XMLUnit for Java 2.x

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Build Status XMLUnit 2.x for Java Coverage Status

XMLUnit is a library that supports testing XML output in several ways.

XMLUnit 2.x is a complete rewrite of XMLUnit and actually doesn't share any code with XMLUnit for Java 1.x.

Some goals for XMLUnit 2.x:

Even though active development happens for XMLUnit 2.x, XMLUnit 1.x for Java is still supported and will stay at sourceforge.


Help Wanted!

If you are looking for something to work on, we've compiled a list of known issues.

Please see the contributing guide for details on how to contribute.

Latest Release

The latest releases are available as GitHub releases or via Maven Central.

The core library is



We are providing SNAPSHOT builds from Sonatypes OSS Nexus Repository, you need to add


to your Maven settings.


These are some really small examples, more is available as part of the user guide

Comparing Two Documents

Source control = Input.fromFile("test-data/good.xml").build();
Source test = Input.fromByteArray(createTestDocument()).build();
DifferenceEngine diff = new DOMDifferenceEngine();
diff.addDifferenceListener(new ComparisonListener() {
        public void comparisonPerformed(Comparison comparison, ComparisonResult outcome) {
            Assert.fail("found a difference: " + comparison);
diff.compare(control, test);

or using the fluent builder API

Diff d = DiffBuilder.compare(Input.fromFile("test-data/good.xml"))
assert !d.hasDifferences();

or using Hamcrest with CompareMatcher

import static org.xmlunit.matchers.CompareMatcher.isIdenticalTo;

assertThat(createTestDocument(), isIdenticalTo(Input.fromFile("test-data/good.xml")));

or using AssertJ with XmlAssert

import static org.xmlunit.assertj.XmlAssert.assertThat;


Asserting an XPath Value

Source source = Input.fromString("<foo>bar</foo>").build();
XPathEngine xpath = new JAXPXPathEngine();
Iterable<Node> allMatches = xpath.selectNodes("/foo", source);
assert allMatches.iterator().hasNext();
String content = xpath.evaluate("/foo/text()", source);
assert "bar".equals(content);

or using Hamcrest with HasXPathMatcher, EvaluateXPathMatcher

assertThat("<foo>bar</foo>", HasXPathMatcher.hasXPath("/foo"));
assertThat("<foo>bar</foo>", EvaluateXPathMatcher.hasXPath("/foo/text()",

or using AssertJ with XmlAssert

import static org.xmlunit.assertj.XmlAssert.assertThat;


Validating a Document Against an XML Schema

Validator v = Validator.forLanguage(Languages.W3C_XML_SCHEMA_NS_URI);
ValidationResult result = v.validateInstance(Input.fromDocument(createDocument()).build());
boolean valid = result.isValid();
Iterable<ValidationProblem> problems = result.getProblems();

or using Hamcrest with ValidationMatcher

import static org.xmlunit.matchers.ValidationMatcher.valid;

assertThat(createDocument(), valid(Input.fromFile("local.xsd")));

or using AssertJ with XmlAssert

import static org.xmlunit.assertj.XmlAssert.assertThat;



XMLUnit requires Java6 except for the AssertJ module which requires Java7.

The core library provides all functionality needed to test XML output and hasn't got any dependencies. It uses JUnit 4.x for its own tests.

If you are using Java 9 or later the core also depends on the JAXB API. This used to be part of the standard class library but has been split out of it with Java 9.

If you want to use Input.fromJaxb - i.e. you want to serialize plain Java objects to XML as input - then you also need to add a dependency on the JAXB implementation. Starting with XMLUnit 2.6.4, xmlunit-core optionally depends on the JAXB reference implementation and its transitive dependencies.

The core library is complemented by Hamcrest 1.x matchers and AssertJ assertions. There also exists a legacy project that provides the API of XMLUnit 1.x on top of the 2.x core library.

While the Hamcrest matchers are built against Hamcrest 1.x they are supposed to work with Hamcrest 2.x as well.

Checking out XMLUnit for Java

XMLUnit for Java uses a git submodule for test resources it shares with XMLUnit.NET. You can either clone this repository using git clone --recursive or run git submodule update --init inside your fresh working copy after cloning normally.

If you have checked out a working copy before we added the submodule, you'll need to run git submodule update --init once.


XMLUnit for Java builds using Apache Maven 3.x, mainly you want to run

$ mvn install

in order to compile all modules and run the tests.