# Copyright 2014 Google Inc. All rights reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

"""Utilities for Google App Engine

Utilities for making it easier to use OAuth 2.0 on Google App Engine.
"""

__author__ = 'jcgregorio@google.com (Joe Gregorio)'

import cgi
import json
import logging
import os
import pickle
import threading

import httplib2

from google.appengine.api import app_identity
from google.appengine.api import memcache
from google.appengine.api import users
from google.appengine.ext import db
from google.appengine.ext import webapp
from google.appengine.ext.webapp.util import login_required
from google.appengine.ext.webapp.util import run_wsgi_app
from oauth2client import GOOGLE_AUTH_URI
from oauth2client import GOOGLE_REVOKE_URI
from oauth2client import GOOGLE_TOKEN_URI
from oauth2client import clientsecrets
from oauth2client import util
from oauth2client import xsrfutil
from oauth2client.client import AccessTokenRefreshError
from oauth2client.client import AssertionCredentials
from oauth2client.client import Credentials
from oauth2client.client import Flow
from oauth2client.client import OAuth2WebServerFlow
from oauth2client.client import Storage

# TODO(dhermes): Resolve import issue.
# This is a temporary fix for a Google internal issue.
try:
  from google.appengine.ext import ndb
except ImportError:
  ndb = None


logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

OAUTH2CLIENT_NAMESPACE = 'oauth2client#ns'

XSRF_MEMCACHE_ID = 'xsrf_secret_key'


def _safe_html(s):
  """Escape text to make it safe to display.

  Args:
    s: string, The text to escape.

  Returns:
    The escaped text as a string.
  """
  return cgi.escape(s, quote=1).replace("'", ''')


class InvalidClientSecretsError(Exception):
  """The client_secrets.json file is malformed or missing required fields."""


class InvalidXsrfTokenError(Exception):
  """The XSRF token is invalid or expired."""


class SiteXsrfSecretKey(db.Model):
  """Storage for the sites XSRF secret key.

  There will only be one instance stored of this model, the one used for the
  site.
  """
  secret = db.StringProperty()

if ndb is not None:
  class SiteXsrfSecretKeyNDB(ndb.Model):
    """NDB Model for storage for the sites XSRF secret key.

    Since this model uses the same kind as SiteXsrfSecretKey, it can be used
    interchangeably. This simply provides an NDB model for interacting with the
    same data the DB model interacts with.

    There should only be one instance stored of this model, the one used for the
    site.
    """
    secret = ndb.StringProperty()

    @classmethod
    def _get_kind(cls):
      """Return the kind name for this class."""
      return 'SiteXsrfSecretKey'


def _generate_new_xsrf_secret_key():
  """Returns a random XSRF secret key.
  """
  return os.urandom(16).encode("hex")


def xsrf_secret_key():
  """Return the secret key for use for XSRF protection.

  If the Site entity does not have a secret key, this method will also create
  one and persist it.

  Returns:
    The secret key.
  """
  secret = memcache.get(XSRF_MEMCACHE_ID, namespace=OAUTH2CLIENT_NAMESPACE)
  if not secret:
    # Load the one and only instance of SiteXsrfSecretKey.
    model = SiteXsrfSecretKey.get_or_insert(key_name='site')
    if not model.secret:
      model.secret = _generate_new_xsrf_secret_key()
      model.put()
    secret = model.secret
    memcache.add(XSRF_MEMCACHE_ID, secret, namespace=OAUTH2CLIENT_NAMESPACE)

  return str(secret)


class AppAssertionCredentials(AssertionCredentials):
  """Credentials object for App Engine Assertion Grants

  This object will allow an App Engine application to identify itself to Google
  and other OAuth 2.0 servers that can verify assertions. It can be used for the
  purpose of accessing data stored under an account assigned to the App Engine
  application itself.

