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"""
This module contains a Google Cloud API base hook.
"""
import functools
import json
import logging
import os
import tempfile
from contextlib import contextmanager
from subprocess import check_output
from typing import Any, Callable, Dict, Optional, Sequence, Tuple, TypeVar

import google.auth
import google.auth.credentials
import google.oauth2.service_account
import google_auth_httplib2
import tenacity
from google.api_core.exceptions import Forbidden, ResourceExhausted, TooManyRequests
from google.api_core.gapic_v1.client_info import ClientInfo
from google.auth import _cloud_sdk
from google.auth.environment_vars import CREDENTIALS
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError
from googleapiclient.http import MediaIoBaseDownload, build_http, set_user_agent

from airflow import version
from airflow.exceptions import AirflowException
from airflow.hooks.base_hook import BaseHook
from airflow.providers.google.cloud.utils.credentials_provider import (
    _get_scopes, get_credentials_and_project_id,
)
from airflow.utils.process_utils import patch_environ

log = logging.getLogger(__name__)


# Constants used by the mechanism of repeating requests in reaction to exceeding the temporary quota.
INVALID_KEYS = [
    'DefaultRequestsPerMinutePerProject',
    'DefaultRequestsPerMinutePerUser',
    'RequestsPerMinutePerProject',
    "Resource has been exhausted (e.g. check quota).",
]
INVALID_REASONS = [
    'userRateLimitExceeded',
]


def is_soft_quota_exception(exception: Exception):
    """
    API for Google services does not have a standardized way to report quota violation errors.
    The function has been adapted by trial and error to the following services:

    * Google Translate
    * Google Vision
    * Google Text-to-Speech
    * Google Speech-to-Text
    * Google Natural Language
    * Google Video Intelligence
    """
    if isinstance(exception, Forbidden):
        return any(
            reason in error.details()
            for reason in INVALID_REASONS
            for error in exception.errors
        )

    if isinstance(exception, (ResourceExhausted, TooManyRequests)):
        return any(
            key in error.details()
            for key in INVALID_KEYS
            for error in exception.errors
        )

    return False


def is_operation_in_progress_exception(exception: Exception):
    """
    Some of the calls return 429 (too many requests!) or 409 errors (Conflict)
    in case of operation in progress.

    * Google Cloud SQL
    """
    if isinstance(exception, HttpError):
        return exception.resp.status == 429 or exception.resp.status == 409
    return False


class retry_if_temporary_quota(tenacity.retry_if_exception):  # pylint: disable=invalid-name
    """Retries if there was an exception for exceeding the temporary quote limit."""

    def __init__(self):
        super().__init__(is_soft_quota_exception)


class retry_if_operation_in_progress(tenacity.retry_if_exception):  # pylint: disable=invalid-name
    """Retries if there was an exception for exceeding the temporary quote limit."""

    def __init__(self):
        super().__init__(is_operation_in_progress_exception)


RT = TypeVar('RT')  # pylint: disable=invalid-name


class GoogleBaseHook(BaseHook):
    """
    A base hook for Google cloud-related hooks. Google cloud has a shared REST
    API client that is built in the same way no matter which service you use.
    This class helps construct and authorize the credentials needed to then
    call googleapiclient.discovery.build() to actually discover and build a client
    for a Google cloud service.

    The class also contains some miscellaneous helper functions.

    All hook derived from this base hook use the 'Google Cloud Platform' connection
    type. Three ways of authentication are supported:

    Default credentials: Only the 'Project Id' is required. You'll need to
    have set up default credentials, such as by the
    ``GOOGLE_APPLICATION_DEFAULT`` environment variable or from the metadata
    server on Google Compute Engine.

    JSON key file: Specify 'Project Id', 'Keyfile Path' and 'Scope'.

    Legacy P12 key files are not supported.

    JSON data provided in the UI: Specify 'Keyfile JSON'.

