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	   Copyright 2018 JFinal
	
	   Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
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*/
package org.tio.utils.hutool;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

/**
 * @author tanyaowu 
 * 2018年8月5日 下午8:34:06
 */
public class ReUtil {

	/** 正则表达式匹配中文汉字 */
	public final static String	RE_CHINESE	= "[\u4E00-\u9FFF]";
	/** 正则表达式匹配中文字符串 */
	public final static String	RE_CHINESES	= RE_CHINESE + "+";

	/** 正则中需要被转义的关键字 */
	public final static Set<Character> RE_KEYS = new HashSet<>();
	static {
		RE_KEYS.add('$');

		RE_KEYS.add('(');
		RE_KEYS.add(')');
		RE_KEYS.add('*');
		RE_KEYS.add('+');
		RE_KEYS.add('.');
		RE_KEYS.add('[');
		RE_KEYS.add(']');
		RE_KEYS.add('?');
		RE_KEYS.add('\\');
		RE_KEYS.add('^');
		RE_KEYS.add('{');
		RE_KEYS.add('}');
		RE_KEYS.add('|');
	}

	/**
	 * 获得匹配的字符串,,获得正则中分组0的内容
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 编译后的正则模式
	 * @param content 被匹配的内容
	 * @return 匹配后得到的字符串,未匹配返回null
	 * @since 3.1.2
	 */
	public static String getGroup0(Pattern pattern, String content) {
		return get(pattern, content, 0);
	}

	/**
	 * 获得匹配的字符串,,获得正则中分组1的内容
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 编译后的正则模式
	 * @param content 被匹配的内容
	 * @return 匹配后得到的字符串,未匹配返回null
	 * @since 3.1.2
	 */
	public static String getGroup1(Pattern pattern, String content) {
		return get(pattern, content, 1);
	}

	/**
	 * 获得匹配的字符串
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 编译后的正则模式
	 * @param content 被匹配的内容
	 * @param groupIndex 匹配正则的分组序号
	 * @return 匹配后得到的字符串,未匹配返回null
	 */
	public static String get(Pattern pattern, String content, int groupIndex) {
		if (null == content || null == pattern) {
			return null;
		}

		final Matcher matcher = pattern.matcher(content);
		if (matcher.find()) {
			return matcher.group(groupIndex);
		}
		return null;
	}

	/**
	 * 获得匹配的字符串匹配到的所有分组
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 编译后的正则模式
	 * @param content 被匹配的内容
	 * @return 匹配后得到的字符串数组,按照分组顺序依次列出,未匹配到返回空列表,任何一个参数为null返回null
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 */
	public static List<String> getAllGroups(Pattern pattern, String content) {
		return getAllGroups(pattern, content, true);
	}

	/**
	 * 获得匹配的字符串匹配到的所有分组
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 编译后的正则模式
	 * @param content 被匹配的内容
	 * @param withGroup0 是否包括分组0,此分组表示全匹配的信息
	 * @return 匹配后得到的字符串数组,按照分组顺序依次列出,未匹配到返回空列表,任何一个参数为null返回null
	 * @since 4.0.13
	 */
	public static List<String> getAllGroups(Pattern pattern, String content, boolean withGroup0) {
		if (null == content || null == pattern) {
			return null;
		}

		ArrayList<String> result = new ArrayList<>();
		final Matcher matcher = pattern.matcher(content);
		if (matcher.find()) {
			final int startGroup = withGroup0 ? 0 : 1;
			final int groupCount = matcher.groupCount();
			for (int i = startGroup; i <= groupCount; i++) {
				result.add(matcher.group(i));
			}
		}
		return result;
	}

