/*
* Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
* contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
* this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
* The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
* (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
* the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
*     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/

package javax.servlet.jsp.el;

import java.beans.FeatureDescriptor;
import java.util.AbstractMap;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.Vector;

import javax.el.ELContext;
import javax.el.ELException;
import javax.el.ELResolver;
import javax.el.PropertyNotFoundException;
import javax.el.PropertyNotWritableException;
import javax.servlet.http.Cookie;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;
import javax.servlet.jsp.JspContext;
import javax.servlet.jsp.PageContext;

/**
 *
 * @since 2.1
 */
public class ImplicitObjectELResolver extends ELResolver {

    private static final String[] SCOPE_NAMES = new String[] {
            "applicationScope", "cookie", "header", "headerValues",
            "initParam", "pageContext", "pageScope", "param", "paramValues",
            "requestScope", "sessionScope" };

    private static final int APPLICATIONSCOPE = 0;

    private static final int COOKIE = 1;

    private static final int HEADER = 2;

    private static final int HEADERVALUES = 3;

    private static final int INITPARAM = 4;

    private static final int PAGECONTEXT = 5;

    private static final int PAGESCOPE = 6;

    private static final int PARAM = 7;

    private static final int PARAM_VALUES = 8;

    private static final int REQUEST_SCOPE = 9;

    private static final int SESSION_SCOPE = 10;

    public ImplicitObjectELResolver() {
        super();
    }

    @Override
    public Object getValue(ELContext context, Object base, Object property)
            throws NullPointerException, PropertyNotFoundException, ELException {
        if (context == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException();
        }

        if (base == null && property != null) {
            int idx = Arrays.binarySearch(SCOPE_NAMES, property.toString());

            if (idx >= 0) {
                PageContext page = (PageContext) context
                        .getContext(JspContext.class);
                context.setPropertyResolved(true);
                switch (idx) {
                case APPLICATIONSCOPE:
                    return ScopeManager.get(page).getApplicationScope();
                case COOKIE:
                    return ScopeManager.get(page).getCookie();
                case HEADER:
                    return ScopeManager.get(page).getHeader();
                case HEADERVALUES:
                    return ScopeManager.get(page).getHeaderValues();
                case INITPARAM:
                    return ScopeManager.get(page).getInitParam();
                case PAGECONTEXT:
                    return ScopeManager.get(page).getPageContext();
                case PAGESCOPE:
                    return ScopeManager.get(page).getPageScope();
                case PARAM:
                    return ScopeManager.get(page).getParam();
                case PARAM_VALUES:
                    return ScopeManager.get(page).getParamValues();
                case REQUEST_SCOPE:
                    return ScopeManager.get(page).getRequestScope();
                case SESSION_SCOPE:
                    return ScopeManager.get(page).getSessionScope();
                }
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    @SuppressWarnings({ "unchecked", "rawtypes" }) // TCK signature test fails with generics
    public Class getType(ELContext context, Object base, Object property)
            throws NullPointerException, PropertyNotFoundException, ELException {
        if (context == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException();
        }

        if (base == null && property != null) {
            int idx = Arrays.binarySearch(SCOPE_NAMES, property.toString());
            if (idx >= 0) {
                context.setPropertyResolved(true);
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public void setValue(ELContext context, Object base, Object property,
            Object value) throws NullPointerException,
            PropertyNotFoundException, PropertyNotWritableException,
            ELException {
        if (context == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException();
        }

        if (base == null && property != null) {
            int idx = Arrays.binarySearch(SCOPE_NAMES, property.toString());
            if (idx >= 0) {
                context.setPropertyResolved(true);
                throw new PropertyNotWritableException();
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isReadOnly(ELContext context, Object base, Object property)
            throws NullPointerException, PropertyNotFoundException, ELException {
        if (context == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException();
        }

        if (base == null && property != null) {
            int idx = Arrays.binarySearch(SCOPE_NAMES, property.toString());
            if (idx >= 0) {
                context.setPropertyResolved(true);
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public Iterator<FeatureDescriptor> getFeatureDescriptors(ELContext context, Object base) {
        List<FeatureDescriptor> feats = new ArrayList<FeatureDescriptor>(
                SCOPE_NAMES.length);
        FeatureDescriptor feat;
        for (int i = 0; i < SCOPE_NAMES.length; i++) {
            feat = new FeatureDescriptor();
            feat.setDisplayName(SCOPE_NAMES[i]);
            feat.setExpert(false);
            feat.setHidden(false);
            feat.setName(SCOPE_NAMES[i]);
            feat.setPreferred(true);
            feat.setValue(RESOLVABLE_AT_DESIGN_TIME, Boolean.TRUE);
            feat.setValue(TYPE, String.class);
            feats.add(feat);
        }
        return feats.iterator();
    }

