import re
import warnings
from xml.dom.minidom import parseString, Node

from django.conf import settings, UserSettingsHolder
from django.core import mail
from django.http import request
from django.template import Template, loader, TemplateDoesNotExist
from django.template.loaders import cached
from django.test.signals import template_rendered, setting_changed
from django.utils.encoding import force_str
from django.utils.functional import wraps
from django.utils import six
from django.utils.translation import deactivate


__all__ = (
    'Approximate', 'ContextList',  'get_runner', 'override_settings',
    'setup_test_environment', 'teardown_test_environment',
)

RESTORE_LOADERS_ATTR = '_original_template_source_loaders'


class Approximate(object):
    def __init__(self, val, places=7):
        self.val = val
        self.places = places

    def __repr__(self):
        return repr(self.val)

    def __eq__(self, other):
        if self.val == other:
            return True
        return round(abs(self.val - other), self.places) == 0


class ContextList(list):
    """A wrapper that provides direct key access to context items contained
    in a list of context objects.
    """
    def __getitem__(self, key):
        if isinstance(key, six.string_types):
            for subcontext in self:
                if key in subcontext:
                    return subcontext[key]
            raise KeyError(key)
        else:
            return super(ContextList, self).__getitem__(key)

    def __contains__(self, key):
        try:
            self[key]
        except KeyError:
            return False
        return True


def instrumented_test_render(self, context):
    """
    An instrumented Template render method, providing a signal
    that can be intercepted by the test system Client
    """
    template_rendered.send(sender=self, template=self, context=context)
    return self.nodelist.render(context)


def setup_test_environment():
    """Perform any global pre-test setup. This involves:

        - Installing the instrumented test renderer
        - Set the email backend to the locmem email backend.
        - Setting the active locale to match the LANGUAGE_CODE setting.
    """
    Template._original_render = Template._render
    Template._render = instrumented_test_render

    # Storing previous values in the settings module itself is problematic.
    # Store them in arbitrary (but related) modules instead. See #20636.

    mail._original_email_backend = settings.EMAIL_BACKEND
    settings.EMAIL_BACKEND = 'django.core.mail.backends.locmem.EmailBackend'

    request._original_allowed_hosts = settings.ALLOWED_HOSTS
    settings.ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['*']

    mail.outbox = []

    deactivate()


def teardown_test_environment():
    """Perform any global post-test teardown. This involves:

        - Restoring the original test renderer
        - Restoring the email sending functions

    """
    Template._render = Template._original_render
    del Template._original_render

    settings.EMAIL_BACKEND = mail._original_email_backend
    del mail._original_email_backend

    settings.ALLOWED_HOSTS = request._original_allowed_hosts
    del request._original_allowed_hosts

    del mail.outbox


def get_warnings_state():
    """
    Returns an object containing the state of the warnings module
    """
    # There is no public interface for doing this, but this implementation of
    # get_warnings_state and restore_warnings_state appears to work on Python
    # 2.4 to 2.7.
    return warnings.filters[:]


def restore_warnings_state(state):
    """
    Restores the state of the warnings module when passed an object that was
    returned by get_warnings_state()
    """
    warnings.filters = state[:]


def get_runner(settings, test_runner_class=None):
    if not test_runner_class:
        test_runner_class = settings.TEST_RUNNER

    test_path = test_runner_class.split('.')
    # Allow for Python 2.5 relative paths
    if len(test_path) > 1:
        test_module_name = '.'.join(test_path[:-1])
    else:
        test_module_name = '.'
    test_module = __import__(test_module_name, {}, {}, force_str(test_path[-1]))
    test_runner = getattr(test_module, test_path[-1])
    return test_runner


def setup_test_template_loader(templates_dict, use_cached_loader=False):
    """
    Changes Django to only find templates from within a dictionary (where each
    key is the template name and each value is the corresponding template
    content to return).

    Use meth:`restore_template_loaders` to restore the original loaders.
    """
    if hasattr(loader, RESTORE_LOADERS_ATTR):
        raise Exception("loader.%s already exists" % RESTORE_LOADERS_ATTR)

    def test_template_loader(template_name, template_dirs=None):
        "A custom template loader that loads templates from a dictionary."
        try:
            return (templates_dict[template_name], "test:%s" % template_name)
        except KeyError:
            raise TemplateDoesNotExist(template_name)

    if use_cached_loader:
        template_loader = cached.Loader(('test_template_loader',))
        template_loader._cached_loaders = (test_template_loader,)
    else:
        template_loader = test_template_loader

    setattr(loader, RESTORE_LOADERS_ATTR, loader.template_source_loaders)
    loader.template_source_loaders = (template_loader,)
    return template_loader


def restore_template_loaders():
    """
    Restores the original template loaders after
    :meth:`setup_test_template_loader` has been run.
    """
    loader.template_source_loaders = getattr(loader, RESTORE_LOADERS_ATTR)
    delattr(loader, RESTORE_LOADERS_ATTR)