  This credential does not require a flow to instantiate because it represents
  a two legged flow, and therefore has all of the required information to
  generate and refresh its own access tokens.
  """

  @util.positional(2)
  def __init__(self, scope, **kwargs):
    """Constructor for AppAssertionCredentials

    Args:
      scope: string or iterable of strings, scope(s) of the credentials being
        requested.
      **kwargs: optional keyword args, including:
        service_account_id: service account id of the application. If None or
          unspecified, the default service account for the app is used.
    """
    self.scope = util.scopes_to_string(scope)
    self._kwargs = kwargs
    self.service_account_id = kwargs.get('service_account_id', None)

    # Assertion type is no longer used, but still in the parent class signature.
    super(AppAssertionCredentials, self).__init__(None)

  @classmethod
  def from_json(cls, json_data):
    data = json.loads(json_data)
    return AppAssertionCredentials(data['scope'])

  def _refresh(self, http_request):
    """Refreshes the access_token.

    Since the underlying App Engine app_identity implementation does its own
    caching we can skip all the storage hoops and just to a refresh using the
    API.

    Args:
      http_request: callable, a callable that matches the method signature of
        httplib2.Http.request, used to make the refresh request.

    Raises:
      AccessTokenRefreshError: When the refresh fails.
    """
    try:
      scopes = self.scope.split()
      (token, _) = app_identity.get_access_token(
          scopes, service_account_id=self.service_account_id)
    except app_identity.Error as e:
      raise AccessTokenRefreshError(str(e))
    self.access_token = token

  @property
  def serialization_data(self):
    raise NotImplementedError('Cannot serialize credentials for AppEngine.')

  def create_scoped_required(self):
    return not self.scope

  def create_scoped(self, scopes):
    return AppAssertionCredentials(scopes, **self._kwargs)


class FlowProperty(db.Property):
  """App Engine datastore Property for Flow.

  Utility property that allows easy storage and retrieval of an
  oauth2client.Flow"""

  # Tell what the user type is.
  data_type = Flow

  # For writing to datastore.
  def get_value_for_datastore(self, model_instance):
    flow = super(FlowProperty,
                 self).get_value_for_datastore(model_instance)
    return db.Blob(pickle.dumps(flow))

  # For reading from datastore.
  def make_value_from_datastore(self, value):
    if value is None:
      return None
    return pickle.loads(value)

  def validate(self, value):
    if value is not None and not isinstance(value, Flow):
      raise db.BadValueError('Property %s must be convertible '
                          'to a FlowThreeLegged instance (%s)' %
                          (self.name, value))
    return super(FlowProperty, self).validate(value)

  def empty(self, value):
    return not value


if ndb is not None:
  class FlowNDBProperty(ndb.PickleProperty):
    """App Engine NDB datastore Property for Flow.

    Serves the same purpose as the DB FlowProperty, but for NDB models. Since
    PickleProperty inherits from BlobProperty, the underlying representation of
    the data in the datastore will be the same as in the DB case.

    Utility property that allows easy storage and retrieval of an
    oauth2client.Flow
    """

    def _validate(self, value):
      """Validates a value as a proper Flow object.

      Args:
        value: A value to be set on the property.

      Raises:
        TypeError if the value is not an instance of Flow.
      """
      logger.info('validate: Got type %s', type(value))
      if value is not None and not isinstance(value, Flow):
        raise TypeError('Property %s must be convertible to a flow '
                        'instance; received: %s.' % (self._name, value))


class CredentialsProperty(db.Property):
  """App Engine datastore Property for Credentials.

  Utility property that allows easy storage and retrieval of
  oath2client.Credentials
  """

  # Tell what the user type is.
  data_type = Credentials

  # For writing to datastore.
  def get_value_for_datastore(self, model_instance):
    logger.info("get: Got type " + str(type(model_instance)))
    cred = super(CredentialsProperty,
                 self).get_value_for_datastore(model_instance)
    if cred is None:
      cred = ''
    else:
      cred = cred.to_json()
    return db.Blob(cred)

  # For reading from datastore.
  def make_value_from_datastore(self, value):
    logger.info("make: Got type " + str(type(value)))
    if value is None:
      return None
    if len(value) == 0:
      return None
    try:
      credentials = Credentials.new_from_json(value)
    except ValueError:
      credentials = None
    return credentials

  def validate(self, value):
    value = super(CredentialsProperty, self).validate(value)
    logger.info("validate: Got type " + str(type(value)))
    if value is not None and not isinstance(value, Credentials):
      raise db.BadValueError('Property %s must be convertible '
                          'to a Credentials instance (%s)' %
                            (self.name, value))
    #if value is not None and not isinstance(value, Credentials):
    #  return None
    return value


if ndb is not None:
  # TODO(dhermes): Turn this into a JsonProperty and overhaul the Credentials
  #                and subclass mechanics to use new_from_dict, to_dict,
  #                from_dict, etc.
  class CredentialsNDBProperty(ndb.BlobProperty):
    """App Engine NDB datastore Property for Credentials.

