/*
 * Copyright (C) 2009 The Guava Authors
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package com.google.common.collect;

import static com.google.common.base.Preconditions.checkArgument;
import static com.google.common.base.Preconditions.checkNotNull;
import static com.google.common.collect.CollectPreconditions.checkEntryNotNull;
import static com.google.common.collect.Maps.keyOrNull;

import com.google.common.annotations.Beta;
import com.google.common.annotations.GwtCompatible;
import com.google.errorprone.annotations.CanIgnoreReturnValue;
import com.google.j2objc.annotations.WeakOuter;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Comparator;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;
import java.util.NavigableMap;
import java.util.SortedMap;
import java.util.Spliterator;
import java.util.TreeMap;
import java.util.function.BiConsumer;
import java.util.function.BinaryOperator;
import java.util.function.Consumer;
import java.util.function.Function;
import java.util.stream.Collector;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;
import javax.annotation.Nullable;

/**
 * A {@link NavigableMap} whose contents will never change, with many other important properties
 * detailed at {@link ImmutableCollection}.
 *
 * <p><b>Warning:</b> as with any sorted collection, you are strongly advised not to use a {@link
 * Comparator} or {@link Comparable} type whose comparison behavior is <i>inconsistent with
 * equals</i>. That is, {@code a.compareTo(b)} or {@code comparator.compare(a, b)} should equal zero
 * <i>if and only if</i> {@code a.equals(b)}. If this advice is not followed, the resulting map will
 * not correctly obey its specification.
 *
 * <p>See the Guava User Guide article on <a href=
 * "https://github.com/google/guava/wiki/ImmutableCollectionsExplained">
 * immutable collections</a>.
 *
 * @author Jared Levy
 * @author Louis Wasserman
 * @since 2.0 (implements {@code NavigableMap} since 12.0)
 */
@GwtCompatible(serializable = true, emulated = true)
public final class ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> extends ImmutableSortedMapFauxverideShim<K, V>
    implements NavigableMap<K, V> {
  /**
   * Returns a {@link Collector} that accumulates elements into an {@code ImmutableSortedMap}
   * whose keys and values are the result of applying the provided mapping functions to the input
   * elements.  The generated map is sorted by the specified comparator.
   *
   * <p>If the mapped keys contain duplicates (according to the specified comparator), an
   * {@code IllegalArgumentException} is thrown when the collection operation is performed.
   * (This differs from the {@code Collector} returned by
   * {@link Collectors#toMap(Function, Function)}, which throws an {@code IllegalStateException}.)
   *
   * @since 21.0
   */
  @Beta
  public static <T, K, V> Collector<T, ?, ImmutableSortedMap<K, V>> toImmutableSortedMap(
      Comparator<? super K> comparator,
      Function<? super T, ? extends K> keyFunction,
      Function<? super T, ? extends V> valueFunction) {
    return CollectCollectors.toImmutableSortedMap(comparator, keyFunction, valueFunction);
  }
  
  /**
   * Returns a {@link Collector} that accumulates elements into an {@code ImmutableSortedMap} whose
   * keys and values are the result of applying the provided mapping functions to the input
   * elements.
   *
   * <p>If the mapped keys contain duplicates (according to the comparator), the the values are
   * merged using the specified merging function. Entries will appear in the encounter order of the
   * first occurrence of the key.
   *
   * @since 21.0
   */
  @Beta
  public static <T, K, V> Collector<T, ?, ImmutableSortedMap<K, V>> toImmutableSortedMap(
      Comparator<? super K> comparator,
      Function<? super T, ? extends K> keyFunction,
      Function<? super T, ? extends V> valueFunction,
      BinaryOperator<V> mergeFunction) {
    checkNotNull(comparator);
    checkNotNull(keyFunction);
    checkNotNull(valueFunction);
    checkNotNull(mergeFunction);
    return Collectors.collectingAndThen(
        Collectors.toMap(
            keyFunction, valueFunction, mergeFunction, () -> new TreeMap<K, V>(comparator)),
        ImmutableSortedMap::copyOfSorted);
  }

