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/*
 * This file is available under and governed by the GNU General Public
 * License version 2 only, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 * However, the following notice accompanied the original version of this
 * file:
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2007-2012, Stephen Colebourne & Michael Nascimento Santos
 *
 * All rights reserved.
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package java.time.chrono;

import static java.time.temporal.ChronoUnit.SECONDS;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InvalidObjectException;
import java.io.ObjectInput;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectOutput;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.time.Instant;
import java.time.LocalDateTime;
import java.time.ZoneId;
import java.time.ZoneOffset;
import java.time.temporal.ChronoField;
import java.time.temporal.ChronoUnit;
import java.time.temporal.Temporal;
import java.time.temporal.TemporalField;
import java.time.temporal.TemporalUnit;
import java.time.zone.ZoneOffsetTransition;
import java.time.zone.ZoneRules;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Objects;

/**
 * A date-time with a time-zone in the calendar neutral API.
 * <p>
 * {@code ZoneChronoDateTime} is an immutable representation of a date-time with a time-zone.
 * This class stores all date and time fields, to a precision of nanoseconds,
 * as well as a time-zone and zone offset.
 * <p>
 * The purpose of storing the time-zone is to distinguish the ambiguous case where
 * the local time-line overlaps, typically as a result of the end of daylight time.
 * Information about the local-time can be obtained using methods on the time-zone.
 *
 * @implSpec
 * This class is immutable and thread-safe.
 *
 * @serial Document the delegation of this class in the serialized-form specification.
 * @param <D> the concrete type for the date of this date-time
 * @since 1.8
 */
final class ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<D extends ChronoLocalDate>
        implements ChronoZonedDateTime<D>, Serializable {

    /**
     * Serialization version.
     */
    private static final long serialVersionUID = -5261813987200935591L;

    /**
     * The local date-time.
     */
    private final transient ChronoLocalDateTimeImpl<D> dateTime;
    /**
     * The zone offset.
     */
    private final transient ZoneOffset offset;
    /**
     * The zone ID.
     */
    private final transient ZoneId zone;

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * Obtains an instance from a local date-time using the preferred offset if possible.
     *
     * @param localDateTime  the local date-time, not null
     * @param zone  the zone identifier, not null
     * @param preferredOffset  the zone offset, null if no preference
     * @return the zoned date-time, not null
     */
    static <R extends ChronoLocalDate> ChronoZonedDateTime<R> ofBest(
            ChronoLocalDateTimeImpl<R> localDateTime, ZoneId zone, ZoneOffset preferredOffset) {
        Objects.requireNonNull(localDateTime, "localDateTime");
        Objects.requireNonNull(zone, "zone");
        if (zone instanceof ZoneOffset) {
            return new ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<>(localDateTime, (ZoneOffset) zone, zone);
        }
        ZoneRules rules = zone.getRules();
        LocalDateTime isoLDT = LocalDateTime.from(localDateTime);
        List<ZoneOffset> validOffsets = rules.getValidOffsets(isoLDT);
        ZoneOffset offset;
        if (validOffsets.size() == 1) {
            offset = validOffsets.get(0);
        } else if (validOffsets.size() == 0) {
            ZoneOffsetTransition trans = rules.getTransition(isoLDT);
            localDateTime = localDateTime.plusSeconds(trans.getDuration().getSeconds());
            offset = trans.getOffsetAfter();
        } else {
            if (preferredOffset != null && validOffsets.contains(preferredOffset)) {
                offset = preferredOffset;
            } else {
                offset = validOffsets.get(0);
            }
        }
        Objects.requireNonNull(offset, "offset");  // protect against bad ZoneRules
        return new ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<>(localDateTime, offset, zone);
    }

    /**
     * Obtains an instance from an instant using the specified time-zone.
     *
     * @param chrono  the chronology, not null
     * @param instant  the instant, not null
     * @param zone  the zone identifier, not null
     * @return the zoned date-time, not null
     */
    static ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<?> ofInstant(Chronology chrono, Instant instant, ZoneId zone) {
        ZoneRules rules = zone.getRules();
        ZoneOffset offset = rules.getOffset(instant);
        Objects.requireNonNull(offset, "offset");  // protect against bad ZoneRules
        LocalDateTime ldt = LocalDateTime.ofEpochSecond(instant.getEpochSecond(), instant.getNano(), offset);
        ChronoLocalDateTimeImpl<?> cldt = (ChronoLocalDateTimeImpl<?>)chrono.localDateTime(ldt);
        return new ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<>(cldt, offset, zone);
    }

