RuntimeTransformer

A tool allowing for easy class modification at runtime, when using a normal javaagent at startup would be too inconvenient. Note, this method comes with disadvantages, for example method modifiers may not be altered, new methods can not be created and neither can class inheritance be changed.

Usage

To install the artifact into your local maven repo execute the correct gradle wrapper with the "publishToMavenLocal" task, that is gradlew.bat publishToMavenLocal under Windows, and ./gradlew publishToMavenLocal under *nix;

Lets assume we want to inject an event handler into the setHealth method of EntityLiving, therefore the method should something like this after transformation:

public void setHealth(float newHealth) {
    ImaginaryEvent event = ImaginaryEventBus.callEvent(new ImaginaryEvent(this, newHealth));

    if (event.isCancelled())
        return;

    newHealth = event.getNewHealth();

    // Minecraft Code
}

To get there, we first need to define a transformer, this should optimally be in its own class and look something like this:

@Transform(EntityLiving.class) // The class we want to transform
public class EntityLivingTransformer extends EntityLiving { // Extending EntityLiving in our transformer makes things easier, but isn't required (Which, for example, allows you to transform final classes)

    @Inject(InjectionType.INSERT) // Our goal is to insert code at the beginning of the method, and leave everything else intact
    public void setHealth(float newHealth) { // Then just "override" the method as usual, if it is final add an _INJECTED to the method name
        ImaginaryEvent event = ImaginaryEventBus.callEvent(new ImaginaryEvent(this, newHealth)); // Our event handling code from above

        if (event.isCancelled())
            return;

        newHealth = event.getNewHealth();

        throw null; // Pass execution on to the rest of the method. This will be removed at runtime but is required for compilation (At least when the method doesn't return void, so it's not necessary in this case)

    }

} 

And that's pretty much it, now we just need to create our runtime transformer:

new RuntimeTransformer( EntityLivingTransformer.class );

And we're done.

You can find more examples in the example plugin.

"Documentation"

There are three types of Injection:

Compiling

Run this command to build the api project. ./gradlew jar

If you want to build the example project add -Pbuild-example ./gradlew jar -Pbuild-example

Installation

To install the api jar into your local maven repo run ./gradlew publishToMavenLocal

The correct artifact can then be included using the following dependency definition:

        <dependency>
            <groupId>me.yamakaja.runtimetransformer</groupId>
            <artifactId>api</artifactId>
            <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
        </dependency>

Don't forget to actually include the artifact in your final jar, using the maven-shade-plugin or an equivalent alternative!

Alternative: Maven repository

@sgdc3 has offered to host the artifacts on their build server, you can access them by adding the following to your <repositories> (This way you wont have to compile it locally):

        <repository>
            <id>codemc</id>
            <url>https://repo.codemc.org/repository/maven-public/</url>
        </repository>