  /*
   * TODO(kevinb): Confirm that ImmutableSortedMap is faster to construct and
   * uses less memory than TreeMap; then say so in the class Javadoc.
   */
  private static final Comparator<Comparable> NATURAL_ORDER = Ordering.natural();

  private static final ImmutableSortedMap<Comparable, Object> NATURAL_EMPTY_MAP =
      new ImmutableSortedMap<Comparable, Object>(
          ImmutableSortedSet.emptySet(Ordering.natural()), ImmutableList.<Object>of());

  static <K, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> emptyMap(Comparator<? super K> comparator) {
    if (Ordering.natural().equals(comparator)) {
      return of();
    } else {
      return new ImmutableSortedMap<K, V>(
          ImmutableSortedSet.emptySet(comparator), ImmutableList.<V>of());
    }
  }

  /**
   * Returns the empty sorted map.
   */
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  // unsafe, comparator() returns a comparator on the specified type
  // TODO(kevinb): evaluate whether or not of().comparator() should return null
  public static <K, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> of() {
    return (ImmutableSortedMap<K, V>) NATURAL_EMPTY_MAP;
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable map containing a single entry.
   */
  public static <K extends Comparable<? super K>, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> of(K k1, V v1) {
    return of(Ordering.natural(), k1, v1);
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable map containing a single entry.
   */
  private static <K, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> of(Comparator<? super K> comparator, K k1, V v1) {
    return new ImmutableSortedMap<K, V>(
        new RegularImmutableSortedSet<K>(ImmutableList.of(k1), checkNotNull(comparator)),
        ImmutableList.of(v1));
  }

