import os
import signal
import time
from http.client import BadStatusLine

import pytest
import portend

import cherrypy
import cherrypy.process.servers
from cherrypy.test import helper

engine = cherrypy.engine
thisdir = os.path.join(os.getcwd(), os.path.dirname(__file__))


class Dependency:

    def __init__(self, bus):
        self.bus = bus
        self.running = False
        self.startcount = 0
        self.gracecount = 0
        self.threads = {}

    def subscribe(self):
        self.bus.subscribe('start', self.start)
        self.bus.subscribe('stop', self.stop)
        self.bus.subscribe('graceful', self.graceful)
        self.bus.subscribe('start_thread', self.startthread)
        self.bus.subscribe('stop_thread', self.stopthread)

    def start(self):
        self.running = True
        self.startcount += 1

    def stop(self):
        self.running = False

    def graceful(self):
        self.gracecount += 1

    def startthread(self, thread_id):
        self.threads[thread_id] = None

    def stopthread(self, thread_id):
        del self.threads[thread_id]


db_connection = Dependency(engine)


def setup_server():
    class Root:

        @cherrypy.expose
        def index(self):
            return 'Hello World'

        @cherrypy.expose
        def ctrlc(self):
            raise KeyboardInterrupt()

        @cherrypy.expose
        def graceful(self):
            engine.graceful()
            return 'app was (gracefully) restarted succesfully'

    cherrypy.tree.mount(Root())
    cherrypy.config.update({
        'environment': 'test_suite',
    })

    db_connection.subscribe()

# ------------ Enough helpers. Time for real live test cases. ------------ #


class ServerStateTests(helper.CPWebCase):
    setup_server = staticmethod(setup_server)

    def setUp(self):
        cherrypy.server.socket_timeout = 0.1
        self.do_gc_test = False

    def test_0_NormalStateFlow(self):
        engine.stop()
        # Our db_connection should not be running
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.running, False)
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.startcount, 1)
        self.assertEqual(len(db_connection.threads), 0)

        # Test server start
        engine.start()
        self.assertEqual(engine.state, engine.states.STARTED)

        host = cherrypy.server.socket_host
        port = cherrypy.server.socket_port
        portend.occupied(host, port, timeout=0.1)

        # The db_connection should be running now
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.running, True)
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.startcount, 2)
        self.assertEqual(len(db_connection.threads), 0)

        self.getPage('/')
        self.assertBody('Hello World')
        self.assertEqual(len(db_connection.threads), 1)

        # Test engine stop. This will also stop the HTTP server.
        engine.stop()
        self.assertEqual(engine.state, engine.states.STOPPED)

        # Verify that our custom stop function was called
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.running, False)
        self.assertEqual(len(db_connection.threads), 0)

        # Block the main thread now and verify that exit() works.
        def exittest():
            self.getPage('/')
            self.assertBody('Hello World')
            engine.exit()
        cherrypy.server.start()
        engine.start_with_callback(exittest)
        engine.block()
        self.assertEqual(engine.state, engine.states.EXITING)

    def test_1_Restart(self):
        cherrypy.server.start()
        engine.start()

        # The db_connection should be running now
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.running, True)
        grace = db_connection.gracecount

        self.getPage('/')
        self.assertBody('Hello World')
        self.assertEqual(len(db_connection.threads), 1)

        # Test server restart from this thread
        engine.graceful()
        self.assertEqual(engine.state, engine.states.STARTED)
        self.getPage('/')
        self.assertBody('Hello World')
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.running, True)
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.gracecount, grace + 1)
        self.assertEqual(len(db_connection.threads), 1)

        # Test server restart from inside a page handler
        self.getPage('/graceful')
        self.assertEqual(engine.state, engine.states.STARTED)
        self.assertBody('app was (gracefully) restarted succesfully')
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.running, True)
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.gracecount, grace + 2)
        # Since we are requesting synchronously, is only one thread used?
        # Note that the "/graceful" request has been flushed.
        self.assertEqual(len(db_connection.threads), 0)

        engine.stop()
        self.assertEqual(engine.state, engine.states.STOPPED)
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.running, False)
        self.assertEqual(len(db_connection.threads), 0)

    def test_2_KeyboardInterrupt(self):
        # Raise a keyboard interrupt in the HTTP server's main thread.
        # We must start the server in this, the main thread
        engine.start()
        cherrypy.server.start()

        self.persistent = True
        try:
            # Make the first request and assert there's no "Connection: close".
            self.getPage('/')
            self.assertStatus('200 OK')
            self.assertBody('Hello World')
            self.assertNoHeader('Connection')

            cherrypy.server.httpserver.interrupt = KeyboardInterrupt
            engine.block()

            self.assertEqual(db_connection.running, False)
            self.assertEqual(len(db_connection.threads), 0)
            self.assertEqual(engine.state, engine.states.EXITING)
        finally:
            self.persistent = False

