/**
 * Copyright (c) 2008, http://www.snakeyaml.org
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.yaml.snakeyaml.representer;

import org.yaml.snakeyaml.error.YAMLException;
import org.yaml.snakeyaml.external.biz.base64Coder.Base64Coder;
import org.yaml.snakeyaml.nodes.Node;
import org.yaml.snakeyaml.nodes.Tag;
import org.yaml.snakeyaml.reader.StreamReader;

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.TimeZone;
import java.util.UUID;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

/**
 * Represent standard Java classes
 */
class SafeRepresenter extends BaseRepresenter {

    protected Map<Class<? extends Object>, Tag> classTags;
    protected TimeZone timeZone = null;

    public SafeRepresenter() {
        this.nullRepresenter = new RepresentNull();
        this.representers.put(String.class, new RepresentString());
        this.representers.put(Boolean.class, new RepresentBoolean());
        this.representers.put(Character.class, new RepresentString());
        this.representers.put(UUID.class, new RepresentUuid());
        this.representers.put(byte[].class, new RepresentByteArray());

        Represent primitiveArray = new RepresentPrimitiveArray();
        representers.put(short[].class, primitiveArray);
        representers.put(int[].class, primitiveArray);
        representers.put(long[].class, primitiveArray);
        representers.put(float[].class, primitiveArray);
        representers.put(double[].class, primitiveArray);
        representers.put(char[].class, primitiveArray);
        representers.put(boolean[].class, primitiveArray);

        this.multiRepresenters.put(Number.class, new RepresentNumber());
        this.multiRepresenters.put(List.class, new RepresentList());
        this.multiRepresenters.put(Map.class, new RepresentMap());
        this.multiRepresenters.put(Set.class, new RepresentSet());
        this.multiRepresenters.put(Iterator.class, new RepresentIterator());
        this.multiRepresenters.put(new Object[0].getClass(), new RepresentArray());
        this.multiRepresenters.put(Date.class, new RepresentDate());
        this.multiRepresenters.put(Enum.class, new RepresentEnum());
        this.multiRepresenters.put(Calendar.class, new RepresentDate());
        classTags = new HashMap<Class<? extends Object>, Tag>();
    }

    protected Tag getTag(Class<?> clazz, Tag defaultTag) {
        if (classTags.containsKey(clazz)) {
            return classTags.get(clazz);
        } else {
            return defaultTag;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Define a tag for the <code>Class</code> to serialize.
     * 
     * @param clazz
     *            <code>Class</code> which tag is changed
     * @param tag
     *            new tag to be used for every instance of the specified
     *            <code>Class</code>
     * @return the previous tag associated with the <code>Class</code>
     */
    public Tag addClassTag(Class<? extends Object> clazz, Tag tag) {
        if (tag == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException("Tag must be provided.");
        }
        return classTags.put(clazz, tag);
    }

    protected class RepresentNull implements Represent {
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            return representScalar(Tag.NULL, "null");
        }
    }

    public static Pattern MULTILINE_PATTERN = Pattern.compile("\n|\u0085|\u2028|\u2029");

    protected class RepresentString implements Represent {
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            Tag tag = Tag.STR;
            Character style = null;
            String value = data.toString();
            if (StreamReader.NON_PRINTABLE.matcher(value).find()) {
                tag = Tag.BINARY;
                char[] binary;
                try {
                    binary = Base64Coder.encode(value.getBytes("UTF-8"));
                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
                    throw new YAMLException(e);
                }
                value = String.valueOf(binary);
                style = '|';
            }
            // if no other scalar style is explicitly set, use literal style for
            // multiline scalars
            if (defaultScalarStyle == null && MULTILINE_PATTERN.matcher(value).find()) {
                style = '|';
            }
            return representScalar(tag, value, style);
        }
    }

    protected class RepresentBoolean implements Represent {
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            String value;
            if (Boolean.TRUE.equals(data)) {
                value = "true";
            } else {
                value = "false";
            }
            return representScalar(Tag.BOOL, value);
        }
    }