  private static <K extends Comparable<? super K>, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> ofEntries(
      ImmutableMapEntry<K, V>... entries) {
    return fromEntries(Ordering.natural(), false, entries, entries.length);
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable sorted map containing the given entries, sorted by the
   * natural ordering of their keys.
   *
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the two keys are equal according to
   *     their natural ordering
   */
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  public static <K extends Comparable<? super K>, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> of(
      K k1, V v1, K k2, V v2) {
    return ofEntries(entryOf(k1, v1), entryOf(k2, v2));
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable sorted map containing the given entries, sorted by the
   * natural ordering of their keys.
   *
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if any two keys are equal according to
   *     their natural ordering
   */
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  public static <K extends Comparable<? super K>, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> of(
      K k1, V v1, K k2, V v2, K k3, V v3) {
    return ofEntries(entryOf(k1, v1), entryOf(k2, v2), entryOf(k3, v3));
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable sorted map containing the given entries, sorted by the
   * natural ordering of their keys.
   *
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if any two keys are equal according to
   *     their natural ordering
   */
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  public static <K extends Comparable<? super K>, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> of(
      K k1, V v1, K k2, V v2, K k3, V v3, K k4, V v4) {
    return ofEntries(entryOf(k1, v1), entryOf(k2, v2), entryOf(k3, v3), entryOf(k4, v4));
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable sorted map containing the given entries, sorted by the
   * natural ordering of their keys.
   *
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if any two keys are equal according to
   *     their natural ordering
   */
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  public static <K extends Comparable<? super K>, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> of(
      K k1, V v1, K k2, V v2, K k3, V v3, K k4, V v4, K k5, V v5) {
    return ofEntries(
        entryOf(k1, v1), entryOf(k2, v2), entryOf(k3, v3), entryOf(k4, v4), entryOf(k5, v5));
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable map containing the same entries as {@code map}, sorted
   * by the natural ordering of the keys.
   *
   * <p>Despite the method name, this method attempts to avoid actually copying
   * the data when it is safe to do so. The exact circumstances under which a
   * copy will or will not be performed are undocumented and subject to change.
   *
   * <p>This method is not type-safe, as it may be called on a map with keys
   * that are not mutually comparable.
   *
   * @throws ClassCastException if the keys in {@code map} are not mutually
   *         comparable
   * @throws NullPointerException if any key or value in {@code map} is null
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if any two keys are equal according to
   *         their natural ordering
   */
  public static <K, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> copyOf(Map<? extends K, ? extends V> map) {
    // Hack around K not being a subtype of Comparable.
    // Unsafe, see ImmutableSortedSetFauxverideShim.
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    Ordering<K> naturalOrder = (Ordering<K>) NATURAL_ORDER;
    return copyOfInternal(map, naturalOrder);
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable map containing the same entries as {@code map}, with
   * keys sorted by the provided comparator.
   *
   * <p>Despite the method name, this method attempts to avoid actually copying
   * the data when it is safe to do so. The exact circumstances under which a
   * copy will or will not be performed are undocumented and subject to change.
   *
   * @throws NullPointerException if any key or value in {@code map} is null
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if any two keys are equal according to the
   *         comparator
   */
  public static <K, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> copyOf(
      Map<? extends K, ? extends V> map, Comparator<? super K> comparator) {
    return copyOfInternal(map, checkNotNull(comparator));
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable map containing the given entries, with keys sorted
   * by the provided comparator.
   *
   * <p>This method is not type-safe, as it may be called on a map with keys
   * that are not mutually comparable.
   *
   * @throws NullPointerException if any key or value in {@code map} is null
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if any two keys are equal according to the
   *         comparator
   * @since 19.0
   */
  @Beta
  public static <K, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> copyOf(
      Iterable<? extends Entry<? extends K, ? extends V>> entries) {
    // Hack around K not being a subtype of Comparable.
    // Unsafe, see ImmutableSortedSetFauxverideShim.
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    Ordering<K> naturalOrder = (Ordering<K>) NATURAL_ORDER;
    return copyOf(entries, naturalOrder);
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable map containing the given entries, with keys sorted
   * by the provided comparator.
   *
   * @throws NullPointerException if any key or value in {@code map} is null
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if any two keys are equal according to the
   *         comparator
   * @since 19.0
   */
  @Beta
  public static <K, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> copyOf(
      Iterable<? extends Entry<? extends K, ? extends V>> entries,
      Comparator<? super K> comparator) {
    return fromEntries(checkNotNull(comparator), false, entries);
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable map containing the same entries as the provided sorted
   * map, with the same ordering.
   *
   * <p>Despite the method name, this method attempts to avoid actually copying
   * the data when it is safe to do so. The exact circumstances under which a
   * copy will or will not be performed are undocumented and subject to change.
   *
   * @throws NullPointerException if any key or value in {@code map} is null
   */
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  public static <K, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> copyOfSorted(SortedMap<K, ? extends V> map) {
    Comparator<? super K> comparator = map.comparator();
    if (comparator == null) {
      // If map has a null comparator, the keys should have a natural ordering,
      // even though K doesn't explicitly implement Comparable.
      comparator = (Comparator<? super K>) NATURAL_ORDER;
    }
    if (map instanceof ImmutableSortedMap) {
      // TODO(kevinb): Prove that this cast is safe, even though
      // Collections.unmodifiableSortedMap requires the same key type.
      @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
      ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> kvMap = (ImmutableSortedMap<K, V>) map;
      if (!kvMap.isPartialView()) {
        return kvMap;
      }
    }
    return fromEntries(comparator, true, map.entrySet());
  }

  private static <K, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> copyOfInternal(
      Map<? extends K, ? extends V> map, Comparator<? super K> comparator) {
    boolean sameComparator = false;
    if (map instanceof SortedMap) {
      SortedMap<?, ?> sortedMap = (SortedMap<?, ?>) map;
      Comparator<?> comparator2 = sortedMap.comparator();
      sameComparator =
          (comparator2 == null)
              ? comparator == NATURAL_ORDER
              : comparator.equals(comparator2);
    }

    if (sameComparator && (map instanceof ImmutableSortedMap)) {
      // TODO(kevinb): Prove that this cast is safe, even though
      // Collections.unmodifiableSortedMap requires the same key type.
      @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
      ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> kvMap = (ImmutableSortedMap<K, V>) map;
      if (!kvMap.isPartialView()) {
        return kvMap;
      }
    }
    return fromEntries(comparator, sameComparator, map.entrySet());
  }

