/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.apache.catalina.tribes.tipis;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.ObjectInput;
import java.io.ObjectOutput;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.LinkedHashSet;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentMap;

import org.apache.catalina.tribes.Channel;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.ChannelException;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.ChannelException.FaultyMember;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.ChannelListener;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.Heartbeat;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.Member;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.MembershipListener;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.Response;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.RpcCallback;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.RpcChannel;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.io.XByteBuffer;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.membership.MemberImpl;
import org.apache.catalina.tribes.util.Arrays;
import org.apache.juli.logging.Log;
import org.apache.juli.logging.LogFactory;

/**
 *
 * @version 1.0
 */
public abstract class AbstractReplicatedMap<K,V>
        implements Map<K,V>, Serializable, RpcCallback, ChannelListener,
        MembershipListener, Heartbeat {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    private final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(AbstractReplicatedMap.class);

    /**
     * The default initial capacity - MUST be a power of two.
     */
    public static final int DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY = 16;

    /**
     * The load factor used when none specified in constructor.
     **/
    public static final float DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR = 0.75f;

    /**
     * Used to identify the map
     */
    private static final Charset CHARSET_ISO_8859_1 =
        Charset.forName("ISO-8859-1");

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//              INSTANCE VARIABLES
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    protected final ConcurrentMap<K, MapEntry<K,V>> innerMap;

    protected abstract int getStateMessageType();

    protected abstract int getReplicateMessageType();


    /**
     * Timeout for RPC messages, how long we will wait for a reply
     */
    protected transient long rpcTimeout = 5000;
    /**
     * Reference to the channel for sending messages
     */
    protected transient Channel channel;
    /**
     * The RpcChannel to send RPC messages through
     */
    protected transient RpcChannel rpcChannel;
    /**
     * The Map context name makes this map unique, this
     * allows us to have more than one map shared
     * through one channel
     */
    protected transient byte[] mapContextName;
    /**
     * Has the state been transferred
     */
    protected transient boolean stateTransferred = false;
    /**
     * Simple lock object for transfers
     */
    protected final transient Object stateMutex = new Object();
    /**
     * A list of members in our map
     */
    protected final transient HashMap<Member, Long> mapMembers = new HashMap<Member, Long>();
    /**
     * Our default send options
     */
    protected transient int channelSendOptions = Channel.SEND_OPTIONS_DEFAULT;
    /**
     * The owner of this map, ala a SessionManager for example
     */
    protected transient MapOwner mapOwner;
    /**
     * External class loaders if serialization and deserialization is to be performed successfully.
     */
    protected transient ClassLoader[] externalLoaders;

    /**
     * The node we are currently backing up data to, this index will rotate
     * on a round robin basis
     */
    protected transient int currentNode = 0;

    /**
     * Since the map keeps internal membership
     * this is the timeout for a ping message to be responded to
     * If a remote map doesn't respond within this timeframe,
     * its considered dead.
     */
    protected transient long accessTimeout = 5000;

    /**
     * Readable string of the mapContextName value
     */
    protected transient String mapname = "";

    /**
     * State of this map
     */
    private transient volatile State state = State.NEW;

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//              map owner interface
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    public static interface MapOwner {
        // a typo, should have been "objectMadePrimary"
        public void objectMadePrimay(Object key, Object value);
    }

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//              CONSTRUCTORS
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    /**
     * Creates a new map
     * @param channel The channel to use for communication
     * @param timeout long - timeout for RPC messags
     * @param mapContextName String - unique name for this map, to allow multiple maps per channel
     * @param initialCapacity int - the size of this map, see HashMap
     * @param loadFactor float - load factor, see HashMap
     * @param cls - a list of classloaders to be used for deserialization of objects.
     * @param terminate - Flag for whether to terminate this map that failed to start.
     */
    public AbstractReplicatedMap(MapOwner owner,
                                 Channel channel,
                                 long timeout,
                                 String mapContextName,
                                 int initialCapacity,
                                 float loadFactor,
                                 int channelSendOptions,
                                 ClassLoader[] cls,
                                 boolean terminate) {
        innerMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<K,MapEntry<K, V>>(initialCapacity, loadFactor, 15);
        init(owner, channel, mapContextName, timeout, channelSendOptions, cls, terminate);

    }

    /**
     * Helper methods, wraps a single member in an array
     * @param m Member
     * @return Member[]
     */
    protected Member[] wrap(Member m) {
        if ( m == null ) return new Member[0];
        else return new Member[] {m};
    }

    /**
     * Initializes the map by creating the RPC channel, registering itself as a channel listener
     * This method is also responsible for initiating the state transfer
     * @param owner Object
     * @param channel Channel
     * @param mapContextName String
     * @param timeout long
     * @param channelSendOptions int
     * @param cls ClassLoader[]
     * @param terminate - Flag for whether to terminate this map that failed to start.
     */
    protected void init(MapOwner owner, Channel channel, String mapContextName,
            long timeout, int channelSendOptions,ClassLoader[] cls, boolean terminate) {
        long start = System.currentTimeMillis();
        if (log.isInfoEnabled()) log.info("Initializing AbstractReplicatedMap with context name:"+mapContextName);
        this.mapOwner = owner;
        this.externalLoaders = cls;
        this.channelSendOptions = channelSendOptions;
        this.channel = channel;
        this.rpcTimeout = timeout;

        this.mapname = mapContextName;
        //unique context is more efficient if it is stored as bytes
        this.mapContextName = mapContextName.getBytes(CHARSET_ISO_8859_1);
        if ( log.isTraceEnabled() ) log.trace("Created Lazy Map with name:"+mapContextName+", bytes:"+Arrays.toString(this.mapContextName));

        //create an rpc channel and add the map as a listener
        this.rpcChannel = new RpcChannel(this.mapContextName, channel, this);
        //add this map as a message listener
        this.channel.addChannelListener(this);
        //listen for membership notifications
        this.channel.addMembershipListener(this);

        try {
            //broadcast our map, this just notifies other members of our existence
            broadcast(MapMessage.MSG_INIT, true);
            //transfer state from another map
            transferState();
            //state is transferred, we are ready for messaging
            broadcast(MapMessage.MSG_START, true);
        } catch (ChannelException x) {
            log.warn("Unable to send map start message.");
            if (terminate) {
                breakdown();
                throw new RuntimeException("Unable to start replicated map.",x);
            }
        }
        this.state = State.INITIALIZED;
        long complete = System.currentTimeMillis() - start;
        if (log.isInfoEnabled())
            log.info("AbstractReplicatedMap[" +mapContextName + "] initialization was completed in " + complete + " ms.");
    }


