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ChartFx

ChartFx is a scientific charting library developed at GSI for FAIR with focus on performance optimised real-time data visualisation at 25 Hz update rates for data sets with a few 10 thousand up to 5 million data points common in digital signal processing applications. Based on earlier Swing-based designs used at GSI and CERN, it is a re-write of JavaFX's default Chart implementation and aims to preserve the feature-rich and extensible functionality of earlier and other similar Swing-based libraries while addressing the performance bottlenecks and API issues. The motivation for the re-design has been presented at IPAC'19 (paper, poster).

ChartFx example
Example showing error-bar and error-surface representations, display of mock meta-data, `ChartPlugin` interactors and data parameter measurement indicators (here: '20%-80% rise-time' between 'Marker#0' and 'Marker#1').

Functionalities and Features

The library offers a wide variety of plot types common in the scientific signal processing field, a flexible plugin system as well as online parameter measurements commonly found in lab instrumentation. Some of its features include (see demos for more details):

In order to provide some of the scenegraph-level functionality while using a Canvas as graphics backend, the functionality of each module was extended to be readily customized through direct API methods as well as through external CSS-type style sheets.

Example Usage

Add the library to your project

All chart-fx releases are deployed to maven central, for maven you can add it to your pom.xml like this:

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>de.gsi.chart</groupId>
    <artifactId>chartfx-chart</artifactId>
    <version>11.1.3</version>
  </dependency>
</dependencies>

or your build.gradle like this:

implementation 'de.gsi.chart:chartfx-chart:11.1.3'

To use different build systems or library versions, have a look at the snippets on maven central.

While most users will need the chartfx-chart artifact it is also possible to use the data containers from chartfx-dataset and the algorithms from chartfx-math independently without the quite heavy UI dependencies.

Using the snapshot repository

If you want to try out unreleased features from master or one of the feature branches, there is no need to download the source and build chart-fx yourself. You can just use the <branchname>-SNAPSHOT releases from the sonatype snapshot repository for example by adding the following to your pom.xml if you want to use the current master. All available snapshot releases can be found in the sonatype snapshot repository.

example pom.xml for current master (click to expand) ```xml de.gsi.chart chartfx-chart master-SNAPSHOT oss.sonatype.org-snapshot http://oss.sonatype.org/content/repositories/snapshots false true ```

Code Example

The following minimal working example can be used as a boilerplate project to get started with chart-fx.

simple ChartFx example
The corresponding source code `ChartFxSample.java` (expand) ```Java package com.example.chartfx; import de.gsi.chart.XYChart; import de.gsi.chart.axes.spi.DefaultNumericAxis; import de.gsi.dataset.spi.DoubleDataSet; import javafx.application.Application; import javafx.scene.Scene; import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane; import javafx.stage.Stage; public class SimpleChartSample extends Application { private static final int N_SAMPLES = 100; @Override public void start(final Stage primaryStage) { final StackPane root = new StackPane(); final XYChart chart = new XYChart(new DefaultNumericAxis(), new DefaultNumericAxis()); root.getChildren().add(chart); final DoubleDataSet dataSet1 = new DoubleDataSet("data set #1"); final DoubleDataSet dataSet2 = new DoubleDataSet("data set #2"); // lineChartPlot.getDatasets().add(dataSet1); // for single data set chart.getDatasets().addAll(dataSet1, dataSet2); // two data sets final double[] xValues = new double[N_SAMPLES]; final double[] yValues1 = new double[N_SAMPLES]; final double[] yValues2 = new double[N_SAMPLES]; for (int n = 0; n < N_SAMPLES; n++) { xValues[n] = n; yValues1[n] = Math.cos(Math.toRadians(10.0 * n)); yValues2[n] = Math.sin(Math.toRadians(10.0 * n)); } dataSet1.set(xValues, yValues1); dataSet2.set(xValues, yValues2); final Scene scene = new Scene(root, 800, 600); primaryStage.setTitle(this.getClass().getSimpleName()); primaryStage.setScene(scene); primaryStage.setOnCloseRequest(evt -> System.exit(0)); primaryStage.show(); } public static void main(final String[] args) { Application.launch(args); } } ```
And the corresponding build specification(expand) pom.xml: ```Maven POM com.example.chartfx chartfx-sample chart-fx Sample de.gsi.chart chartfx-chart 11.0.0 org.slf4j slf4j-simple 2.0.0-alpha0 ```