    @Override
    public Class<String> getCommonPropertyType(ELContext context, Object base) {
        if (base == null) {
            return String.class;
        }
        return null;
    }

    private static class ScopeManager {
        private static final String MNGR_KEY = ScopeManager.class.getName();

        private final PageContext page;

        private Map<String,Object> applicationScope;

        private Map<String,Cookie> cookie;

        private Map<String,String> header;

        private Map<String,String[]> headerValues;

        private Map<String,String> initParam;

        private Map<String,Object> pageScope;

        private Map<String,String> param;

        private Map<String,String[]> paramValues;

        private Map<String,Object> requestScope;

        private Map<String,Object> sessionScope;

        public ScopeManager(PageContext page) {
            this.page = page;
        }

        public static ScopeManager get(PageContext page) {
            ScopeManager mngr = (ScopeManager) page.getAttribute(MNGR_KEY);
            if (mngr == null) {
                mngr = new ScopeManager(page);
                page.setAttribute(MNGR_KEY, mngr);
            }
            return mngr;
        }

        public Map<String,Object> getApplicationScope() {
            if (this.applicationScope == null) {
                this.applicationScope = new ScopeMap<Object>() {
                    @Override
                    protected void setAttribute(String name, Object value) {
                        page.getServletContext().setAttribute(name, value);
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected void removeAttribute(String name) {
                        page.getServletContext().removeAttribute(name);
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected Enumeration<String> getAttributeNames() {
                        return page.getServletContext().getAttributeNames();
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected Object getAttribute(String name) {
                        return page.getServletContext().getAttribute(name);
                    }
                };
            }
            return this.applicationScope;
        }

        public Map<String,Cookie> getCookie() {
            if (this.cookie == null) {
                this.cookie = new ScopeMap<Cookie>() {
                    @Override
                    protected Enumeration<String> getAttributeNames() {
                        Cookie[] c = ((HttpServletRequest) page.getRequest())
                                .getCookies();
                        if (c != null) {
                            Vector<String> v = new Vector<String>();
                            for (int i = 0; i < c.length; i++) {
                                v.add(c[i].getName());
                            }
                            return v.elements();
                        }
                        return null;
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected Cookie getAttribute(String name) {
                        Cookie[] c = ((HttpServletRequest) page.getRequest())
                                .getCookies();
                        if (c != null) {
                            for (int i = 0; i < c.length; i++) {
                                if (name.equals(c[i].getName())) {
                                    return c[i];
                                }
                            }
                        }
                        return null;
                    }

                };
            }
            return this.cookie;
        }

        public Map<String,String> getHeader() {
            if (this.header == null) {
                this.header = new ScopeMap<String>() {
                    @Override
                    protected Enumeration<String> getAttributeNames() {
                        return ((HttpServletRequest) page.getRequest())
                                .getHeaderNames();
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected String getAttribute(String name) {
                        return ((HttpServletRequest) page.getRequest())
                                .getHeader(name);
                    }
                };
            }
            return this.header;
        }

        public Map<String,String[]> getHeaderValues() {
            if (this.headerValues == null) {
                this.headerValues = new ScopeMap<String[]>() {
                    @Override
                    protected Enumeration<String> getAttributeNames() {
                        return ((HttpServletRequest) page.getRequest())
                                .getHeaderNames();
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected String[] getAttribute(String name) {
                        Enumeration<String> e =
                            ((HttpServletRequest) page.getRequest())
                                    .getHeaders(name);
                        if (e != null) {
                            List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
                            while (e.hasMoreElements()) {
                                list.add(e.nextElement());
                            }
                            return list.toArray(new String[list.size()]);
                        }
                        return null;
                    }

                };
            }
            return this.headerValues;
        }

        public Map<String,String> getInitParam() {
            if (this.initParam == null) {
                this.initParam = new ScopeMap<String>() {
                    @Override
                    protected Enumeration<String> getAttributeNames() {
                        return page.getServletContext().getInitParameterNames();
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected String getAttribute(String name) {
                        return page.getServletContext().getInitParameter(name);
                    }
                };
            }
            return this.initParam;
        }

        public PageContext getPageContext() {
            return this.page;
        }

        public Map<String,Object> getPageScope() {
            if (this.pageScope == null) {
                this.pageScope = new ScopeMap<Object>() {
                    @Override
                    protected void setAttribute(String name, Object value) {
                        page.setAttribute(name, value);
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected void removeAttribute(String name) {
                        page.removeAttribute(name);
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected Enumeration<String> getAttributeNames() {
                        return page.getAttributeNamesInScope(
                                PageContext.PAGE_SCOPE);
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected Object getAttribute(String name) {
                        return page.getAttribute(name);
                    }
                };
            }
            return this.pageScope;
        }