    /**
     * Sends a ping out to all the members in the cluster, not just map members
     * that this map is alive.
     * @param timeout long
     * @throws ChannelException
     */
    protected void ping(long timeout) throws ChannelException {
        MapMessage msg = new MapMessage(this.mapContextName,
                                        MapMessage.MSG_PING,
                                        false,
                                        null,
                                        null,
                                        null,
                                        channel.getLocalMember(false),
                                        null);
        if ( channel.getMembers().length > 0 ) {
            try {
                //send a ping, wait for all nodes to reply
                Response[] resp = rpcChannel.send(channel.getMembers(),
                                                  msg, RpcChannel.ALL_REPLY,
                                                  (channelSendOptions),
                                                  (int) accessTimeout);
                for (int i = 0; i < resp.length; i++) {
                    MapMessage mapMsg = (MapMessage)resp[i].getMessage();
                    try {
                        mapMsg.deserialize(getExternalLoaders());
                        State state = (State) mapMsg.getValue();
                        if (state.isAvailable()) {
                            memberAlive(resp[i].getSource());
                        } else {
                            if (log.isInfoEnabled())
                                log.info("Member[" + resp[i].getSource() + "] is not available yet.");
                        }
                    } catch (IOException x) {
                        log.error("Unable to deserialize MapMessage.", x);
                        return;
                    } catch (ClassNotFoundException x) {
                        log.error("Unable to deserialize MapMessage.", x);
                        return;
                    }
                }
            } catch (ChannelException ce) {
                // Handle known failed members
                FaultyMember[] faultyMembers = ce.getFaultyMembers();
                for (FaultyMember faultyMember : faultyMembers) {
                    memberDisappeared(faultyMember.getMember());
                }
                throw ce;
            }
        }
        //update our map of members, expire some if we didn't receive a ping back
        synchronized (mapMembers) {
            Member[] members = mapMembers.keySet().toArray(new Member[mapMembers.size()]);
            long now = System.currentTimeMillis();
            for (Member member : members) {
                long access = mapMembers.get(member).longValue();
                if ( (now - access) > timeout ) {
                    log.warn("Member[" + member + "] in the Map[" + mapname
                            + "] has timed-out in the ping processing.");
                    memberDisappeared(member);
                }
            }
        }//synch
    }

    /**
     * We have received a member alive notification
     * @param member Member
     */
    protected void memberAlive(Member member) {
        mapMemberAdded(member);
        synchronized (mapMembers) {
            mapMembers.put(member, Long.valueOf(System.currentTimeMillis()));
        }
    }

    /**
     * Helper method to broadcast a message to all members in a channel
     * @param msgtype int
     * @param rpc boolean
     * @throws ChannelException
     */
    protected void broadcast(int msgtype, boolean rpc) throws ChannelException {
        Member[] members = channel.getMembers();
        // No destination.
        if (members.length == 0 ) return;
        //send out a map membership message, only wait for the first reply
        MapMessage msg = new MapMessage(this.mapContextName, msgtype,
                                        false, null, null, null, channel.getLocalMember(false), null);
        if ( rpc) {
            Response[] resp = rpcChannel.send(members, msg,
                    RpcChannel.FIRST_REPLY, (channelSendOptions), rpcTimeout);
            if (resp.length > 0) {
                for (int i = 0; i < resp.length; i++) {
                    mapMemberAdded(resp[i].getSource());
                    messageReceived(resp[i].getMessage(), resp[i].getSource());
                }
            } else {
                log.warn("broadcast received 0 replies, probably a timeout.");
            }
        } else {
            channel.send(channel.getMembers(),msg,channelSendOptions);
        }
    }

    public void breakdown() {
        this.state = State.DESTROYED;
        if (this.rpcChannel != null) {
            this.rpcChannel.breakdown();
        }
        if (this.channel != null) {
            try {broadcast(MapMessage.MSG_STOP,false); }catch ( Exception ignore){}
            //cleanup
            this.channel.removeChannelListener(this);
            this.channel.removeMembershipListener(this);
        }
        this.rpcChannel = null;
        this.channel = null;
        this.mapMembers.clear();
        innerMap.clear();
        this.stateTransferred = false;
        this.externalLoaders = null;
    }

    @Override
    public void finalize() throws Throwable {
        try {
            breakdown();
        } finally {
            super.finalize();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        return Arrays.hashCode(this.mapContextName);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object o) {
        if ( !(o instanceof AbstractReplicatedMap)) return false;
        if ( !(o.getClass().equals(this.getClass())) ) return false;
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        AbstractReplicatedMap<K,V> other = (AbstractReplicatedMap<K,V>)o;
        return Arrays.equals(mapContextName,other.mapContextName);
    }

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//              GROUP COM INTERFACES
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    public Member[] getMapMembers(HashMap<Member, Long> members) {
        synchronized (members) {
            Member[] result = new Member[members.size()];
            members.keySet().toArray(result);
            return result;
        }
    }
    public Member[] getMapMembers() {
        return getMapMembers(this.mapMembers);
    }

    public Member[] getMapMembersExcl(Member[] exclude) {
        synchronized (mapMembers) {
            @SuppressWarnings("unchecked") // mapMembers has the correct type
            HashMap<Member, Long> list = (HashMap<Member, Long>)mapMembers.clone();
            for (int i=0; i<exclude.length;i++) list.remove(exclude[i]);
            return getMapMembers(list);
        }
    }