	/**
	 * 删除匹配的第一个内容
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 正则
	 * @param content 被匹配的内容
	 * @return 删除后剩余的内容
	 */
	public static String delFirst(Pattern pattern, String content) {
		if (null == pattern || StrUtil.isBlank(content)) {
			return content;
		}

		return pattern.matcher(content).replaceFirst(StrUtil.EMPTY);
	}

	/**
	 * 删除匹配的全部内容
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 正则
	 * @param content 被匹配的内容
	 * @return 删除后剩余的内容
	 */
	public static String delAll(Pattern pattern, String content) {
		if (null == pattern || StrUtil.isBlank(content)) {
			return content;
		}

		return pattern.matcher(content).replaceAll(StrUtil.EMPTY);
	}

	/**
	 * 取得内容中匹配的所有结果,获得匹配的所有结果中正则对应分组0的内容
	 * 
	 * @param regex 正则
	 * @param content 被查找的内容
	 * @return 结果列表
	 * @since 3.1.2
	 */
	public static List<String> findAllGroup0(String regex, String content) {
		return findAll(regex, content, 0);
	}

	/**
	 * 取得内容中匹配的所有结果,获得匹配的所有结果中正则对应分组1的内容
	 * 
	 * @param regex 正则
	 * @param content 被查找的内容
	 * @return 结果列表
	 * @since 3.1.2
	 */
	public static List<String> findAllGroup1(String regex, String content) {
		return findAll(regex, content, 1);
	}

	/**
	 * 取得内容中匹配的所有结果
	 * 
	 * @param regex 正则
	 * @param content 被查找的内容
	 * @param group 正则的分组
	 * @return 结果列表
	 * @since 3.0.6
	 */
	public static List<String> findAll(String regex, String content, int group) {
		return findAll(regex, content, group, new ArrayList<String>());
	}

	/**
	 * 取得内容中匹配的所有结果
	 * 
	 * @param <T> 集合类型
	 * @param regex 正则
	 * @param content 被查找的内容
	 * @param group 正则的分组
	 * @param collection 返回的集合类型
	 * @return 结果集
	 */
	public static <T extends Collection<String>> T findAll(String regex, String content, int group, T collection) {
		if (null == regex) {
			return null;
		}

		Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile(regex, Pattern.DOTALL);
		return findAll(pattern, content, group, collection);
	}

	/**
	 * 取得内容中匹配的所有结果,获得匹配的所有结果中正则对应分组0的内容
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 编译后的正则模式
	 * @param content 被查找的内容
	 * @return 结果列表
	 * @since 3.1.2
	 */
	public static List<String> findAllGroup0(Pattern pattern, String content) {
		return findAll(pattern, content, 0);
	}

	/**
	 * 取得内容中匹配的所有结果,获得匹配的所有结果中正则对应分组1的内容
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 编译后的正则模式
	 * @param content 被查找的内容
	 * @return 结果列表
	 * @since 3.1.2
	 */
	public static List<String> findAllGroup1(Pattern pattern, String content) {
		return findAll(pattern, content, 1);
	}

	/**
	 * 取得内容中匹配的所有结果
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 编译后的正则模式
	 * @param content 被查找的内容
	 * @param group 正则的分组
	 * @return 结果列表
	 * @since 3.0.6
	 */
	public static List<String> findAll(Pattern pattern, String content, int group) {
		return findAll(pattern, content, group, new ArrayList<String>());
	}

	/**
	 * 取得内容中匹配的所有结果
	 * 
	 * @param <T> 集合类型
	 * @param pattern 编译后的正则模式
	 * @param content 被查找的内容
	 * @param group 正则的分组
	 * @param collection 返回的集合类型
	 * @return 结果集
	 */
	public static <T extends Collection<String>> T findAll(Pattern pattern, String content, int group, T collection) {
		if (null == pattern || null == content) {
			return null;
		}

		if (null == collection) {
			throw new NullPointerException("Null collection param provided!");
		}

		Matcher matcher = pattern.matcher(content);
		while (matcher.find()) {
			collection.add(matcher.group(group));
		}
		return collection;
	}

