/*
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package tech.tablesaw.columns.strings;

import com.google.common.base.CharMatcher;
import com.google.common.base.Splitter;
import com.google.common.base.Strings;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;
import tech.tablesaw.api.DoubleColumn;
import tech.tablesaw.api.FloatColumn;
import tech.tablesaw.api.IntColumn;
import tech.tablesaw.api.StringColumn;
import tech.tablesaw.columns.Column;
import tech.tablesaw.util.LevenshteinDistance;
import tech.tablesaw.util.StringUtils;

/**
 * String utility functions. Each function takes one or more String columns as input and produces
 * another Column as output. The resulting column need not be a string column.
 *
 * <p>This code was developed as part of Apache Commons Text.
 */
public interface StringMapFunctions extends Column<String> {

  default StringColumn upperCase() {
    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(this.name() + "[ucase]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      if (value == null) {
        newColumn.append(StringColumnType.missingValueIndicator());
      } else {
        newColumn.append(value.toUpperCase());
      }
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn lowerCase() {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[lcase]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      newColumn.append(value.toLowerCase());
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Capitalizes each String changing the first character of each to title case as per {@link
   * Character#toTitleCase(int)}, as if in a sentence. No other characters are changed.
   *
   * <pre>
   * capitalize(null)  = null
   * capitalize("")    = ""
   * capitalize("cat") = "Cat"
   * capitalize("cAt") = "CAt"
   * capitalize("'cat'") = "'cat'"
   * </pre>
   */
  default StringColumn capitalize() {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[titleCase]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      newColumn.append(StringUtils.capitalize(value));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Repeats each the column's values elementwise, concatinating the results into a new StringColumn
   *
   * @param times The number of repeat desired
   *     <pre>
   *  repeat("", 2)   = ""
   *  repeat("cat", 3) = "catcatcat"
   * </pre>
   *
   * @return the new StringColumn
   */
  default StringColumn repeat(int times) {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(String.format("%s [rep %d]", name(), times));

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      newColumn.append(StringUtils.repeat(value, times));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn trim() {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[trim]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      newColumn.append(value.trim());
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn replaceAll(String regex, String replacement) {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[repl]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      newColumn.append(value.replaceAll(regex, replacement));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn replaceFirst(String regex, String replacement) {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[repl]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      newColumn.append(value.replaceFirst(regex, replacement));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn substring(int start, int end) {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[sub]");
    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      newColumn.append(value.substring(start, end));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Returns a column containing the substrings from start to the end of the input
   *
   * @throws java.lang.StringIndexOutOfBoundsException if any string in the column is shorter than
   *     start
   */
  default StringColumn substring(int start) {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[sub]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      newColumn.append(value.substring(start));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Abbreviates a String using ellipses. This will turn "Now is the time for all good men" into
   * "Now is the time for..."
   *
   * @param maxWidth the maximum width of the resulting strings, including the elipses.
   */
  default StringColumn abbreviate(int maxWidth) {
    final String defaultAbbrevMarker = "...";

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[abbr]");
    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      newColumn.append(StringUtils.abbreviate(value, defaultAbbrevMarker, maxWidth));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn format(String formatString) {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[formatted]");
    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      newColumn.append(String.format(formatString, getString(r)));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Returns an IntColumn containing all the values of this string column as integers, assuming all
   * the values are stringified ints in the first place. Otherwise an exception is thrown
   *
   * @return An IntColumn containing ints parsed from the strings in this column
   */
  default IntColumn parseInt() {
    IntColumn newColumn = IntColumn.create(name() + "[parsed]");
    for (String s : this) {
      if (StringColumn.valueIsMissing(s)) {
        newColumn.appendMissing();
      } else {
        newColumn.append(Integer.parseInt(s));
      }
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Returns an Double containing all the values of this string column as doubles, assuming all the
   * values are stringified doubles in the first place. Otherwise an exception is thrown
   *
   * @return A DoubleColumn containing doubles parsed from the strings in this column
   */
  default DoubleColumn parseDouble() {
    DoubleColumn newColumn = DoubleColumn.create(name() + "[parsed]");
    for (String s : this) {
      if (StringColumn.valueIsMissing(s)) {
        newColumn.appendMissing();
      } else {
        newColumn.append(Double.parseDouble(s));
      }
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Returns an Float containing all the values of this string column as floats, assuming all the
   * values are stringified floats in the first place. Otherwise an exception is thrown
   *
   * @return A FloatColumn containing floats parsed from the strings in this column
   */
  default FloatColumn parseFloat() {
    FloatColumn newColumn = FloatColumn.create(name() + "[parsed]");
    for (String s : this) {
      if (StringColumn.valueIsMissing(s)) {
        newColumn.appendMissing();
      } else {
        newColumn.append(Float.parseFloat(s));
      }
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn padEnd(int minLength, char padChar) {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[pad]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      newColumn.append(Strings.padEnd(value, minLength, padChar));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn padStart(int minLength, char padChar) {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[pad]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      newColumn.append(Strings.padStart(value, minLength, padChar));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn commonPrefix(Column<String> column2) {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + column2.name() + "[prefix]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value1 = getString(r);
      String value2 = column2.getString(r);
      newColumn.append(Strings.commonPrefix(value1, value2));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn commonSuffix(Column<String> column2) {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + column2.name() + "[suffix]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value1 = getString(r);
      String value2 = column2.getString(r);
      newColumn.append(Strings.commonSuffix(value1, value2));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /** Returns a column containing the levenshtein distance between the two given string columns */
  default DoubleColumn distance(Column<String> column2) {