    Serves the same purpose as the DB CredentialsProperty, but for NDB models.
    Since CredentialsProperty stores data as a blob and this inherits from
    BlobProperty, the data in the datastore will be the same as in the DB case.

    Utility property that allows easy storage and retrieval of Credentials and
    subclasses.
    """
    def _validate(self, value):
      """Validates a value as a proper credentials object.

      Args:
        value: A value to be set on the property.

      Raises:
        TypeError if the value is not an instance of Credentials.
      """
      logger.info('validate: Got type %s', type(value))
      if value is not None and not isinstance(value, Credentials):
        raise TypeError('Property %s must be convertible to a credentials '
                        'instance; received: %s.' % (self._name, value))

    def _to_base_type(self, value):
      """Converts our validated value to a JSON serialized string.

      Args:
        value: A value to be set in the datastore.

      Returns:
        A JSON serialized version of the credential, else '' if value is None.
      """
      if value is None:
        return ''
      else:
        return value.to_json()

    def _from_base_type(self, value):
      """Converts our stored JSON string back to the desired type.

      Args:
        value: A value from the datastore to be converted to the desired type.

      Returns:
        A deserialized Credentials (or subclass) object, else None if the
            value can't be parsed.
      """
      if not value:
        return None
      try:
        # Uses the from_json method of the implied class of value
        credentials = Credentials.new_from_json(value)
      except ValueError:
        credentials = None
      return credentials


class StorageByKeyName(Storage):
  """Store and retrieve a credential to and from the App Engine datastore.

  This Storage helper presumes the Credentials have been stored as a
  CredentialsProperty or CredentialsNDBProperty on a datastore model class, and
  that entities are stored by key_name.
  """

  @util.positional(4)
  def __init__(self, model, key_name, property_name, cache=None, user=None):
    """Constructor for Storage.

    Args:
      model: db.Model or ndb.Model, model class
      key_name: string, key name for the entity that has the credentials
      property_name: string, name of the property that is a CredentialsProperty
        or CredentialsNDBProperty.
      cache: memcache, a write-through cache to put in front of the datastore.
        If the model you are using is an NDB model, using a cache will be
        redundant since the model uses an instance cache and memcache for you.
      user: users.User object, optional. Can be used to grab user ID as a
        key_name if no key name is specified.
    """
    if key_name is None:
      if user is None:
        raise ValueError('StorageByKeyName called with no key name or user.')
      key_name = user.user_id()

    self._model = model
    self._key_name = key_name
    self._property_name = property_name
    self._cache = cache

  def _is_ndb(self):
    """Determine whether the model of the instance is an NDB model.

    Returns:
      Boolean indicating whether or not the model is an NDB or DB model.
    """
    # issubclass will fail if one of the arguments is not a class, only need
    # worry about new-style classes since ndb and db models are new-style
    if isinstance(self._model, type):
      if ndb is not None and issubclass(self._model, ndb.Model):
        return True
      elif issubclass(self._model, db.Model):
        return False

    raise TypeError('Model class not an NDB or DB model: %s.' % (self._model,))

  def _get_entity(self):
    """Retrieve entity from datastore.

    Uses a different model method for db or ndb models.

    Returns:
      Instance of the model corresponding to the current storage object
          and stored using the key name of the storage object.
    """
    if self._is_ndb():
      return self._model.get_by_id(self._key_name)
    else:
      return self._model.get_by_key_name(self._key_name)

  def _delete_entity(self):
    """Delete entity from datastore.

    Attempts to delete using the key_name stored on the object, whether or not
    the given key is in the datastore.
    """
    if self._is_ndb():
      ndb.Key(self._model, self._key_name).delete()
    else:
      entity_key = db.Key.from_path(self._model.kind(), self._key_name)
      db.delete(entity_key)

  @db.non_transactional(allow_existing=True)
  def locked_get(self):
    """Retrieve Credential from datastore.

