Sawtooth Cookie Jar

Simple cookie jar example of a Sawtooth application.


This is a minimal example of a Sawtooth 1.1 application, with a transaction processor and corresponding client. This example demonstrates a simple use case, where a baker bakes or eats cookies saved in a virtual cookie jar.

A baker can:

  1. bake one or more cookies to add to the cookie jar
  2. eat one or more cookies in the cookie jar
  3. count the cookies in the cookie jar

All cookie jar transactions have the same 6 hex digit prefix, which is the first 6 hex characters of the SHA-512 hash of "cookiejar" (that is, "a4d219"). The cookie jar is identified by mycookiejar with a corresponding public/private keypair. The cookie jar count is stored at an 70 hex digit address derived from:

Video Presentation

I have a video presentation on YouTube that uses this application as an example. It is "Hyperledger Sawtooth Application Developer Overview using 'CookieJar'". It is at

Sawtooth Application development video


The cookie jar transaction family contains two parts, both written in Python 3:

  1. The client application has two parts:

    • pyclient/ contains the client class which interfaces to the Sawtooth validator via the REST API
    • pyclient/ is the Cookie Jar CLI app The client container is built with files and Dockerfile.
  2. The Transaction Processor, pyprocessor/

Docker Usage


This example uses docker-compose and Docker containers. If you do not have these installed please follow the instructions here:


The preferred OS environment is Ubuntu Linux 16.04.3 LTS x64. Although other Linux distributions which support Docker should work.

Building Docker containers

To build TP code for Python and run the example:

sudo docker-compose up --build

The docker-compose.yaml file creates a genesis block, which contain initial Sawtooth settings, generates Sawtooth and client keys, and starts the Validator, Settings TP, Cookie Jar TP, and REST API.

Docker client

In a separate shell from above, launch the client shell container:

sudo docker exec -it cookiejar-client bash

You can locate the correct Docker client container name, if desired, with sudo docker ps .

In the client shell you just started above, run the application. Here are some sample commands: bake 100  # Add 100 cookies to the cookie jar eat 50    # Remove 50 cookies from the cookie jar count     # Display the number of cookies in the cookie jar

To stop the validator and destroy the containers, type ^c in the docker-compose window, wait for it to stop, then type

sudo docker-compose down

Building and running the C++ transaction processor

For C++ TP instructions, see cxxprocessor/.

Building and running on Linux (without Docker)

To run sawtooth-simplewallet without dockers, we'll have to use a Ubuntu 16.04 OS installation and compile simplewallet from sources. Below is a sample procedure for Python TP/client:

  1. Install Sawtooth on an Ubuntu 16.04 LTS x64 machine. See the Sawtooth Applications Developer's Guide
  2. Create the Genesis Block. See Guide in previous step
  3. Install transaction processor and client-required packages:
    • listed under the RUN line in file pyprocessor/Dockerfile
    • listed under the RUN line in file pyclient/Dockerfile
  4. Clone the cookie jar application: git clone
  5. Edit the client and transaction processor to work outside of Docker as follows:
    • cd sawtooth-cookiejar
    • Create and checkout a new git branch: git branch nodocker; git checkout nodocker
    • Edit file pyprocessor/ and change validator:4004 to localhost:4004
    • Edit file pyclient/ change rest-api:8008 to localhost:8008
  6. Start the Validator, REST API, and Settings TP in separate terminal windows:
    • sudo -u sawtooth sawtooth-validator -vv
    • sudo -u sawtooth sawtooth-rest-api -vvv
    • sudo -u sawtooth settings-tp -vv
  7. Start the cookie jar transaction processor with ./pyprocessor/
  8. Start the cookiejar client with ./pyclient/ and follow the "sample commands" above

Simple Events Handler

A simple events handler is included. To run, start the validator then type the following on the command line: ./events/

Exercises for the User

Branches and Serialization Examples

Both the cbor and protobuf branches modify files pyclient/{Dockerfile,} and pyprocessor/{Dockerfile,} . The protobuf branch also adds files proto/{,cookiejar.proto,cookiejar.proto2} . Run in directory proto to create .


This software is Apache 2.0 licensed and accepts contributions via GitHub pull requests. Each commit must include a Signed-off-by: in the commit message (git commit -s). This sign-off means you agree the commit satisfies the Developer Certificate of Origin (DCO).

This example software is derived from the Sawtooth Simplewallet application. Simplewallet supports more programming languages and handles transactions with multiple keys.


This example and Hyperledger Sawtooth software are licensed under the Apache License Version 2.0 software license.

Photo of sawtooth cookie cutters
Antique sawtooth cookie cutters.

© Copyright 2018, Intel Corporation.