    /**
     * Replicates any changes to the object since the last time
     * The object has to be primary, ie, if the object is a proxy or a backup, it will not be replicated<br>
     * @param complete - if set to true, the object is replicated to its backup
     * if set to false, only objects that implement ReplicatedMapEntry and the isDirty() returns true will
     * be replicated
     */
    public void replicate(Object key, boolean complete) {
        if ( log.isTraceEnabled() )
            log.trace("Replicate invoked on key:"+key);
        MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(key);
        if ( entry == null ) return;
        if ( !entry.isSerializable() ) return;
        if (entry.isPrimary() && entry.getBackupNodes()!= null && entry.getBackupNodes().length > 0) {
            //check to see if we need to replicate this object isDirty()||complete || isAccessReplicate()
            ReplicatedMapEntry rentry = null;
            if (entry.getValue() instanceof ReplicatedMapEntry) rentry = (ReplicatedMapEntry)entry.getValue();
            boolean isDirty = rentry != null && rentry.isDirty();
            boolean isAccess = rentry != null && rentry.isAccessReplicate();
            boolean repl = complete || isDirty || isAccess;

            if (!repl) {
                if ( log.isTraceEnabled() )
                    log.trace("Not replicating:"+key+", no change made");

                return;
            }
            //check to see if the message is diffable
            MapMessage msg = null;
            if (rentry != null && rentry.isDiffable() && (isDirty || complete)) {
                rentry.lock();
                try {
                    //construct a diff message
                    msg = new MapMessage(mapContextName, getReplicateMessageType(),
                                         true, (Serializable) entry.getKey(), null,
                                         rentry.getDiff(),
                                         entry.getPrimary(),
                                         entry.getBackupNodes());
                    rentry.resetDiff();
                } catch (IOException x) {
                    log.error("Unable to diff object. Will replicate the entire object instead.", x);
                } finally {
                    rentry.unlock();
                }
            }
            if (msg == null && complete) {
                //construct a complete
                msg = new MapMessage(mapContextName, getReplicateMessageType(),
                                     false, (Serializable) entry.getKey(),
                                     (Serializable) entry.getValue(),
                                     null, entry.getPrimary(),entry.getBackupNodes());
            }
            if (msg == null) {
                //construct a access message
                msg = new MapMessage(mapContextName, MapMessage.MSG_ACCESS,
                        false, (Serializable) entry.getKey(), null, null, entry.getPrimary(),
                        entry.getBackupNodes());
            }
            try {
                if ( channel!=null && entry.getBackupNodes()!= null && entry.getBackupNodes().length > 0 ) {
                    if (rentry != null) rentry.setLastTimeReplicated(System.currentTimeMillis());
                    channel.send(entry.getBackupNodes(), msg, channelSendOptions);
                }
            } catch (ChannelException x) {
                log.error("Unable to replicate data.", x);
            }
        } //end if

    }

    /**
     * This can be invoked by a periodic thread to replicate out any changes.
     * For maps that don't store objects that implement ReplicatedMapEntry, this
     * method should be used infrequently to avoid large amounts of data transfer
     * @param complete boolean
     */
    public void replicate(boolean complete) {
        Iterator<Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>>> i = innerMap.entrySet().iterator();
        while (i.hasNext()) {
            Map.Entry<?,?> e = i.next();
            replicate(e.getKey(), complete);
        } //while

    }

    public void transferState() {
        try {
            Member[] members = getMapMembers();
            Member backup = members.length > 0 ? (Member) members[0] : null;
            if (backup != null) {
                MapMessage msg = new MapMessage(mapContextName, getStateMessageType(), false,
                                                null, null, null, null, null);
                Response[] resp = rpcChannel.send(new Member[] {backup}, msg, RpcChannel.FIRST_REPLY, channelSendOptions, rpcTimeout);
                if (resp.length > 0) {
                    synchronized (stateMutex) {
                        msg = (MapMessage) resp[0].getMessage();
                        msg.deserialize(getExternalLoaders());
                        ArrayList<?> list = (ArrayList<?>) msg.getValue();
                        for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
                            messageReceived( (Serializable) list.get(i), resp[0].getSource());
                        } //for
                    }
                    stateTransferred = true;
                } else {
                    log.warn("Transfer state, 0 replies, probably a timeout.");
                }
            }
        } catch (ChannelException x) {
            log.error("Unable to transfer AbstractReplicatedMap state.", x);
        } catch (IOException x) {
            log.error("Unable to transfer AbstractReplicatedMap state.", x);
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException x) {
            log.error("Unable to transfer AbstractReplicatedMap state.", x);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @param msg Serializable
     * @return Serializable - null if no reply should be sent
     */
    @Override
    public Serializable replyRequest(Serializable msg, final Member sender) {
        if (! (msg instanceof MapMessage))return null;
        MapMessage mapmsg = (MapMessage) msg;

        //map init request
        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_INIT) {
            mapmsg.setPrimary(channel.getLocalMember(false));
            return mapmsg;
        }

        //map start request
        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_START) {
            mapmsg.setPrimary(channel.getLocalMember(false));
            mapMemberAdded(sender);
            return mapmsg;
        }

        //backup request
        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_RETRIEVE_BACKUP) {
            MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(mapmsg.getKey());
            if (entry == null || (!entry.isSerializable()) )return null;
            mapmsg.setValue( (Serializable) entry.getValue());
            return mapmsg;
        }

        //state transfer request
        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_STATE || mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_STATE_COPY) {
            synchronized (stateMutex) { //make sure we dont do two things at the same time
                ArrayList<MapMessage> list = new ArrayList<MapMessage>();
                Iterator<Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>>> i = innerMap.entrySet().iterator();
                while (i.hasNext()) {
                    Map.Entry<?,?> e = i.next();
                    MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(e.getKey());
                    if ( entry != null && entry.isSerializable() ) {
                        boolean copy = (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_STATE_COPY);
                        MapMessage me = new MapMessage(mapContextName,
                                                       copy?MapMessage.MSG_COPY:MapMessage.MSG_PROXY,
                            false, (Serializable) entry.getKey(), copy?(Serializable) entry.getValue():null, null, entry.getPrimary(),entry.getBackupNodes());
                        list.add(me);
                    }
                }
                mapmsg.setValue(list);
                return mapmsg;

            } //synchronized
        }

        // ping
        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_PING) {
            mapmsg.setValue(state);
            mapmsg.setPrimary(channel.getLocalMember(false));
            return mapmsg;
        }

        return null;

    }

    /**
     * If the reply has already been sent to the requesting thread,
     * the rpc callback can handle any data that comes in after the fact.
     * @param msg Serializable
     * @param sender Member
     */
    @Override
    public void leftOver(Serializable msg, Member sender) {
        //left over membership messages
        if (! (msg instanceof MapMessage))return;