    Returns:
      oauth2client.Credentials
    """
    credentials = None
    if self._cache:
      json = self._cache.get(self._key_name)
      if json:
        credentials = Credentials.new_from_json(json)
    if credentials is None:
      entity = self._get_entity()
      if entity is not None:
        credentials = getattr(entity, self._property_name)
        if self._cache:
          self._cache.set(self._key_name, credentials.to_json())

    if credentials and hasattr(credentials, 'set_store'):
      credentials.set_store(self)
    return credentials

  @db.non_transactional(allow_existing=True)
  def locked_put(self, credentials):
    """Write a Credentials to the datastore.

    Args:
      credentials: Credentials, the credentials to store.
    """
    entity = self._model.get_or_insert(self._key_name)
    setattr(entity, self._property_name, credentials)
    entity.put()
    if self._cache:
      self._cache.set(self._key_name, credentials.to_json())

  @db.non_transactional(allow_existing=True)
  def locked_delete(self):
    """Delete Credential from datastore."""

    if self._cache:
      self._cache.delete(self._key_name)

    self._delete_entity()


class CredentialsModel(db.Model):
  """Storage for OAuth 2.0 Credentials

  Storage of the model is keyed by the user.user_id().
  """
  credentials = CredentialsProperty()


if ndb is not None:
  class CredentialsNDBModel(ndb.Model):
    """NDB Model for storage of OAuth 2.0 Credentials

    Since this model uses the same kind as CredentialsModel and has a property
    which can serialize and deserialize Credentials correctly, it can be used
    interchangeably with a CredentialsModel to access, insert and delete the
    same entities. This simply provides an NDB model for interacting with the
    same data the DB model interacts with.

    Storage of the model is keyed by the user.user_id().
    """
    credentials = CredentialsNDBProperty()

    @classmethod
    def _get_kind(cls):
      """Return the kind name for this class."""
      return 'CredentialsModel'


def _build_state_value(request_handler, user):
  """Composes the value for the 'state' parameter.

  Packs the current request URI and an XSRF token into an opaque string that
  can be passed to the authentication server via the 'state' parameter.

  Args:
    request_handler: webapp.RequestHandler, The request.
    user: google.appengine.api.users.User, The current user.

  Returns:
    The state value as a string.
  """
  uri = request_handler.request.url
  token = xsrfutil.generate_token(xsrf_secret_key(), user.user_id(),
                                  action_id=str(uri))
  return  uri + ':' + token


def _parse_state_value(state, user):
  """Parse the value of the 'state' parameter.

  Parses the value and validates the XSRF token in the state parameter.

  Args:
    state: string, The value of the state parameter.
    user: google.appengine.api.users.User, The current user.

  Raises:
    InvalidXsrfTokenError: if the XSRF token is invalid.

  Returns:
    The redirect URI.
  """
  uri, token = state.rsplit(':', 1)
  if not xsrfutil.validate_token(xsrf_secret_key(), token, user.user_id(),
                                 action_id=uri):
    raise InvalidXsrfTokenError()

  return uri


class OAuth2Decorator(object):
  """Utility for making OAuth 2.0 easier.

  Instantiate and then use with oauth_required or oauth_aware
  as decorators on webapp.RequestHandler methods.

  Example:

    decorator = OAuth2Decorator(
        client_id='837...ent.com',
        client_secret='Qh...wwI',
        scope='https://www.googleapis.com/auth/plus')


    class MainHandler(webapp.RequestHandler):

      @decorator.oauth_required
      def get(self):
        http = decorator.http()
        # http is authorized with the user's Credentials and can be used
        # in API calls

  """

  def set_credentials(self, credentials):
    self._tls.credentials = credentials

  def get_credentials(self):
    """A thread local Credentials object.

    Returns:
      A client.Credentials object, or None if credentials hasn't been set in
      this thread yet, which may happen when calling has_credentials inside
      oauth_aware.
    """
    return getattr(self._tls, 'credentials', None)

  credentials = property(get_credentials, set_credentials)

  def set_flow(self, flow):
    self._tls.flow = flow

  def get_flow(self):
    """A thread local Flow object.