        # Raise a keyboard interrupt in a page handler; on multithreaded
        # servers, this should occur in one of the worker threads.
        # This should raise a BadStatusLine error, since the worker
        # thread will just die without writing a response.
        engine.start()
        cherrypy.server.start()
        # From python3.5 a new exception is retuned when the connection
        # ends abruptly:
        #   http.client.RemoteDisconnected
        # RemoteDisconnected is a subclass of:
        #   (ConnectionResetError, http.client.BadStatusLine)
        # and ConnectionResetError is an indirect subclass of:
        #    OSError
        # From python 3.3 an up socket.error is an alias to OSError
        # following PEP-3151, therefore http.client.RemoteDisconnected
        # is considered a socket.error.
        #
        # raise_subcls specifies the classes that are not going
        # to be considered as a socket.error for the retries.
        # Given that RemoteDisconnected is part BadStatusLine
        # we can use the same call for all py3 versions without
        # sideffects. python < 3.5 will raise directly BadStatusLine
        # which is not a subclass for socket.error/OSError.
        try:
            self.getPage('/ctrlc', raise_subcls=BadStatusLine)
        except BadStatusLine:
            pass
        else:
            print(self.body)
            self.fail('AssertionError: BadStatusLine not raised')

        engine.block()
        self.assertEqual(db_connection.running, False)
        self.assertEqual(len(db_connection.threads), 0)

    @pytest.mark.xfail(
        'sys.platform == "Darwin" '
        'and sys.version_info > (3, 7) '
        'and os.environ["TRAVIS"]',
        reason='https://github.com/cherrypy/cherrypy/issues/1693',
    )
    def test_4_Autoreload(self):
        # If test_3 has not been executed, the server won't be stopped,
        # so we'll have to do it.
        if engine.state != engine.states.EXITING:
            engine.exit()

        # Start the demo script in a new process
        p = helper.CPProcess(ssl=(self.scheme.lower() == 'https'))
        p.write_conf(extra='test_case_name: "test_4_Autoreload"')
        p.start(imports='cherrypy.test._test_states_demo')
        try:
            self.getPage('/start')
            start = float(self.body)

            # Give the autoreloader time to cache the file time.
            time.sleep(2)

            # Touch the file
            os.utime(os.path.join(thisdir, '_test_states_demo.py'), None)

            # Give the autoreloader time to re-exec the process
            time.sleep(2)
            host = cherrypy.server.socket_host
            port = cherrypy.server.socket_port
            portend.occupied(host, port, timeout=5)

            self.getPage('/start')
            if not (float(self.body) > start):
                raise AssertionError('start time %s not greater than %s' %
                                     (float(self.body), start))
        finally:
            # Shut down the spawned process
            self.getPage('/exit')
        p.join()

    def test_5_Start_Error(self):
        # If test_3 has not been executed, the server won't be stopped,
        # so we'll have to do it.
        if engine.state != engine.states.EXITING:
            engine.exit()

        # If a process errors during start, it should stop the engine
        # and exit with a non-zero exit code.
        p = helper.CPProcess(ssl=(self.scheme.lower() == 'https'),
                             wait=True)
        p.write_conf(
            extra="""starterror: True
test_case_name: "test_5_Start_Error"
"""
        )
        p.start(imports='cherrypy.test._test_states_demo')
        if p.exit_code == 0:
            self.fail('Process failed to return nonzero exit code.')


class PluginTests(helper.CPWebCase):

    def test_daemonize(self):
        if os.name not in ['posix']:
            return self.skip('skipped (not on posix) ')
        self.HOST = '127.0.0.1'
        self.PORT = 8081
        # Spawn the process and wait, when this returns, the original process
        # is finished.  If it daemonized properly, we should still be able
        # to access pages.
        p = helper.CPProcess(ssl=(self.scheme.lower() == 'https'),
                             wait=True, daemonize=True,
                             socket_host='127.0.0.1',
                             socket_port=8081)
        p.write_conf(
            extra='test_case_name: "test_daemonize"')
        p.start(imports='cherrypy.test._test_states_demo')
        try:
            # Just get the pid of the daemonization process.
            self.getPage('/pid')
            self.assertStatus(200)
            page_pid = int(self.body)
            self.assertEqual(page_pid, p.get_pid())
        finally:
            # Shut down the spawned process
            self.getPage('/exit')
        p.join()

        # Wait until here to test the exit code because we want to ensure
        # that we wait for the daemon to finish running before we fail.
        if p.exit_code != 0:
            self.fail('Daemonized parent process failed to exit cleanly.')


class SignalHandlingTests(helper.CPWebCase):

    def test_SIGHUP_tty(self):
        # When not daemonized, SIGHUP should shut down the server.
        try:
            from signal import SIGHUP
        except ImportError:
            return self.skip('skipped (no SIGHUP) ')

