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 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
package org.apache.cassandra.locator;

import java.io.DataInputStream;
import java.io.FilterInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.URL;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.util.Map;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.apache.cassandra.db.SystemKeyspace;
import org.apache.cassandra.exceptions.ConfigurationException;
import org.apache.cassandra.gms.ApplicationState;
import org.apache.cassandra.gms.EndpointState;
import org.apache.cassandra.gms.Gossiper;
import org.apache.cassandra.io.util.FileUtils;
import org.apache.cassandra.utils.FBUtilities;

 * A snitch that assumes an EC2 region is a DC and an EC2 availability_zone
 *  is a rack. This information is available in the config for the node.
public class Ec2Snitch extends AbstractNetworkTopologySnitch
    protected static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(Ec2Snitch.class);
    protected static final String ZONE_NAME_QUERY_URL = "";
    private static final String DEFAULT_DC = "UNKNOWN-DC";
    private static final String DEFAULT_RACK = "UNKNOWN-RACK";
    private Map<InetAddress, Map<String, String>> savedEndpoints;
    protected String ec2zone;
    protected String ec2region;

    public Ec2Snitch() throws IOException, ConfigurationException
        String az = awsApiCall(ZONE_NAME_QUERY_URL);
        // Split "us-east-1a" or "asia-1a" into "us-east"/"1a" and "asia"/"1a".
        String[] splits = az.split("-");
        ec2zone = splits[splits.length - 1];

        // hack for CASSANDRA-4026
        ec2region = az.substring(0, az.length() - 1);
        if (ec2region.endsWith("1"))
            ec2region = az.substring(0, az.length() - 3);

        String datacenterSuffix = (new SnitchProperties()).get("dc_suffix", "");
        ec2region = ec2region.concat(datacenterSuffix);
        logger.info("EC2Snitch using region: {}, zone: {}.", ec2region, ec2zone);

    String awsApiCall(String url) throws IOException, ConfigurationException
        // Populate the region and zone by introspection, fail if 404 on metadata
        HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) new URL(url).openConnection();
        DataInputStream d = null;
            if (conn.getResponseCode() != 200)
                throw new ConfigurationException("Ec2Snitch was unable to execute the API call. Not an ec2 node?");

            // Read the information. I wish I could say (String) conn.getContent() here...
            int cl = conn.getContentLength();
            byte[] b = new byte[cl];
            d = new DataInputStream((FilterInputStream) conn.getContent());
            return new String(b, StandardCharsets.UTF_8);

    public String getRack(InetAddress endpoint)
        if (endpoint.equals(FBUtilities.getBroadcastAddress()))
            return ec2zone;
        EndpointState state = Gossiper.instance.getEndpointStateForEndpoint(endpoint);
        if (state == null || state.getApplicationState(ApplicationState.RACK) == null)
            if (savedEndpoints == null)
                savedEndpoints = SystemKeyspace.loadDcRackInfo();
            if (savedEndpoints.containsKey(endpoint))
                return savedEndpoints.get(endpoint).get("rack");
            return DEFAULT_RACK;
        return state.getApplicationState(ApplicationState.RACK).value;

    public String getDatacenter(InetAddress endpoint)
        if (endpoint.equals(FBUtilities.getBroadcastAddress()))
            return ec2region;
        EndpointState state = Gossiper.instance.getEndpointStateForEndpoint(endpoint);
        if (state == null || state.getApplicationState(ApplicationState.DC) == null)
            if (savedEndpoints == null)
                savedEndpoints = SystemKeyspace.loadDcRackInfo();
            if (savedEndpoints.containsKey(endpoint))
                return savedEndpoints.get(endpoint).get("data_center");
            return DEFAULT_DC;
        return state.getApplicationState(ApplicationState.DC).value;