    Returns:
      A credentials.Flow object, or None if the flow hasn't been set in this
      thread yet, which happens in _create_flow() since Flows are created
      lazily.
    """
    return getattr(self._tls, 'flow', None)

  flow = property(get_flow, set_flow)


  @util.positional(4)
  def __init__(self, client_id, client_secret, scope,
               auth_uri=GOOGLE_AUTH_URI,
               token_uri=GOOGLE_TOKEN_URI,
               revoke_uri=GOOGLE_REVOKE_URI,
               user_agent=None,
               message=None,
               callback_path='/oauth2callback',
               token_response_param=None,
               _storage_class=StorageByKeyName,
               _credentials_class=CredentialsModel,
               _credentials_property_name='credentials',
               **kwargs):

    """Constructor for OAuth2Decorator

    Args:
      client_id: string, client identifier.
      client_secret: string client secret.
      scope: string or iterable of strings, scope(s) of the credentials being
        requested.
      auth_uri: string, URI for authorization endpoint. For convenience
        defaults to Google's endpoints but any OAuth 2.0 provider can be used.
      token_uri: string, URI for token endpoint. For convenience
        defaults to Google's endpoints but any OAuth 2.0 provider can be used.
      revoke_uri: string, URI for revoke endpoint. For convenience
        defaults to Google's endpoints but any OAuth 2.0 provider can be used.
      user_agent: string, User agent of your application, default to None.
      message: Message to display if there are problems with the OAuth 2.0
        configuration. The message may contain HTML and will be presented on the
        web interface for any method that uses the decorator.
      callback_path: string, The absolute path to use as the callback URI. Note
        that this must match up with the URI given when registering the
        application in the APIs Console.
      token_response_param: string. If provided, the full JSON response
        to the access token request will be encoded and included in this query
        parameter in the callback URI. This is useful with providers (e.g.
        wordpress.com) that include extra fields that the client may want.
      _storage_class: "Protected" keyword argument not typically provided to
        this constructor. A storage class to aid in storing a Credentials object
        for a user in the datastore. Defaults to StorageByKeyName.
      _credentials_class: "Protected" keyword argument not typically provided to
        this constructor. A db or ndb Model class to hold credentials. Defaults
        to CredentialsModel.
      _credentials_property_name: "Protected" keyword argument not typically
        provided to this constructor. A string indicating the name of the field
        on the _credentials_class where a Credentials object will be stored.
        Defaults to 'credentials'.
      **kwargs: dict, Keyword arguments are passed along as kwargs to
        the OAuth2WebServerFlow constructor.

    """
    self._tls = threading.local()
    self.flow = None
    self.credentials = None
    self._client_id = client_id
    self._client_secret = client_secret
    self._scope = util.scopes_to_string(scope)
    self._auth_uri = auth_uri
    self._token_uri = token_uri
    self._revoke_uri = revoke_uri
    self._user_agent = user_agent
    self._kwargs = kwargs
    self._message = message
    self._in_error = False
    self._callback_path = callback_path
    self._token_response_param = token_response_param
    self._storage_class = _storage_class
    self._credentials_class = _credentials_class
    self._credentials_property_name = _credentials_property_name

  def _display_error_message(self, request_handler):
    request_handler.response.out.write('<html><body>')
    request_handler.response.out.write(_safe_html(self._message))
    request_handler.response.out.write('</body></html>')

  def oauth_required(self, method):
    """Decorator that starts the OAuth 2.0 dance.

    Starts the OAuth dance for the logged in user if they haven't already
    granted access for this application.