        # Spawn the process.
        p = helper.CPProcess(ssl=(self.scheme.lower() == 'https'))
        p.write_conf(
            extra='test_case_name: "test_SIGHUP_tty"')
        p.start(imports='cherrypy.test._test_states_demo')
        # Send a SIGHUP
        os.kill(p.get_pid(), SIGHUP)
        # This might hang if things aren't working right, but meh.
        p.join()

    def test_SIGHUP_daemonized(self):
        # When daemonized, SIGHUP should restart the server.
        try:
            from signal import SIGHUP
        except ImportError:
            return self.skip('skipped (no SIGHUP) ')

        if os.name not in ['posix']:
            return self.skip('skipped (not on posix) ')

        # Spawn the process and wait, when this returns, the original process
        # is finished.  If it daemonized properly, we should still be able
        # to access pages.
        p = helper.CPProcess(ssl=(self.scheme.lower() == 'https'),
                             wait=True, daemonize=True)
        p.write_conf(
            extra='test_case_name: "test_SIGHUP_daemonized"')
        p.start(imports='cherrypy.test._test_states_demo')

        pid = p.get_pid()
        try:
            # Send a SIGHUP
            os.kill(pid, SIGHUP)
            # Give the server some time to restart
            time.sleep(2)
            self.getPage('/pid')
            self.assertStatus(200)
            new_pid = int(self.body)
            self.assertNotEqual(new_pid, pid)
        finally:
            # Shut down the spawned process
            self.getPage('/exit')
        p.join()

    def _require_signal_and_kill(self, signal_name):
        if not hasattr(signal, signal_name):
            self.skip('skipped (no %(signal_name)s)' % vars())

        if not hasattr(os, 'kill'):
            self.skip('skipped (no os.kill)')

    def test_SIGTERM(self):
        'SIGTERM should shut down the server whether daemonized or not.'
        self._require_signal_and_kill('SIGTERM')

        # Spawn a normal, undaemonized process.
        p = helper.CPProcess(ssl=(self.scheme.lower() == 'https'))
        p.write_conf(
            extra='test_case_name: "test_SIGTERM"')
        p.start(imports='cherrypy.test._test_states_demo')
        # Send a SIGTERM
        os.kill(p.get_pid(), signal.SIGTERM)
        # This might hang if things aren't working right, but meh.
        p.join()

        if os.name in ['posix']:
            # Spawn a daemonized process and test again.
            p = helper.CPProcess(ssl=(self.scheme.lower() == 'https'),
                                 wait=True, daemonize=True)
            p.write_conf(
                extra='test_case_name: "test_SIGTERM_2"')
            p.start(imports='cherrypy.test._test_states_demo')
            # Send a SIGTERM
            os.kill(p.get_pid(), signal.SIGTERM)
            # This might hang if things aren't working right, but meh.
            p.join()

    def test_signal_handler_unsubscribe(self):
        self._require_signal_and_kill('SIGTERM')

        # Although Windows has `os.kill` and SIGTERM is defined, the
        #  platform does not implement signals and sending SIGTERM
        #  will result in a forced termination of the process.
        #  Therefore, this test is not suitable for Windows.
        if os.name == 'nt':
            self.skip('SIGTERM not available')

        # Spawn a normal, undaemonized process.
        p = helper.CPProcess(ssl=(self.scheme.lower() == 'https'))
        p.write_conf(
            extra="""unsubsig: True
test_case_name: "test_signal_handler_unsubscribe"
""")
        p.start(imports='cherrypy.test._test_states_demo')
        # Ask the process to quit
        os.kill(p.get_pid(), signal.SIGTERM)
        # This might hang if things aren't working right, but meh.
        p.join()

        # Assert the old handler ran.
        log_lines = list(open(p.error_log, 'rb'))
        assert any(
            line.endswith(b'I am an old SIGTERM handler.\n')
            for line in log_lines
        )


def test_safe_wait_INADDR_ANY():  # pylint: disable=invalid-name
    """
    Wait on INADDR_ANY should not raise IOError

    In cases where the loopback interface does not exist, CherryPy cannot
    effectively determine if a port binding to INADDR_ANY was effected.
    In this situation, CherryPy should assume that it failed to detect
    the binding (not that the binding failed) and only warn that it could
    not verify it.
    """
    # At such a time that CherryPy can reliably determine one or more
    #  viable IP addresses of the host, this test may be removed.

    # Simulate the behavior we observe when no loopback interface is
    #  present by: finding a port that's not occupied, then wait on it.

    free_port = portend.find_available_local_port()

    servers = cherrypy.process.servers

    inaddr_any = '0.0.0.0'

    # Wait on the free port that's unbound
    with pytest.warns(
            UserWarning,
            match='Unable to verify that the server is bound on ',
    ) as warnings:
        # pylint: disable=protected-access
        with servers._safe_wait(inaddr_any, free_port):
            portend.occupied(inaddr_any, free_port, timeout=1)
    assert len(warnings) == 1

    # The wait should still raise an IO error if INADDR_ANY was
    #  not supplied.
    with pytest.raises(IOError):
        # pylint: disable=protected-access
        with servers._safe_wait('127.0.0.1', free_port):
            portend.occupied('127.0.0.1', free_port, timeout=1)