/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */


package org.apache.catalina.manager.host;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.io.StringWriter;
import java.net.URLEncoder;
import java.text.MessageFormat;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.TreeMap;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.catalina.Container;
import org.apache.catalina.Host;
import org.apache.catalina.util.RequestUtil;
import org.apache.catalina.util.ServerInfo;
import org.apache.tomcat.util.res.StringManager;

/**
* Servlet that enables remote management of the virtual hosts deployed
* on the server.  Normally, this functionality will be protected by a security
* constraint in the web application deployment descriptor.  However, 
* this requirement can be relaxed during testing.
* <p>
* The difference between the <code>HostManagerServlet</code> and this
* Servlet is that this Servlet prints out a HTML interface which
* makes it easier to administrate.
* <p>
* However if you use a software that parses the output of
* <code>HostManagerServlet</code> you won't be able to upgrade
* to this Servlet since the output are not in the
* same format as from <code>HostManagerServlet</code>
*
* @author Bip Thelin
* @author Malcolm Edgar
* @author Glenn L. Nielsen
* @author Peter Rossbach
* @see org.apache.catalina.manager.ManagerServlet
*/
public final class HTMLHostManagerServlet extends HostManagerServlet {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    // --------------------------------------------------------- Public Methods

    /**
     * Process a GET request for the specified resource.
     *
     * @param request The servlet request we are processing
     * @param response The servlet response we are creating
     *
     * @exception IOException if an input/output error occurs
     * @exception ServletException if a servlet-specified error occurs
     */
    @Override
    public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,
                      HttpServletResponse response)
        throws IOException, ServletException {

        StringManager smClient = StringManager.getManager(
                Constants.Package, request.getLocales());

        // Identify the request parameters that we need
        String command = request.getPathInfo();

        // Prepare our output writer to generate the response message
        response.setContentType("text/html; charset=" + Constants.CHARSET);

        String message = "";
        // Process the requested command
        if (command == null) {
            // No command == list
        } else if (command.equals("/list")) {
            // Nothing to do - always generate list
        } else if (command.equals("/add") || command.equals("/remove") ||
                command.equals("/start") || command.equals("/stop")) {
            message = smClient.getString(
                    "hostManagerServlet.postCommand", command);
        } else {
            message = smClient.getString(
                    "hostManagerServlet.unknownCommand", command);
        }

        list(request, response, message, smClient);
    }

    
    /**
     * Process a POST request for the specified resource.
     *
     * @param request The servlet request we are processing
     * @param response The servlet response we are creating
     *
     * @exception IOException if an input/output error occurs
     * @exception ServletException if a servlet-specified error occurs
     */
    @Override
    public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
            throws ServletException, IOException {

        StringManager smClient = StringManager.getManager(
                Constants.Package, request.getLocales());

        // Identify the request parameters that we need
        String command = request.getPathInfo();

        String name = request.getParameter("name");
 
        // Prepare our output writer to generate the response message
        response.setContentType("text/html; charset=" + Constants.CHARSET);

        String message = "";
        
        // Process the requested command
        if (command == null) {
            // No command == list
        } else if (command.equals("/add")) {
            message = add(request, name, smClient);
        } else if (command.equals("/remove")) {
            message = remove(name, smClient);
        } else if (command.equals("/start")) {
            message = start(name, smClient);
        } else if (command.equals("/stop")) {
            message = stop(name, smClient);
        } else {
            //Try GET
            doGet(request, response);
        }

        list(request, response, message, smClient);
    }


    /**
     * Add a host using the specified parameters.
     *
     * @param name host name
     */
    protected String add(HttpServletRequest request,String name,
            StringManager smClient) {

        StringWriter stringWriter = new StringWriter();
        PrintWriter printWriter = new PrintWriter(stringWriter);

        super.add(request,printWriter,name,true, smClient);

        return stringWriter.toString();
    }


    /**
     * Remove the specified host.
     *
     * @param name host name
     */
    protected String remove(String name, StringManager smClient) {

        StringWriter stringWriter = new StringWriter();
        PrintWriter printWriter = new PrintWriter(stringWriter);

        super.remove(printWriter, name, smClient);

        return stringWriter.toString();
    }

    
    /**
     * Start the host with the specified name.
     *
     * @param name Host name
     */
    protected String start(String name, StringManager smClient) {

        StringWriter stringWriter = new StringWriter();
        PrintWriter printWriter = new PrintWriter(stringWriter);

        super.start(printWriter, name, smClient);

        return stringWriter.toString();
    }

    
    /**
     * Stop the host with the specified name.
     *
     * @param name Host name
     */
    protected String stop(String name, StringManager smClient) {

        StringWriter stringWriter = new StringWriter();
        PrintWriter printWriter = new PrintWriter(stringWriter);

        super.stop(printWriter, name, smClient);

        return stringWriter.toString();
    }

    
    /**
     * Render a HTML list of the currently active Contexts in our virtual host,
     * and memory and server status information.
     *
     * @param request The request
     * @param response The response
     * @param message a message to display
     */
    public void list(HttpServletRequest request,
                     HttpServletResponse response,
                     String message,
                     StringManager smClient) throws IOException {

        if (debug >= 1) {
            log(sm.getString("hostManagerServlet.list", engine.getName()));
        }