    :param gcp_conn_id: The connection ID to use when fetching connection info.
    :type gcp_conn_id: str
    :param delegate_to: The account to impersonate, if any.
        For this to work, the service account making the request must have
        domain-wide delegation enabled.
    :type delegate_to: str
    """

    def __init__(self, gcp_conn_id: str = 'google_cloud_default', delegate_to: Optional[str] = None) -> None:
        super().__init__()
        self.gcp_conn_id = gcp_conn_id
        self.delegate_to = delegate_to
        self.extras = self.get_connection(self.gcp_conn_id).extra_dejson  # type: Dict
        self._cached_credentials: Optional[google.auth.credentials.Credentials] = None
        self._cached_project_id: Optional[str] = None

    def _get_credentials_and_project_id(self) -> Tuple[google.auth.credentials.Credentials, Optional[str]]:
        """
        Returns the Credentials object for Google API and the associated project_id
        """
        if self._cached_credentials is not None:
            return self._cached_credentials, self._cached_project_id

        key_path: Optional[str] = self._get_field('key_path', None)
        try:
            keyfile_dict: Optional[str] = self._get_field('keyfile_dict', None)
            keyfile_dict_json: Optional[Dict[str, str]] = None
            if keyfile_dict:
                keyfile_dict_json = json.loads(keyfile_dict)
        except json.decoder.JSONDecodeError:
            raise AirflowException('Invalid key JSON.')

        credentials, project_id = get_credentials_and_project_id(
            key_path=key_path,
            keyfile_dict=keyfile_dict_json,
            scopes=self.scopes,
            delegate_to=self.delegate_to
        )

        overridden_project_id = self._get_field('project')
        if overridden_project_id:
            project_id = overridden_project_id

        self._cached_credentials = credentials
        self._cached_project_id = project_id

        return credentials, project_id

    def _get_credentials(self) -> google.auth.credentials.Credentials:
        """
        Returns the Credentials object for Google API
        """
        credentials, _ = self._get_credentials_and_project_id()
        return credentials

    def _get_access_token(self) -> str:
        """
        Returns a valid access token from Google API Credentials
        """
        return self._get_credentials().token

    def _authorize(self) -> google_auth_httplib2.AuthorizedHttp:
        """
        Returns an authorized HTTP object to be used to build a Google cloud
        service hook connection.
        """
        credentials = self._get_credentials()
        http = build_http()
        http = set_user_agent(http, "airflow/" + version.version)
        authed_http = google_auth_httplib2.AuthorizedHttp(credentials, http=http)
        return authed_http

    def _get_field(self, f: str, default: Any = None) -> Any:
        """
        Fetches a field from extras, and returns it. This is some Airflow
        magic. The google_cloud_platform hook type adds custom UI elements
        to the hook page, which allow admins to specify service_account,
        key_path, etc. They get formatted as shown below.
        """
        long_f = 'extra__google_cloud_platform__{}'.format(f)
        if hasattr(self, 'extras') and long_f in self.extras:
            return self.extras[long_f]
        else:
            return default

    @property
    def project_id(self) -> Optional[str]:
        """
        Returns project id.

        :return: id of the project
        :rtype: str
        """
        _, project_id = self._get_credentials_and_project_id()
        return project_id

    @property
    def num_retries(self) -> int:
        """
        Returns num_retries from Connection.

        :return: the number of times each API request should be retried
        :rtype: int
        """
        field_value = self._get_field('num_retries', default=5)
        if field_value is None:
            return 5
        if isinstance(field_value, str) and field_value.strip() == '':
            return 5
        try:
            return int(field_value)
        except ValueError:
            raise AirflowException(
                f"The num_retries field should be a integer. "
                f"Current value: \"{field_value}\" (type: {type(field_value)}). "
                f"Please check the connection configuration."
            )

    @property
    def client_info(self) -> ClientInfo:
        """
        Return client information used to generate a user-agent for API calls.