        MapMessage mapmsg = (MapMessage) msg;
        try {
            mapmsg.deserialize(getExternalLoaders());
            if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_START) {
                mapMemberAdded(mapmsg.getPrimary());
            } else if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_INIT
                    || mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_PING) {
                memberAlive(mapmsg.getPrimary());
            } else {
                // other messages are ignored.
                if (log.isInfoEnabled())
                    log.info("Message[" + mapmsg.getTypeDesc() + "] is ignored.");
            }
        } catch (IOException x ) {
            log.error("Unable to deserialize MapMessage.",x);
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException x ) {
            log.error("Unable to deserialize MapMessage.",x);
        }
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    @Override
    public void messageReceived(Serializable msg, Member sender) {
        if (! (msg instanceof MapMessage)) return;

        MapMessage mapmsg = (MapMessage) msg;
        if ( log.isTraceEnabled() ) {
            log.trace("Map["+mapname+"] received message:"+mapmsg);
        }

        try {
            mapmsg.deserialize(getExternalLoaders());
        } catch (IOException x) {
            log.error("Unable to deserialize MapMessage.", x);
            return;
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException x) {
            log.error("Unable to deserialize MapMessage.", x);
            return;
        }
        if ( log.isTraceEnabled() )
            log.trace("Map message received from:"+sender.getName()+" msg:"+mapmsg);
        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_START) {
            mapMemberAdded(mapmsg.getPrimary());
        }

        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_STOP) {
            memberDisappeared(mapmsg.getPrimary());
        }

        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_PROXY) {
            MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(mapmsg.getKey());
            if ( entry==null ) {
                entry = new MapEntry<K,V>((K) mapmsg.getKey(), (V) mapmsg.getValue());
                MapEntry<K,V> old = innerMap.putIfAbsent(entry.getKey(), entry);
                if (old != null) {
                    entry = old;
                }
            }
            entry.setProxy(true);
            entry.setBackup(false);
            entry.setCopy(false);
            entry.setBackupNodes(mapmsg.getBackupNodes());
            entry.setPrimary(mapmsg.getPrimary());
        }

        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_REMOVE) {
            innerMap.remove(mapmsg.getKey());
        }

        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_BACKUP || mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_COPY) {
            MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(mapmsg.getKey());
            if (entry == null) {
                entry = new MapEntry<K,V>((K) mapmsg.getKey(), (V) mapmsg.getValue());
                entry.setBackup(mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_BACKUP);
                entry.setProxy(false);
                entry.setCopy(mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_COPY);
                entry.setBackupNodes(mapmsg.getBackupNodes());
                entry.setPrimary(mapmsg.getPrimary());
                if (mapmsg.getValue()!=null && mapmsg.getValue() instanceof ReplicatedMapEntry ) {
                    ((ReplicatedMapEntry)mapmsg.getValue()).setOwner(getMapOwner());
                }
            } else {
                entry.setBackup(mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_BACKUP);
                entry.setProxy(false);
                entry.setCopy(mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_COPY);
                entry.setBackupNodes(mapmsg.getBackupNodes());
                entry.setPrimary(mapmsg.getPrimary());
                if (entry.getValue() instanceof ReplicatedMapEntry) {
                    ReplicatedMapEntry diff = (ReplicatedMapEntry) entry.getValue();
                    if (mapmsg.isDiff()) {
                        diff.lock();
                        try {
                            diff.applyDiff(mapmsg.getDiffValue(), 0, mapmsg.getDiffValue().length);
                        } catch (Exception x) {
                            log.error("Unable to apply diff to key:" + entry.getKey(), x);
                        } finally {
                            diff.unlock();
                        }
                    } else {
                        if ( mapmsg.getValue()!=null ) {
                            if (mapmsg.getValue() instanceof ReplicatedMapEntry) {
                                ReplicatedMapEntry re = (ReplicatedMapEntry)mapmsg.getValue();
                                re.setOwner(getMapOwner());
                                entry.setValue((V) re);
                            } else {
                                entry.setValue((V) mapmsg.getValue());
                            }
                        } else {
                            ((ReplicatedMapEntry)entry.getValue()).setOwner(getMapOwner());
                        }
                    } //end if
                } else if  (mapmsg.getValue() instanceof ReplicatedMapEntry) {
                    ReplicatedMapEntry re = (ReplicatedMapEntry)mapmsg.getValue();
                    re.setOwner(getMapOwner());
                    entry.setValue((V) re);
                } else {
                    if ( mapmsg.getValue()!=null ) entry.setValue((V) mapmsg.getValue());
                } //end if
            } //end if
            innerMap.put(entry.getKey(), entry);
        } //end if

        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_ACCESS) {
            MapEntry<K, V> entry = innerMap.get(mapmsg.getKey());
            if (entry != null) {
                entry.setBackupNodes(mapmsg.getBackupNodes());
                entry.setPrimary(mapmsg.getPrimary());
                if (entry.getValue() instanceof ReplicatedMapEntry) {
                    ((ReplicatedMapEntry) entry.getValue()).accessEntry();
                }
            }
        }

        if (mapmsg.getMsgType() == MapMessage.MSG_NOTIFY_MAPMEMBER) {
            MapEntry<K, V> entry = innerMap.get(mapmsg.getKey());
            if (entry != null) {
                entry.setBackupNodes(mapmsg.getBackupNodes());
                entry.setPrimary(mapmsg.getPrimary());
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public boolean accept(Serializable msg, Member sender) {
        boolean result = false;
        if (msg instanceof MapMessage) {
            if ( log.isTraceEnabled() ) log.trace("Map["+mapname+"] accepting...."+msg);
            result = Arrays.equals(mapContextName, ( (MapMessage) msg).getMapId());
            if ( log.isTraceEnabled() ) log.trace("Msg["+mapname+"] accepted["+result+"]...."+msg);
        }
        return result;
    }