run with (expand)

mvn compile install
mvn exec:java

Examples

The chart-fx samples submodule contains a lot of samples which illustrate the capabilities and usage of the library. If you want to try them yourself run:

mvn compile install
mvn exec:java
CategoryAxisSample
CategoryAxisSample.java
MultipleAxesSample
MultipleAxesSample.java
TimeAxisSample
TimeAxisSample.java
LogAxisSample
LogAxisSample.java
HistogramSample
HistogramSample.java
Histogram2DimSample
Histogram2DimSample.java
EditDataSetSample
EditDataSetSample.java
PolarPlotSample
PolarPlotSample.java
EditDataSample
MetaDataRendererSample.java
HistoryDataSetRendererSample
HistoryDataSetRendererSample.java
MountainRangeRendererSample
MountainRangeRendererSample.java
ChartAnatomySample
ChartAnatomySample.java
ErrorDataSetRendererStylingSample1
ErrorDataSetRendererStylingSample.java
ErrorDataSetRendererStylingSample2
ErrorDataSetRendererStylingSample.java
LabelledMarkerSample
LabelledMarkerSample.java
ContourChartSample1
ContourChartSample.java
ScatterAndBubbleRendererSample
ScatterAndBubbleRendererSample.java
ContourChartSample
ContourChartSample.java
ScatterAndBubbleRendererSample
ScatterAndBubbleRendererSample.java
ChartIndicatorSample
ChartIndicatorSample.java

Math- & Signal-Processing related examples

The math samples can be started by running:

mvn compile install
mvn exec:[email protected]
DataSetAverageSample
DataSetAverageSample.java
DataSetFilterSample
DataSetFilterSample.java
DataSetIntegrateDifferentiateSample
DataSetIntegrateDifferentiateSample.java
DataSetSpectrumSample
DataSetSpectrumSample.java
FourierSample
FourierSample.java
FrequencyFilterSample
FrequencyFilterSample.java
GaussianFitSample
GaussianFitSample.java
IIRFilterSample
IIRFilterSample.java
WaveletScalogram
WaveletScalogram.java

Other samples

There are also samples for the dataset and the accelerator UI submodules which will be extended over time as new functionality is added.

mvn compile install
mvn exec:[email protected]
mvn exec:[email protected]

Performance Comparison

Besides the extended functionality outlined above, the ChartFx optimisation goal also included achieving real-time update rates of up to 25 Hz for data sets with a few 10k up to 5 million data points. In order to optimise and compare the performance with other charting libraries, especially those with only reduced functionality, a reduced simple oscilloscope-style test case has been chosen (see RollingBufferSample in demos) that displays two curves with independent auto-ranging y-axes, common sliding time-series axis, and without further ChartPlugins. The test-case and direct performance comparison between the ChartFx and JavaFX charting library for update rates at 25 Hz and 2 Hz is shown below.

ChartFx performance comparison test-case
Performance test scenario with two independent graphs, independent auto-ranging y-axes, and common scrolling time-series axis. Test system: Linux, 4.12.14, Intel(R) Core(TM) i7 CPU 860 @2.80GHz and GeForce GTX 670 GPU (NVIDIA driver).
JavaFX-ChartFx performance comparison for 25 Hz
Performance comparison @ 25 Hz update rate.
JavaFX-ChartFx performance comparison for 2 Hz
Performance comparison @ 2 Hz update rate.

While the ChartFx implementation already achieved a better functionality and a by two orders of magnitude improved performance for very large datasets, the basic test scenario has also been checked against popular existing Java-Swing and non-Java based UI charting frameworks. The Figure below provides a summary of the evaluated chart libraries for update rates at 25 Hz and 1k samples.

ChartFx performance comparison
Chart performance comparison for popular JavaFX, Java-Swing, C++/Qt and WebAssembly-based implementations: ExtJFX, ChartFx, HanSolo Charts, JFreeChart, JDataViewer, QCustomPlot, Qt-Charts, WebAssembly. The last `Qt Charts` entries show results for 100k data points being updated at 25 Hz.

