/*
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2008 Caucho Technology, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * The Apache Software License, Version 1.1
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. The end-user documentation included with the redistribution, if
 *    any, must include the following acknowlegement:
 *       "This product includes software developed by the
 *        Caucho Technology (http://www.caucho.com/)."
 *    Alternately, this acknowlegement may appear in the software itself,
 *    if and wherever such third-party acknowlegements normally appear.
 *
 * 4. The names "Hessian", "Resin", and "Caucho" must not be used to
 *    endorse or promote products derived from this software without prior
 *    written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    [email protected].
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "Resin"
 *    nor may "Resin" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of Caucho Technology.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED
 * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
 * DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL CAUCHO TECHNOLOGY OR ITS CONTRIBUTORS
 * BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY,
 * OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT
 * OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR
 * BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
 * WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE
 * OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN
 * IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * @author Scott Ferguson
 */

package com.caucho.hessian.micro;

import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.Date;

/**
 * Input stream for Hessian requests, compatible with microedition
 * Java.  It only uses classes and types available to J2ME.  In
 * particular, it does not have any support for the <double> type.
 *
 * <p>MicroHessianInput does not depend on any classes other than
 * in J2ME, so it can be extracted independently into a smaller package.
 *
 * <p>MicroHessianInput is unbuffered, so any client needs to provide
 * its own buffering.
 *
 * <pre>
 * InputStream is = ...; // from http connection
 * MicroHessianInput in = new MicroHessianInput(is);
 * String value;
 *
 * in.startReply();         // read reply header
 * value = in.readString(); // read string value
 * in.completeReply();      // read reply footer
 * </pre>
 */
public class MicroHessianInput {
    protected InputStream is;

    /**
     * Creates a new Hessian input stream, initialized with an
     * underlying input stream.
     *
     * @param is the underlying input stream.
     */
    public MicroHessianInput(InputStream is)
    {
        init(is);
    }

    /**
     * Creates an uninitialized Hessian input stream.
     */
    public MicroHessianInput()
    {
    }

    /**
     * Initialize the hessian stream with the underlying input stream.
     */
    public void init(InputStream is)
    {
        this.is = is;
    }

    /**
     * Starts reading the reply
     *
     * <p>A successful completion will have a single value:
     *
     * <pre>
     * r x01 x00
     * </pre>
     */
    public void startReply()
        throws IOException
    {
        int tag = is.read();

        if (tag != 'r')
            protocolException("expected hessian reply");

        int major = is.read();
        int minor = is.read();
    }

    /**
     * Completes reading the call
     *
     * <p>A successful completion will have a single value:
     *
     * <pre>
     * z
     * </pre>
     */
    public void completeReply()
        throws IOException
    {
        int tag = is.read();

        if (tag != 'z')
            protocolException("expected end of reply");
    }

    /**
     * Reads a boolean
     *
     * <pre>
     * T
     * F
     * </pre>
     */
    public boolean readBoolean()
        throws IOException
    {
        int tag = is.read();

        switch (tag) {
            case 'T':
                return true;
            case 'F':
                return false;
            default:
                throw expect("boolean", tag);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Reads an integer
     *
     * <pre>
     * I b32 b24 b16 b8
     * </pre>
     */
    public int readInt()
        throws IOException
    {
        int tag = is.read();

        if (tag != 'I')
            throw expect("integer", tag);

        int b32 = is.read();
        int b24 = is.read();
        int b16 = is.read();
        int b8 = is.read();

        return (b32 << 24) + (b24 << 16) + (b16 << 8) + b8;
    }

    /**
     * Reads a long
     *
     * <pre>
     * L b64 b56 b48 b40 b32 b24 b16 b8
     * </pre>
     */
    public long readLong()
        throws IOException
    {
        int tag = is.read();

        if (tag != 'L')
            throw protocolException("expected long");

        long b64 = is.read();
        long b56 = is.read();
        long b48 = is.read();
        long b40 = is.read();
        long b32 = is.read();
        long b24 = is.read();
        long b16 = is.read();
        long b8 = is.read();

        return ((b64 << 56) +
            (b56 << 48) +
            (b48 << 40) +
            (b40 << 32) +
            (b32 << 24) +
            (b24 << 16) +
            (b16 << 8) + b8);
    }