  /**
   * Accepts a collection of possibly-null entries.  If {@code sameComparator}, then it is assumed
   * that they do not need to be sorted or checked for dupes.
   */
  private static <K, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> fromEntries(
      Comparator<? super K> comparator,
      boolean sameComparator,
      Iterable<? extends Entry<? extends K, ? extends V>> entries) {
    // "adding" type params to an array of a raw type should be safe as
    // long as no one can ever cast that same array instance back to a
    // raw type.
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    Entry<K, V>[] entryArray = (Entry[]) Iterables.toArray(entries, EMPTY_ENTRY_ARRAY);
    return fromEntries(comparator, sameComparator, entryArray, entryArray.length);
  }

  private static <K, V> ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> fromEntries(
      Comparator<? super K> comparator,
      boolean sameComparator,
      Entry<K, V>[] entryArray,
      int size) {
    switch (size) {
      case 0:
        return emptyMap(comparator);
      case 1:
        return ImmutableSortedMap.<K, V>of(
            comparator, entryArray[0].getKey(), entryArray[0].getValue());
      default:
        Object[] keys = new Object[size];
        Object[] values = new Object[size];
        if (sameComparator) {
          // Need to check for nulls, but don't need to sort or validate.
          for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            Object key = entryArray[i].getKey();
            Object value = entryArray[i].getValue();
            checkEntryNotNull(key, value);
            keys[i] = key;
            values[i] = value;
          }
        } else {
          // Need to sort and check for nulls and dupes.
          Arrays.sort(entryArray, 0, size, Ordering.from(comparator).<K>onKeys());
          K prevKey = entryArray[0].getKey();
          keys[0] = prevKey;
          values[0] = entryArray[0].getValue();
          for (int i = 1; i < size; i++) {
            K key = entryArray[i].getKey();
            V value = entryArray[i].getValue();
            checkEntryNotNull(key, value);
            keys[i] = key;
            values[i] = value;
            checkNoConflict(
                comparator.compare(prevKey, key) != 0, "key", entryArray[i - 1], entryArray[i]);
            prevKey = key;
          }
        }
        return new ImmutableSortedMap<K, V>(
            new RegularImmutableSortedSet<K>(new RegularImmutableList<K>(keys), comparator),
            new RegularImmutableList<V>(values));
    }
  }

  /**
   * Returns a builder that creates immutable sorted maps whose keys are
   * ordered by their natural ordering. The sorted maps use {@link
   * Ordering#natural()} as the comparator.
   */
  public static <K extends Comparable<?>, V> Builder<K, V> naturalOrder() {
    return new Builder<K, V>(Ordering.natural());
  }

  /**
   * Returns a builder that creates immutable sorted maps with an explicit
   * comparator. If the comparator has a more general type than the map's keys,
   * such as creating a {@code SortedMap<Integer, String>} with a {@code
   * Comparator<Number>}, use the {@link Builder} constructor instead.
   *
   * @throws NullPointerException if {@code comparator} is null
   */
  public static <K, V> Builder<K, V> orderedBy(Comparator<K> comparator) {
    return new Builder<K, V>(comparator);
  }

  /**
   * Returns a builder that creates immutable sorted maps whose keys are
   * ordered by the reverse of their natural ordering.
   */
  public static <K extends Comparable<?>, V> Builder<K, V> reverseOrder() {
    return new Builder<K, V>(Ordering.natural().reverse());
  }

