/*
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package org.custommonkey.xmlunit;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.io.StringReader;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerException;
import javax.xml.transform.dom.DOMSource;

import org.custommonkey.xmlunit.exceptions.XMLUnitRuntimeException;

import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.Node;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;

/**
 * Compares and describes any difference between XML documents.
 * Two documents are either:
 * <ul>
 * <li><i>identical</i>: the content and sequence of the nodes in the documents
 * are exactly the same</li>
 * <li><i>similar</i>: the content of the nodes in the documents are the same,
 * but minor differences exist e.g. sequencing of sibling elements, values of
 * namespace prefixes, use of implied attribute values</li>
 * <li><i>different</i>: the contents of the documents are fundamentally
 * different</li>
 * </ul>
 * The difference between compared documents is contained in a  message buffer
 * held in this class, accessible either through the  <code>appendMessage</code>
 * or <code>toString</code> methods.  NB: When comparing documents, the
 * comparison is halted as soon as the  status (identical / similar / different)
 * is known with certainty. For a  list of all differences between the documents
 * an instance of  {@link DetailedDiff the DetailedDiff class} can be used
 * instead.
 */
public class Diff 
    implements DifferenceListener, ComparisonController {
    private final Document controlDoc;
    private final Document testDoc;
    private boolean similar = true;
    private boolean identical = true;
    private boolean compared = false;
    private boolean haltComparison = false;
    private StringBuilder messages;
    private DifferenceEngineContract differenceEngine;
    private DifferenceListener  differenceListenerDelegate;
    private ElementQualifier elementQualifierDelegate;
    private MatchTracker matchTrackerDelegate;

    /**
     * Construct a Diff that compares the XML in two Strings
     */
    public Diff(String control, String test)
        throws SAXException, IOException {
        this(new StringReader(control), new StringReader(test));
    }

    /**
     * Construct a Diff that compares the XML read from two Readers
     */
    public Diff(Reader control, Reader test)
        throws SAXException, IOException {
        this(XMLUnit.buildDocument(XMLUnit.newControlParser(), control),
             XMLUnit.buildDocument(XMLUnit.newTestParser(), test));
    }

    /**
     * Construct a Diff that compares the XML in two Documents
     */
    public Diff(Document controlDoc, Document testDoc) {
        this(controlDoc, testDoc, (DifferenceEngineContract) null);
    }

    /**
     * Construct a Diff that compares the XML in a control Document against the
     * result of a transformation
     */
    public Diff(String control, Transform testTransform)
        throws IOException, TransformerException, SAXException {
        this(XMLUnit.buildControlDocument(control),
             testTransform.getResultDocument());
    }

    /**
     * Construct a Diff that compares the XML read from two JAXP InputSources
     */
    public Diff(InputSource control, InputSource test)
        throws SAXException, IOException {
        this(XMLUnit.buildDocument(XMLUnit.newControlParser(), control),
             XMLUnit.buildDocument(XMLUnit.newTestParser(), test));
    }

    /**
     * Construct a Diff that compares the XML in two JAXP DOMSources
     */
    public Diff(DOMSource control, DOMSource test) {
        this(toDocument(control), toDocument(test));
    }

    /**
     * Construct a Diff that compares the XML in two Documents using a specific
     * DifferenceEngine
     */
    public Diff(Document controlDoc, Document testDoc,
                DifferenceEngineContract comparator) {
        this(controlDoc, testDoc, comparator, new ElementNameQualifier());
    }

    /**
     * Construct a Diff that compares the XML in two Documents using a specific
     * DifferenceEngine and ElementQualifier
     */
    public Diff(Document controlDoc, Document testDoc,
                DifferenceEngineContract comparator, 
                ElementQualifier elementQualifier) {
        this.controlDoc = getManipulatedDocument(controlDoc);
        this.testDoc = getManipulatedDocument(testDoc);
        this.elementQualifierDelegate = elementQualifier;
        this.differenceEngine = comparator;
        this.messages = new StringBuilder();
    }

