package io.vertx.ext.web.api.contract.openapi3;

import io.netty.handler.codec.http.QueryStringEncoder;
import io.swagger.v3.oas.models.OpenAPI;
import io.swagger.v3.oas.models.Operation;
import io.swagger.v3.parser.OpenAPIV3Parser;
import io.swagger.v3.parser.ResolverCache;
import io.vertx.core.MultiMap;
import io.vertx.core.http.HttpHeaders;
import io.vertx.core.http.HttpMethod;
import io.vertx.core.json.JsonArray;
import io.vertx.core.json.JsonObject;
import io.vertx.ext.web.api.RequestParameter;
import io.vertx.ext.web.api.RequestParameters;
import io.vertx.ext.web.api.contract.openapi3.impl.OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl;
import io.vertx.ext.web.api.contract.openapi3.impl.OpenApi3Utils;
import io.vertx.ext.web.api.validation.ParameterType;
import io.vertx.ext.web.api.validation.ValidationException;
import io.vertx.ext.web.api.validation.WebTestValidationBase;
import io.vertx.ext.web.multipart.MultipartForm;
import org.junit.Ignore;
import org.junit.Rule;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.rules.ExternalResource;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * These tests are about OpenAPI 3 validation behaviours.
 * <p>
 * The validation handlers are not constructed through OpenAPI3RouterFactory.
 * For router factory behaviours, please give a look at
 * OpenAPI3RouterFactoryTest
 * 
 * @author Cristiano Gaviao @cvgaviao
 */
public class OpenAPI3MultipleFilesValidationTest extends WebTestValidationBase {

    OpenAPI testSpec;
    ResolverCache refsCache;

    @Rule
    public ExternalResource resource = new ExternalResource() {
        @Override
        protected void before() throws Throwable {
            testSpec = loadSwagger(
                    "src/test/resources/swaggers/multi-files-oas3/validation_test.yaml");
            refsCache = new ResolverCache(testSpec, null,
                    "src/test/resources/swaggers/multi-files-oas3/validation_test.yaml");
        }

        @Override
        protected void after() {
        }

    };

    private OpenAPI loadSwagger(String filename) {
        return new OpenAPIV3Parser()
                .readLocation(filename, null, OpenApi3Utils.getParseOptions())
                .getOpenAPI();
    }

    @Test
    public void testLoadSampleOperationObject() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/pets").getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        router.get("/pets").handler(validationHandler);
        router.get("/pets")
                .handler(routingContext -> routingContext.response()
                        .setStatusMessage("ok").end())
                .failureHandler(generateFailureHandler(false));
        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/pets", 200, "ok");
    }

    @Test
    public void testPathParameter() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/pets/{petId}").getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/pets/:petId", HttpMethod.GET, false, validationHandler,
                (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response().setStatusMessage(params
                            .pathParameter("petId").getInteger().toString())
                            .end();
                });

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/pets/3", 200, "3");

    }

    @Test
    public void testPathParameterFailure() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/pets/{petId}").getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/pets/:petId", HttpMethod.GET, true, validationHandler,
                (routingContext) -> routingContext.response()
                        .setStatusMessage("ok").end());
        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/pets/three", 400,
                errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.NO_MATCH));
    }

    @Test
    public void testQueryParameterNotRequired() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/pets").getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/pets", HttpMethod.GET, false, validationHandler,
                (routingContext) -> routingContext.response()
                        .setStatusMessage("ok").end());
        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/pets", 200, "ok");
    }

    @Test
    public void testQueryParameterArrayExploded() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths()
                .get("/queryTests/arrayTests/formExploded").getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/arrayTests/formExploded", HttpMethod.GET,
                false, validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    List<String> result = new ArrayList<>();
                    for (RequestParameter r : params.queryParameter("parameter")
                            .getArray())
                        result.add(r.getInteger().toString());
                    routingContext.response()
                            .setStatusMessage(serializeInCSVStringArray(result))
                            .end();
                });
        List<String> values = new ArrayList<>();
        values.add("4");
        values.add("2");
        values.add("26");

        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        for (String s : values) {
            stringBuilder.append("parameter=" + s + "&");
        }
        stringBuilder.deleteCharAt(stringBuilder.length() - 1);

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET,
                "/queryTests/arrayTests/formExploded?" + stringBuilder, 200,
                serializeInCSVStringArray(values));
    }