Some thoughts

While starting out to improve the JDK's JavaFX Chart functionality and performance through initially extending, then gradually replacing bottle-necks, and eventually re-designing and replacing the original implementations, the resulting ChartFx library provides a substantially larger functionality and achieved an about two orders of magnitude performance improvement. Nevertheless, improved functionality aside, a direct performance comparison even for the best-case JavaFX scenario (static axes) with other non-JavaFX libraries demonstrated the raw JavaFX graphics performance -- despite the redesign -- being still behind the existing Java Swing-based JDataViewer and most noticeable the Qt Charts implementations. The library will continued to be maintained here at GitHub and further used for existing and future JavaFX-based control room UIs at GSI. The gained experience and interfaces will provide a starting point for a planned C++-based counter-part implementation using Qt or another suitable low-level charting library.

Working on the source

If you want to work on the chart-fx sourcecode, either to play with the samples or to contribute some improvements to chartFX here are some instructions how to obtain the source and compile it using maven on the command line or using eclipse.

Maven on the command line

Just clone the repository and run maven from the top level directory. The exec:java target can be used to execute the samples. Maven calls java with the corresponding options so that JavaFX is working. Because of the way the project is set up, only classes in the chartfx-samples project can be started this way.

git clone
cd chart-fx
mvn compile install
mvn exec:java

Eclipse

The following has been tested with eclipse-2019-03 and uses the m2e maven plugin. Other versions or IDEs might work similar. Import the repository using Import -> Existing Maven Project. This should import the parent project and the four sub-projects. Unfortunately, since chartfx does not use the jigsaw module system, but javafx does, running the samples using 'run as Java Application' will result in an error complaining about the missing JavaFX runtime. As a workaround we include a small helper class de.gsi.samples.util.LaunchJFX, which can be called with 'run as Java Application' and which launches the sample application. It accepts a class name as an argument, so if you edit the run configuration and put ${java_type_name} as the argument, it will try to start the class selected in the project explorer as a JavaFX application.

JavaFX jvm command line options

If you cannot use the 2 previous methods it is also possible to manually specify the access rules to the module system as jvm flags. Adding the following to the java command line call or your IDEs run configuration makes the required modules available and accessible to chartfx:

--add-modules=javafx.swing,javafx.graphics,javafx.fxml,javafx.media,javafx.web
--add-reads javafx.graphics=ALL-UNNAMED
--add-opens javafx.controls/com.sun.javafx.charts=ALL-UNNAMED
--add-opens javafx.controls/com.sun.javafx.scene.control.inputmap=ALL-UNNAMED
--add-opens javafx.graphics/com.sun.javafx.iio=ALL-UNNAMED
--add-opens javafx.graphics/com.sun.javafx.iio.common=ALL-UNNAMED
--add-opens javafx.graphics/com.sun.javafx.css=ALL-UNNAMED
--add-opens javafx.base/com.sun.javafx.runtime=ALL-UNNAMED`

Extending chartfx

If you find yourself missing some feature or not being able to access specific chart internals, the way to go is often to implement a custom plugin or renderer.

Plugins are a simple way to add new visualisation and interaction capabilities to chart-fx. In fact a lot of chart-fx' own features (e.g. zoom, data editing, measurements) are implemented as plugins, as you can see in the sample applications. Your plugin can directly extend ChartPlugin or extend any of the builtin plugins. The Plugin Base class provides you with access to the chart object using getChart(). Your plugin should always add a Listener to the chartProperty, because when it is created there will not be an associated chart, so at creation time, calls to e.g. getChart() will return null. Using a custom plugin boils down to adding it to the chart by doing chart.getPlugins().add(new MyPlugin()). If you wrote a plugin which might be useful for other users of chart-fx please consider doing a pull request against chart-fx.

Renderers are the components which do the actual heavy lifting in drawing the components of the graph to the canvas. A chart can have multiple renderers added using chart.getRenderers().add(...) There are renderers which visualise actual data like the ErrorDataSetRenderer which is also the renderer added to new charts by default. These Renderers operate on all DatasSets added to the chart (chart.getDatasets.add(...)) as well as on the ones added to the renderer itself. As a rule of thumb, you need to implement a custom renderer if you need to visualize lots of data points or if you want to draw something behind the chart itself.

Acknowledgements

We express our thanks and gratitude to the JavaFX community, in particular to @GregKrug and Vito Baggiolini at CERN for their valuable insights, discussions and feedback on this topic.