#!/usr/bin/env python
# Copyright 2007 Google Inc.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

"""Serve static files from a zipfile.

This is a solution for apps that want to serve 1000s of small static
files while staying withing the 1000 file limit.

The simplest use case is driven purely from the handlers section in
app.yaml, e.g.:

  - url: /images/.*
    script: $PYTHON_LIB/google/appengine/ext/zipserve

This would invoke a main() within zipserve/__init__.py.  This code
would then take the URL path, and look for a .zip file under the first
component of the path, in this case "images.zip" in the app's working
directory.  If found, it will then serve any matching paths below that
from the zip file.  In other words, /images/foo/icon.gif would map to
foo/icon.gif in the zip file images.zip.

You can also customize the behavior by adding a custom line to your
WSGIApplication() invocation:

  def main():
    app = webapp.WSGIApplication(
            [('/', MainPage),
             ('/static/(.*)', zipserve.make_zip_handler('staticfiles.zip')),

You can pass max_age=N to the make_zip_handler() call to override the
expiration time in seconds, which defaults to 600.

To customize the behavior even more, you can subclass ZipHandler and
override the get() method, or override it and call ServeFromZipFile()

Note that by default, a Cache-control is added that makes these pages
cacheable even if they require authentication.  If this is not what
you want, override ZipHandler.SetCachingHeaders().

import email.Utils
import logging
import mimetypes
import time
import zipfile

from google.appengine.ext import webapp
from google.appengine.ext.webapp import util

def make_zip_handler(zipfilename, max_age=None, public=None):
  """Factory function to construct a custom ZipHandler instance.

    zipfilename: The filename of a zipfile.
    max_age: Optional expiration time; defaults to ZipHandler.MAX_AGE.
    public: Optional public flag; defaults to ZipHandler.PUBLIC.

    A ZipHandler subclass.

  class CustomZipHandler(ZipHandler):
    def get(self, name):
      self.ServeFromZipFile(self.ZIPFILENAME, name)
    ZIPFILENAME = zipfilename
    if max_age is not None:
      MAX_AGE = max_age
    if public is not None:
      PUBLIC = public

  return CustomZipHandler

class ZipHandler(webapp.RequestHandler):
  """Request handler serving static files from zipfiles."""

  zipfile_cache = {}

  def get(self, prefix, name):
    """GET request handler.

    Typically the arguments are passed from the matching groups in the
    URL pattern passed to WSGIApplication().

      prefix: The zipfilename without the .zip suffix.
      name: The name within the zipfile.
    self.ServeFromZipFile(prefix + '.zip', name)

  def ServeFromZipFile(self, zipfilename, name):
    """Helper for the GET request handler.

    This serves the contents of file 'name' from zipfile
    'zipfilename', logging a message and returning a 404 response if
    either the zipfile cannot be opened or the named file cannot be
    read from it.

      zipfilename: The name of the zipfile.
      name: The name within the zipfile.

    zipfile_object = self.zipfile_cache.get(zipfilename)
    if zipfile_object is None:
        zipfile_object = zipfile.ZipFile(zipfilename)
      except (IOError, RuntimeError, zipfile.BadZipfile), err:

        logging.error('Can\'t open zipfile %s: %s', zipfilename, err)
        zipfile_object = ''
      self.zipfile_cache[zipfilename] = zipfile_object
    if zipfile_object == '':
      self.response.out.write('Not found')
      data = zipfile_object.read(name)
    except (KeyError, RuntimeError), err:
      self.response.out.write('Not found')
    content_type, encoding = mimetypes.guess_type(name)
    if content_type:
      self.response.headers['Content-Type'] = content_type

  MAX_AGE = 600

  PUBLIC = True

  def SetCachingHeaders(self):
    """Helper to set the caching headers.

    Override this to customize the headers beyond setting MAX_AGE.
    max_age = self.MAX_AGE
    self.response.headers['Expires'] = email.Utils.formatdate(
        time.time() + max_age, usegmt=True)
    cache_control = []
    if self.PUBLIC:
    cache_control.append('max-age=%d' % max_age)
    self.response.headers['Cache-Control'] = ', '.join(cache_control)

def main():
  """Main program.

  This is invoked when this package is referenced from app.yaml.
  application = webapp.WSGIApplication([('/([^/]+)/(.*)', ZipHandler)])

if __name__ == '__main__':