    @Test
    public void testQueryParameterArrayDefaultStyle() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/arrayTests/default")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/arrayTests/default", HttpMethod.GET, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    List<String> result = new ArrayList<>();
                    for (RequestParameter r : params.queryParameter("parameter")
                            .getArray())
                        result.add(r.getInteger().toString());
                    routingContext.response()
                            .setStatusMessage(serializeInCSVStringArray(result))
                            .end();
                });
        List<String> values = new ArrayList<>();
        values.add("4");
        values.add("2");
        values.add("26");

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET,
                "/queryTests/arrayTests/default?parameter="
                        + serializeInCSVStringArray(values),
                200, serializeInCSVStringArray(values));
    }

    @Test
    public void testQueryParameterArrayDefaultStyleFailure() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/arrayTests/default")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/arrayTests/default", HttpMethod.GET, true,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> routingContext.response()
                        .setStatusMessage("ok").end());
        List<String> values = new ArrayList<>();
        values.add("4");
        values.add("1"); // multipleOf: 2
        values.add("26");

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET,
                "/queryTests/arrayTests/default?parameter="
                        + serializeInCSVStringArray(values),
                400, errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.NO_MATCH));
    }

    @Test
    public void testDefaultStringQueryParameter() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/defaultString")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/defaultString", HttpMethod.GET, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext
                            .response().setStatusMessage(params
                                    .queryParameter("parameter").getString())
                            .end();
                });
        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/queryTests/defaultString", 200,
                "aString");
    }

    @Test
    public void testAllowEmptyValueQueryParameter() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/defaultString")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/defaultString", HttpMethod.GET, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext
                            .response().setStatusMessage(params
                                    .queryParameter("parameter").getString())
                            .end();
                });
        // Empty value should not be overwritten
        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/queryTests/defaultString?parameter=", 200,
                "");
    }

    @Test
    public void testDefaultIntQueryParameter() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/defaultInt")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/defaultInt", HttpMethod.GET, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    RequestParameter requestParameter = params
                            .queryParameter("parameter");
                    assertTrue(requestParameter.isInteger());
                    routingContext.response()
                            .setStatusMessage(requestParameter.toString())
                            .end();
                });

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/queryTests/defaultInt", 200, "1");
    }

    @Test
    public void testDefaultFloatQueryParameter() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/defaultFloat")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/defaultFloat", HttpMethod.GET, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    RequestParameter requestParameter = params
                            .queryParameter("parameter");
                    assertTrue(requestParameter.isFloat());
                    routingContext.response()
                            .setStatusMessage(requestParameter.toString())
                            .end();
                });

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/queryTests/defaultFloat", 200, "1.0");
    }

    @Test
    public void testDefaultDoubleQueryParameter() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/defaultDouble")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/defaultDouble", HttpMethod.GET, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    RequestParameter requestParameter = params
                            .queryParameter("parameter");
                    assertTrue(requestParameter.isDouble());
                    routingContext.response()
                            .setStatusMessage(requestParameter.toString())
                            .end();
                });

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/queryTests/defaultDouble", 200, "1.0");
    }

    @Test
    public void testQueryParameterByteFormat() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/byteFormat")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/byteFormat", HttpMethod.GET, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext
                            .response().setStatusMessage(params
                                    .queryParameter("parameter").getString())
                            .end();
                });

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET,
                "/queryTests/byteFormat?parameter=Zm9vYmFyCg==", 200,
                "Zm9vYmFyCg==");
    }

    @Test
    public void testFormArrayParameter() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/formTests/arraytest")
                .getPost();
        if (op.getParameters() == null)
            op.setParameters(new ArrayList<>());
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/formTests/arraytest", HttpMethod.POST, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    List<String> result = new ArrayList<>();
                    for (RequestParameter r : params.formParameter("values")
                            .getArray())
                        result.add(r.getInteger().toString());
                    routingContext.response()
                            .setStatusMessage(
                                    params.formParameter("id").getString()
                                            + serializeInCSVStringArray(result))
                            .end();
                });

        String id = "anId";

        List<String> valuesArray = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
            valuesArray.add(getSuccessSample(ParameterType.INT).getInteger()
                    .toString());
        String values = serializeInCSVStringArray(valuesArray);

        MultiMap form = MultiMap.caseInsensitiveMultiMap();
        form.add("id", id);
        form.add("values", values);

        testRequestWithForm(HttpMethod.POST, "/formTests/arraytest",
                FormType.FORM_URLENCODED, form, 200, id + values);
    }

