/*
  This file is licensed to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

  http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
  limitations under the License.
 */

package org.xmlunit.matchers;

import org.hamcrest.BaseMatcher;
import org.hamcrest.Description;
import org.hamcrest.Factory;
import org.hamcrest.Matcher;
import org.w3c.dom.Node;
import org.xmlunit.builder.Input;
import org.xmlunit.util.Convert;
import org.xmlunit.xpath.JAXPXPathEngine;

import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import javax.xml.transform.Source;
import javax.xml.xpath.XPathFactory;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * This Hamcrest {@link Matcher} verifies whether the evaluation of the provided XPath expression
 * corresponds to the value matcher specified for the provided input XML object.
 *
 * <p>All types which are supported by {@link Input#from(Object)} can be used as input for the XML object
 * against the matcher is evaluated.</p>
 *
 * <p><b>Simple Example</b></p>
 * <pre>
 * final String xml = &quot;&lt;a&gt;&lt;b attr=\&quot;abc\&quot;&gt;&lt;/b&gt;&lt;/a&gt;&quot;;
 *
 * assertThat(xml, hasXPath("//a/b/@attr", equalTo("abc")));
 * assertThat(xml, hasXPath("count(//a/b/c)", equalTo("0")));
 * </pre>
 *
 * <p><b>Example with namespace mapping</b></p>
 * <pre>
 *    String xml = &quot;&lt;?xml version=\&quot;1.0\&quot; encoding=\&quot;UTF-8\&quot;?&gt;&quot; +
 *          &quot;&lt;feed xmlns=\&quot;http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom\&quot;&gt;&quot; +
 *          &quot;   &lt;title&gt;title&lt;/title&gt;&quot; +
 *          &quot;   &lt;entry&gt;&quot; +
 *          &quot;       &lt;title&gt;title1&lt;/title&gt;&quot; +
 *          &quot;       &lt;id&gt;id1&lt;/id&gt;&quot; +
 *          &quot;   &lt;/entry&gt;&quot; +
 *          &quot;&lt;/feed&gt;&quot;;
 *
 *    HashMap&lt;String, String&gt; prefix2Uri = new HashMap&lt;String, String&gt;();
 *    prefix2Uri.put(&quot;atom&quot;, &quot;http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom&quot;);
 *    assertThat(xml,
 *          hasXPath(&quot;//atom:feed/atom:entry/atom:id/text()&quot;, equalTo(&quot;id1&quot;))
 *          .withNamespaceContext(prefix2Uri));
 * </pre>
 *
 * @since XMLUnit 2.1.0
 */
public class EvaluateXPathMatcher extends BaseMatcher<Object> {
    private final String xPath;
    private final Matcher<String> valueMatcher;
    private DocumentBuilderFactory dbf;
    private XPathFactory xpf;
    private Map<String, String> prefix2Uri;

    /**
     * Creates a {@link EvaluateXPathMatcher} instance with the associated XPath expression and
     * the value matcher corresponding to the XPath evaluation.
     *
     * @param xPath        xPath expression
     * @param valueMatcher matcher for the value at the specified xpath
     */
    public EvaluateXPathMatcher(String xPath, Matcher<String> valueMatcher) {
        this.xPath = xPath;
        this.valueMatcher = valueMatcher;
    }

    /**
     * Creates a matcher that matches when the examined XML input has a value at the
     * specified <code>xPath</code> that satisfies the specified <code>valueMatcher</code>.
     *
     * <p>For example:</p>
     * <pre>assertThat(xml, hasXPath(&quot;//fruits/fruit/@name&quot;, equalTo(&quot;apple&quot;))</pre>
     *
     * @param xPath the target xpath
     * @param valueMatcher matcher for the value at the specified xpath
     * @return the xpath matcher
     */
    @Factory
    public static EvaluateXPathMatcher hasXPath(String xPath, Matcher<String> valueMatcher) {
        return new EvaluateXPathMatcher(xPath, valueMatcher);
    }

    /**
     * Sets the {@link DocumentBuilderFactory} to use when creating a
     * {@link org.w3c.dom.Document} from the XML input.
     *
     * @since XMLUnit 2.6.0
     */
    public EvaluateXPathMatcher withDocumentBuilderFactory(DocumentBuilderFactory f) {
        dbf = f;
        return this;
    }

    /**
     * Sets the {@link XPathFactory} to use.
     *
     * @since XMLUnit 2.6.1
     */
    public EvaluateXPathMatcher withXPathFactory(XPathFactory f) {
        xpf = f;
        return this;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean matches(Object object) {
        String value = xPathEvaluate(object);
        return valueMatcher.matches(value);
    }

    @Override
    public void describeTo(Description description) {
        description.appendText("XML with XPath ").appendText(xPath);
        if (valueMatcher != null) {
            description.appendText(" evaluated to ").appendDescriptionOf(valueMatcher);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void describeMismatch(Object object, Description mismatchDescription) {
        if (valueMatcher != null) {
            String value = xPathEvaluate(object);
            valueMatcher.describeMismatch(value, mismatchDescription);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Utility method used for creating a namespace context mapping to be used in XPath matching.
     *
     * @param prefix2Uri prefix2Uri maps from prefix to namespace URI. It is used to resolve
     *                   XML namespace prefixes in the XPath expression
     */
    public EvaluateXPathMatcher withNamespaceContext(Map<String, String> prefix2Uri) {
        this.prefix2Uri = prefix2Uri;
        return this;
    }

    /**
     * Evaluates the provided XML input to the configured <code>xPath</code> field XPath expression.
     * @param input an XML input
     * @return the result of the XPath evaluation
     */
    private String xPathEvaluate(Object input) {
        JAXPXPathEngine engine = xpf == null ? new JAXPXPathEngine() : new JAXPXPathEngine(xpf);
        if (prefix2Uri != null) {
            engine.setNamespaceContext(prefix2Uri);
        }

        Source s = Input.from(input).build();
        Node n = dbf != null ? Convert.toNode(s, dbf) : Convert.toNode(s);
        return engine.evaluate(xPath, n);
    }
}