    DoubleColumn newColumn = DoubleColumn.create(name() + column2.name() + "[distance]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value1 = getString(r);
      String value2 = column2.getString(r);
      newColumn.append(LevenshteinDistance.getDefaultInstance().apply(value1, value2));
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Return a copy of this column with the given string appended
   *
   * @param columns the column to append
   * @return the new column
   */
  default StringColumn join(String separator, Column<?>... columns) {
    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[column appended]", this.size());
    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder(getString(r));
      for (Column<?> stringColumn : columns) {
        result.append(separator).append(stringColumn.get(r));
      }
      newColumn.set(r, result.toString());
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Return a copy of this column with the given string appended to each element
   *
   * @param stringsToAppend the stringified objects to append
   * @return the new column
   */
  default StringColumn concatenate(Object... stringsToAppend) {
    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[append]", this.size());
    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      for (Object o : stringsToAppend) {
        newColumn.set(r, getString(r) + o);
      }
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Return a copy of this column with the corresponding value of each column argument appended to
   * each element. getString is used to ensure the value returned by the args are strings
   *
   * @param stringColumns the string columns to append
   * @return the new column
   */
  default StringColumn concatenate(Column<?>... stringColumns) {
    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[append]", this.size());
    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      StringBuilder s = new StringBuilder(getString(r));
      for (Column<?> stringColumn : stringColumns) s.append(stringColumn.getString(r));
      newColumn.set(r, s.toString());
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Creates a new column, replacing each string in this column with a new string formed by
   * replacing any substring that matches the regex
   *
   * @param regexArray the regex array to replace
   * @param replacement the replacement array
   * @return the new column
   */
  default StringColumn replaceAll(String[] regexArray, String replacement) {

    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[repl]", this.size());

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      for (String regex : regexArray) {
        value = value.replaceAll(regex, replacement);
      }
      newColumn.set(r, value);
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn tokenizeAndSort(String separator) {
    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[sorted]", this.size());

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);

      Splitter splitter = Splitter.on(separator);
      splitter = splitter.trimResults();
      splitter = splitter.omitEmptyStrings();
      List<String> tokens = new ArrayList<>(splitter.splitToList(value));
      Collections.sort(tokens);
      value = String.join(separator, tokens);
      newColumn.set(r, value);
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default DoubleColumn countTokens(String separator) {
    DoubleColumn newColumn = DoubleColumn.create(name() + "[token count]", this.size());

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);

      Splitter splitter = Splitter.on(separator);
      splitter = splitter.trimResults();
      splitter = splitter.omitEmptyStrings();
      List<String> tokens = new ArrayList<>(splitter.splitToList(value));
      newColumn.set(r, tokens.size());
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Returns a column of arbitrary size containing each unique token in this column, where a token
   * is defined using the given separator, and uniqueness is calculated across the entire column
   *
   * <p>NOTE: Unlike other map functions, this method produces a column whose size may be different
   * from the source, so they cannot safely be combined in a table.
   *
   * @param separator the delimiter used in the tokenizing operation
   * @return a new column
   */
  default StringColumn uniqueTokens(String separator) {
    return tokens(separator).unique();
  }

  /**
   * Returns a column of arbitrary size containing each token in this column, where a token is
   * defined using the given separator.
   *
   * <p>NOTE: Unlike other map functions, this method produces a column whose size may be different
   * from the source, so they cannot safely be combined in a table.
   *
   * @param separator the delimiter used in the tokenizing operation
   * @return a new column
   */
  default StringColumn tokens(String separator) {
    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[token count]");

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      Splitter splitter = Splitter.on(separator);
      splitter = splitter.trimResults();
      splitter = splitter.omitEmptyStrings();
      List<String> tokens = new ArrayList<>(splitter.splitToList(value));
      for (String token : tokens) {
        newColumn.append(token);
      }
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Returns a column containing the character length of each string in this column The returned
   * column is the same size as the original
   */
  default DoubleColumn length() {
    DoubleColumn newColumn = DoubleColumn.create(name() + "[length]", this.size());

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      newColumn.set(r, getString(r).length());
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  /**
   * Splits on Whitespace and returns the lexicographically sorted result.
   *
   * @return a {@link StringColumn}
   */
  default StringColumn tokenizeAndSort() {
    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[sorted]", this.size());

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);
      Splitter splitter = Splitter.on(CharMatcher.whitespace());
      splitter = splitter.trimResults();
      splitter = splitter.omitEmptyStrings();
      List<String> tokens = new ArrayList<>(splitter.splitToList(value));
      Collections.sort(tokens);
      value = String.join(" ", tokens);
      newColumn.set(r, value);
    }
    return newColumn;
  }

  default StringColumn tokenizeAndRemoveDuplicates(String separator) {
    StringColumn newColumn = StringColumn.create(name() + "[without duplicates]", this.size());

    for (int r = 0; r < size(); r++) {
      String value = getString(r);

      Splitter splitter = Splitter.on(separator);
      splitter = splitter.trimResults();
      splitter = splitter.omitEmptyStrings();
      List<String> tokens = new ArrayList<>(splitter.splitToList(value));

      String result = tokens.stream().distinct().collect(Collectors.joining(separator));
      newColumn.set(r, result);
    }
    return newColumn;
  }
}