    Args:
      method: callable, to be decorated method of a webapp.RequestHandler
        instance.
    """

    def check_oauth(request_handler, *args, **kwargs):
      if self._in_error:
        self._display_error_message(request_handler)
        return

      user = users.get_current_user()
      # Don't use @login_decorator as this could be used in a POST request.
      if not user:
        request_handler.redirect(users.create_login_url(
            request_handler.request.uri))
        return

      self._create_flow(request_handler)

      # Store the request URI in 'state' so we can use it later
      self.flow.params['state'] = _build_state_value(request_handler, user)
      self.credentials = self._storage_class(
          self._credentials_class, None,
          self._credentials_property_name, user=user).get()

      if not self.has_credentials():
        return request_handler.redirect(self.authorize_url())
      try:
        resp = method(request_handler, *args, **kwargs)
      except AccessTokenRefreshError:
        return request_handler.redirect(self.authorize_url())
      finally:
        self.credentials = None
      return resp

    return check_oauth

  def _create_flow(self, request_handler):
    """Create the Flow object.

    The Flow is calculated lazily since we don't know where this app is
    running until it receives a request, at which point redirect_uri can be
    calculated and then the Flow object can be constructed.

    Args:
      request_handler: webapp.RequestHandler, the request handler.
    """
    if self.flow is None:
      redirect_uri = request_handler.request.relative_url(
          self._callback_path) # Usually /oauth2callback
      self.flow = OAuth2WebServerFlow(self._client_id, self._client_secret,
                                      self._scope, redirect_uri=redirect_uri,
                                      user_agent=self._user_agent,
                                      auth_uri=self._auth_uri,
                                      token_uri=self._token_uri,
                                      revoke_uri=self._revoke_uri,
                                      **self._kwargs)

  def oauth_aware(self, method):
    """Decorator that sets up for OAuth 2.0 dance, but doesn't do it.

    Does all the setup for the OAuth dance, but doesn't initiate it.
    This decorator is useful if you want to create a page that knows
    whether or not the user has granted access to this application.
    From within a method decorated with @oauth_aware the has_credentials()
    and authorize_url() methods can be called.

    Args:
      method: callable, to be decorated method of a webapp.RequestHandler
        instance.
    """

    def setup_oauth(request_handler, *args, **kwargs):
      if self._in_error:
        self._display_error_message(request_handler)
        return

      user = users.get_current_user()
      # Don't use @login_decorator as this could be used in a POST request.
      if not user:
        request_handler.redirect(users.create_login_url(
            request_handler.request.uri))
        return

      self._create_flow(request_handler)

      self.flow.params['state'] = _build_state_value(request_handler, user)
      self.credentials = self._storage_class(
          self._credentials_class, None,
          self._credentials_property_name, user=user).get()
      try:
        resp = method(request_handler, *args, **kwargs)
      finally:
        self.credentials = None
      return resp
    return setup_oauth


  def has_credentials(self):
    """True if for the logged in user there are valid access Credentials.

    Must only be called from with a webapp.RequestHandler subclassed method
    that had been decorated with either @oauth_required or @oauth_aware.
    """
    return self.credentials is not None and not self.credentials.invalid

  def authorize_url(self):
    """Returns the URL to start the OAuth dance.

    Must only be called from with a webapp.RequestHandler subclassed method
    that had been decorated with either @oauth_required or @oauth_aware.
    """
    url = self.flow.step1_get_authorize_url()
    return str(url)

  def http(self, *args, **kwargs):
    """Returns an authorized http instance.

    Must only be called from within an @oauth_required decorated method, or
    from within an @oauth_aware decorated method where has_credentials()
    returns True.

    Args:
        *args: Positional arguments passed to httplib2.Http constructor.
        **kwargs: Positional arguments passed to httplib2.Http constructor.
    """
    return self.credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http(*args, **kwargs))

  @property
  def callback_path(self):
    """The absolute path where the callback will occur.

    Note this is the absolute path, not the absolute URI, that will be
    calculated by the decorator at runtime. See callback_handler() for how this
    should be used.

    Returns:
      The callback path as a string.
    """
    return self._callback_path


  def callback_handler(self):
    """RequestHandler for the OAuth 2.0 redirect callback.

    Usage:
       app = webapp.WSGIApplication([
         ('/index', MyIndexHandler),
         ...,
         (decorator.callback_path, decorator.callback_handler())
       ])

    Returns:
      A webapp.RequestHandler that handles the redirect back from the
      server during the OAuth 2.0 dance.
    """
    decorator = self

    class OAuth2Handler(webapp.RequestHandler):
      """Handler for the redirect_uri of the OAuth 2.0 dance."""