        PrintWriter writer = response.getWriter();

        // HTML Header Section
        writer.print(org.apache.catalina.manager.Constants.HTML_HEADER_SECTION);

        // Body Header Section
        Object[] args = new Object[2];
        args[0] = request.getContextPath();
        args[1] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.title");
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format
                     (Constants.BODY_HEADER_SECTION, args));

        // Message Section
        args = new Object[3];
        args[0] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.messageLabel");
        if (message == null || message.length() == 0) {
            args[1] = "OK";
        } else {
            args[1] = RequestUtil.filter(message);
        }
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(Constants.MESSAGE_SECTION, args));

        // Manager Section
        args = new Object[9];
        args[0] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.manager");
        args[1] = response.encodeURL(request.getContextPath() + "/html/list");
        args[2] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.list");
        args[3] = response.encodeURL
            (request.getContextPath() + "/" +
             smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.helpHtmlManagerFile"));
        args[4] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.helpHtmlManager");
        args[5] = response.encodeURL
            (request.getContextPath() + "/" +
             smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.helpManagerFile"));
        args[6] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.helpManager");
        args[7] = response.encodeURL("/manager/status");
        args[8] = smClient.getString("statusServlet.title");
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(Constants.MANAGER_SECTION, args));

         // Hosts Header Section
        args = new Object[3];
        args[0] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.hostName");
        args[1] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.hostAliases");
        args[2] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.hostTasks");
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(HOSTS_HEADER_SECTION, args));

        // Hosts Row Section
        // Create sorted map of host names.
        Container[] children = engine.findChildren();
        String hostNames[] = new String[children.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < children.length; i++)
            hostNames[i] = children[i].getName();

        TreeMap<String,String> sortedHostNamesMap =
            new TreeMap<String,String>();

        for (int i = 0; i < hostNames.length; i++) {
            String displayPath = hostNames[i];
            sortedHostNamesMap.put(displayPath, hostNames[i]);
        }

        String hostsStart =
            smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.hostsStart");
        String hostsStop =
            smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.hostsStop");
        String hostsRemove =
            smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.hostsRemove");

        Iterator<Map.Entry<String,String>> iterator =
            sortedHostNamesMap.entrySet().iterator();
        while (iterator.hasNext()) {
            Map.Entry<String,String> entry = iterator.next();
            String hostName = entry.getKey();
            Host host = (Host) engine.findChild(hostName);

            if (host != null ) {
                args = new Object[2];
                args[0] = RequestUtil.filter(hostName);
                String[] aliases = host.findAliases();
                StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
                if (aliases.length > 0) {
                    buf.append(aliases[0]);
                    for (int j = 1; j < aliases.length; j++) {
                        buf.append(", ").append(aliases[j]);
                    }
                }

                if (buf.length() == 0) {
                    buf.append("&nbsp;");
                    args[1] = buf.toString();
                } else {
                    args[1] = RequestUtil.filter(buf.toString());
                }

                writer.print
                    (MessageFormat.format(HOSTS_ROW_DETAILS_SECTION, args));

                args = new Object[4];
                if (host.getState().isAvailable()) {
                    args[0] = response.encodeURL
                    (request.getContextPath() +
                     "/html/stop?name=" +
                     URLEncoder.encode(hostName, "UTF-8"));
                    args[1] = hostsStop;
                } else {
                    args[0] = response.encodeURL
                        (request.getContextPath() +
                         "/html/start?name=" +
                         URLEncoder.encode(hostName, "UTF-8"));
                    args[1] = hostsStart;
                }
                args[2] = response.encodeURL
                    (request.getContextPath() +
                     "/html/remove?name=" +
                     URLEncoder.encode(hostName, "UTF-8"));
                args[3] = hostsRemove;
                if (host == this.installedHost) {
                    writer.print(MessageFormat.format(
                        MANAGER_HOST_ROW_BUTTON_SECTION, args));
                } else {
                    writer.print(MessageFormat.format(
                        HOSTS_ROW_BUTTON_SECTION, args));
                }
            }
        }

        // Add Section
        args = new Object[6];
        args[0] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.addTitle");
        args[1] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.addHost");
        args[2] = response.encodeURL(request.getContextPath() + "/html/add");
        args[3] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.addName");
        args[4] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.addAliases");
        args[5] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.addAppBase");
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(ADD_SECTION_START, args));
 
        args = new Object[3];
        args[0] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.addAutoDeploy");
        args[1] = "autoDeploy";
        args[2] = "checked";
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(ADD_SECTION_BOOLEAN, args));
        args[0] = smClient.getString(
                "htmlHostManagerServlet.addDeployOnStartup");
        args[1] = "deployOnStartup";
        args[2] = "checked";
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(ADD_SECTION_BOOLEAN, args));
        args[0] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.addDeployXML");
        args[1] = "deployXML";
        args[2] = "checked";
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(ADD_SECTION_BOOLEAN, args));
        args[0] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.addUnpackWARs");
        args[1] = "unpackWARs";
        args[2] = "checked";
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(ADD_SECTION_BOOLEAN, args));

        args[0] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.addManager");
        args[1] = "manager";
        args[2] = "checked";
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(ADD_SECTION_BOOLEAN, args));

        args[0] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.addCopyXML");
        args[1] = "copyXML";
        args[2] = "";
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(ADD_SECTION_BOOLEAN, args));

        args = new Object[1];
        args[0] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.addButton");
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(ADD_SECTION_END, args));