        public Map<String,String> getParam() {
            if (this.param == null) {
                this.param = new ScopeMap<String>() {
                    @Override
                    protected Enumeration<String> getAttributeNames() {
                        return page.getRequest().getParameterNames();
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected String getAttribute(String name) {
                        return page.getRequest().getParameter(name);
                    }
                };
            }
            return this.param;
        }

        public Map<String,String[]> getParamValues() {
            if (this.paramValues == null) {
                this.paramValues = new ScopeMap<String[]>() {
                    @Override
                    protected String[] getAttribute(String name) {
                        return page.getRequest().getParameterValues(name);
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected Enumeration<String> getAttributeNames() {
                        return page.getRequest().getParameterNames();
                    }
                };
            }
            return this.paramValues;
        }

        public Map<String,Object> getRequestScope() {
            if (this.requestScope == null) {
                this.requestScope = new ScopeMap<Object>() {
                    @Override
                    protected void setAttribute(String name, Object value) {
                        page.getRequest().setAttribute(name, value);
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected void removeAttribute(String name) {
                        page.getRequest().removeAttribute(name);
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected Enumeration<String> getAttributeNames() {
                        return page.getRequest().getAttributeNames();
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected Object getAttribute(String name) {
                        return page.getRequest().getAttribute(name);
                    }
                };
            }
            return this.requestScope;
        }

        public Map<String,Object> getSessionScope() {
            if (this.sessionScope == null) {
                this.sessionScope = new ScopeMap<Object>() {
                    @Override
                    protected void setAttribute(String name, Object value) {
                        ((HttpServletRequest) page.getRequest()).getSession()
                                .setAttribute(name, value);
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected void removeAttribute(String name) {
                        HttpSession session = page.getSession();
                        if (session != null) {
                            session.removeAttribute(name);
                        }
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected Enumeration<String> getAttributeNames() {
                        HttpSession session = page.getSession();
                        if (session != null) {
                            return session.getAttributeNames();
                        }
                        return null;
                    }

                    @Override
                    protected Object getAttribute(String name) {
                        HttpSession session = page.getSession();
                        if (session != null) {
                            return session.getAttribute(name);
                        }
                        return null;
                    }
                };
            }
            return this.sessionScope;
        }
    }

    private abstract static class ScopeMap<V> extends AbstractMap<String,V> {

        protected abstract Enumeration<String> getAttributeNames();

        protected abstract V getAttribute(String name);

        @SuppressWarnings("unused")
        protected void removeAttribute(String name) {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }

        @SuppressWarnings("unused")
        protected void setAttribute(String name, Object value) {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }

        @Override
        public final Set<Map.Entry<String,V>> entrySet() {
            Enumeration<String> e = getAttributeNames();
            Set<Map.Entry<String, V>> set = new HashSet<Map.Entry<String, V>>();
            if (e != null) {
                while (e.hasMoreElements()) {
                    set.add(new ScopeEntry(e.nextElement()));
                }
            }
            return set;
        }

        @Override
        public final int size() {
            int size = 0;
            Enumeration<String> e = getAttributeNames();
            if (e != null) {
                while (e.hasMoreElements()) {
                    e.nextElement();
                    size++;
                }
            }
            return size;
        }

        @Override
        public final boolean containsKey(Object key) {
            if (key == null) {
                return false;
            }
            Enumeration<String> e = getAttributeNames();
            if (e != null) {
                while (e.hasMoreElements()) {
                    if (key.equals(e.nextElement())) {
                        return true;
                    }
                }
            }
            return false;
        }

        private class ScopeEntry implements Map.Entry<String,V> {

            private final String key;

            public ScopeEntry(String key) {
                this.key = key;
            }

            @Override
            public String getKey() {
                return this.key;
            }

            @Override
            public V getValue() {
                return getAttribute(this.key);
            }

            @Override
            public V setValue(Object value) {
                if (value == null) {
                    removeAttribute(this.key);
                } else {
                    setAttribute(this.key, value);
                }
                return null;
            }

            @Override
            public boolean equals(Object obj) {
                return (obj != null && this.hashCode() == obj.hashCode());
            }

            @Override
            public int hashCode() {
                return this.key.hashCode();
            }

        }

        @Override
        public final V get(Object key) {
            if (key != null) {
                return getAttribute((String) key);
            }
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public final V put(String key, V value) {
            if (key == null) {
                throw new NullPointerException();
            }
            if (value == null) {
                this.removeAttribute(key);
            } else {
                this.setAttribute(key, value);
            }
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public final V remove(Object key) {
            if (key == null) {
                throw new NullPointerException();
            }
            this.removeAttribute((String) key);
            return null;
        }

    }

}