    public void mapMemberAdded(Member member) {
        if ( member.equals(getChannel().getLocalMember(false)) ) return;
        boolean memberAdded = false;
        //select a backup node if we don't have one
        Member mapMember = getChannel().getMember(member);
        if (mapMember == null) {
            log.warn("Notified member is not registered in the membership:" + member);
            return;
        }
        synchronized (mapMembers) {
            if (!mapMembers.containsKey(mapMember) ) {
                if (log.isInfoEnabled()) log.info("Map member added:" + mapMember);
                mapMembers.put(mapMember, Long.valueOf(System.currentTimeMillis()));
                memberAdded = true;
            }
        }
        if ( memberAdded ) {
            synchronized (stateMutex) {
                Iterator<Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>>> i = innerMap.entrySet().iterator();
                while (i.hasNext()) {
                    Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>> e = i.next();
                    MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(e.getKey());
                    if ( entry == null ) continue;
                    if (entry.isPrimary() && (entry.getBackupNodes() == null || entry.getBackupNodes().length == 0)) {
                        try {
                            Member[] backup = publishEntryInfo(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
                            entry.setBackupNodes(backup);
                            entry.setPrimary(channel.getLocalMember(false));
                        } catch (ChannelException x) {
                            log.error("Unable to select backup node.", x);
                        } //catch
                    } //end if
                } //while
            } //synchronized
        }//end if
    }

    public boolean inSet(Member m, Member[] set) {
        if ( set == null ) return false;
        boolean result = false;
        for (int i=0; i<set.length && (!result); i++ )
            if ( m.equals(set[i]) ) result = true;
        return result;
    }

    public Member[] excludeFromSet(Member[] mbrs, Member[] set) {
        ArrayList<Member> result = new ArrayList<Member>();
        for (int i=0; i<set.length; i++ ) {
            boolean include = true;
            for (int j=0; j<mbrs.length && include; j++ )
                if ( mbrs[j].equals(set[i]) ) include = false;
            if ( include ) result.add(set[i]);
        }
        return result.toArray(new Member[result.size()]);
    }

    @Override
    public void memberAdded(Member member) {
        //do nothing
    }

    @Override
    public void memberDisappeared(Member member) {
        boolean removed = false;
        synchronized (mapMembers) {
            removed = (mapMembers.remove(member) != null );
            if (!removed) {
                if (log.isDebugEnabled()) log.debug("Member["+member+"] disappeared, but was not present in the map.");
                return; //the member was not part of our map.
            }
        }
        if (log.isInfoEnabled())
            log.info("Member["+member+"] disappeared. Related map entries will be relocated to the new node.");
        long start = System.currentTimeMillis();
        Iterator<Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>>> i = innerMap.entrySet().iterator();
        while (i.hasNext()) {
            Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>> e = i.next();
            MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(e.getKey());
            if (entry==null) continue;
            if (entry.isPrimary() && inSet(member,entry.getBackupNodes())) {
                if (log.isDebugEnabled()) log.debug("[1] Primary choosing a new backup");
                try {
                    Member[] backup = publishEntryInfo(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
                    entry.setBackupNodes(backup);
                    entry.setPrimary(channel.getLocalMember(false));
                } catch (ChannelException x) {
                    log.error("Unable to relocate[" + entry.getKey() + "] to a new backup node", x);
                }
            } else if (member.equals(entry.getPrimary())) {
                if (log.isDebugEnabled()) log.debug("[2] Primary disappeared");
                entry.setPrimary(null);
            } //end if

            if ( entry.isProxy() &&
                 entry.getPrimary() == null &&
                 entry.getBackupNodes()!=null &&
                 entry.getBackupNodes().length == 1 &&
                 entry.getBackupNodes()[0].equals(member) ) {
                //remove proxies that have no backup nor primaries
                if (log.isDebugEnabled()) log.debug("[3] Removing orphaned proxy");
                i.remove();
            } else if ( entry.getPrimary() == null &&
                        entry.isBackup() &&
                        entry.getBackupNodes()!=null &&
                        entry.getBackupNodes().length == 1 &&
                        entry.getBackupNodes()[0].equals(channel.getLocalMember(false)) ) {
                try {
                    if (log.isDebugEnabled()) log.debug("[4] Backup becoming primary");
                    entry.setPrimary(channel.getLocalMember(false));
                    entry.setBackup(false);
                    entry.setProxy(false);
                    entry.setCopy(false);
                    Member[] backup = publishEntryInfo(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
                    entry.setBackupNodes(backup);
                    if ( mapOwner!=null ) mapOwner.objectMadePrimay(entry.getKey(),entry.getValue());

                } catch (ChannelException x) {
                    log.error("Unable to relocate[" + entry.getKey() + "] to a new backup node", x);
                }
            }

        } //while
        long complete = System.currentTimeMillis() - start;
        if (log.isInfoEnabled()) log.info("Relocation of map entries was complete in " + complete + " ms.");
    }

    public int getNextBackupIndex() {
        int size = mapMembers.size();
        if (mapMembers.size() == 0)return -1;
        int node = currentNode++;
        if (node >= size) {
            node = 0;
            currentNode = 0;
        }
        return node;
    }
    public Member getNextBackupNode() {
        Member[] members = getMapMembers();
        int node = getNextBackupIndex();
        if ( members.length == 0 || node==-1) return null;
        if ( node >= members.length ) node = 0;
        return members[node];
    }

    protected abstract Member[] publishEntryInfo(Object key, Object value) throws ChannelException;

    @Override
    public void heartbeat() {
        try {
            if (this.state.isAvailable()) ping(accessTimeout);
        }catch ( Exception x ) {
            log.error("Unable to send AbstractReplicatedMap.ping message",x);
        }
    }

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//              METHODS TO OVERRIDE
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    /**
     * Removes an object from this map, it will also remove it from
     *
     * @param key Object
     * @return Object
     */
    @Override
    public V remove(Object key) {
        return remove(key,true);
    }
    public V remove(Object key, boolean notify) {
        MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.remove(key);

        try {
            if (getMapMembers().length > 0 && notify) {
                MapMessage msg = new MapMessage(getMapContextName(), MapMessage.MSG_REMOVE, false, (Serializable) key, null, null, null,null);
                getChannel().send(getMapMembers(), msg, getChannelSendOptions());
            }
        } catch ( ChannelException x ) {
            log.error("Unable to replicate out data for a AbstractReplicatedMap.remove operation",x);
        }
        return entry!=null?entry.getValue():null;
    }

