"""Compatibility code for using CherryPy with various versions of Python.

CherryPy 3.2 is compatible with Python versions 2.6+. This module provides a
useful abstraction over the differences between Python versions, sometimes by
preferring a newer idiom, sometimes an older one, and sometimes a custom one.

In particular, Python 2 uses str and '' for byte strings, while Python 3
uses str and '' for unicode strings. We will call each of these the 'native
string' type for each version. Because of this major difference, this module
provides
two functions: 'ntob', which translates native strings (of type 'str') into
byte strings regardless of Python version, and 'ntou', which translates native
strings to unicode strings. This also provides a 'BytesIO' name for dealing
specifically with bytes, and a 'StringIO' name for dealing with native strings.
It also provides a 'base64_decode' function with native strings as input and
output.
"""

import binascii
import os
import re
import sys
import threading

import six

if six.PY3:
    def ntob(n, encoding='ISO-8859-1'):
        """Return the given native string as a byte string in the given
        encoding.
        """
        assert_native(n)
        # In Python 3, the native string type is unicode
        return n.encode(encoding)

    def ntou(n, encoding='ISO-8859-1'):
        """Return the given native string as a unicode string with the given
        encoding.
        """
        assert_native(n)
        # In Python 3, the native string type is unicode
        return n

    def tonative(n, encoding='ISO-8859-1'):
        """Return the given string as a native string in the given encoding."""
        # In Python 3, the native string type is unicode
        if isinstance(n, bytes):
            return n.decode(encoding)
        return n
else:
    # Python 2
    def ntob(n, encoding='ISO-8859-1'):
        """Return the given native string as a byte string in the given
        encoding.
        """
        assert_native(n)
        # In Python 2, the native string type is bytes. Assume it's already
        # in the given encoding, which for ISO-8859-1 is almost always what
        # was intended.
        return n

    def ntou(n, encoding='ISO-8859-1'):
        """Return the given native string as a unicode string with the given
        encoding.
        """
        assert_native(n)
        # In Python 2, the native string type is bytes.
        # First, check for the special encoding 'escape'. The test suite uses
        # this to signal that it wants to pass a string with embedded \uXXXX
        # escapes, but without having to prefix it with u'' for Python 2,
        # but no prefix for Python 3.
        if encoding == 'escape':
            return unicode(
                re.sub(r'\\u([0-9a-zA-Z]{4})',
                       lambda m: unichr(int(m.group(1), 16)),
                       n.decode('ISO-8859-1')))
        # Assume it's already in the given encoding, which for ISO-8859-1
        # is almost always what was intended.
        return n.decode(encoding)

    def tonative(n, encoding='ISO-8859-1'):
        """Return the given string as a native string in the given encoding."""
        # In Python 2, the native string type is bytes.
        if isinstance(n, unicode):
            return n.encode(encoding)
        return n


def assert_native(n):
    if not isinstance(n, str):
        raise TypeError('n must be a native str (got %s)' % type(n).__name__)

try:
    # Python 3.1+
    from base64 import decodebytes as _base64_decodebytes
except ImportError:
    # Python 3.0-
    # since CherryPy claims compability with Python 2.3, we must use
    # the legacy API of base64
    from base64 import decodestring as _base64_decodebytes


def base64_decode(n, encoding='ISO-8859-1'):
    """Return the native string base64-decoded (as a native string)."""
    if isinstance(n, six.text_type):
        b = n.encode(encoding)
    else:
        b = n
    b = _base64_decodebytes(b)
    if str is six.text_type:
        return b.decode(encoding)
    else:
        return b


try:
    sorted = sorted
except NameError:
    def sorted(i):
        i = i[:]
        i.sort()
        return i

try:
    reversed = reversed
except NameError:
    def reversed(x):
        i = len(x)
        while i > 0:
            i -= 1
            yield x[i]

try:
    # Python 3
    from urllib.parse import urljoin, urlencode
    from urllib.parse import quote, quote_plus
    from urllib.request import unquote, urlopen
    from urllib.request import parse_http_list, parse_keqv_list
except ImportError:
    # Python 2
    from urlparse import urljoin  # noqa
    from urllib import urlencode, urlopen  # noqa
    from urllib import quote, quote_plus  # noqa
    from urllib import unquote  # noqa
    from urllib2 import parse_http_list, parse_keqv_list  # noqa

try:
    dict.iteritems
    # Python 2
    iteritems = lambda d: d.iteritems()
    copyitems = lambda d: d.items()
except AttributeError:
    # Python 3
    iteritems = lambda d: d.items()
    copyitems = lambda d: list(d.items())

try:
    dict.iterkeys
    # Python 2
    iterkeys = lambda d: d.iterkeys()
    copykeys = lambda d: d.keys()
except AttributeError:
    # Python 3
    iterkeys = lambda d: d.keys()
    copykeys = lambda d: list(d.keys())

