/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.tomcat.websocket;

import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.lang.reflect.GenericArrayType;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.lang.reflect.ParameterizedType;
import java.lang.reflect.Type;
import java.lang.reflect.TypeVariable;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Queue;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentLinkedQueue;

import javax.websocket.CloseReason.CloseCode;
import javax.websocket.CloseReason.CloseCodes;
import javax.websocket.Decoder;
import javax.websocket.Decoder.Binary;
import javax.websocket.Decoder.BinaryStream;
import javax.websocket.Decoder.Text;
import javax.websocket.Decoder.TextStream;
import javax.websocket.DeploymentException;
import javax.websocket.Encoder;
import javax.websocket.EndpointConfig;
import javax.websocket.Extension;
import javax.websocket.MessageHandler;
import javax.websocket.PongMessage;
import javax.websocket.Session;

import org.apache.tomcat.util.res.StringManager;
import org.apache.tomcat.websocket.pojo.PojoMessageHandlerPartialBinary;
import org.apache.tomcat.websocket.pojo.PojoMessageHandlerWholeBinary;
import org.apache.tomcat.websocket.pojo.PojoMessageHandlerWholeText;

/**
 * Utility class for internal use only within the
 * {@link org.apache.tomcat.websocket} package.
 */
public class Util {

	private static final StringManager sm = StringManager.getManager(Constants.PACKAGE_NAME);
	private static final Queue<SecureRandom> randoms = new ConcurrentLinkedQueue<SecureRandom>();

	private Util() {
		// Hide default constructor
	}

	static boolean isControl(byte opCode) {
		return (opCode & 0x08) > 0;
	}

	static boolean isText(byte opCode) {
		return opCode == Constants.OPCODE_TEXT;
	}

	static boolean isContinuation(byte opCode) {
		return opCode == Constants.OPCODE_CONTINUATION;
	}

	static CloseCode getCloseCode(int code) {
		if (code > 2999 && code < 5000) {
			return CloseCodes.getCloseCode(code);
		}
		switch (code) {
		case 1000:
			return CloseCodes.NORMAL_CLOSURE;
		case 1001:
			return CloseCodes.GOING_AWAY;
		case 1002:
			return CloseCodes.PROTOCOL_ERROR;
		case 1003:
			return CloseCodes.CANNOT_ACCEPT;
		case 1004:
			// Should not be used in a close frame
			// return CloseCodes.RESERVED;
			return CloseCodes.PROTOCOL_ERROR;
		case 1005:
			// Should not be used in a close frame
			// return CloseCodes.NO_STATUS_CODE;
			return CloseCodes.PROTOCOL_ERROR;
		case 1006:
			// Should not be used in a close frame
			// return CloseCodes.CLOSED_ABNORMALLY;
			return CloseCodes.PROTOCOL_ERROR;
		case 1007:
			return CloseCodes.NOT_CONSISTENT;
		case 1008:
			return CloseCodes.VIOLATED_POLICY;
		case 1009:
			return CloseCodes.TOO_BIG;
		case 1010:
			return CloseCodes.NO_EXTENSION;
		case 1011:
			return CloseCodes.UNEXPECTED_CONDITION;
		case 1012:
			// Not in RFC6455
			// return CloseCodes.SERVICE_RESTART;
			return CloseCodes.PROTOCOL_ERROR;
		case 1013:
			// Not in RFC6455
			// return CloseCodes.TRY_AGAIN_LATER;
			return CloseCodes.PROTOCOL_ERROR;
		case 1015:
			// Should not be used in a close frame
			// return CloseCodes.TLS_HANDSHAKE_FAILURE;
			return CloseCodes.PROTOCOL_ERROR;
		default:
			return CloseCodes.PROTOCOL_ERROR;
		}
	}

	static byte[] generateMask() {
		// SecureRandom is not thread-safe so need to make sure only one thread
		// uses it at a time. In theory, the pool could grow to the same size
		// as the number of request processing threads. In reality it will be
		// a lot smaller.