	/**
	 * 计算指定字符串中,匹配pattern的个数
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 编译后的正则模式
	 * @param content 被查找的内容
	 * @return 匹配个数
	 */
	public static int count(Pattern pattern, String content) {
		if (null == pattern || null == content) {
			return 0;
		}

		int count = 0;
		Matcher matcher = pattern.matcher(content);
		while (matcher.find()) {
			count++;
		}

		return count;
	}

	/**
	 * 指定内容中是否有表达式匹配的内容
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 编译后的正则模式
	 * @param content 被查找的内容
	 * @return 指定内容中是否有表达式匹配的内容
	 * @since 3.3.1
	 */
	public static boolean contains(Pattern pattern, String content) {
		if (null == pattern || null == content) {
			return false;
		}
		return pattern.matcher(content).find();
	}

	/**
	 * 给定内容是否匹配正则
	 * 
	 * @param regex 正则
	 * @param content 内容
	 * @return 正则为null或者""则不检查,返回true,内容为null返回false
	 */
	public static boolean isMatch(String regex, String content) {
		if (content == null) {
			// 提供null的字符串为不匹配
			return false;
		}

		if (StrUtil.isEmpty(regex)) {
			// 正则不存在则为全匹配
			return true;
		}

		// Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile(regex, Pattern.DOTALL);
		final Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile(regex, Pattern.DOTALL);//;PatternPool.get(regex, Pattern.DOTALL);
		return isMatch(pattern, content);
	}

	/**
	 * 给定内容是否匹配正则
	 * 
	 * @param pattern 模式
	 * @param content 内容
	 * @return 正则为null或者""则不检查,返回true,内容为null返回false
	 */
	public static boolean isMatch(Pattern pattern, String content) {
		if (content == null || pattern == null) {
			// 提供null的字符串为不匹配
			return false;
		}
		return pattern.matcher(content).matches();
	}

	/**
	 * 正则替换指定值<br>
	 * 通过正则查找到字符串,然后把匹配到的字符串加入到replacementTemplate中,$1表示分组1的字符串
	 * 
	 * @param content 文本
	 * @param regex 正则
	 * @param replacementTemplate 替换的文本模板,可以使用$1类似的变量提取正则匹配出的内容
	 * @return 处理后的文本
	 */
	public static String replaceAll(String content, String regex, String replacementTemplate) {
		final Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile(regex, Pattern.DOTALL);
		return replaceAll(content, pattern, replacementTemplate);
	}

	/**
	 * 正则替换指定值<br>
	 * 通过正则查找到字符串,然后把匹配到的字符串加入到replacementTemplate中,$1表示分组1的字符串
	 * 
	 * @param content 文本
	 * @param pattern {@link Pattern}
	 * @param replacementTemplate 替换的文本模板,可以使用$1类似的变量提取正则匹配出的内容
	 * @return 处理后的文本
	 * @since 3.0.4
	 */
	public static String replaceAll(String content, Pattern pattern, String replacementTemplate) {
		if (StrUtil.isEmpty(content)) {
			return content;
		}

		final Matcher matcher = pattern.matcher(content);
		boolean result = matcher.find();
		if (result) {
			final Set<String> varNums = findAll(PatternPool.GROUP_VAR, replacementTemplate, 1, new HashSet<String>());
			final StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
			do {
				String replacement = replacementTemplate;
				for (String var : varNums) {
					int group = Integer.parseInt(var);
					replacement = replacement.replace("$" + var, matcher.group(group));
				}
				matcher.appendReplacement(sb, escape(replacement));
				result = matcher.find();
			} while (result);
			matcher.appendTail(sb);
			return sb.toString();
		}
		return content;
	}

	/**
	 * 转义字符,将正则的关键字转义
	 * 
	 * @param c 字符
	 * @return 转义后的文本
	 */
	public static String escape(char c) {
		final StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
		if (RE_KEYS.contains(c)) {
			builder.append('\\');
		}
		builder.append(c);
		return builder.toString();
	}

	/**
	 * 转义字符串,将正则的关键字转义
	 * 
	 * @param content 文本
	 * @return 转义后的文本
	 */
	public static String escape(String content) {
		if (StrUtil.isBlank(content)) {
			return content;
		}

		final StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
		int len = content.length();
		char current;
		for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
			current = content.charAt(i);
			if (RE_KEYS.contains(current)) {
				builder.append('\\');
			}
			builder.append(current);
		}
		return builder.toString();
	}
}