from __future__ import unicode_literals

import logging
import sys
import types

from django import http
from django.conf import settings
from django.core import exceptions
from django.core import urlresolvers
from django.core import signals
from django.utils.encoding import force_text
from django.utils.importlib import import_module
from django.utils import six
from django.views import debug

logger = logging.getLogger('django.request')


class BaseHandler(object):
    # Changes that are always applied to a response (in this order).
    response_fixes = [
        http.fix_location_header,
        http.conditional_content_removal,
        http.fix_IE_for_attach,
        http.fix_IE_for_vary,
    ]

    def __init__(self):
        self._request_middleware = self._view_middleware = self._template_response_middleware = self._response_middleware = self._exception_middleware = None


    def load_middleware(self):
        """
        Populate middleware lists from settings.MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES.

        Must be called after the environment is fixed (see __call__ in subclasses).
        """
        self._view_middleware = []
        self._template_response_middleware = []
        self._response_middleware = []
        self._exception_middleware = []

        request_middleware = []
        for middleware_path in settings.MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES:
            try:
                mw_module, mw_classname = middleware_path.rsplit('.', 1)
            except ValueError:
                raise exceptions.ImproperlyConfigured('%s isn\'t a middleware module' % middleware_path)
            try:
                mod = import_module(mw_module)
            except ImportError as e:
                raise exceptions.ImproperlyConfigured('Error importing middleware %s: "%s"' % (mw_module, e))
            try:
                mw_class = getattr(mod, mw_classname)
            except AttributeError:
                raise exceptions.ImproperlyConfigured('Middleware module "%s" does not define a "%s" class' % (mw_module, mw_classname))
            try:
                mw_instance = mw_class()
            except exceptions.MiddlewareNotUsed:
                continue

            if hasattr(mw_instance, 'process_request'):
                request_middleware.append(mw_instance.process_request)
            if hasattr(mw_instance, 'process_view'):
                self._view_middleware.append(mw_instance.process_view)
            if hasattr(mw_instance, 'process_template_response'):
                self._template_response_middleware.insert(0, mw_instance.process_template_response)
            if hasattr(mw_instance, 'process_response'):
                self._response_middleware.insert(0, mw_instance.process_response)
            if hasattr(mw_instance, 'process_exception'):
                self._exception_middleware.insert(0, mw_instance.process_exception)

        # We only assign to this when initialization is complete as it is used
        # as a flag for initialization being complete.
        self._request_middleware = request_middleware

    def get_response(self, request):
        "Returns an HttpResponse object for the given HttpRequest"
        try:
            # Setup default url resolver for this thread, this code is outside
            # the try/except so we don't get a spurious "unbound local
            # variable" exception in the event an exception is raised before
            # resolver is set
            urlconf = settings.ROOT_URLCONF
            urlresolvers.set_urlconf(urlconf)
            resolver = urlresolvers.RegexURLResolver(r'^/', urlconf)
            try:
                response = None
                # Apply request middleware
                for middleware_method in self._request_middleware:
                    response = middleware_method(request)
                    if response:
                        break

                if response is None:
                    if hasattr(request, 'urlconf'):
                        # Reset url resolver with a custom urlconf.
                        urlconf = request.urlconf
                        urlresolvers.set_urlconf(urlconf)
                        resolver = urlresolvers.RegexURLResolver(r'^/', urlconf)

                    resolver_match = resolver.resolve(request.path_info)
                    callback, callback_args, callback_kwargs = resolver_match
                    request.resolver_match = resolver_match

                    # Apply view middleware
                    for middleware_method in self._view_middleware:
                        response = middleware_method(request, callback, callback_args, callback_kwargs)
                        if response:
                            break

                if response is None:
                    try:
                        response = callback(request, *callback_args, **callback_kwargs)
                    except Exception as e:
                        # If the view raised an exception, run it through exception
                        # middleware, and if the exception middleware returns a
                        # response, use that. Otherwise, reraise the exception.
                        for middleware_method in self._exception_middleware:
                            response = middleware_method(request, e)
                            if response:
                                break
                        if response is None:
                            raise

                # Complain if the view returned None (a common error).
                if response is None:
                    if isinstance(callback, types.FunctionType):    # FBV
                        view_name = callback.__name__
                    else:                                           # CBV
                        view_name = callback.__class__.__name__ + '.__call__'
                    raise ValueError("The view %s.%s didn't return an HttpResponse object." % (callback.__module__, view_name))