        It allows for better errors tracking.

        This object is only used by the google-cloud-* libraries that are built specifically for
        the Google Cloud Platform. It is not supported by The Google APIs Python Client that use Discovery
        based APIs.
        """
        client_info = ClientInfo(client_library_version='airflow_v' + version.version)
        return client_info

    @property
    def scopes(self) -> Sequence[str]:
        """
        Return OAuth 2.0 scopes.

        :return: Returns the scope defined in the connection configuration, or the default scope
        :rtype: Sequence[str]
        """
        scope_value = self._get_field('scope', None)  # type: Optional[str]

        return _get_scopes(scope_value)

    @staticmethod
    def quota_retry(*args, **kwargs) -> Callable:
        """
        A decorator that provides a mechanism to repeat requests in response to exceeding a temporary quote
        limit.
        """
        def decorator(fun: Callable):
            default_kwargs = {
                'wait': tenacity.wait_exponential(multiplier=1, max=100),
                'retry': retry_if_temporary_quota(),
                'before': tenacity.before_log(log, logging.DEBUG),
                'after': tenacity.after_log(log, logging.DEBUG),
            }
            default_kwargs.update(**kwargs)
            return tenacity.retry(
                *args, **default_kwargs
            )(fun)
        return decorator

    @staticmethod
    def operation_in_progress_retry(*args, **kwargs) -> Callable:
        """
        A decorator that provides a mechanism to repeat requests in response to
        operation in progress (HTTP 409)
        limit.
        """
        def decorator(fun: Callable):
            default_kwargs = {
                'wait': tenacity.wait_exponential(multiplier=1, max=300),
                'retry': retry_if_operation_in_progress(),
                'before': tenacity.before_log(log, logging.DEBUG),
                'after': tenacity.after_log(log, logging.DEBUG),
            }
            default_kwargs.update(**kwargs)
            return tenacity.retry(
                *args, **default_kwargs
            )(fun)
        return decorator

    @staticmethod
    def fallback_to_default_project_id(func: Callable[..., RT]) -> Callable[..., RT]:
        """
        Decorator that provides fallback for Google Cloud Platform project id. If
        the project is None it will be replaced with the project_id from the
        service account the Hook is authenticated with. Project id can be specified
        either via project_id kwarg or via first parameter in positional args.

        :param func: function to wrap
        :return: result of the function call
        """
        @functools.wraps(func)
        def inner_wrapper(self: GoogleBaseHook, *args, **kwargs) -> RT:
            if args:
                raise AirflowException(
                    "You must use keyword arguments in this methods rather than"
                    " positional")
            if 'project_id' in kwargs:
                kwargs['project_id'] = kwargs['project_id'] or self.project_id
            else:
                kwargs['project_id'] = self.project_id
            if not kwargs['project_id']:
                raise AirflowException("The project id must be passed either as "
                                       "keyword project_id parameter or as project_id extra "
                                       "in GCP connection definition. Both are not set!")
            return func(self, *args, **kwargs)
        return inner_wrapper

    @staticmethod
    def provide_gcp_credential_file(func: Callable[..., RT]) -> Callable[..., RT]:
        """
        Function decorator that provides a GCP credentials for application supporting Application
        Default Credentials (ADC) strategy.

        It is recommended to use ``provide_gcp_credential_file_as_context`` context manager to limit the
        scope when authorization data is available. Using context manager also
        makes it easier to use multiple connection in one function.
        """
        @functools.wraps(func)
        def wrapper(self: GoogleBaseHook, *args, **kwargs) -> RT:
            with self.provide_gcp_credential_file_as_context():
                return func(self, *args, **kwargs)
        return wrapper

    @contextmanager
    def provide_gcp_credential_file_as_context(self):
        """
        Context manager that provides a GCP credentials for application supporting `Application
        Default Credentials (ADC) strategy <https://cloud.google.com/docs/authentication/production>`__.