    protected class RepresentNumber implements Represent {
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            Tag tag;
            String value;
            if (data instanceof Byte || data instanceof Short || data instanceof Integer
                    || data instanceof Long || data instanceof BigInteger) {
                tag = Tag.INT;
                value = data.toString();
            } else {
                Number number = (Number) data;
                tag = Tag.FLOAT;
                if (number.equals(Double.NaN)) {
                    value = ".NaN";
                } else if (number.equals(Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY)) {
                    value = ".inf";
                } else if (number.equals(Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY)) {
                    value = "-.inf";
                } else {
                    value = number.toString();
                }
            }
            return representScalar(getTag(data.getClass(), tag), value);
        }
    }

    protected class RepresentList implements Represent {
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            return representSequence(getTag(data.getClass(), Tag.SEQ), (List<Object>) data, null);
        }
    }

    protected class RepresentIterator implements Represent {
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            Iterator<Object> iter = (Iterator<Object>) data;
            return representSequence(getTag(data.getClass(), Tag.SEQ), new IteratorWrapper(iter),
                    null);
        }
    }

    private static class IteratorWrapper implements Iterable<Object> {
        private Iterator<Object> iter;

        public IteratorWrapper(Iterator<Object> iter) {
            this.iter = iter;
        }

        public Iterator<Object> iterator() {
            return iter;
        }
    }

    protected class RepresentArray implements Represent {
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            Object[] array = (Object[]) data;
            List<Object> list = Arrays.asList(array);
            return representSequence(Tag.SEQ, list, null);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Represents primitive arrays, such as short[] and float[], by converting
     * them into equivalent List<Short> and List<Float> using the appropriate
     * autoboxing type.
     */
    protected class RepresentPrimitiveArray implements Represent {
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            Class<?> type = data.getClass().getComponentType();

            if (byte.class == type) {
                return representSequence(Tag.SEQ, asByteList(data), null);
            } else if (short.class == type) {
                return representSequence(Tag.SEQ, asShortList(data), null);
            } else if (int.class == type) {
                return representSequence(Tag.SEQ, asIntList(data), null);
            } else if (long.class == type) {
                return representSequence(Tag.SEQ, asLongList(data), null);
            } else if (float.class == type) {
                return representSequence(Tag.SEQ, asFloatList(data), null);
            } else if (double.class == type) {
                return representSequence(Tag.SEQ, asDoubleList(data), null);
            } else if (char.class == type) {
                return representSequence(Tag.SEQ, asCharList(data), null);
            } else if (boolean.class == type) {
                return representSequence(Tag.SEQ, asBooleanList(data), null);
            }

            throw new YAMLException("Unexpected primitive '" + type.getCanonicalName() + "'");
        }

        private List<Byte> asByteList(Object in) {
            byte[] array = (byte[]) in;
            List<Byte> list = new ArrayList<Byte>(array.length);
            for (int i = 0; i < array.length; ++i)
                list.add(array[i]);
            return list;
        }

        private List<Short> asShortList(Object in) {
            short[] array = (short[]) in;
            List<Short> list = new ArrayList<Short>(array.length);
            for (int i = 0; i < array.length; ++i)
                list.add(array[i]);
            return list;
        }

        private List<Integer> asIntList(Object in) {
            int[] array = (int[]) in;
            List<Integer> list = new ArrayList<Integer>(array.length);
            for (int i = 0; i < array.length; ++i)
                list.add(array[i]);
            return list;
        }

        private List<Long> asLongList(Object in) {
            long[] array = (long[]) in;
            List<Long> list = new ArrayList<Long>(array.length);
            for (int i = 0; i < array.length; ++i)
                list.add(array[i]);
            return list;
        }

        private List<Float> asFloatList(Object in) {
            float[] array = (float[]) in;
            List<Float> list = new ArrayList<Float>(array.length);
            for (int i = 0; i < array.length; ++i)
                list.add(array[i]);
            return list;
        }

        private List<Double> asDoubleList(Object in) {
            double[] array = (double[]) in;
            List<Double> list = new ArrayList<Double>(array.length);
            for (int i = 0; i < array.length; ++i)
                list.add(array[i]);
            return list;
        }

        private List<Character> asCharList(Object in) {
            char[] array = (char[]) in;
            List<Character> list = new ArrayList<Character>(array.length);
            for (int i = 0; i < array.length; ++i)
                list.add(array[i]);
            return list;
        }