    @Test
    public void testFormArrayParameterFailure() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/formTests/arraytest")
                .getPost();
        if (op.getParameters() == null)
            op.setParameters(new ArrayList<>());
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/formTests/arraytest", HttpMethod.POST, true,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> routingContext.response()
                        .setStatusMessage("ok").end());

        String id = "anId";

        List<String> valuesArray = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
            valuesArray.add(getSuccessSample(ParameterType.INT).getInteger()
                    .toString());
        valuesArray.add(getFailureSample(ParameterType.INT));
        String values = serializeInCSVStringArray(valuesArray);

        MultiMap form = MultiMap.caseInsensitiveMultiMap();
        form.add("id", id);
        form.add("values", values);

        testRequestWithForm(HttpMethod.POST, "/formTests/arraytest",
                FormType.FORM_URLENCODED, form, 400,
                errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.NO_MATCH));
    }

    @Test
    public void testFormURLEncodedCharParameter() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/formTests/urlencodedchar")
                .getPost();
        if (op.getParameters() == null)
            op.setParameters(new ArrayList<>());
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/formTests/urlencodedchar", HttpMethod.POST, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response()
                            .setStatusMessage(
                                    params.formParameter("name").getString())
                            .end();
                });

        String name = "test+urlencoded+char";

        MultiMap form = MultiMap.caseInsensitiveMultiMap();
        form.add("name", name);

        testRequestWithForm(HttpMethod.POST, "/formTests/urlencodedchar",
                FormType.FORM_URLENCODED, form, 200, name);
    }

    @Test
    public void testJsonBody() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest")
                .getPost();
        if (op.getParameters() == null)
            op.setParameters(new ArrayList<>());
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest", HttpMethod.POST, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK")
                            .putHeader("Content-Type", "application/json")
                            .end(params.body().getJsonObject().encode());
                });

        JsonObject object = new JsonObject();
        object.put("id", "anId");

        List<Integer> valuesArray = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
            valuesArray.add(getSuccessSample(ParameterType.INT).getInteger());
        object.put("values", valuesArray);

        testRequestWithJSON(HttpMethod.POST, "/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest",
                object.toBuffer(), 200, "OK", object.toBuffer());
        testRequestWithBufferResponse(HttpMethod.POST,
                "/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest", "application/json; charset=utf-8",
                object.toBuffer(), 200, "OK", "application/json",
                b -> assertEquals(object, b.toJsonObject()));
        testRequestWithBufferResponse(HttpMethod.POST,
                "/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest", "application/superapplication+json",
                object.toBuffer(), 200, "OK", "application/json",
                b -> assertEquals(object, b.toJsonObject()));
    }

    @Test
    public void testJsonBodyFailure() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest")
                .getPost();
        if (op.getParameters() == null)
            op.setParameters(new ArrayList<>());
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest", HttpMethod.POST, true,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK")
                            .putHeader("Content-Type", "application/json")
                            .end(params.body().getJsonObject().encode());
                });

        JsonObject object = new JsonObject();
        object.put("id", "anId");

        List<String> valuesArray = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
            valuesArray.add(getSuccessSample(ParameterType.INT).getInteger()
                    .toString());
        valuesArray.add(2, getFailureSample(ParameterType.INT));
        object.put("values", valuesArray);

        testRequestWithJSON(HttpMethod.POST, "/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest",
                object.toBuffer(), 400,
                errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.JSON_INVALID));
    }

    @Test
    public void testAllOfQueryParam() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/allOfTest")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/allOfTest", HttpMethod.GET, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response()
                            .setStatusMessage(params.queryParameter("parameter")
                                    .getObjectValue("a").getInteger().toString()
                                    + params.queryParameter("parameter")
                                            .getObjectValue("b").getBoolean()
                                            .toString())
                            .end();
                });

        String a = "5";
        String b = "false";

        String parameter = "parameter=a," + a + ",b," + b;

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/queryTests/allOfTest?" + parameter, 200,
                a + b);
    }

    @Test
    public void testAllOfQueryParamWithDefault() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/allOfTest")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/allOfTest", HttpMethod.GET, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response()
                            .setStatusMessage(params.queryParameter("parameter")
                                    .getObjectValue("a").getInteger().toString()
                                    + params.queryParameter("parameter")
                                            .getObjectValue("b").getBoolean()
                                            .toString())
                            .end();
                });