		// Get a SecureRandom from the pool
		SecureRandom sr = randoms.poll();

		// If one isn't available, generate a new one
		if (sr == null) {
			try {
				sr = SecureRandom.getInstance("SHA1PRNG");
			} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
				// Fall back to platform default
				sr = new SecureRandom();
			}
		}

		// Generate the mask
		byte[] result = new byte[4];
		sr.nextBytes(result);

		// Put the SecureRandom back in the poll
		randoms.add(sr);

		return result;
	}

	static Class<?> getMessageType(MessageHandler listener) {
		return Util.getGenericType(MessageHandler.class, listener.getClass()).getClazz();
	}

	private static Class<?> getDecoderType(Class<? extends Decoder> decoder) {
		return Util.getGenericType(Decoder.class, decoder).getClazz();
	}

	static Class<?> getEncoderType(Class<? extends Encoder> encoder) {
		return Util.getGenericType(Encoder.class, encoder).getClazz();
	}

	private static <T> TypeResult getGenericType(Class<T> type, Class<? extends T> clazz) {

		// Look to see if this class implements the generic MessageHandler<>
		// interface

		// Get all the interfaces
		Type[] interfaces = clazz.getGenericInterfaces();
		for (Type iface : interfaces) {
			// Only need to check interfaces that use generics
			if (iface instanceof ParameterizedType) {
				ParameterizedType pi = (ParameterizedType) iface;
				// Look for the MessageHandler<> interface
				if (pi.getRawType() instanceof Class) {
					if (type.isAssignableFrom((Class<?>) pi.getRawType())) {
						return getTypeParameter(clazz, pi.getActualTypeArguments()[0]);
					}
				}
			}
		}

		// Interface not found on this class. Look at the superclass.
		@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
		Class<? extends T> superClazz = (Class<? extends T>) clazz.getSuperclass();
		if (superClazz == null) {
			// Finished looking up the class hierarchy without finding anything
			return null;
		}

		TypeResult superClassTypeResult = getGenericType(type, superClazz);
		int dimension = superClassTypeResult.getDimension();
		if (superClassTypeResult.getIndex() == -1 && dimension == 0) {
			// Superclass implements interface and defines explicit type for
			// MessageHandler<>
			return superClassTypeResult;
		}

		if (superClassTypeResult.getIndex() > -1) {
			// Superclass implements interface and defines unknown type for
			// MessageHandler<>
			// Map that unknown type to the generic types defined in this class
			ParameterizedType superClassType = (ParameterizedType) clazz.getGenericSuperclass();
			TypeResult result = getTypeParameter(clazz,
					superClassType.getActualTypeArguments()[superClassTypeResult.getIndex()]);
			result.incrementDimension(superClassTypeResult.getDimension());
			if (result.getClazz() != null && result.getDimension() > 0) {
				superClassTypeResult = result;
			} else {
				return result;
			}
		}

		if (superClassTypeResult.getDimension() > 0) {
			StringBuilder className = new StringBuilder();
			for (int i = 0; i < dimension; i++) {
				className.append('[');
			}
			className.append('L');
			className.append(superClassTypeResult.getClazz().getCanonicalName());
			className.append(';');

			Class<?> arrayClazz;
			try {
				arrayClazz = Class.forName(className.toString());
			} catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
				throw new IllegalArgumentException(e);
			}

			return new TypeResult(arrayClazz, -1, 0);
		}

		// Error will be logged further up the call stack
		return null;
	}

	/*
	 * For a generic parameter, return either the Class used or if the type is
	 * unknown, the index for the type in definition of the class
	 */
	private static TypeResult getTypeParameter(Class<?> clazz, Type argType) {
		if (argType instanceof Class<?>) {
			return new TypeResult((Class<?>) argType, -1, 0);
		} else if (argType instanceof ParameterizedType) {
			return new TypeResult((Class<?>) ((ParameterizedType) argType).getRawType(), -1, 0);
		} else if (argType instanceof GenericArrayType) {
			Type arrayElementType = ((GenericArrayType) argType).getGenericComponentType();
			TypeResult result = getTypeParameter(clazz, arrayElementType);
			result.incrementDimension(1);
			return result;
		} else {
			TypeVariable<?>[] tvs = clazz.getTypeParameters();
			for (int i = 0; i < tvs.length; i++) {
				if (tvs[i].equals(argType)) {
					return new TypeResult(null, i, 0);
				}
			}
			return null;
		}
	}