class override_settings(object):
    """
    Acts as either a decorator, or a context manager. If it's a decorator it
    takes a function and returns a wrapped function. If it's a contextmanager
    it's used with the ``with`` statement. In either event entering/exiting
    are called before and after, respectively, the function/block is executed.
    """
    def __init__(self, **kwargs):
        self.options = kwargs
        self.wrapped = settings._wrapped

    def __enter__(self):
        self.enable()

    def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc_value, traceback):
        self.disable()

    def __call__(self, test_func):
        from django.test import SimpleTestCase
        if isinstance(test_func, type):
            if not issubclass(test_func, SimpleTestCase):
                raise Exception(
                    "Only subclasses of Django SimpleTestCase can be decorated "
                    "with override_settings")
            original_pre_setup = test_func._pre_setup
            original_post_teardown = test_func._post_teardown

            def _pre_setup(innerself):
                self.enable()
                original_pre_setup(innerself)

            def _post_teardown(innerself):
                original_post_teardown(innerself)
                self.disable()
            test_func._pre_setup = _pre_setup
            test_func._post_teardown = _post_teardown
            return test_func
        else:
            @wraps(test_func)
            def inner(*args, **kwargs):
                with self:
                    return test_func(*args, **kwargs)
        return inner

    def enable(self):
        override = UserSettingsHolder(settings._wrapped)
        for key, new_value in self.options.items():
            setattr(override, key, new_value)
        settings._wrapped = override
        for key, new_value in self.options.items():
            setting_changed.send(sender=settings._wrapped.__class__,
                                 setting=key, value=new_value)

    def disable(self):
        settings._wrapped = self.wrapped
        for key in self.options:
            new_value = getattr(settings, key, None)
            setting_changed.send(sender=settings._wrapped.__class__,
                                 setting=key, value=new_value)


def compare_xml(want, got):
    """Tries to do a 'xml-comparison' of want and got.  Plain string
    comparison doesn't always work because, for example, attribute
    ordering should not be important. Comment nodes are not considered in the
    comparison.

    Based on http://codespeak.net/svn/lxml/trunk/src/lxml/doctestcompare.py
    """
    _norm_whitespace_re = re.compile(r'[ \t\n][ \t\n]+')
    def norm_whitespace(v):
        return _norm_whitespace_re.sub(' ', v)

    def child_text(element):
        return ''.join([c.data for c in element.childNodes
                        if c.nodeType == Node.TEXT_NODE])

    def children(element):
        return [c for c in element.childNodes
                if c.nodeType == Node.ELEMENT_NODE]

    def norm_child_text(element):
        return norm_whitespace(child_text(element))

    def attrs_dict(element):
        return dict(element.attributes.items())

    def check_element(want_element, got_element):
        if want_element.tagName != got_element.tagName:
            return False
        if norm_child_text(want_element) != norm_child_text(got_element):
            return False
        if attrs_dict(want_element) != attrs_dict(got_element):
            return False
        want_children = children(want_element)
        got_children = children(got_element)
        if len(want_children) != len(got_children):
            return False
        for want, got in zip(want_children, got_children):
            if not check_element(want, got):
                return False
        return True

    def first_node(document):
        for node in document.childNodes:
            if node.nodeType != Node.COMMENT_NODE:
                return node

    want, got = strip_quotes(want, got)
    want = want.replace('\\n','\n')
    got = got.replace('\\n','\n')

    # If the string is not a complete xml document, we may need to add a
    # root element. This allow us to compare fragments, like "<foo/><bar/>"
    if not want.startswith('<?xml'):
        wrapper = '<root>%s</root>'
        want = wrapper % want
        got = wrapper % got

    # Parse the want and got strings, and compare the parsings.
    want_root = first_node(parseString(want))
    got_root = first_node(parseString(got))

    return check_element(want_root, got_root)


def strip_quotes(want, got):
    """
    Strip quotes of doctests output values:

    >>> strip_quotes("'foo'")
    "foo"
    >>> strip_quotes('"foo"')
    "foo"
    """
    def is_quoted_string(s):
        s = s.strip()
        return (len(s) >= 2
                and s[0] == s[-1]
                and s[0] in ('"', "'"))

    def is_quoted_unicode(s):
        s = s.strip()
        return (len(s) >= 3
                and s[0] == 'u'
                and s[1] == s[-1]
                and s[1] in ('"', "'"))

    if is_quoted_string(want) and is_quoted_string(got):
        want = want.strip()[1:-1]
        got = got.strip()[1:-1]
    elif is_quoted_unicode(want) and is_quoted_unicode(got):
        want = want.strip()[2:-1]
        got = got.strip()[2:-1]
    return want, got

def str_prefix(s):
    return s % {'_': '' if six.PY3 else 'u'}