    public MapEntry<K,V> getInternal(Object key) {
        return innerMap.get(key);
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    @Override
    public V get(Object key) {
        MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(key);
        if (log.isTraceEnabled()) log.trace("Requesting id:"+key+" entry:"+entry);
        if ( entry == null ) return null;
        if ( !entry.isPrimary() ) {
            //if the message is not primary, we need to retrieve the latest value
            try {
                Member[] backup = null;
                MapMessage msg = null;
                if (entry.isBackup()) {
                    //select a new backup node
                    backup = publishEntryInfo(key, entry.getValue());
                } else if ( entry.isProxy() ) {
                    //make sure we don't retrieve from ourselves
                    msg = new MapMessage(getMapContextName(), MapMessage.MSG_RETRIEVE_BACKUP, false,
                                         (Serializable) key, null, null, null,null);
                    Response[] resp = getRpcChannel().send(entry.getBackupNodes(),msg, RpcChannel.FIRST_REPLY, getChannelSendOptions(), getRpcTimeout());
                    if (resp == null || resp.length == 0 || resp[0].getMessage() == null) {
                        //no responses
                        log.warn("Unable to retrieve remote object for key:" + key);
                        return null;
                    }
                    msg = (MapMessage) resp[0].getMessage();
                    msg.deserialize(getExternalLoaders());
                    backup = entry.getBackupNodes();
                    if ( msg.getValue()!=null ) entry.setValue((V) msg.getValue());

                    // notify member
                    msg = new MapMessage(getMapContextName(), MapMessage.MSG_NOTIFY_MAPMEMBER,false,
                            (Serializable)entry.getKey(), null, null, channel.getLocalMember(false), backup);
                    if ( backup != null && backup.length > 0) {
                        getChannel().send(backup, msg, getChannelSendOptions());
                    }
                    
                    //invalidate the previous primary
                    msg = new MapMessage(getMapContextName(),MapMessage.MSG_PROXY,false,(Serializable)key,null,null,channel.getLocalMember(false),backup);
                    Member[] dest = getMapMembersExcl(backup);
                    if ( dest!=null && dest.length >0) {
                        getChannel().send(dest, msg, getChannelSendOptions());
                    }
                    if (entry.getValue() instanceof ReplicatedMapEntry) {
                        ReplicatedMapEntry val = (ReplicatedMapEntry)entry.getValue();
                        val.setOwner(getMapOwner());
                    }
                } else if ( entry.isCopy() ) {
                    backup = getMapMembers();
                    if (backup.length > 0) {
                        msg = new MapMessage(getMapContextName(), MapMessage.MSG_NOTIFY_MAPMEMBER,false,
                                (Serializable)key,null,null,channel.getLocalMember(false),backup);
                        getChannel().send(backup, msg, getChannelSendOptions());
                    }
                }
                entry.setPrimary(channel.getLocalMember(false));
                entry.setBackupNodes(backup);
                entry.setBackup(false);
                entry.setProxy(false);
                entry.setCopy(false);
                if ( getMapOwner()!=null ) getMapOwner().objectMadePrimay(key, entry.getValue());

            } catch (Exception x) {
                log.error("Unable to replicate out data for a AbstractReplicatedMap.get operation", x);
                return null;
            }
        }
        if (log.isTraceEnabled()) log.trace("Requesting id:"+key+" result:"+entry.getValue());
        return entry.getValue();
    }


    protected void printMap(String header) {
        try {
            System.out.println("\nDEBUG MAP:"+header);
            System.out.println("Map[" +
                    new String(mapContextName, CHARSET_ISO_8859_1) +
                    ", Map Size:" + innerMap.size());
            Member[] mbrs = getMapMembers();
            for ( int i=0; i<mbrs.length;i++ ) {
                System.out.println("Mbr["+(i+1)+"="+mbrs[i].getName());
            }
            Iterator<Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>>> i = innerMap.entrySet().iterator();
            int cnt = 0;

            while (i.hasNext()) {
                Map.Entry<?,?> e = i.next();
                System.out.println( (++cnt) + ". " + innerMap.get(e.getKey()));
            }
            System.out.println("EndMap]\n\n");
        }catch ( Exception ignore) {
            ignore.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Returns true if the key has an entry in the map.
     * The entry can be a proxy or a backup entry, invoking <code>get(key)</code>
     * will make this entry primary for the group
     * @param key Object
     * @return boolean
     */
    @Override
    public boolean containsKey(Object key) {
        return innerMap.containsKey(key);
    }

    @Override
    public V put(K key, V value) {
        return put(key, value, true);
    }

    public V put(K key, V value, boolean notify) {
        MapEntry<K,V> entry = new MapEntry<K,V>(key,value);
        entry.setBackup(false);
        entry.setProxy(false);
        entry.setCopy(false);
        entry.setPrimary(channel.getLocalMember(false));

        V old = null;

        //make sure that any old values get removed
        if ( containsKey(key) ) old = remove(key);
        try {
            if ( notify ) {
                Member[] backup = publishEntryInfo(key, value);
                entry.setBackupNodes(backup);
            }
        } catch (ChannelException x) {
            log.error("Unable to replicate out data for a AbstractReplicatedMap.put operation", x);
        }
        innerMap.put(key,entry);
        return old;
    }


    /**
     * Copies all values from one map to this instance
     * @param m Map
     */
    @Override
    public void putAll(Map<? extends K, ? extends V> m) {
        Iterator<?> i = m.entrySet().iterator();
        while ( i.hasNext() ) {
            @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
            Map.Entry<K,V> entry = (Map.Entry<K,V>) i.next();
            put(entry.getKey(),entry.getValue());
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void clear() {
        clear(true);
    }

    public void clear(boolean notify) {
        if ( notify ) {
            //only delete active keys
            Iterator<K> keys = keySet().iterator();
            while (keys.hasNext())
                remove(keys.next());
        } else {
            innerMap.clear();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public boolean containsValue(Object value) {
        if (value == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException();
        }
        Iterator<Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>>> i = innerMap.entrySet().iterator();
        while (i.hasNext()) {
            Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>> e = i.next();
            MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(e.getKey());
            if (entry!=null && entry.isActive() && value.equals(entry.getValue())) return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public Object clone() {
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException("This operation is not valid on a replicated map");
    }