	public static boolean isPrimitive(Class<?> clazz) {
		if (clazz.isPrimitive()) {
			return true;
		} else if (clazz.equals(Boolean.class) || clazz.equals(Byte.class) || clazz.equals(Character.class)
				|| clazz.equals(Double.class) || clazz.equals(Float.class) || clazz.equals(Integer.class)
				|| clazz.equals(Long.class) || clazz.equals(Short.class)) {
			return true;
		}
		return false;
	}

	public static Object coerceToType(Class<?> type, String value) {
		if (type.equals(String.class)) {
			return value;
		} else if (type.equals(boolean.class) || type.equals(Boolean.class)) {
			return Boolean.valueOf(value);
		} else if (type.equals(byte.class) || type.equals(Byte.class)) {
			return Byte.valueOf(value);
		} else if (type.equals(char.class) || type.equals(Character.class)) {
			return Character.valueOf(value.charAt(0));
		} else if (type.equals(double.class) || type.equals(Double.class)) {
			return Double.valueOf(value);
		} else if (type.equals(float.class) || type.equals(Float.class)) {
			return Float.valueOf(value);
		} else if (type.equals(int.class) || type.equals(Integer.class)) {
			return Integer.valueOf(value);
		} else if (type.equals(long.class) || type.equals(Long.class)) {
			return Long.valueOf(value);
		} else if (type.equals(short.class) || type.equals(Short.class)) {
			return Short.valueOf(value);
		} else {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException(sm.getString("util.invalidType", value, type.getName()));
		}
	}

	public static List<DecoderEntry> getDecoders(List<Class<? extends Decoder>> decoderClazzes)
			throws DeploymentException {

		List<DecoderEntry> result = new ArrayList<DecoderEntry>();
		if (decoderClazzes != null) {
			for (Class<? extends Decoder> decoderClazz : decoderClazzes) {
				// Need to instantiate decoder to ensure it is valid and that
				// deployment can be failed if it is not
				@SuppressWarnings("unused")
				Decoder instance;
				try {
					instance = decoderClazz.newInstance();
				} catch (InstantiationException e) {
					throw new DeploymentException(
							sm.getString("pojoMethodMapping.invalidDecoder", decoderClazz.getName()), e);
				} catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
					throw new DeploymentException(
							sm.getString("pojoMethodMapping.invalidDecoder", decoderClazz.getName()), e);
				}
				DecoderEntry entry = new DecoderEntry(Util.getDecoderType(decoderClazz), decoderClazz);
				result.add(entry);
			}
		}

		return result;
	}

	static Set<MessageHandlerResult> getMessageHandlers(Class<?> target, MessageHandler listener,
			EndpointConfig endpointConfig, Session session) {

		// Will never be more than 2 types
		Set<MessageHandlerResult> results = new HashSet<MessageHandlerResult>(2);