        It can be used to provide credentials for external programs (e.g. gcloud) that expect authorization
        file in ``GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS`` environment variable.
        """
        key_path = self._get_field('key_path', None)  # type: Optional[str]  # noqa: E501  #  pylint: disable=protected-access
        keyfile_dict = self._get_field('keyfile_dict', None)  # type: Optional[Dict]  # noqa: E501  # pylint: disable=protected-access
        if key_path and keyfile_dict:
            raise AirflowException(
                "The `keyfile_dict` and `key_path` fields are mutually exclusive. "
                "Please provide only one value."
            )
        elif key_path:
            if key_path.endswith('.p12'):
                raise AirflowException(
                    'Legacy P12 key file are not supported, use a JSON key file.'
                )
            with patch_environ({CREDENTIALS: key_path}):
                yield key_path
        elif keyfile_dict:
            with tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile(mode='w+t') as conf_file:
                conf_file.write(keyfile_dict)
                conf_file.flush()
                with patch_environ({CREDENTIALS: conf_file.name}):
                    yield conf_file.name
        else:
            # We will use the default service account credentials.
            yield None

    @contextmanager
    def provide_authorized_gcloud(self):
        """
        Provides a separate gcloud configuration with current credentials.

        The gcloud allows you to login to GCP only - ``gcloud auth login`` and
        for the needs of Application Default Credentials ``gcloud auth application-default login``.
        In our case, we want all commands to use only the credentials from ADCm so
        we need to configure the credentials in gcloud manually.
        """
        credentials_path = _cloud_sdk.get_application_default_credentials_path()
        project_id = self.project_id

        with self.provide_gcp_credential_file_as_context(), \
                tempfile.TemporaryDirectory() as gcloud_config_tmp, \
                patch_environ({'CLOUDSDK_CONFIG': gcloud_config_tmp}):

            if project_id:
                # Don't display stdout/stderr for security reason
                check_output([
                    "gcloud", "config", "set", "core/project", project_id
                ])
            if CREDENTIALS in os.environ:
                # This solves most cases when we are logged in using the service key in Airflow.
                # Don't display stdout/stderr for security reason
                check_output([
                    "gcloud", "auth", "activate-service-account", f"--key-file={os.environ[CREDENTIALS]}",
                ])
            elif os.path.exists(credentials_path):
                # If we are logged in by `gcloud auth application-default` then we need to log in manually.
                # This will make the `gcloud auth application-default` and `gcloud auth` credentials equals.
                with open(credentials_path) as creds_file:
                    creds_content = json.loads(creds_file.read())
                    # Don't display stdout/stderr for security reason
                    check_output([
                        "gcloud", "config", "set", "auth/client_id", creds_content["client_id"]
                    ])
                    # Don't display stdout/stderr for security reason
                    check_output([
                        "gcloud", "config", "set", "auth/client_secret", creds_content["client_secret"]
                    ])
                    # Don't display stdout/stderr for security reason
                    check_output([
                        "gcloud",
                        "auth",
                        "activate-refresh-token",
                        creds_content["client_id"],
                        creds_content["refresh_token"],
                    ])
            yield

    @staticmethod
    def download_content_from_request(file_handle, request, chunk_size):
        """
        Download media resources.
        Note that  the Python file object is compatible with io.Base and can be used with this class also.

        :param file_handle: io.Base or file object. The stream in which to write the downloaded
            bytes.
        :type file_handle: io.Base or file object
        :param request: googleapiclient.http.HttpRequest, the media request to perform in chunks.
        :type request: Dict
        :param chunk_size: int, File will be downloaded in chunks of this many bytes.
        :type chunk_size: int
        """
        downloader = MediaIoBaseDownload(file_handle, request, chunksize=chunk_size)
        done = False
        while done is False:
            _, done = downloader.next_chunk()
        file_handle.flush()