    /**
     * Returns the entire contents of the map
     * Map.Entry.getValue() will return a LazyReplicatedMap.MapEntry object containing all the information
     * about the object.
     * @return Set
     */
    public Set<Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>>> entrySetFull() {
        return innerMap.entrySet();
    }

    public Set<K> keySetFull() {
        return innerMap.keySet();
    }

    public int sizeFull() {
        return innerMap.size();
    }

    @Override
    public Set<Map.Entry<K,V>> entrySet() {
        LinkedHashSet<Map.Entry<K,V>> set = new LinkedHashSet<Map.Entry<K,V>>(innerMap.size());
        Iterator<Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>>> i = innerMap.entrySet().iterator();
        while ( i.hasNext() ) {
            Map.Entry<?,?> e = i.next();
            Object key = e.getKey();
            MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(key);
            if ( entry != null && entry.isActive() ) {
                set.add(entry);
            }
        }
        return Collections.unmodifiableSet(set);
    }

    @Override
    public Set<K> keySet() {
        //todo implement
        //should only return keys where this is active.
        LinkedHashSet<K> set = new LinkedHashSet<K>(innerMap.size());
        Iterator<Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>>> i = innerMap.entrySet().iterator();
        while ( i.hasNext() ) {
            Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>> e = i.next();
            K key = e.getKey();
            MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(key);
            if ( entry!=null && entry.isActive() ) set.add(key);
        }
        return Collections.unmodifiableSet(set);

    }


    @Override
    public int size() {
        //todo, implement a counter variable instead
        //only count active members in this node
        int counter = 0;
        Iterator<Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>>> it = innerMap.entrySet().iterator();
        while (it!=null && it.hasNext() ) {
            Map.Entry<?,?> e = it.next();
            if ( e != null ) {
                MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(e.getKey());
                if (entry!=null && entry.isActive() && entry.getValue() != null) counter++;
            }
        }
        return counter;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isEmpty() {
        return size()==0;
    }

    @Override
    public Collection<V> values() {
        ArrayList<V> values = new ArrayList<V>();
        Iterator<Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>>> i = innerMap.entrySet().iterator();
        while ( i.hasNext() ) {
            Map.Entry<K,MapEntry<K,V>> e = i.next();
            MapEntry<K,V> entry = innerMap.get(e.getKey());
            if (entry!=null && entry.isActive() && entry.getValue()!=null) values.add(entry.getValue());
        }
        return Collections.unmodifiableCollection(values);
    }


//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//                Map Entry class
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    public static class MapEntry<K,V> implements Map.Entry<K,V> {
        private boolean backup;
        private boolean proxy;
        private boolean copy;
        private Member[] backupNodes;
        private Member primary;
        private K key;
        private V value;

        public MapEntry(K key, V value) {
            setKey(key);
            setValue(value);

        }

        public boolean isKeySerializable() {
            return (key == null) || (key instanceof Serializable);
        }

        public boolean isValueSerializable() {
            return (value==null) || (value instanceof Serializable);
        }

        public boolean isSerializable() {
            return isKeySerializable() && isValueSerializable();
        }

        public boolean isBackup() {
            return backup;
        }

        public void setBackup(boolean backup) {
            this.backup = backup;
        }

        public boolean isProxy() {
            return proxy;
        }

        public boolean isPrimary() {
            return (!proxy && !backup && !copy);
        }

        public boolean isActive() {
            return !proxy;
        }

        public void setProxy(boolean proxy) {
            this.proxy = proxy;
        }

        public boolean isCopy() {
            return copy;
        }

        public void setCopy(boolean copy) {
            this.copy = copy;
        }

        public boolean isDiffable() {
            return (value instanceof ReplicatedMapEntry) &&
                   ((ReplicatedMapEntry)value).isDiffable();
        }

        public void setBackupNodes(Member[] nodes) {
            this.backupNodes = nodes;
        }

        public Member[] getBackupNodes() {
            return backupNodes;
        }

        public void setPrimary(Member m) {
            primary = m;
        }

        public Member getPrimary() {
            return primary;
        }

        @Override
        public V getValue() {
            return value;
        }

        @Override
        public V setValue(V value) {
            V old = this.value;
            this.value = value;
            return old;
        }

        @Override
        public K getKey() {
            return key;
        }

        public K setKey(K key) {
            K old = this.key;
            this.key = key;
            return old;
        }

        @Override
        public int hashCode() {
            return key.hashCode();
        }

        @Override
        public boolean equals(Object o) {
            return key.equals(o);
        }

        /**
         * apply a diff, or an entire object
         * @param data byte[]
         * @param offset int
         * @param length int
         * @param diff boolean
         * @throws IOException
         * @throws ClassNotFoundException
         */
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        public void apply(byte[] data, int offset, int length, boolean diff) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
            if (isDiffable() && diff) {
                ReplicatedMapEntry rentry = (ReplicatedMapEntry) value;
                rentry.lock();
                try {
                    rentry.applyDiff(data, offset, length);
                } finally {
                    rentry.unlock();
                }
            } else if (length == 0) {
                value = null;
                proxy = true;
            } else {
                value = (V) XByteBuffer.deserialize(data, offset, length);
            }
        }

        @Override
        public String toString() {
            StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder("MapEntry[key:");
            buf.append(getKey()).append("; ");
            buf.append("value:").append(getValue()).append("; ");
            buf.append("primary:").append(isPrimary()).append("; ");
            buf.append("backup:").append(isBackup()).append("; ");
            buf.append("proxy:").append(isProxy()).append(";]");
            return buf.toString();
        }

    }

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//                map message to send to and from other maps
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    public static class MapMessage implements Serializable {
        private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
        public static final int MSG_BACKUP = 1;
        public static final int MSG_RETRIEVE_BACKUP = 2;
        public static final int MSG_PROXY = 3;
        public static final int MSG_REMOVE = 4;
        public static final int MSG_STATE = 5;
        public static final int MSG_START = 6;
        public static final int MSG_STOP = 7;
        public static final int MSG_INIT = 8;
        public static final int MSG_COPY = 9;
        public static final int MSG_STATE_COPY = 10;
        public static final int MSG_ACCESS = 11;
        public static final int MSG_NOTIFY_MAPMEMBER = 12;
        public static final int MSG_PING = 13;

        private byte[] mapId;
        private int msgtype;
        private boolean diff;
        private transient Serializable key;
        private transient Serializable value;
        private byte[] valuedata;
        private byte[] keydata;
        private byte[] diffvalue;
        private Member[] nodes;
        private Member primary;