try:
    dict.itervalues
    # Python 2
    itervalues = lambda d: d.itervalues()
    copyvalues = lambda d: d.values()
except AttributeError:
    # Python 3
    itervalues = lambda d: d.values()
    copyvalues = lambda d: list(d.values())

try:
    # Python 3
    import builtins
except ImportError:
    # Python 2
    import __builtin__ as builtins  # noqa

try:
    # Python 2. We try Python 2 first clients on Python 2
    # don't try to import the 'http' module from cherrypy.lib
    from Cookie import SimpleCookie, CookieError
    from httplib import BadStatusLine, HTTPConnection, IncompleteRead
    from httplib import NotConnected
    from BaseHTTPServer import BaseHTTPRequestHandler
except ImportError:
    # Python 3
    from http.cookies import SimpleCookie, CookieError  # noqa
    from http.client import BadStatusLine, HTTPConnection, IncompleteRead  # noqa
    from http.client import NotConnected  # noqa
    from http.server import BaseHTTPRequestHandler  # noqa

# Some platforms don't expose HTTPSConnection, so handle it separately
if six.PY3:
    try:
        from http.client import HTTPSConnection
    except ImportError:
        # Some platforms which don't have SSL don't expose HTTPSConnection
        HTTPSConnection = None
else:
    try:
        from httplib import HTTPSConnection
    except ImportError:
        HTTPSConnection = None

try:
    # Python 2
    xrange = xrange
except NameError:
    # Python 3
    xrange = range

try:
    # Python 3
    from urllib.parse import unquote as parse_unquote

    def unquote_qs(atom, encoding, errors='strict'):
        return parse_unquote(
            atom.replace('+', ' '),
            encoding=encoding,
            errors=errors)
except ImportError:
    # Python 2
    from urllib import unquote as parse_unquote

    def unquote_qs(atom, encoding, errors='strict'):
        return parse_unquote(atom.replace('+', ' ')).decode(encoding, errors)

try:
    # Prefer simplejson, which is usually more advanced than the builtin
    # module.
    import simplejson as json
    json_decode = json.JSONDecoder().decode
    _json_encode = json.JSONEncoder().iterencode
except ImportError:
    if sys.version_info >= (2, 6):
        # Python >=2.6 : json is part of the standard library
        import json
        json_decode = json.JSONDecoder().decode
        _json_encode = json.JSONEncoder().iterencode
    else:
        json = None

        def json_decode(s):
            raise ValueError('No JSON library is available')

        def _json_encode(s):
            raise ValueError('No JSON library is available')
finally:
    if json and six.PY3:
        # The two Python 3 implementations (simplejson/json)
        # outputs str. We need bytes.
        def json_encode(value):
            for chunk in _json_encode(value):
                yield chunk.encode('utf8')
    else:
        json_encode = _json_encode

text_or_bytes = six.text_type, six.binary_type

try:
    import cPickle as pickle
except ImportError:
    # In Python 2, pickle is a Python version.
    # In Python 3, pickle is the sped-up C version.
    import pickle  # noqa

def random20():
    return binascii.hexlify(os.urandom(20)).decode('ascii')

try:
    from _thread import get_ident as get_thread_ident
except ImportError:
    from thread import get_ident as get_thread_ident  # noqa

try:
    # Python 3
    next = next
except NameError:
    # Python 2
    def next(i):
        return i.next()

if sys.version_info >= (3, 3):
    Timer = threading.Timer
    Event = threading.Event
else:
    # Python 3.2 and earlier
    Timer = threading._Timer
    Event = threading._Event

try:
    # Python 2.7+
    from subprocess import _args_from_interpreter_flags
except ImportError:
    def _args_from_interpreter_flags():
        """Tries to reconstruct original interpreter args from sys.flags for Python 2.6

        Backported from Python 3.5. Aims to return a list of
        command-line arguments reproducing the current
        settings in sys.flags and sys.warnoptions.
        """
        flag_opt_map = {
            'debug': 'd',
            # 'inspect': 'i',
            # 'interactive': 'i',
            'optimize': 'O',
            'dont_write_bytecode': 'B',
            'no_user_site': 's',
            'no_site': 'S',
            'ignore_environment': 'E',
            'verbose': 'v',
            'bytes_warning': 'b',
            'quiet': 'q',
            'hash_randomization': 'R',
            'py3k_warning': '3',
        }

        args = []
        for flag, opt in flag_opt_map.items():
            v = getattr(sys.flags, flag)
            if v > 0:
                if flag == 'hash_randomization':
                    v = 1 # Handle specification of an exact seed
                args.append('-' + opt * v)
        for opt in sys.warnoptions:
            args.append('-W' + opt)

        return args

# html module come in 3.2 version
try:
    from html import escape
except ImportError:
    from cgi import escape

# html module needed the argument quote=False because in cgi the default
# is False. With quote=True the results differ.

def escape_html(s, escape_quote=False):
    """Replace special characters "&", "<" and ">" to HTML-safe sequences.

    When escape_quote=True, escape (') and (") chars.
    """
    return escape(s, quote=escape_quote)