* Copyright (C) 2011 The Android Open Source Project
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.

package com.android.volley.toolbox;

import com.android.volley.AuthFailureError;
import com.android.volley.Request;
import com.android.volley.Request.Method;

import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpDelete;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpEntityEnclosingRequestBase;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpHead;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpOptions;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPut;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpTrace;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpUriRequest;
import org.apache.http.entity.ByteArrayEntity;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.params.HttpConnectionParams;
import org.apache.http.params.HttpParams;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.URI;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

 * An HttpStack that performs request over an {@link HttpClient}.
public class HttpClientStack implements HttpStack {
    protected final HttpClient mClient;

    private final static String HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE = "Content-Type";

    public HttpClientStack(HttpClient client) {
        mClient = client;

    private static void addHeaders(HttpUriRequest httpRequest, Map<String, String> headers) {
        for (String key : headers.keySet()) {
            httpRequest.setHeader(key, headers.get(key));

    private static List<NameValuePair> getPostParameterPairs(Map<String, String> postParams) {
        List<NameValuePair> result = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>(postParams.size());
        for (String key : postParams.keySet()) {
            result.add(new BasicNameValuePair(key, postParams.get(key)));
        return result;

    public HttpResponse performRequest(Request<?> request, Map<String, String> additionalHeaders)
            throws IOException, AuthFailureError {
        HttpUriRequest httpRequest = createHttpRequest(request, additionalHeaders);
        addHeaders(httpRequest, additionalHeaders);
        addHeaders(httpRequest, request.getHeaders());
        HttpParams httpParams = httpRequest.getParams();
        int timeoutMs = request.getTimeoutMs();
        // TODO: Reevaluate this connection timeout based on more wide-scale
        // data collection and possibly different for wifi vs. 3G.
        HttpConnectionParams.setConnectionTimeout(httpParams, 5000);
        HttpConnectionParams.setSoTimeout(httpParams, timeoutMs);
        return mClient.execute(httpRequest);

     * Creates the appropriate subclass of HttpUriRequest for passed in request.
    /* protected */ static HttpUriRequest createHttpRequest(Request<?> request,
            Map<String, String> additionalHeaders) throws AuthFailureError {
        switch (request.getMethod()) {
            case Method.DEPRECATED_GET_OR_POST: {
                // This is the deprecated way that needs to be handled for backwards compatibility.
                // If the request's post body is null, then the assumption is that the request is
                // GET.  Otherwise, it is assumed that the request is a POST.
                byte[] postBody = request.getPostBody();
                if (postBody != null) {
                    HttpPost postRequest = new HttpPost(request.getUrl());
                    postRequest.addHeader(HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE, request.getPostBodyContentType());
                    HttpEntity entity;
                    entity = new ByteArrayEntity(postBody);
                    return postRequest;
                } else {
                    return new HttpGet(request.getUrl());
            case Method.GET:
                return new HttpGet(request.getUrl());
            case Method.DELETE:
                return new HttpDelete(request.getUrl());
            case Method.POST: {
                HttpPost postRequest = new HttpPost(request.getUrl());
                postRequest.addHeader(HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE, request.getBodyContentType());
                setEntityIfNonEmptyBody(postRequest, request);
                return postRequest;
            case Method.PUT: {
                HttpPut putRequest = new HttpPut(request.getUrl());
                putRequest.addHeader(HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE, request.getBodyContentType());
                setEntityIfNonEmptyBody(putRequest, request);
                return putRequest;
            case Method.HEAD:
                return new HttpHead(request.getUrl());
            case Method.OPTIONS:
                return new HttpOptions(request.getUrl());
            case Method.TRACE:
                return new HttpTrace(request.getUrl());
            case Method.PATCH: {
                HttpPatch patchRequest = new HttpPatch(request.getUrl());
                patchRequest.addHeader(HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE, request.getBodyContentType());
                setEntityIfNonEmptyBody(patchRequest, request);
                return patchRequest;
                throw new IllegalStateException("Unknown request method.");

    private static void setEntityIfNonEmptyBody(HttpEntityEnclosingRequestBase httpRequest,
            Request<?> request) throws AuthFailureError {
        byte[] body = request.getBody();
        if (body != null) {
            HttpEntity entity = new ByteArrayEntity(body);

     * Called before the request is executed using the underlying HttpClient.
     * <p>Overwrite in subclasses to augment the request.</p>
    protected void onPrepareRequest(HttpUriRequest request) throws IOException {
        // Nothing.

     * The HttpPatch class does not exist in the Android framework, so this has been defined here.
    public static final class HttpPatch extends HttpEntityEnclosingRequestBase {

        public final static String METHOD_NAME = "PATCH";

        public HttpPatch() {

        public HttpPatch(final URI uri) {

         * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the uri is invalid.
        public HttpPatch(final String uri) {

        public String getMethod() {
            return METHOD_NAME;