        String a = "5";
        String b = "";

        String parameter = "parameter=a," + a + ",b," + b;

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/queryTests/allOfTest?" + parameter, 200,
                a + "false");
    }

    @Test
    public void testAllOfQueryParamFailure() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/allOfTest")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/allOfTest", HttpMethod.GET, true,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> routingContext.response()
                        .setStatusMessage("ok").end());

        String a = "5";
        String b = "aString";

        String parameter = "parameter=a," + a + ",b," + b;

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/queryTests/allOfTest?" + parameter, 400,
                errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.NO_MATCH));
    }

    @Test
    public void testQueryParameterAnyOf() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/anyOfTest")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/anyOfTest", HttpMethod.GET, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response()
                            .setStatusMessage(params.queryParameter("parameter")
                                    .getBoolean().toString())
                            .end();
                });

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/queryTests/anyOfTest?parameter=true", 200,
                "true");
    }

    @Test
    public void testQueryParameterAnyOfFailure() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/queryTests/anyOfTest")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/anyOfTest", HttpMethod.GET, true,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> routingContext.response()
                        .setStatusMessage("ok").end());

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, "/queryTests/anyOfTest?parameter=anyString",
                400, errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.NO_MATCH));
    }

    @Test
    public void testComplexMultipart() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/multipart/complex").getPost();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/multipart/complex", HttpMethod.POST, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    assertNotNull(
                            params.formParameter("param2").getJsonObject());
                    assertEquals("Willy", params.formParameter("param2")
                            .getJsonObject().getString("name"));
                    assertEquals(4,
                            params.formParameter("param4").getArray().size());
                    assertEquals((Integer) 2,
                            params.formParameter("param5").getInteger());
                    routingContext.response().setStatusMessage("ok").end();
                });

        JsonObject pet = new JsonObject();
        pet.put("id", 14612);
        pet.put("name", "Willy");

        List<String> valuesArray = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
            valuesArray.add(getSuccessSample(ParameterType.FLOAT).getFloat()
                    .toString());

        MultipartForm form = MultipartForm.create()
                .textFileUpload("param1", "random.txt",
                        "src/test/resources/random.txt", "text/plain")
                .attribute("param2", pet.encode())
                .textFileUpload("param3", "random.csv",
                        "src/test/resources/random.txt", "text/csv")
                .attribute("param4", serializeInCSVStringArray(valuesArray))
                .attribute("param5", "2").binaryFileUpload("param1Binary",
                        "random-file", "src/test/resources/random-file",
                        "text/plain");

        testRequestWithMultipartForm(HttpMethod.POST, "/multipart/complex",
                form, 200, "ok");
    }

    @Test
    public void testEmptyBody() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/multipart/complex/empty")
                .getPost();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/multipart/complex/empty", HttpMethod.POST, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> routingContext.response()
                        .setStatusMessage("ok").end());

        testRequest(HttpMethod.POST, "/multipart/complex/empty", 200, "ok");
    }

    @Test
    @Ignore
    public void testCircularReferences() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/circularReferences").getPost();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/circularReferences", HttpMethod.POST, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK")
                            .putHeader("Content-Type", "application/json")
                            .end(params.body().getJsonObject().encode());
                });

        JsonObject obj = new JsonObject("{\n" + "    \"a\": {\n"
                + "        \"a\": [\n" + "            {\n"
                + "                \"a\": {\n"
                + "                    \"a\": []\n" + "                },\n"
                + "                \"b\": \"hi\",\n"
                + "                \"c\": 10\n" + "            }\n"
                + "        ]\n" + "    },\n" + "    \"b\": \"hello\",\n"
                + "    \"c\": 6\n" + "}");

        testRequestWithJSON(HttpMethod.POST, "/circularReferences",
                obj.toBuffer(), 200, "OK", obj.toBuffer());
    }

    @Test
    public void testNullJson() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/pets").getPost();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/pets", HttpMethod.POST, true, validationHandler,
                (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK")
                            .putHeader(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE,
                                    "application/json")
                            .end(params.body().getJsonObject().encode());
                });

        // An empty body should be a non parsable json, not an empty object
        // invalid
        testRequestWithJSON(HttpMethod.POST, "/pets", null, 400,
                errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.JSON_INVALID));

        // An empty json object should be invalid, because some fields are
        // required
        testRequestWithJSON(HttpMethod.POST, "/pets",
                new JsonObject().toBuffer(), 400,
                errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.JSON_INVALID));
    }

