was detected that the device supports the following codecs:

If you don't change the configuration at all, it means that the next time you start pulseaudio-dlna it will automatically use those codecs for that device. The order of the list also defines the priority. It will take the first codec and use it if the appropriate encoder binary is installed on your system. If the binary is missing it will take the next one. So here the mp3 codec would be used, if the lame binary is installed.

You can also change the name of the device, adjust the mime type or set the bit rate. A null value means default, for bit rates this is set to 192 Kbit/s.

In that case I want to rename my device to "Living Room". Besides that I don't want the L16 codecs, so i simply remove them and i want my mp3 to be encoded in 256 Kbit/s.

    "uuid:e4572d54-c2c7-d491-1eb3-9cf17cf5fe01": {
        "rules": [],
        "flavour": "DLNA",
        "name": "Living Room",
        "codecs": [
            {
                "rules": [],
                "bit_rate": 256,
                "identifier": "mp3",
                "mime_type": "audio/mpeg"
            },
            {
                "rules": [],
                "identifier": "flac",
                "mime_type": "audio/flac"
            }
        ]
    }

But as it turns out this device has a problem with playing the mp3 stream when you don't specify the --fake-http-content-length flag. Let's say flac works without the flag. So, you can add a rule for that to that device.

    "uuid:e4572d54-c2c7-d491-1eb3-9cf17cf5fe01": {
        "rules": [],
        "flavour": "DLNA",
        "name": "Living Room",
        "codecs": [
            {
                "rules": [
                    {
                        "name": "FAKE_HTTP_CONTENT_LENGTH"
                    }
                ],
                "bit_rate": 256,
                "identifier": "mp3",
                "mime_type": "audio/mpeg"
            },
            {
                "rules": [],
                "identifier": "flac",
                "mime_type": "audio/flac"
            }
        ]
    }

That's it. pulseaudio-dlna will automatically use that config if you don't use the --encoder or --bit-rate options.

Known Issues

Troubleshooting

Tested devices

A listed entry means that it was successfully tested, even if there is no specific codec information available.

Device mp3 wav ogg flac aac opus l16
AVM FritzRepeater N/G :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
BubbleUPnP (Android App) :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark:
Cocy UPNP media renderer :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign:
D-Link DCH-M225/E :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign:
DAMAI Airmusic :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Denon AVR-3808 :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Denon AVR-X4000 :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Freebox Player Mini (4K) :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign:
Freebox Player (Revolution) :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign:
gmrender-resurrect :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Google Chromecast (1st gen) :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign:
Google Chromecast Audio :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign:
Hame Soundrouter :white_check_mark:1 :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark:1 :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign:
LG BP550 :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Libratone ZIPP :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark:
Logitech Media Server :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Majik DSM :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Medion P85055 :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Naim Mu-So :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :white_check_mark:
Onkyo TX-8050 :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :white_check_mark:
Onkyo TX-NR509 :grey_question: :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :no_entry_sign: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Onkyo TX-NR616 7 :grey_question: :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Onkyo TX-NR646 :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Onkyo TX-NR727 7 :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Onkyo CR-N755 :white_check_mark:8 :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :grey_question:9 :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark:
Oppo Sonica :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :white_check_mark:
Pi MusicBox :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Panasonic TX-50CX680W :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Panasonic TX-50CX680W :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Philips NP2500 :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Philips NP2900 :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Pioneer SC-LX76 (AV Receiver) :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark:
Pioneer VSX-824 (AV Receiver) :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Pure Jongo S3 :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Raumfeld One M :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign:
Raumfeld Speaker M :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Raumfeld Speaker S :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
ROCKI :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
rygel :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
RaidSonic IB-MP401Air :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Samsung Smart TV LED32 (UE32ES5500) :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign:
Samsung Smart TV LED40 (UE40ES6100) :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Samsung Smart TV LED46 (UE46ES6715) :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :grey_question: :no_entry_sign:
Samsung Smart TV LED48 (UE48JU6560) :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_circle:2 :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign:
Samsung Smart TV LED60 (UE60F6300) :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Sonos PLAY:1 :white_check_mark:3 :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark:3 :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :grey_question:
Sonos PLAY:3 :white_check_mark:3 :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark:3 :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :grey_question:
Sony SRS-X77 :white_check_mark:1 :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark:1
Sony SRS-X88 :white_check_mark:1 :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark:1
Sony SRS-ZR5 :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign:
Sony STR-DN1050 (AV Receiver) :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Volumio :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Volumio 2 :white_check_mark: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Xbmc / Kodi :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_check_mark: :white_circle:2 :white_circle:2 :white_check_mark:
Xbox 360 :white_check_mark:5 :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :grey_question: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark:
Yamaha CRX-N560D 4 :white_check_mark: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :no_entry_sign: :white_check_mark:
Yamaha RX-475 (AV Receiver) :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
Yamaha RX-V573 (AV Receiver) 6 :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:
WDTV Live :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question: :grey_question:

1) Works when specifing the --fake-http-content-length flag

2) Is capable of playing the codec, but does not specifiy the correct mime type

3) Works since 0.4.5 (--fake-http-content-length is added automatic)

4) The device needs to be in SERVER mode to accept instructions

5) Was reported to buffer really long. Approximately 45 seconds

6) Was reported to have issues being discovered. Make sure you run the latest firmware

7) Reported to need a --request-timeout of 15 seconds to work. Since 0.5.0 the timeout is set to that value.

8) Stuttering at 256kbit/s and pretty unstable at 320kbit/s

9) The manual states it is supported. No success yet, neither with --fake-http-content-length nor with increased timeout values

Supported encoders

Encoder Description Identifier
lame MPEG Audio Layer III mp3
oggenc Ogg Vorbis ogg
flac Free Lossless Audio Codec flac
sox Waveform Audio File Format wav
opusenc Opus Interactive Audio Codec opus
faac Advanced Audio Coding aac
sox Linear PCM l16

You can select a specific codec using the --encoder flag followed by its identifier.