    /**
     * Reads a date.
     *
     * <pre>
     * T b64 b56 b48 b40 b32 b24 b16 b8
     * </pre>
     */
    public long readUTCDate()
        throws IOException
    {
        int tag = is.read();

        if (tag != 'd')
            throw protocolException("expected date");

        long b64 = is.read();
        long b56 = is.read();
        long b48 = is.read();
        long b40 = is.read();
        long b32 = is.read();
        long b24 = is.read();
        long b16 = is.read();
        long b8 = is.read();

        return ((b64 << 56) +
            (b56 << 48) +
            (b48 << 40) +
            (b40 << 32) +
            (b32 << 24) +
            (b24 << 16) +
            (b16 << 8) + b8);
    }

    /**
     * Reads a string
     *
     * <pre>
     * S b16 b8 string value
     * </pre>
     */
    public String readString()
        throws IOException
    {
        int tag = is.read();

        if (tag == 'N')
            return null;

        if (tag != 'S')
            throw expect("string", tag);

        int b16 = is.read();
        int b8 = is.read();

        int len = (b16 << 8) + b8;

        return readStringImpl(len);
    }

    /**
     * Reads a byte array
     *
     * <pre>
     * B b16 b8 data value
     * </pre>
     */
    public byte[] readBytes()
        throws IOException
    {
        int tag = is.read();

        if (tag == 'N')
            return null;

        if (tag != 'B')
            throw expect("bytes", tag);

        int b16 = is.read();
        int b8 = is.read();

        int len = (b16 << 8) + b8;

        ByteArrayOutputStream bos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();

        for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
            bos.write(is.read());

        return bos.toByteArray();
    }

    /**
     * Reads an arbitrary object the input stream.
     */
    public Object readObject(Class expectedClass)
        throws IOException
    {
        int tag = is.read();

        switch (tag) {
            case 'N':
                return null;

            case 'T':
                return new Boolean(true);

            case 'F':
                return new Boolean(false);

            case 'I': {
                int b32 = is.read();
                int b24 = is.read();
                int b16 = is.read();
                int b8 = is.read();

                return new Integer((b32 << 24) + (b24 << 16) + (b16 << 8) + b8);
            }

            case 'L': {
                long b64 = is.read();
                long b56 = is.read();
                long b48 = is.read();
                long b40 = is.read();
                long b32 = is.read();
                long b24 = is.read();
                long b16 = is.read();
                long b8 = is.read();

                return new Long((b64 << 56) +
                    (b56 << 48) +
                    (b48 << 40) +
                    (b40 << 32) +
                    (b32 << 24) +
                    (b24 << 16) +
                    (b16 << 8) +
                    b8);
            }

            case 'd': {
                long b64 = is.read();
                long b56 = is.read();
                long b48 = is.read();
                long b40 = is.read();
                long b32 = is.read();
                long b24 = is.read();
                long b16 = is.read();
                long b8 = is.read();

                return new Date((b64 << 56) +
                    (b56 << 48) +
                    (b48 << 40) +
                    (b40 << 32) +
                    (b32 << 24) +
                    (b24 << 16) +
                    (b16 << 8) +
                    b8);
            }

            case 'S':
            case 'X': {
                int b16 = is.read();
                int b8 = is.read();

                int len = (b16 << 8) + b8;

                return readStringImpl(len);
            }

            case 'B': {
                if (tag != 'B')
                    throw expect("bytes", tag);

                int b16 = is.read();
                int b8 = is.read();

                int len = (b16 << 8) + b8;

                ByteArrayOutputStream bos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();

                for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
                    bos.write(is.read());

                return bos.toByteArray();
            }
            default:
                throw new IOException("unknown code:" + (char) tag);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Reads a string from the underlying stream.
     */
    protected String readStringImpl(int length)
        throws IOException
    {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();

        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
            int ch = is.read();

            if (ch < 0x80)
                sb.append((char) ch);
            else if ((ch & 0xe0) == 0xc0) {
                int ch1 = is.read();
                int v = ((ch & 0x1f) << 6) + (ch1 & 0x3f);

                sb.append((char) v);
            }
            else if ((ch & 0xf0) == 0xe0) {
                int ch1 = is.read();
                int ch2 = is.read();
                int v = ((ch & 0x0f) << 12) + ((ch1 & 0x3f) << 6) + (ch2 & 0x3f);

                sb.append((char) v);
            }
            else
                throw new IOException("bad utf-8 encoding");
        }

        return sb.toString();
    }

    protected IOException expect(String expect, int ch)
    {
        if (ch < 0)
            return protocolException("expected " + expect + " at end of file");
        else
            return protocolException("expected " + expect + " at " + (char) ch);
    }

    protected IOException protocolException(String message)
    {
        return new IOException(message);
    }
}