/*
 * Copyright 2013 Google Inc.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package com.google.common.jimfs;

import static com.google.common.base.Preconditions.checkNotNull;

import com.google.common.base.Throwables;
import com.google.common.collect.Sets;
import java.io.Closeable;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.ClosedFileSystemException;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicBoolean;
import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicInteger;

/**
 * Object that manages the open/closed state of a file system, ensuring that all open resources are
 * closed when the file system is closed and that file system methods throw an exception when the
 * file system has been closed.
 *
 * @author Colin Decker
 */
final class FileSystemState implements Closeable {

  private final Set<Closeable> resources = Sets.newConcurrentHashSet();
  private final Runnable onClose;

  private final AtomicBoolean open = new AtomicBoolean(true);

  /** Count of resources currently in the process of being registered. */
  private final AtomicInteger registering = new AtomicInteger();

  FileSystemState(Runnable onClose) {
    this.onClose = checkNotNull(onClose);
  }

  /** Returns whether or not the file system is open. */
  public boolean isOpen() {
    return open.get();
  }

  /**
   * Checks that the file system is open, throwing {@link ClosedFileSystemException} if it is not.
   */
  public void checkOpen() {
    if (!open.get()) {
      throw new ClosedFileSystemException();
    }
  }

  /**
   * Registers the given resource to be closed when the file system is closed. Should be called when
   * the resource is opened.
   */
  public <C extends Closeable> C register(C resource) {
    // Initial open check to avoid incrementing registering if we already know it's closed.
    // This is to prevent any possibility of a weird pathalogical situation where the do/while
    // loop in close() keeps looping as register() is called repeatedly from multiple threads.
    checkOpen();

    registering.incrementAndGet();
    try {
      // Need to check again after marking registration in progress to avoid a potential race.
      // (close() could have run completely between the first checkOpen() and
      // registering.incrementAndGet().)
      checkOpen();
      resources.add(resource);
      return resource;
    } finally {
      registering.decrementAndGet();
    }
  }

  /** Unregisters the given resource. Should be called when the resource is closed. */
  public void unregister(Closeable resource) {
    resources.remove(resource);
  }

  /**
   * Closes the file system, runs the {@code onClose} callback and closes all registered resources.
   */
  @Override
  public void close() throws IOException {
    if (open.compareAndSet(true, false)) {
      onClose.run();

      Throwable thrown = null;
      do {
        for (Closeable resource : resources) {
          try {
            resource.close();
          } catch (Throwable e) {
            if (thrown == null) {
              thrown = e;
            } else {
              thrown.addSuppressed(e);
            }
          } finally {
            // ensure the resource is removed even if it doesn't remove itself when closed
            resources.remove(resource);
          }
        }

        // It's possible for a thread registering a resource to register that resource after open
        // has been set to false and even after we've looped through and closed all the resources.
        // Since registering must be incremented *before* checking the state of open, however,
        // when we reach this point in that situation either the register call is still in progress
        // (registering > 0) or the new resource has been successfully added (resources not empty).
        // In either case, we just need to repeat the loop until there are no more register calls
        // in progress (no new calls can start and no resources left to close.
      } while (registering.get() > 0 || !resources.isEmpty());
      Throwables.propagateIfPossible(thrown, IOException.class);
    }
  }
}