  /**
   * A builder for creating immutable sorted map instances, especially {@code
   * public static final} maps ("constant maps"). Example: <pre>   {@code
   *
   *   static final ImmutableSortedMap<Integer, String> INT_TO_WORD =
   *       new ImmutableSortedMap.Builder<Integer, String>(Ordering.natural())
   *           .put(1, "one")
   *           .put(2, "two")
   *           .put(3, "three")
   *           .build();}</pre>
   *
   * <p>For <i>small</i> immutable sorted maps, the {@code ImmutableSortedMap.of()}
   * methods are even more convenient.
   *
   * <p>Builder instances can be reused - it is safe to call {@link #build}
   * multiple times to build multiple maps in series. Each map is a superset of
   * the maps created before it.
   *
   * @since 2.0
   */
  public static class Builder<K, V> extends ImmutableMap.Builder<K, V> {
    private final Comparator<? super K> comparator;

    /**
     * Creates a new builder. The returned builder is equivalent to the builder
     * generated by {@link ImmutableSortedMap#orderedBy}.
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public Builder(Comparator<? super K> comparator) {
      this.comparator = checkNotNull(comparator);
    }

    /**
     * Associates {@code key} with {@code value} in the built map. Duplicate
     * keys, according to the comparator (which might be the keys' natural
     * order), are not allowed, and will cause {@link #build} to fail.
     */
    @CanIgnoreReturnValue
    @Override
    public Builder<K, V> put(K key, V value) {
      super.put(key, value);
      return this;
    }

    /**
     * Adds the given {@code entry} to the map, making it immutable if
     * necessary. Duplicate keys, according to the comparator (which might be
     * the keys' natural order), are not allowed, and will cause {@link #build}
     * to fail.
     *
     * @since 11.0
     */
    @CanIgnoreReturnValue
    @Override
    public Builder<K, V> put(Entry<? extends K, ? extends V> entry) {
      super.put(entry);
      return this;
    }

    /**
     * Associates all of the given map's keys and values in the built map.
     * Duplicate keys, according to the comparator (which might be the keys'
     * natural order), are not allowed, and will cause {@link #build} to fail.
     *
     * @throws NullPointerException if any key or value in {@code map} is null
     */
    @CanIgnoreReturnValue
    @Override
    public Builder<K, V> putAll(Map<? extends K, ? extends V> map) {
      super.putAll(map);
      return this;
    }

    /**
     * Adds all the given entries to the built map.  Duplicate keys, according
     * to the comparator (which might be the keys' natural order), are not
     * allowed, and will cause {@link #build} to fail.
     *
     * @throws NullPointerException if any key, value, or entry is null
     * @since 19.0
     */
    @CanIgnoreReturnValue
    @Beta
    @Override
    public Builder<K, V> putAll(Iterable<? extends Entry<? extends K, ? extends V>> entries) {
      super.putAll(entries);
      return this;
    }

    /**
     * Throws an {@code UnsupportedOperationException}.
     *
     * @since 19.0
     * @deprecated Unsupported by ImmutableSortedMap.Builder.
     */
    @CanIgnoreReturnValue
    @Beta
    @Override
    @Deprecated
    public Builder<K, V> orderEntriesByValue(Comparator<? super V> valueComparator) {
      throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not available on ImmutableSortedMap.Builder");
    }

    @Override
    Builder<K, V> combine(ImmutableMap.Builder<K, V> other) {
      super.combine(other);
      return this;
    }

    /**
     * Returns a newly-created immutable sorted map.
     *
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if any two keys are equal according to
     *     the comparator (which might be the keys' natural order)
     */
    @Override
    public ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> build() {
      switch (size) {
        case 0:
          return emptyMap(comparator);
        case 1:
          return of(comparator, entries[0].getKey(), entries[0].getValue());
        default:
          return fromEntries(comparator, false, entries, size);
      }
    }
  }

  private final transient RegularImmutableSortedSet<K> keySet;
  private final transient ImmutableList<V> valueList;
  private transient ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> descendingMap;