		// Simple cases - handlers already accepts one of the types expected by
		// the frame handling code
		if (String.class.isAssignableFrom(target)) {
			MessageHandlerResult result = new MessageHandlerResult(listener, MessageHandlerResultType.TEXT);
			results.add(result);
		} else if (ByteBuffer.class.isAssignableFrom(target)) {
			MessageHandlerResult result = new MessageHandlerResult(listener, MessageHandlerResultType.BINARY);
			results.add(result);
		} else if (PongMessage.class.isAssignableFrom(target)) {
			MessageHandlerResult result = new MessageHandlerResult(listener, MessageHandlerResultType.PONG);
			results.add(result);
			// Handler needs wrapping and optional decoder to convert it to one
			// of
			// the types expected by the frame handling code
		} else if (byte[].class.isAssignableFrom(target)) {
			boolean whole = MessageHandler.Whole.class.isAssignableFrom(listener.getClass());
			MessageHandlerResult result = new MessageHandlerResult(whole
					? new PojoMessageHandlerWholeBinary(listener, getOnMessageMethod(listener), session, endpointConfig,
							matchDecoders(target, endpointConfig, true), new Object[1], 0, true, -1, false, -1)
					: new PojoMessageHandlerPartialBinary(listener, getOnMessagePartialMethod(listener), session,
							new Object[2], 0, true, 1, -1, -1),
					MessageHandlerResultType.BINARY);
			results.add(result);
		} else if (InputStream.class.isAssignableFrom(target)) {
			MessageHandlerResult result = new MessageHandlerResult(
					new PojoMessageHandlerWholeBinary(listener, getOnMessageMethod(listener), session, endpointConfig,
							matchDecoders(target, endpointConfig, true), new Object[1], 0, true, -1, true, -1),
					MessageHandlerResultType.BINARY);
			results.add(result);
		} else if (Reader.class.isAssignableFrom(target)) {
			MessageHandlerResult result = new MessageHandlerResult(
					new PojoMessageHandlerWholeText(listener, getOnMessageMethod(listener), session, endpointConfig,
							matchDecoders(target, endpointConfig, false), new Object[1], 0, true, -1, -1),
					MessageHandlerResultType.TEXT);
			results.add(result);
		} else {
			// Handler needs wrapping and requires decoder to convert it to one
			// of the types expected by the frame handling code
			DecoderMatch decoderMatch = matchDecoders(target, endpointConfig);
			Method m = getOnMessageMethod(listener);
			if (decoderMatch.getBinaryDecoders().size() > 0) {
				MessageHandlerResult result = new MessageHandlerResult(
						new PojoMessageHandlerWholeBinary(listener, m, session, endpointConfig,
								decoderMatch.getBinaryDecoders(), new Object[1], 0, false, -1, false, -1),
						MessageHandlerResultType.BINARY);
				results.add(result);
			}
			if (decoderMatch.getTextDecoders().size() > 0) {
				MessageHandlerResult result = new MessageHandlerResult(
						new PojoMessageHandlerWholeText(listener, m, session, endpointConfig,
								decoderMatch.getTextDecoders(), new Object[1], 0, false, -1, -1),
						MessageHandlerResultType.TEXT);
				results.add(result);
			}
		}

		if (results.size() == 0) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException(sm.getString("wsSession.unknownHandler", listener, target));
		}

		return results;
	}

	private static List<Class<? extends Decoder>> matchDecoders(Class<?> target, EndpointConfig endpointConfig,
			boolean binary) {
		DecoderMatch decoderMatch = matchDecoders(target, endpointConfig);
		if (binary) {
			if (decoderMatch.getBinaryDecoders().size() > 0) {
				return decoderMatch.getBinaryDecoders();
			}
		} else if (decoderMatch.getTextDecoders().size() > 0) {
			return decoderMatch.getTextDecoders();
		}
		return null;
	}

	private static DecoderMatch matchDecoders(Class<?> target, EndpointConfig endpointConfig) {
		DecoderMatch decoderMatch;
		try {
			List<Class<? extends Decoder>> decoders = endpointConfig.getDecoders();
			List<DecoderEntry> decoderEntries = getDecoders(decoders);
			decoderMatch = new DecoderMatch(target, decoderEntries);
		} catch (DeploymentException e) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException(e);
		}
		return decoderMatch;
	}

	public static void parseExtensionHeader(List<Extension> extensions, String header) {
		// The relevant ABNF for the Sec-WebSocket-Extensions is as follows:
		// extension-list = 1#extension
		// extension = extension-token *( ";" extension-param )
		// extension-token = registered-token
		// registered-token = token
		// extension-param = token [ "=" (token | quoted-string) ]
		// ; When using the quoted-string syntax variant, the value
		// ; after quoted-string unescaping MUST conform to the
		// ; 'token' ABNF.
		//
		// The limiting of parameter values to tokens or "quoted tokens" makes
		// the parsing of the header significantly simpler and allows a number
		// of short-cuts to be taken.

		// Step one, split the header into individual extensions using ',' as a
		// separator
		String unparsedExtensions[] = header.split(",");
		for (String unparsedExtension : unparsedExtensions) {
			// Step two, split the extension into the registered name and
			// parameter/value pairs using ';' as a separator
			String unparsedParameters[] = unparsedExtension.split(";");
			WsExtension extension = new WsExtension(unparsedParameters[0].trim());