    @Test
    public void testEmptyParametersNotNull() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/pets").getPost();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/pets", HttpMethod.POST, true, validationHandler,
                (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    assertEquals(0, params.cookieParametersNames().size()); // Here
                                                                            // it
                                                                            // should
                                                                            // not
                                                                            // throw
                                                                            // exception
                                                                            // (issue
                                                                            // #850)
                    assertEquals(0, params.pathParametersNames().size());
                    assertEquals(0, params.queryParametersNames().size());
                    assertEquals(0, params.headerParametersNames().size());
                    assertEquals(0, params.formParametersNames().size());
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK")
                            .putHeader(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE,
                                    "application/json")
                            .end();
                });

        testRequestWithJSON(HttpMethod.POST, "/pets",
                new JsonObject().put("id", 1).put("name", "Willy").toBuffer(),
                200, "OK");
    }

    @Test
    public void testAdditionalPropertiesJson() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/additionalProperties")
                .getPost();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/additionalProperties", HttpMethod.POST, true,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK")
                            .putHeader(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE,
                                    "application/json")
                            .end(params.body().getJsonObject().encode());
                });

        JsonObject pet = new JsonObject();
        pet.put("id", 14612);
        pet.put("name", "Willy");
        pet.put("lazyness", "Highest");

        testRequestWithJSON(HttpMethod.POST, "/additionalProperties",
                pet.toBuffer(), 400,
                errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.JSON_INVALID));
    }

    @Test
    public void testJsonBodyFailureErrorMessage() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest")
                .getPost();
        if (op.getParameters() == null)
            op.setParameters(new ArrayList<>());
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest", HttpMethod.POST, true,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK")
                            .putHeader("Content-Type", "application/json")
                            .end(params.body().getJsonObject().encode());
                }, routingContext -> {
                    ValidationException e = (ValidationException) routingContext
                            .failure();
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(400)
                            .setStatusMessage(errorMessage(
                                    ValidationException.ErrorType.JSON_INVALID))
                            .putHeader("Content-Type", "application/json")
                            .end(new JsonObject()
                                    .put("field", e.parameterName())
                                    .toBuffer());
                });

        JsonObject object = new JsonObject();
        object.put("id", "anId");

        List<String> valuesArray = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
            valuesArray.add(getSuccessSample(ParameterType.INT).getInteger()
                    .toString());
        valuesArray.add(0, getFailureSample(ParameterType.INT));
        object.put("values", valuesArray);

        testRequestWithJSON(HttpMethod.POST, "/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest",
                object.toBuffer(), 400,
                errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.JSON_INVALID),
                new JsonObject().put("field", "body.values[0]").toBuffer());

        testRequestWithJSON(HttpMethod.POST, "/jsonBodyTest/sampleTest",
                new JsonArray().toBuffer(), 400,
                errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.JSON_INVALID),
                new JsonObject().put("field", "body").toBuffer());
    }

    @Test
    public void testQueryExpandedObjectTestOnlyAdditionalProperties()
            throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths()
                .get("/queryTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties",
                HttpMethod.GET, false, validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    assertEquals("hello", params
                            .queryParameter("wellKnownParam").getString());
                    RequestParameter param = params.queryParameter("params");
                    assertFalse(
                            param.getObjectKeys().contains("wellKnownParam"));
                    int res = param.getObjectValue("param2").getInteger()
                            + param.getObjectValue("param1").getInteger();
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("Result: " + res).end();
                });

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET,
                "/queryTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties?param1=2&param2=4&wellKnownParam=hello",
                200, "Result: 6");
    }

    @Test
    public void testQueryExpandedObjectTestOnlyAdditionalPropertiesFailure()
            throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths()
                .get("/queryTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/queryTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties",
                HttpMethod.GET, true, validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK").end();
                });

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET,
                "/queryTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties?param1=2&param2=a&wellKnownParam=a",
                400, errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.NO_MATCH));
    }

    @Test
    public void testCookieExpandedObjectTestOnlyAdditionalProperties()
            throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths()
                .get("/cookieTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/cookieTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties",
                HttpMethod.GET, false, validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    assertEquals("hello", params
                            .cookieParameter("wellKnownParam").toString());
                    RequestParameter param = params.cookieParameter("params");
                    assertFalse(
                            param.getObjectKeys().contains("wellKnownParam"));
                    int res = param.getObjectValue("param2").getInteger()
                            + param.getObjectValue("param1").getInteger();
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage(Integer.toString(res)).end();
                });