    /**
     * Construct a Diff from a prototypical instance.
     * Used by extension subclasses
     * @param prototype a prototypical instance
     */
    protected Diff(Diff prototype) {
        this(prototype.controlDoc, prototype.testDoc, prototype.differenceEngine, 
             prototype.elementQualifierDelegate);
        this.differenceListenerDelegate = prototype.differenceListenerDelegate;
    }

    /**
     * If {@link XMLUnit#getIgnoreWhitespace whitespace is ignored} in
     * differences then manipulate the content to strip the redundant
     * whitespace
     * @param originalDoc a document making up one half of this difference
     * @return the original document with redundant whitespace removed if
     *  differences ignore whitespace
     */
    private Document getWhitespaceManipulatedDocument(Document originalDoc) {
	return XMLUnit.getIgnoreWhitespace()
	    ? XMLUnit.getWhitespaceStrippedDocument(originalDoc)
	    : originalDoc;
    }

    /**
     * Manipulates the given document according to the setting in the
     * XMLUnit class.
     *
     * <p>This may involve:</p>
     * <ul>
     *   <li>{@link XMLUnit#setIgnoreWhitespace stripping redundant
     *   whitespace}</li>
     *   <li>{@link XMLUnit#setIgnoreComments stripping comments}</li>
     *   <li>{@link XMLUnit#setNormalize normalizing Text nodes}</li>
     * </ul>
     *     
     * @param orig a document making up one half of this difference
     * @return manipulated doc
     */
    private Document getManipulatedDocument(Document orig) {
        return getNormalizedDocument(getCommentlessDocument(getWhitespaceManipulatedDocument(orig)));
    }

    /**
     * Removes all comment nodes if {@link XMLUnit#getIgnoreComments
     * comments are ignored}.
     *     
     * @param orig a document making up one half of this difference
     * @return manipulated doc
     */
    private Document getCommentlessDocument(Document orig) {
        if (!XMLUnit.getIgnoreComments()) {
            return orig;
        }
        try {
            Transform commentStripper = XMLUnit.getStripCommentsTransform(orig);
            return commentStripper.getResultDocument();
        } catch (TransformerException e) {
            throw new XMLUnitRuntimeException(e.getMessage(), e.getCause());
        }
    }

    private Document getNormalizedDocument(Document orig) {
        if (!XMLUnit.getNormalize()) {
            return orig;
        }
        Document d = (Document) orig.cloneNode(true);
        d.normalize();
        return d;
    }

    /**
     * Top of the recursive comparison execution tree
     */
    protected final void compare() {
        if (compared) {
            return;
        }
        getDifferenceEngine().compare(controlDoc, testDoc, this,
                                      elementQualifierDelegate);
        compared = true;
    }

    /**
     * Return the result of a comparison. Two documents are considered
     * to be "similar" if they contain the same elements and attributes
     * regardless of order.
     */
    public boolean similar(){
        compare();
        return similar;
    }

    /**
     * Return the result of a comparison. Two documents are considered
     * to be "identical" if they contain the same elements and attributes
     * in the same order.
     */
    public boolean identical(){
        compare();
        return identical;
    }

    /**
     * Append a meaningful message to the buffer of messages
     * @param appendTo the messages buffer
     * @param difference
     */
    private void appendDifference(StringBuilder appendTo, Difference difference) {
        appendTo.append(' ').append(difference).append('\n');
    }

    /**
     * DifferenceListener implementation.
     * If the {@link Diff#overrideDifferenceListener overrideDifferenceListener} 
     * method has been called then the interpretation of the difference
     * will be delegated.
     * @param difference
     * @return a DifferenceListener.RETURN_... constant indicating how the
     *    difference was interpreted. 
     * Always RETURN_ACCEPT_DIFFERENCE if the call is not delegated.
     */
    public int differenceFound(Difference difference) {
        int returnValue = evaluate(difference);    