        @Override
        public String toString() {
            StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder("MapMessage[context=");
            buf.append(new String(mapId));
            buf.append("; type=");
            buf.append(getTypeDesc());
            buf.append("; key=");
            buf.append(key);
            buf.append("; value=");
            buf.append(value);
            return buf.toString();
        }

        public String getTypeDesc() {
            switch (msgtype) {
                case MSG_BACKUP: return "MSG_BACKUP";
                case MSG_RETRIEVE_BACKUP: return "MSG_RETRIEVE_BACKUP";
                case MSG_PROXY: return "MSG_PROXY";
                case MSG_REMOVE: return "MSG_REMOVE";
                case MSG_STATE: return "MSG_STATE";
                case MSG_START: return "MSG_START";
                case MSG_STOP: return "MSG_STOP";
                case MSG_INIT: return "MSG_INIT";
                case MSG_STATE_COPY: return "MSG_STATE_COPY";
                case MSG_COPY: return "MSG_COPY";
                case MSG_ACCESS: return "MSG_ACCESS";
                case MSG_NOTIFY_MAPMEMBER: return "MSG_NOTIFY_MAPMEMBER";
                case MSG_PING: return "MSG_PING";
                default : return "UNKNOWN";
            }
        }

        /**
         * @deprecated  Unused - will be removed in Tomcat 8.0.x
         */
        @Deprecated
        public MapMessage() {}

        public MapMessage(byte[] mapId,int msgtype, boolean diff,
                          Serializable key, Serializable value,
                          byte[] diffvalue, Member primary, Member[] nodes)  {
            this.mapId = mapId;
            this.msgtype = msgtype;
            this.diff = diff;
            this.key = key;
            this.value = value;
            this.diffvalue = diffvalue;
            this.nodes = nodes;
            this.primary = primary;
            setValue(value);
            setKey(key);
        }

        public void deserialize(ClassLoader[] cls) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
            key(cls);
            value(cls);
        }

        public int getMsgType() {
            return msgtype;
        }

        public boolean isDiff() {
            return diff;
        }

        public Serializable getKey() {
            try {
                return key(null);
            } catch ( Exception x ) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Deserialization error of the MapMessage.key", x);
            }
        }

        public Serializable key(ClassLoader[] cls) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
            if ( key!=null ) return key;
            if ( keydata == null || keydata.length == 0 ) return null;
            key = XByteBuffer.deserialize(keydata,0,keydata.length,cls);
            keydata = null;
            return key;
        }

        public byte[] getKeyData() {
            return keydata;
        }

        public Serializable getValue() {
            try {
                return value(null);
            } catch ( Exception x ) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Deserialization error of the MapMessage.value", x);
            }
        }

        public Serializable value(ClassLoader[] cls) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException  {
            if ( value!=null ) return value;
            if ( valuedata == null || valuedata.length == 0 ) return null;
            value = XByteBuffer.deserialize(valuedata,0,valuedata.length,cls);
            valuedata = null;
            return value;
        }

        public byte[] getValueData() {
            return valuedata;
        }

        public byte[] getDiffValue() {
            return diffvalue;
        }

        public Member[] getBackupNodes() {
            return nodes;
        }

        public Member getPrimary() {
            return primary;
        }

        private void setPrimary(Member m) {
            primary = m;
        }

        public byte[] getMapId() {
            return mapId;
        }

        public void setValue(Serializable value) {
            try {
                if ( value != null ) valuedata = XByteBuffer.serialize(value);
                this.value = value;
            }catch ( IOException x ) {
                throw new RuntimeException(x);
            }
        }

        public void setKey(Serializable key) {
            try {
                if (key != null) keydata = XByteBuffer.serialize(key);
                this.key = key;
            } catch (IOException x) {
                throw new RuntimeException(x);
            }
        }

        /**
         * @deprecated  Unused - will be removed in 8.0.x
         */
        @Deprecated
        protected Member[] readMembers(ObjectInput in) throws IOException {
            int nodecount = in.readInt();
            Member[] members = new Member[nodecount];
            for ( int i=0; i<members.length; i++ ) {
                byte[] d = new byte[in.readInt()];
                in.readFully(d);
                if (d.length > 0) members[i] = MemberImpl.getMember(d);
            }
            return members;
        }

        /**
         * @deprecated  Unused - will be removed in 8.0.x
         */
        @Deprecated
        protected void writeMembers(ObjectOutput out,Member[] members) throws IOException {
            if ( members == null ) members = new Member[0];
            out.writeInt(members.length);
            for (int i=0; i<members.length; i++ ) {
                if ( members[i] != null ) {
                    byte[] d = members[i] != null ? ( (MemberImpl)members[i]).getData(false) : new byte[0];
                    out.writeInt(d.length);
                    out.write(d);
                }
            }
        }


        /**
         * shallow clone
         * @return Object
         */
        @Override
        public Object clone() {
            MapMessage msg = new MapMessage(this.mapId, this.msgtype, this.diff, this.key, this.value, this.diffvalue, this.primary, this.nodes);
            msg.keydata = this.keydata;
            msg.valuedata = this.valuedata;
            return msg;
        }
    } //MapMessage


    public Channel getChannel() {
        return channel;
    }

    public byte[] getMapContextName() {
        return mapContextName;
    }

    public RpcChannel getRpcChannel() {
        return rpcChannel;
    }

    public long getRpcTimeout() {
        return rpcTimeout;
    }

    public Object getStateMutex() {
        return stateMutex;
    }

    public boolean isStateTransferred() {
        return stateTransferred;
    }

    public MapOwner getMapOwner() {
        return mapOwner;
    }

    public ClassLoader[] getExternalLoaders() {
        return externalLoaders;
    }

    public int getChannelSendOptions() {
        return channelSendOptions;
    }

    public long getAccessTimeout() {
        return accessTimeout;
    }

    public void setMapOwner(MapOwner mapOwner) {
        this.mapOwner = mapOwner;
    }

    public void setExternalLoaders(ClassLoader[] externalLoaders) {
        this.externalLoaders = externalLoaders;
    }

    public void setChannelSendOptions(int channelSendOptions) {
        this.channelSendOptions = channelSendOptions;
    }

    public void setAccessTimeout(long accessTimeout) {
        this.accessTimeout = accessTimeout;
    }

    private static enum State {
        NEW(false),
        INITIALIZED(true),
        DESTROYED(false);

        private final boolean available;

        private State(boolean available) {
            this.available = available;
        }

        public boolean isAvailable() {
            return available;
        }
    }
}