        // Server Header Section
        args = new Object[7];
        args[0] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.serverTitle");
        args[1] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.serverVersion");
        args[2] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.serverJVMVersion");
        args[3] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.serverJVMVendor");
        args[4] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.serverOSName");
        args[5] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.serverOSVersion");
        args[6] = smClient.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.serverOSArch");
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format
                     (Constants.SERVER_HEADER_SECTION, args));

        // Server Row Section
        args = new Object[6];
        args[0] = ServerInfo.getServerInfo();
        args[1] = System.getProperty("java.runtime.version");
        args[2] = System.getProperty("java.vm.vendor");
        args[3] = System.getProperty("os.name");
        args[4] = System.getProperty("os.version");
        args[5] = System.getProperty("os.arch");
        writer.print(MessageFormat.format(Constants.SERVER_ROW_SECTION, args));

        // HTML Tail Section
        writer.print(Constants.HTML_TAIL_SECTION);

        // Finish up the response
        writer.flush();
        writer.close();
    }

    
    // ------------------------------------------------------ Private Constants

    // These HTML sections are broken in relatively small sections, because of
    // limited number of substitutions MessageFormat can process
    // (maximum of 10).

    private static final String HOSTS_HEADER_SECTION =
        "<table border=\"1\" cellspacing=\"0\" cellpadding=\"3\">\n" +
        "<tr>\n" +
        " <td colspan=\"5\" class=\"title\">{0}</td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n" +
        "<tr>\n" +
        " <td class=\"header-left\"><small>{0}</small></td>\n" +
        " <td class=\"header-center\"><small>{1}</small></td>\n" +
        " <td class=\"header-center\"><small>{2}</small></td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n";

    private static final String HOSTS_ROW_DETAILS_SECTION =
        "<tr>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-left\"><small><a href=\"http://{0}\">{0}</a>" +
        "</small></td>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-center\"><small>{1}</small></td>\n";

    private static final String MANAGER_HOST_ROW_BUTTON_SECTION =
        " <td class=\"row-left\">\n" +
        "  <small>\n" +
        sm.getString("htmlHostManagerServlet.hostThis") +
        "  </small>\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n";

    private static final String HOSTS_ROW_BUTTON_SECTION =
        " <td class=\"row-left\" NOWRAP>\n" +
        "  <form class=\"inline\" method=\"POST\" action=\"{0}\">" +
        "   <small><input type=\"submit\" value=\"{1}\"></small>" +
        "  </form>\n" +
        "  <form class=\"inline\" method=\"POST\" action=\"{2}\">" +
        "   <small><input type=\"submit\" value=\"{3}\"></small>" +
        "  </form>\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n";

    private static final String ADD_SECTION_START =
        "</table>\n" +
        "<br>\n" +
        "<table border=\"1\" cellspacing=\"0\" cellpadding=\"3\">\n" +
        "<tr>\n" +
        " <td colspan=\"2\" class=\"title\">{0}</td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n" +
        "<tr>\n" +
        " <td colspan=\"2\" class=\"header-left\"><small>{1}</small></td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n" +
        "<tr>\n" +
        " <td colspan=\"2\">\n" +
        "<form method=\"post\" action=\"{2}\">\n" +
        "<table cellspacing=\"0\" cellpadding=\"3\">\n" +
        "<tr>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-right\">\n" +
        "  <small>{3}</small>\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-left\">\n" +
        "  <input type=\"text\" name=\"name\" size=\"20\">\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n" +
        "<tr>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-right\">\n" +
        "  <small>{4}</small>\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-left\">\n" +
        "  <input type=\"text\" name=\"aliases\" size=\"64\">\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n" +
        "<tr>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-right\">\n" +
        "  <small>{5}</small>\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-left\">\n" +
        "  <input type=\"text\" name=\"appBase\" size=\"64\">\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n" ;
    
        private static final String ADD_SECTION_BOOLEAN =
        "<tr>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-right\">\n" +
        "  <small>{0}</small>\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-left\">\n" +
        "  <input type=\"checkbox\" name=\"{1}\" {2}>\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n" ;
        
        private static final String ADD_SECTION_END =
        "<tr>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-right\">\n" +
        "  &nbsp;\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        " <td class=\"row-left\">\n" +
        "  <input type=\"submit\" value=\"{0}\">\n" +
        " </td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n" +
         "</table>\n" +
        "</form>\n" +
        "</td>\n" +
        "</tr>\n" +
        "</table>\n" +
        "<br>\n" +
        "\n";

}