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Vertexium is an API to manipulate graphs. Every Vertexium method requires authorizations and visibilities. Vertexium also supports multivalued properties as well as property metadata.

The Vertexium API was designed to be generic, allowing for multiple implementations.



Accumulo Implementation

The Accumulo implementation builds on the cell-level security features to enforce property, edge, and vertex restrictions. This allows the implementation to enforce security at the tablet server, rather than having to bring the data back to the application to be sorted out.


You'll need a running Accumulo and Elastic Search cluster to try out the Accumulo implementation of Vertexium. Please see the Accumulo installation docs and Elastic Search setup guide for setting up the respective clusters.

API Usage Examples

create and configure an AccumuloGraph instance

import java.util.Map;
import java.util.HashMap;

import org.vertexium.Graph;
import org.vertexium.accumulo.AccumuloGraph;
import org.vertexium.accumulo.AccumuloGraphConfiguration;

// specify Accumulo config, more options than shown are available
Map mapConfig = new HashMap();
mapConfig.put(AccumuloGraphConfiguration.USE_SERVER_SIDE_ELEMENT_VISIBILITY_ROW_FILTER, false);
mapConfig.put(AccumuloGraphConfiguration.ACCUMULO_INSTANCE_NAME, "instance_name");
mapConfig.put(AccumuloGraphConfiguration.ACCUMULO_USERNAME, "username");
mapConfig.put(AccumuloGraphConfiguration.ACCUMULO_PASSWORD, "password");
mapConfig.put(AccumuloGraphConfiguration.ZOOKEEPER_SERVERS, "localhost");

AccumuloGraphConfiguration graphConfig = new AccumuloGraphConfiguration(mapConfig);
Graph graph = AccumuloGraph.create(graphConfig);

add a vertex

import org.vertexium.Authorizations;
import org.vertexium.Graph;
import org.vertexium.accumulo.AccumuloAuthorizations;

// visibility of vertex to be created
Visibility visA = new Visibility("a");

// authorizations of user creating the vertex
Authorizations authA = new AccumuloAuthorizations("a");

Vertex v = graph.addVertex(visA, authA);

add a vertex with properties

Authorizations authA = new AccumuloAuthorizations("a");
Visibility visA = new Visibility("a");
Visibility visB = new Visibility("b");

Vertex v = graph.prepareVertex("v1", visA)
                .setProperty("prop1", "value1", visA)
                .setProperty("prop2", "value2", visB)

add an edge

Authorizations authA = new AccumuloAuthorizations("a");
Visibility visA = new Visibility("a");

Vertex v1 = graph.addVertex(visA, authA);
Vertex v2 = graph.addVertex(visA, authA);
Edge e = graph.addEdge(v1, v2, "label1", visA, authA);

get all vertex edges

import org.vertexium.Direction;
import org.vertexium.Edge;

Authorizations authA = new AccumuloAuthorizations("a");
Vertex v1 = graph.getVertex("v1", authA);
Iterable<Edge> edges = v1.getEdges(Direction.BOTH, authA);

full-text vertex search

Authorizations authA = new AccumuloAuthorizations("a");
Iterable<Vertex> vertices = graph.query("vertex", authA).vertices();


The Accumulo implementation has quite a few configuration properties, all with defaults. Please see the public static final String fields in org.vertexium.accumulo.AccumuloGraphConfiguration for a full listing.


The Accumulo implementation of Vertexium can make use of server-side iterators to improve performance by limiting rows returned by tablet servers to only those where the end user has the proper authorizations. This requires copying the vertexium-accumulo-iterators-*.jar file to $ACCUMULO_HOME/lib/ext on each Accumulo server. Use mvn package to build the required JAR file.


Vertexium is an actively developed and maintained project that should be considered to be in a beta state. You should not expect to find significant bugs or missing functionality in the Accumulo implementation, but the API is still changing. Please keep that in mind if you decide to use Vertexium.


We welcome and encourage participation and contribution from anyone interested in using Vertexium. Please see our contributing guide to better understand how you can pitch in.


Copyright 2017 Visallo, LLC Copyright 2014 V5 Analytics

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.