                # If the response supports deferred rendering, apply template
                # response middleware and the render the response
                if hasattr(response, 'render') and callable(response.render):
                    for middleware_method in self._template_response_middleware:
                        response = middleware_method(request, response)
                    response = response.render()

            except http.Http404 as e:
                logger.warning('Not Found: %s', request.path,
                            extra={
                                'status_code': 404,
                                'request': request
                            })
                if settings.DEBUG:
                    response = debug.technical_404_response(request, e)
                else:
                    try:
                        callback, param_dict = resolver.resolve404()
                        response = callback(request, **param_dict)
                    except:
                        signals.got_request_exception.send(sender=self.__class__, request=request)
                        response = self.handle_uncaught_exception(request, resolver, sys.exc_info())
            except exceptions.PermissionDenied:
                logger.warning(
                    'Forbidden (Permission denied): %s', request.path,
                    extra={
                        'status_code': 403,
                        'request': request
                    })
                try:
                    callback, param_dict = resolver.resolve403()
                    response = callback(request, **param_dict)
                except:
                    signals.got_request_exception.send(
                            sender=self.__class__, request=request)
                    response = self.handle_uncaught_exception(request,
                            resolver, sys.exc_info())
            except SystemExit:
                # Allow sys.exit() to actually exit. See tickets #1023 and #4701
                raise
            except: # Handle everything else, including SuspiciousOperation, etc.
                # Get the exception info now, in case another exception is thrown later.
                signals.got_request_exception.send(sender=self.__class__, request=request)
                response = self.handle_uncaught_exception(request, resolver, sys.exc_info())
        finally:
            # Reset URLconf for this thread on the way out for complete
            # isolation of request.urlconf
            urlresolvers.set_urlconf(None)

        try:
            # Apply response middleware, regardless of the response
            for middleware_method in self._response_middleware:
                response = middleware_method(request, response)
            response = self.apply_response_fixes(request, response)
        except: # Any exception should be gathered and handled
            signals.got_request_exception.send(sender=self.__class__, request=request)
            response = self.handle_uncaught_exception(request, resolver, sys.exc_info())

        return response

    def handle_uncaught_exception(self, request, resolver, exc_info):
        """
        Processing for any otherwise uncaught exceptions (those that will
        generate HTTP 500 responses). Can be overridden by subclasses who want
        customised 500 handling.

        Be *very* careful when overriding this because the error could be
        caused by anything, so assuming something like the database is always
        available would be an error.
        """
        if settings.DEBUG_PROPAGATE_EXCEPTIONS:
            raise

        logger.error('Internal Server Error: %s', request.path,
            exc_info=exc_info,
            extra={
                'status_code': 500,
                'request': request
            }
        )

        if settings.DEBUG:
            return debug.technical_500_response(request, *exc_info)

        # If Http500 handler is not installed, re-raise last exception
        if resolver.urlconf_module is None:
            six.reraise(*exc_info)
        # Return an HttpResponse that displays a friendly error message.
        callback, param_dict = resolver.resolve500()
        return callback(request, **param_dict)

    def apply_response_fixes(self, request, response):
        """
        Applies each of the functions in self.response_fixes to the request and
        response, modifying the response in the process. Returns the new
        response.
        """
        for func in self.response_fixes:
            response = func(request, response)
        return response


def get_path_info(environ):
    """
    Returns the HTTP request's PATH_INFO as a unicode string.
    """
    path_info = environ.get('PATH_INFO', str('/'))
    # Under Python 3, strings in environ are decoded with ISO-8859-1;
    # re-encode to recover the original bytestring provided by the webserver.
    if six.PY3:
        path_info = path_info.encode('iso-8859-1')
    # It'd be better to implement URI-to-IRI decoding, see #19508.
    return path_info.decode('utf-8')


def get_script_name(environ):
    """
    Returns the equivalent of the HTTP request's SCRIPT_NAME environment
    variable. If Apache mod_rewrite has been used, returns what would have been
    the script name prior to any rewriting (so it's the script name as seen
    from the client's perspective), unless the FORCE_SCRIPT_NAME setting is
    set (to anything).
    """
    if settings.FORCE_SCRIPT_NAME is not None:
        return force_text(settings.FORCE_SCRIPT_NAME)

    # If Apache's mod_rewrite had a whack at the URL, Apache set either
    # SCRIPT_URL or REDIRECT_URL to the full resource URL before applying any
    # rewrites. Unfortunately not every Web server (lighttpd!) passes this
    # information through all the time, so FORCE_SCRIPT_NAME, above, is still
    # needed.
    script_url = environ.get('SCRIPT_URL', environ.get('REDIRECT_URL', str('')))
    if script_url:
        script_name = script_url[:-len(environ.get('PATH_INFO', str('')))]
    else:
        script_name = environ.get('SCRIPT_NAME', str(''))
    # Under Python 3, strings in environ are decoded with ISO-8859-1;
    # re-encode to recover the original bytestring provided by the webserver.
    if six.PY3:
        script_name = script_name.encode('iso-8859-1')
    # It'd be better to implement URI-to-IRI decoding, see #19508.
    return script_name.decode('utf-8')