  ImmutableSortedMap(RegularImmutableSortedSet<K> keySet, ImmutableList<V> valueList) {
    this(keySet, valueList, null);
  }

  ImmutableSortedMap(
      RegularImmutableSortedSet<K> keySet,
      ImmutableList<V> valueList,
      ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> descendingMap) {
    this.keySet = keySet;
    this.valueList = valueList;
    this.descendingMap = descendingMap;
  }

  @Override
  public int size() {
    return valueList.size();
  }

  @Override
  public void forEach(BiConsumer<? super K, ? super V> action) {
    checkNotNull(action);
    ImmutableList<K> keyList = keySet.asList();
    for (int i = 0; i < size(); i++) {
      action.accept(keyList.get(i), valueList.get(i));
    }
  }

  @Override
  public V get(@Nullable Object key) {
    int index = keySet.indexOf(key);
    return (index == -1) ? null : valueList.get(index);
  }

  @Override
  boolean isPartialView() {
    return keySet.isPartialView() || valueList.isPartialView();
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable set of the mappings in this map, sorted by the key
   * ordering.
   */
  @Override
  public ImmutableSet<Entry<K, V>> entrySet() {
    return super.entrySet();
  }

  @Override
  ImmutableSet<Entry<K, V>> createEntrySet() {
    @WeakOuter
    class EntrySet extends ImmutableMapEntrySet<K, V> {
      @Override
      public UnmodifiableIterator<Entry<K, V>> iterator() {
        return asList().iterator();
      }

      @Override
      public Spliterator<Entry<K, V>> spliterator() {
        return asList().spliterator();
      }

      @Override
      public void forEach(Consumer<? super Entry<K, V>> action) {
        asList().forEach(action);
      }

      @Override
      ImmutableList<Entry<K, V>> createAsList() {
        return new ImmutableAsList<Entry<K, V>>() {
          @Override
          public Entry<K, V> get(int index) {
            return Maps.immutableEntry(keySet.asList().get(index), valueList.get(index));
          }

          @Override
          public Spliterator<Entry<K, V>> spliterator() {
            return CollectSpliterators.indexed(
                size(), ImmutableSet.SPLITERATOR_CHARACTERISTICS, this::get);
          }

          @Override
          ImmutableCollection<Entry<K, V>> delegateCollection() {
            return EntrySet.this;
          }
        };
      }

      @Override
      ImmutableMap<K, V> map() {
        return ImmutableSortedMap.this;
      }
    }
    return isEmpty() ? ImmutableSet.<Entry<K, V>>of() : new EntrySet();
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable sorted set of the keys in this map.
   */
  @Override
  public ImmutableSortedSet<K> keySet() {
    return keySet;
  }

  /**
   * Returns an immutable collection of the values in this map, sorted by the
   * ordering of the corresponding keys.
   */
  @Override
  public ImmutableCollection<V> values() {
    return valueList;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the comparator that orders the keys, which is
   * {@link Ordering#natural()} when the natural ordering of the keys is used.
   * Note that its behavior is not consistent with {@link TreeMap#comparator()},
   * which returns {@code null} to indicate natural ordering.
   */
  @Override
  public Comparator<? super K> comparator() {
    return keySet().comparator();
  }

  @Override
  public K firstKey() {
    return keySet().first();
  }

  @Override
  public K lastKey() {
    return keySet().last();
  }

  private ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> getSubMap(int fromIndex, int toIndex) {
    if (fromIndex == 0 && toIndex == size()) {
      return this;
    } else if (fromIndex == toIndex) {
      return emptyMap(comparator());
    } else {
      return new ImmutableSortedMap<K, V>(
          keySet.getSubSet(fromIndex, toIndex), valueList.subList(fromIndex, toIndex));
    }
  }