        switch (returnValue) {
        case RETURN_IGNORE_DIFFERENCE_NODES_IDENTICAL:
            return returnValue;
        case RETURN_IGNORE_DIFFERENCE_NODES_SIMILAR:
            identical = false;
            haltComparison = false;
            break;
        case RETURN_ACCEPT_DIFFERENCE:
            identical = false;
            if (difference.isRecoverable()) {
                haltComparison = false;
            } else {
                similar = false;
                haltComparison = true;
            }
            break;
        case RETURN_UPGRADE_DIFFERENCE_NODES_DIFFERENT:
            identical = similar = false;
            haltComparison = true;
            break;
        default:
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(returnValue
                                               + " is not a defined DifferenceListener.RETURN_... value");
        }
        if (haltComparison) {
            messages.append("\n[different]");
        } else {
            messages.append("\n[not identical]");
        }
        appendDifference(messages, difference);
        return returnValue;
    }

    public int evaluate(Difference difference) {
        int returnValue = RETURN_ACCEPT_DIFFERENCE;    
        if (differenceListenerDelegate != null) {
            returnValue = differenceListenerDelegate.differenceFound(difference);
        }
        return returnValue;
    }

    /**
     * DifferenceListener implementation.
     * If the {@link Diff#overrideDifferenceListener  overrideDifferenceListener} 
     * method has been called then the call will be delegated 
     * otherwise a message is printed to <code>System.err</code>.
     * @param control
     * @param test
     */
    public void skippedComparison(Node control, Node test) {
        if (differenceListenerDelegate != null) {
            differenceListenerDelegate.skippedComparison(control, test);
        } else {
            System.err.println("DifferenceListener.skippedComparison: "
                               + "unhandled control node type=" + control
                               + ", unhandled test node type=" + test);
        }
    }

    /**
     * ComparisonController implementation.
     * @param afterDifference
     * @return true if the difference is not recoverable and 
     * the comparison should be halted, or false if the difference 
     * is recoverable and the comparison can continue
     */
    public boolean haltComparison(Difference afterDifference) {
        return haltComparison;
    }

    /**
     * Append the message from the result of this Diff instance to a specified
     *  StringBuffer
     * @param toAppendTo
     * @return specified StringBuffer with message appended
     */
    public StringBuffer appendMessage(StringBuffer toAppendTo) {
        compare();
        if (messages.length()==0) {
            messages.append("[identical]");
        }
        // fix for JDK1.4 backwards incompatibility
        return toAppendTo.append(messages.toString());
    }

    /**
     * Get the result of this Diff instance as a String
     *
     * <p><b>Note:</b> This method will perform the comparison and
     * cache the result if it hasn't been performed already.  Any
     * configuration changes made after calling this method will be
     * ignored.</p>
     *
     * @return result of this Diff
     */
    public String toString(){
        StringBuffer buf = new StringBuffer(getClass().getName());
        appendMessage(buf);
        return buf.toString();
    }

    /**
     * Override the <code>DifferenceListener</code> used to determine how 
     * to handle differences that are found.
     * @param delegate the DifferenceListener instance to delegate handling to.
     */
    public void overrideDifferenceListener(DifferenceListener delegate) {
        this.differenceListenerDelegate = delegate;
    }    

    /**
     * Override the <code>ElementQualifier</code> used to determine which
     * control and test nodes are comparable for this difference comparison. 
     * @param delegate the ElementQualifier instance to delegate to.
     */
    public void overrideElementQualifier(ElementQualifier delegate) {
        this.elementQualifierDelegate = delegate;
    }

    /**
     * Override the <code>MatchTracker</code> used to track
     * successfully matched nodes.
     * @param delegate the MatchTracker instance to delegate handling to.
     */
    public void overrideMatchTracker(MatchTracker delegate) {
        this.matchTrackerDelegate = delegate;
        if (differenceEngine != null) {
            differenceEngine.setMatchTracker(delegate);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Lazily initializes the difference engine if it hasn't been set
     * via a constructor.
     */
    private DifferenceEngineContract getDifferenceEngine() {
        if (differenceEngine == null) {
            if (XMLUnit.getIgnoreAttributeOrder()) {
                return new NewDifferenceEngine(this, matchTrackerDelegate);
            }
            return new DifferenceEngine(this, matchTrackerDelegate);
        }
        return differenceEngine;
    }

    private static Document toDocument(DOMSource d) {
        Node n = d.getNode();
        return n instanceof Document ? (Document) n : n.getOwnerDocument();
    }
}