        private List<Boolean> asBooleanList(Object in) {
            boolean[] array = (boolean[]) in;
            List<Boolean> list = new ArrayList<Boolean>(array.length);
            for (int i = 0; i < array.length; ++i)
                list.add(array[i]);
            return list;
        }
    }

    protected class RepresentMap implements Represent {
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            return representMapping(getTag(data.getClass(), Tag.MAP), (Map<Object, Object>) data,
                    null);
        }
    }

    protected class RepresentSet implements Represent {
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            Map<Object, Object> value = new LinkedHashMap<Object, Object>();
            Set<Object> set = (Set<Object>) data;
            for (Object key : set) {
                value.put(key, null);
            }
            return representMapping(getTag(data.getClass(), Tag.SET), value, null);
        }
    }

    protected class RepresentDate implements Represent {
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            // because SimpleDateFormat ignores timezone we have to use Calendar
            Calendar calendar;
            if (data instanceof Calendar) {
                calendar = (Calendar) data;
            } else {
                calendar = Calendar.getInstance(getTimeZone() == null ? TimeZone.getTimeZone("UTC")
                        : timeZone);
                calendar.setTime((Date) data);
            }
            int years = calendar.get(Calendar.YEAR);
            int months = calendar.get(Calendar.MONTH) + 1; // 0..12
            int days = calendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH); // 1..31
            int hour24 = calendar.get(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY); // 0..24
            int minutes = calendar.get(Calendar.MINUTE); // 0..59
            int seconds = calendar.get(Calendar.SECOND); // 0..59
            int millis = calendar.get(Calendar.MILLISECOND);
            StringBuilder buffer = new StringBuilder(String.valueOf(years));
            while (buffer.length() < 4) {
                // ancient years
                buffer.insert(0, "0");
            }
            buffer.append("-");
            if (months < 10) {
                buffer.append("0");
            }
            buffer.append(String.valueOf(months));
            buffer.append("-");
            if (days < 10) {
                buffer.append("0");
            }
            buffer.append(String.valueOf(days));
            buffer.append("T");
            if (hour24 < 10) {
                buffer.append("0");
            }
            buffer.append(String.valueOf(hour24));
            buffer.append(":");
            if (minutes < 10) {
                buffer.append("0");
            }
            buffer.append(String.valueOf(minutes));
            buffer.append(":");
            if (seconds < 10) {
                buffer.append("0");
            }
            buffer.append(String.valueOf(seconds));
            if (millis > 0) {
                if (millis < 10) {
                    buffer.append(".00");
                } else if (millis < 100) {
                    buffer.append(".0");
                } else {
                    buffer.append(".");
                }
                buffer.append(String.valueOf(millis));
            }
            if (TimeZone.getTimeZone("UTC").equals(calendar.getTimeZone())) {
                buffer.append("Z");
            } else {
                // Get the Offset from GMT taking DST into account
                int gmtOffset = calendar.getTimeZone().getOffset(calendar.get(Calendar.ERA),
                        calendar.get(Calendar.YEAR), calendar.get(Calendar.MONTH),
                        calendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH), calendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_WEEK),
                        calendar.get(Calendar.MILLISECOND));
                int minutesOffset = gmtOffset / (60 * 1000);
                int hoursOffset = minutesOffset / 60;
                int partOfHour = minutesOffset % 60;
                buffer.append((hoursOffset > 0 ? "+" : "") + hoursOffset + ":"
                        + (partOfHour < 10 ? "0" + partOfHour : partOfHour));
            }
            return representScalar(getTag(data.getClass(), Tag.TIMESTAMP), buffer.toString(), null);
        }
    }

    protected class RepresentEnum implements Represent {
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            Tag tag = new Tag(data.getClass());
            return representScalar(getTag(data.getClass(), tag), ((Enum<?>) data).name());
        }
    }

    protected class RepresentByteArray implements Represent {
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            char[] binary = Base64Coder.encode((byte[]) data);
            return representScalar(Tag.BINARY, String.valueOf(binary), '|');
        }
    }

    public TimeZone getTimeZone() {
        return timeZone;
    }

    public void setTimeZone(TimeZone timeZone) {
        this.timeZone = timeZone;
    }

    protected class RepresentUuid implements Represent {
        public Node representData(Object data) {
            return representScalar(getTag(data.getClass(), new Tag(UUID.class)), data.toString());
        }
    }
}