  /**
   * This method returns a {@code ImmutableSortedMap}, consisting of the entries
   * whose keys are less than {@code toKey}.
   *
   * <p>The {@link SortedMap#headMap} documentation states that a submap of a
   * submap throws an {@link IllegalArgumentException} if passed a {@code toKey}
   * greater than an earlier {@code toKey}. However, this method doesn't throw
   * an exception in that situation, but instead keeps the original {@code
   * toKey}.
   */
  @Override
  public ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> headMap(K toKey) {
    return headMap(toKey, false);
  }

  /**
   * This method returns a {@code ImmutableSortedMap}, consisting of the entries
   * whose keys are less than (or equal to, if {@code inclusive}) {@code toKey}.
   *
   * <p>The {@link SortedMap#headMap} documentation states that a submap of a
   * submap throws an {@link IllegalArgumentException} if passed a {@code toKey}
   * greater than an earlier {@code toKey}. However, this method doesn't throw
   * an exception in that situation, but instead keeps the original {@code
   * toKey}.
   *
   * @since 12.0
   */
  @Override
  public ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> headMap(K toKey, boolean inclusive) {
    return getSubMap(0, keySet.headIndex(checkNotNull(toKey), inclusive));
  }

  /**
   * This method returns a {@code ImmutableSortedMap}, consisting of the entries
   * whose keys ranges from {@code fromKey}, inclusive, to {@code toKey},
   * exclusive.
   *
   * <p>The {@link SortedMap#subMap} documentation states that a submap of a
   * submap throws an {@link IllegalArgumentException} if passed a {@code
   * fromKey} less than an earlier {@code fromKey}. However, this method doesn't
   * throw an exception in that situation, but instead keeps the original {@code
   * fromKey}. Similarly, this method keeps the original {@code toKey}, instead
   * of throwing an exception, if passed a {@code toKey} greater than an earlier
   * {@code toKey}.
   */
  @Override
  public ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> subMap(K fromKey, K toKey) {
    return subMap(fromKey, true, toKey, false);
  }

  /**
   * This method returns a {@code ImmutableSortedMap}, consisting of the entries
   * whose keys ranges from {@code fromKey} to {@code toKey}, inclusive or
   * exclusive as indicated by the boolean flags.
   *
   * <p>The {@link SortedMap#subMap} documentation states that a submap of a
   * submap throws an {@link IllegalArgumentException} if passed a {@code
   * fromKey} less than an earlier {@code fromKey}. However, this method doesn't
   * throw an exception in that situation, but instead keeps the original {@code
   * fromKey}. Similarly, this method keeps the original {@code toKey}, instead
   * of throwing an exception, if passed a {@code toKey} greater than an earlier
   * {@code toKey}.
   *
   * @since 12.0
   */
  @Override
  public ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> subMap(
      K fromKey, boolean fromInclusive, K toKey, boolean toInclusive) {
    checkNotNull(fromKey);
    checkNotNull(toKey);
    checkArgument(
        comparator().compare(fromKey, toKey) <= 0,
        "expected fromKey <= toKey but %s > %s",
        fromKey,
        toKey);
    return headMap(toKey, toInclusive).tailMap(fromKey, fromInclusive);
  }

  /**
   * This method returns a {@code ImmutableSortedMap}, consisting of the entries
   * whose keys are greater than or equals to {@code fromKey}.
   *
   * <p>The {@link SortedMap#tailMap} documentation states that a submap of a
   * submap throws an {@link IllegalArgumentException} if passed a {@code
   * fromKey} less than an earlier {@code fromKey}. However, this method doesn't
   * throw an exception in that situation, but instead keeps the original {@code
   * fromKey}.
   */
  @Override
  public ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> tailMap(K fromKey) {
    return tailMap(fromKey, true);
  }