      @login_required
      def get(self):
        error = self.request.get('error')
        if error:
          errormsg = self.request.get('error_description', error)
          self.response.out.write(
              'The authorization request failed: %s' % _safe_html(errormsg))
        else:
          user = users.get_current_user()
          decorator._create_flow(self)
          credentials = decorator.flow.step2_exchange(self.request.params)
          decorator._storage_class(
              decorator._credentials_class, None,
              decorator._credentials_property_name, user=user).put(credentials)
          redirect_uri = _parse_state_value(str(self.request.get('state')),
                                            user)

          if decorator._token_response_param and credentials.token_response:
            resp_json = json.dumps(credentials.token_response)
            redirect_uri = util._add_query_parameter(
                redirect_uri, decorator._token_response_param, resp_json)

          self.redirect(redirect_uri)

    return OAuth2Handler

  def callback_application(self):
    """WSGI application for handling the OAuth 2.0 redirect callback.

    If you need finer grained control use `callback_handler` which returns just
    the webapp.RequestHandler.

    Returns:
      A webapp.WSGIApplication that handles the redirect back from the
      server during the OAuth 2.0 dance.
    """
    return webapp.WSGIApplication([
        (self.callback_path, self.callback_handler())
        ])


class OAuth2DecoratorFromClientSecrets(OAuth2Decorator):
  """An OAuth2Decorator that builds from a clientsecrets file.

  Uses a clientsecrets file as the source for all the information when
  constructing an OAuth2Decorator.

  Example:

    decorator = OAuth2DecoratorFromClientSecrets(
      os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), 'client_secrets.json')
      scope='https://www.googleapis.com/auth/plus')


    class MainHandler(webapp.RequestHandler):

      @decorator.oauth_required
      def get(self):
        http = decorator.http()
        # http is authorized with the user's Credentials and can be used
        # in API calls
  """

  @util.positional(3)
  def __init__(self, filename, scope, message=None, cache=None, **kwargs):
    """Constructor

    Args:
      filename: string, File name of client secrets.
      scope: string or iterable of strings, scope(s) of the credentials being
        requested.
      message: string, A friendly string to display to the user if the
        clientsecrets file is missing or invalid. The message may contain HTML
        and will be presented on the web interface for any method that uses the
        decorator.
      cache: An optional cache service client that implements get() and set()
        methods. See clientsecrets.loadfile() for details.
      **kwargs: dict, Keyword arguments are passed along as kwargs to
        the OAuth2WebServerFlow constructor.
    """
    client_type, client_info = clientsecrets.loadfile(filename, cache=cache)
    if client_type not in [
        clientsecrets.TYPE_WEB, clientsecrets.TYPE_INSTALLED]:
      raise InvalidClientSecretsError(
          "OAuth2Decorator doesn't support this OAuth 2.0 flow.")
    constructor_kwargs = dict(kwargs)
    constructor_kwargs.update({
        'auth_uri': client_info['auth_uri'],
        'token_uri': client_info['token_uri'],
        'message': message,
    })
    revoke_uri = client_info.get('revoke_uri')
    if revoke_uri is not None:
      constructor_kwargs['revoke_uri'] = revoke_uri
    super(OAuth2DecoratorFromClientSecrets, self).__init__(
        client_info['client_id'], client_info['client_secret'],
        scope, **constructor_kwargs)
    if message is not None:
      self._message = message
    else:
      self._message = 'Please configure your application for OAuth 2.0.'


@util.positional(2)
def oauth2decorator_from_clientsecrets(filename, scope,
                                       message=None, cache=None):
  """Creates an OAuth2Decorator populated from a clientsecrets file.

  Args:
    filename: string, File name of client secrets.
    scope: string or list of strings, scope(s) of the credentials being
      requested.
    message: string, A friendly string to display to the user if the
      clientsecrets file is missing or invalid. The message may contain HTML and
      will be presented on the web interface for any method that uses the
      decorator.
    cache: An optional cache service client that implements get() and set()
      methods. See clientsecrets.loadfile() for details.

  Returns: An OAuth2Decorator

  """
  return OAuth2DecoratorFromClientSecrets(filename, scope,
                                          message=message, cache=cache)