			for (int i = 1; i < unparsedParameters.length; i++) {
				int equalsPos = unparsedParameters[i].indexOf('=');
				String name;
				String value;
				if (equalsPos == -1) {
					name = unparsedParameters[i].trim();
					value = null;
				} else {
					name = unparsedParameters[i].substring(0, equalsPos).trim();
					value = unparsedParameters[i].substring(equalsPos + 1).trim();
					int len = value.length();
					if (len > 1) {
						if (value.charAt(0) == '\"' && value.charAt(len - 1) == '\"') {
							value = value.substring(1, value.length() - 1);
						}
					}
				}
				// Make sure value doesn't contain any of the delimiters since
				// that would indicate something went wrong
				if (containsDelims(name) || containsDelims(value)) {
					throw new IllegalArgumentException(sm.getString("util.notToken", name, value));
				}
				if (value != null && (value.indexOf(',') > -1 || value.indexOf(';') > -1 || value.indexOf('\"') > -1
						|| value.indexOf('=') > -1)) {
					throw new IllegalArgumentException(sm.getString("", value));
				}
				extension.addParameter(new WsExtensionParameter(name, value));
			}
			extensions.add(extension);
		}
	}

	private static boolean containsDelims(String input) {
		if (input == null || input.length() == 0) {
			return false;
		}
		for (char c : input.toCharArray()) {
			switch (c) {
			case ',':
			case ';':
			case '\"':
			case '=':
				return true;
			default:
				// NO_OP
			}

		}
		return false;
	}

	private static Method getOnMessageMethod(MessageHandler listener) {
		try {
			return listener.getClass().getMethod("onMessage", Object.class);
		} catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException(sm.getString("util.invalidMessageHandler"), e);
		} catch (SecurityException e) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException(sm.getString("util.invalidMessageHandler"), e);
		}
	}

	private static Method getOnMessagePartialMethod(MessageHandler listener) {
		try {
			return listener.getClass().getMethod("onMessage", Object.class, Boolean.TYPE);
		} catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException(sm.getString("util.invalidMessageHandler"), e);
		} catch (SecurityException e) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException(sm.getString("util.invalidMessageHandler"), e);
		}
	}

	public static class DecoderMatch {

		private final List<Class<? extends Decoder>> textDecoders = new ArrayList<Class<? extends Decoder>>();
		private final List<Class<? extends Decoder>> binaryDecoders = new ArrayList<Class<? extends Decoder>>();
		private final Class<?> target;

		public DecoderMatch(Class<?> target, List<DecoderEntry> decoderEntries) {
			this.target = target;
			for (DecoderEntry decoderEntry : decoderEntries) {
				if (decoderEntry.getClazz().isAssignableFrom(target)) {
					if (Binary.class.isAssignableFrom(decoderEntry.getDecoderClazz())) {
						binaryDecoders.add(decoderEntry.getDecoderClazz());
						// willDecode() method means this decoder may or may not
						// decode a message so need to carry on checking for
						// other matches
					} else if (BinaryStream.class.isAssignableFrom(decoderEntry.getDecoderClazz())) {
						binaryDecoders.add(decoderEntry.getDecoderClazz());
						// Stream decoders have to process the message so no
						// more decoders can be matched
						break;
					} else if (Text.class.isAssignableFrom(decoderEntry.getDecoderClazz())) {
						textDecoders.add(decoderEntry.getDecoderClazz());
						// willDecode() method means this decoder may or may not
						// decode a message so need to carry on checking for
						// other matches
					} else if (TextStream.class.isAssignableFrom(decoderEntry.getDecoderClazz())) {
						textDecoders.add(decoderEntry.getDecoderClazz());
						// Stream decoders have to process the message so no
						// more decoders can be matched
						break;
					} else {
						throw new IllegalArgumentException(sm.getString("util.unknownDecoderType"));
					}
				}
			}
		}

		public List<Class<? extends Decoder>> getTextDecoders() {
			return textDecoders;
		}

		public List<Class<? extends Decoder>> getBinaryDecoders() {
			return binaryDecoders;
		}

		public Class<?> getTarget() {
			return target;
		}

		public boolean hasMatches() {
			return (textDecoders.size() > 0) || (binaryDecoders.size() > 0);
		}
	}

	private static class TypeResult {
		private final Class<?> clazz;
		private final int index;
		private int dimension;

		public TypeResult(Class<?> clazz, int index, int dimension) {
			this.clazz = clazz;
			this.index = index;
			this.dimension = dimension;
		}

		public Class<?> getClazz() {
			return clazz;
		}

		public int getIndex() {
			return index;
		}

		public int getDimension() {
			return dimension;
		}

		public void incrementDimension(int inc) {
			dimension += inc;
		}
	}
}