Fake SFTP Server Rule

Build Status

Fake SFTP Server Rule is a JUnit rule that runs an in-memory SFTP server while your tests are running. It uses the SFTP server of the Apache SSHD project.

Fake SFTP Server Rule is published under the MIT license. It requires at least Java 8. Please open an issue if you want to use it with an older version of Java.

I want to thank my former team SAM at ThoughtWorks for using this library and @crizzis, @OArtyomov and @TheSentinel454 for their feature requests.

There is an alternative to Fake SFTP Server Rule that is independent of the test framework. Its name is Fake SFTP Server Lambda.

Installation

Fake SFTP Server Rule is available from Maven Central.

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.github.stefanbirkner</groupId>
  <artifactId>fake-sftp-server-rule</artifactId>
  <version>2.0.1</version>
</dependency>

If you upgrade from a version < 2.x to the newest version please read the last section of this readme.

Usage

The Fake SFTP Server Rule is used by adding it to your test class.

import com.github.stefanbirkner.fakesftpserver.rule.FakeSftpServerRule;

public class TestClass {
  @Rule
  public final FakeSftpServerRule sftpServer = new FakeSftpServerRule();

  ...
}

This rule starts a server before your test and stops it afterwards.

By default the SFTP server listens on an auto-allocated port. During the test this port can be obtained by sftpServer.getPort(). It can be changed by calling setPort(int). If you do this from within a test then the server gets restarted. The time-consuming restart can be avoided by setting the port immediately after creating the rule.

public class TestClass {
  @Rule
  public final FakeSftpServerRule sftpServer = new FakeSftpServerRule()
      .setPort(1234);

  ...
}

You can interact with the SFTP server by using the SFTP protocol with password authentication. By default the server accepts every pair of username and password, but you can restrict it to specific pairs.

public class TestClass {
  @Rule
  public final FakeSftpServerRule sftpServer = new FakeSftpServerRule()
      .addUser("username", "password");

  ...
}

It is also possible to do this during the test using the same method.

Testing code that reads files

If you test code that reads files from an SFTP server then you need a server that provides these files. Fake SFTP Server Rule provides a shortcut for uploading files to the server.

@Test
public void testTextFile() {
  sftpServer.putFile("/directory/file.txt", "content of file", UTF_8);
  //code that downloads the file
}

@Test
public void testBinaryFile() {
  byte[] content = createContent();
  sftpServer.putFile("/directory/file.bin", content);
  //code that downloads the file
}

Test data that is provided as an input stream can be uploaded directly from that input stream. This is very handy if your test data is available as a resource.

@Test
public void testFileFromInputStream() {
  InputStream is = getClass().getResourceAsStream("data.bin");
  sftpServer.putFile("/directory/file.bin", is);
  //code that downloads the file
}

If you need an empty directory then you can use the method createDirectory(String).

@Test
public void testDirectory() {
  sftpServer.createDirectory("/a/directory");
  //code that reads from or writes to that directory
}

You may create multiple directories at once with createDirectories(String...).

@Test
public void testDirectories() {
  sftpServer.createDirectories(
    "/a/directory",
    "/another/directory"
  );
  //code that reads from or writes to that directories
}

Testing code that writes files

If you test code that writes files to an SFTP server then you need to verify the upload. Fake SFTP Server Rule provides a shortcut for getting the file's content from the server.

@Test
public void testTextFile() {
  //code that uploads the file
  String fileContent = sftpServer.getFileContent("/directory/file.txt", UTF_8);
  ...
}

@Test
public void testBinaryFile() {
  //code that uploads the file
  byte[] fileContent = sftpServer.getFileContent("/directory/file.bin");
  ...
}

Testing existence of files

If you want to check whether a file hast been created or deleted then you can verify that it exists or not.

@Test
public void testFile() {
  //code that uploads or deletes the file
  boolean exists = sftpServer.existsFile("/directory/file.txt");
  ...
}

The method returns true iff the file exists and it is not a directory.

Delete all files

If you want to reuse the SFTP server then you can delete all files and directories on the SFTP server. (This is rarely necessary because the rule itself takes care that every test starts and ends with a clean SFTP server.)

sftpServer.deleteAllFilesAndDirectories()

Contributing

You have three options if you have a feature request, found a bug or simply have a question about Fake SFTP Server Rule.

Development Guide

Fake SFTP Server Rule is build with Maven. If you want to contribute code then

The basic coding style is described in the EditorConfig file .editorconfig.

Fake SFTP Server Rule supports Travis CI for continuous integration. Your pull request will be automatically build by Travis CI.

Release Guide

Upgrading from 0.x.y or 1.x.y to version >= 2

In older versions the SFTP server listened to port 23454 by default. From version 2 on it selects an arbitrary free port by default. If your tests fail after an upgrade you may consider to restore the old behaviour by immediately setting the old port after creating the rule.

@Rule
public final FakeSftpServerRule sftpServer = new FakeSftpServerRule()
    .setPort(23454);