        QueryStringEncoder params = new QueryStringEncoder("/");
        params.addParam("param1", Integer.toString(5));
        params.addParam("param2", Integer.toString(1));
        params.addParam("wellKnownParam", "hello");

        testRequestWithCookies(HttpMethod.GET,
                "/cookieTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties",
                params.toUri().getRawQuery(), 200, "6");
    }

    @Test
    public void testCookieExpandedObjectTestOnlyAdditionalPropertiesFailure()
            throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths()
                .get("/cookieTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/cookieTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties",
                HttpMethod.GET, true, validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK").end();
                });

        QueryStringEncoder params = new QueryStringEncoder("/");
        params.addParam("param1", Integer.toString(5));
        params.addParam("param2", "a");
        params.addParam("wellKnownParam", "hello");

        testRequestWithCookies(HttpMethod.GET,
                "/cookieTests/objectTests/onlyAdditionalProperties",
                params.toUri().getRawQuery(), 400,
                errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.NO_MATCH));
    }

    @Test
    public void testJsonBodyWithDate() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/jsonBodyWithDate").getPost();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/jsonBodyWithDate", HttpMethod.POST, false,
                validationHandler, (routingContext) -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");
                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK")
                            .putHeader("Content-Type", "application/json")
                            .end(params.body().getJsonObject().encode());
                });

        JsonObject obj = new JsonObject();
        obj.put("date", "2018-02-18");
        obj.put("dateTime1", "2018-01-01T10:00:00.0000000000000000000000Z");
        obj.put("dateTime2", "2018-01-01T10:00:00+10:00");
        obj.put("dateTime3", "2018-01-01T10:00:00-10:00");

        testRequestWithJSON(HttpMethod.POST, "/jsonBodyWithDate",
                obj.toBuffer(), 200, "OK", obj.toBuffer());
    }

    /**
     * Test: query_optional_form_explode_object Expected parameters sent: color:
     * R=100&G=200&B=150&alpha=50 Expected response:
     * {"color":{"R":"100","G":"200","B":"150","alpha":"50"}}
     */
    @Test
    public void testQueryOptionalFormExplodeObject() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/query/form/explode/object")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/query/form/explode/object", HttpMethod.GET, false,
                validationHandler, routingContext -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");

                    RequestParameter colorQueryParam = params
                            .queryParameter("color");
                    assertNotNull(colorQueryParam);
                    assertTrue(colorQueryParam.isObject());

                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK")
                            .putHeader("content-type", "application/json")
                            .end(((JsonObject) colorQueryParam.toJson())
                                    .encode());
                });

        String requestURI = "/query/form/explode/object?R=100&G=200&B=150&alpha=50";

        testEmptyRequestWithJSONObjectResponse(HttpMethod.GET, requestURI, 200,
                "OK", new JsonObject(
                        "{\"R\":\"100\",\"G\":\"200\",\"B\":\"150\",\"alpha\":50}"));

    }

    /**
     * Test: query_optional_form_explode_object Expected parameters sent: color:
     * R=100&G=200&B=150&alpha=50 Expected response: Validation failure
     */
    @Test
    public void testQueryOptionalFormExplodeObjectFailure() throws Exception {
        Operation op = testSpec.getPaths().get("/query/form/explode/object")
                .getGet();
        OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandler validationHandler = new OpenAPI3RequestValidationHandlerImpl(
                op, op.getParameters(), testSpec, refsCache);
        loadHandlers("/query/form/explode/object", HttpMethod.GET, true,
                validationHandler, routingContext -> {
                    RequestParameters params = routingContext
                            .get("parsedParameters");

                    RequestParameter colorQueryParam = params
                            .queryParameter("color");
                    assertNotNull(colorQueryParam);
                    assertTrue(colorQueryParam.isObject());

                    routingContext.response().setStatusCode(200)
                            .setStatusMessage("OK")
                            .putHeader("content-type", "application/json")
                            .end(((JsonObject) colorQueryParam.toJson())
                                    .encode());
                });

        String requestURI = "/query/form/explode/object?R=100&G=200&B=150&alpha=aaa";

        testRequest(HttpMethod.GET, requestURI, 400,
                errorMessage(ValidationException.ErrorType.NO_MATCH));

    }

}