  /**
   * This method returns a {@code ImmutableSortedMap}, consisting of the entries
   * whose keys are greater than (or equal to, if {@code inclusive})
   * {@code fromKey}.
   *
   * <p>The {@link SortedMap#tailMap} documentation states that a submap of a
   * submap throws an {@link IllegalArgumentException} if passed a {@code
   * fromKey} less than an earlier {@code fromKey}. However, this method doesn't
   * throw an exception in that situation, but instead keeps the original {@code
   * fromKey}.
   *
   * @since 12.0
   */
  @Override
  public ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> tailMap(K fromKey, boolean inclusive) {
    return getSubMap(keySet.tailIndex(checkNotNull(fromKey), inclusive), size());
  }

  @Override
  public Entry<K, V> lowerEntry(K key) {
    return headMap(key, false).lastEntry();
  }

  @Override
  public K lowerKey(K key) {
    return keyOrNull(lowerEntry(key));
  }

  @Override
  public Entry<K, V> floorEntry(K key) {
    return headMap(key, true).lastEntry();
  }

  @Override
  public K floorKey(K key) {
    return keyOrNull(floorEntry(key));
  }

  @Override
  public Entry<K, V> ceilingEntry(K key) {
    return tailMap(key, true).firstEntry();
  }

  @Override
  public K ceilingKey(K key) {
    return keyOrNull(ceilingEntry(key));
  }

  @Override
  public Entry<K, V> higherEntry(K key) {
    return tailMap(key, false).firstEntry();
  }

  @Override
  public K higherKey(K key) {
    return keyOrNull(higherEntry(key));
  }

  @Override
  public Entry<K, V> firstEntry() {
    return isEmpty() ? null : entrySet().asList().get(0);
  }

  @Override
  public Entry<K, V> lastEntry() {
    return isEmpty() ? null : entrySet().asList().get(size() - 1);
  }

  /**
   * Guaranteed to throw an exception and leave the map unmodified.
   *
   * @throws UnsupportedOperationException always
   * @deprecated Unsupported operation.
   */
  @CanIgnoreReturnValue
  @Deprecated
  @Override
  public final Entry<K, V> pollFirstEntry() {
    throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
  }

  /**
   * Guaranteed to throw an exception and leave the map unmodified.
   *
   * @throws UnsupportedOperationException always
   * @deprecated Unsupported operation.
   */
  @CanIgnoreReturnValue
  @Deprecated
  @Override
  public final Entry<K, V> pollLastEntry() {
    throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
  }

  @Override
  public ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> descendingMap() {
    // TODO(kevinb): the descendingMap is never actually cached at all. Either it should be or the
    // code below simplified.
    ImmutableSortedMap<K, V> result = descendingMap;
    if (result == null) {
      if (isEmpty()) {
        return result = emptyMap(Ordering.from(comparator()).reverse());
      } else {
        return result =
            new ImmutableSortedMap<K, V>(
                (RegularImmutableSortedSet<K>) keySet.descendingSet(), valueList.reverse(), this);
      }
    }
    return result;
  }

  @Override
  public ImmutableSortedSet<K> navigableKeySet() {
    return keySet;
  }

  @Override
  public ImmutableSortedSet<K> descendingKeySet() {
    return keySet.descendingSet();
  }

  /**
   * Serialized type for all ImmutableSortedMap instances. It captures the
   * logical contents and they are reconstructed using public factory methods.
   * This ensures that the implementation types remain as implementation
   * details.
   */
  private static class SerializedForm extends ImmutableMap.SerializedForm {
    private final Comparator<Object> comparator;

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    SerializedForm(ImmutableSortedMap<?, ?> sortedMap) {
      super(sortedMap);
      comparator = (Comparator<Object>) sortedMap.comparator();
    }

    @Override
    Object readResolve() {
      Builder<Object, Object> builder = new Builder<Object, Object>(comparator);
      return createMap(builder);
    }

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 0;
  }

  @Override
  Object writeReplace() {
    return new SerializedForm(this);
  }

  // This class is never actually serialized directly, but we have to make the
  // warning go away (and suppressing would suppress for all nested classes too)
  private static final long serialVersionUID = 0;
}