    /**
     * Obtains an instance from an {@code Instant}.
     *
     * @param instant  the instant to create the date-time from, not null
     * @param zone  the time-zone to use, validated not null
     * @return the zoned date-time, validated not null
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    private ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<D> create(Instant instant, ZoneId zone) {
        return (ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<D>)ofInstant(getChronology(), instant, zone);
    }

    /**
     * Casts the {@code Temporal} to {@code ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl} ensuring it bas the specified chronology.
     *
     * @param chrono  the chronology to check for, not null
     * @param temporal  a date-time to cast, not null
     * @return the date-time checked and cast to {@code ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl}, not null
     * @throws ClassCastException if the date-time cannot be cast to ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl
     *  or the chronology is not equal this Chronology
     */
    static <R extends ChronoLocalDate> ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<R> ensureValid(Chronology chrono, Temporal temporal) {
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<R> other = (ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<R>) temporal;
        if (chrono.equals(other.getChronology()) == false) {
            throw new ClassCastException("Chronology mismatch, required: " + chrono.getId()
                    + ", actual: " + other.getChronology().getId());
        }
        return other;
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * Constructor.
     *
     * @param dateTime  the date-time, not null
     * @param offset  the zone offset, not null
     * @param zone  the zone ID, not null
     */
    private ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl(ChronoLocalDateTimeImpl<D> dateTime, ZoneOffset offset, ZoneId zone) {
        this.dateTime = Objects.requireNonNull(dateTime, "dateTime");
        this.offset = Objects.requireNonNull(offset, "offset");
        this.zone = Objects.requireNonNull(zone, "zone");
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    @Override
    public ZoneOffset getOffset() {
        return offset;
    }

    @Override
    public ChronoZonedDateTime<D> withEarlierOffsetAtOverlap() {
        ZoneOffsetTransition trans = getZone().getRules().getTransition(LocalDateTime.from(this));
        if (trans != null && trans.isOverlap()) {
            ZoneOffset earlierOffset = trans.getOffsetBefore();
            if (earlierOffset.equals(offset) == false) {
                return new ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<>(dateTime, earlierOffset, zone);
            }
        }
        return this;
    }

    @Override
    public ChronoZonedDateTime<D> withLaterOffsetAtOverlap() {
        ZoneOffsetTransition trans = getZone().getRules().getTransition(LocalDateTime.from(this));
        if (trans != null) {
            ZoneOffset offset = trans.getOffsetAfter();
            if (offset.equals(getOffset()) == false) {
                return new ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl<>(dateTime, offset, zone);
            }
        }
        return this;
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    @Override
    public ChronoLocalDateTime<D> toLocalDateTime() {
        return dateTime;
    }

    @Override
    public ZoneId getZone() {
        return zone;
    }

    @Override
    public ChronoZonedDateTime<D> withZoneSameLocal(ZoneId zone) {
        return ofBest(dateTime, zone, offset);
    }

    @Override
    public ChronoZonedDateTime<D> withZoneSameInstant(ZoneId zone) {
        Objects.requireNonNull(zone, "zone");
        return this.zone.equals(zone) ? this : create(dateTime.toInstant(offset), zone);
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    @Override
    public boolean isSupported(TemporalField field) {
        return field instanceof ChronoField || (field != null && field.isSupportedBy(this));
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    @Override
    public ChronoZonedDateTime<D> with(TemporalField field, long newValue) {
        if (field instanceof ChronoField) {
            ChronoField f = (ChronoField) field;
            switch (f) {
                case INSTANT_SECONDS: return plus(newValue - toEpochSecond(), SECONDS);
                case OFFSET_SECONDS: {
                    ZoneOffset offset = ZoneOffset.ofTotalSeconds(f.checkValidIntValue(newValue));
                    return create(dateTime.toInstant(offset), zone);
                }
            }
            return ofBest(dateTime.with(field, newValue), zone, offset);
        }
        return ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl.ensureValid(getChronology(), field.adjustInto(this, newValue));
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    @Override
    public ChronoZonedDateTime<D> plus(long amountToAdd, TemporalUnit unit) {
        if (unit instanceof ChronoUnit) {
            return with(dateTime.plus(amountToAdd, unit));
        }
        return ChronoZonedDateTimeImpl.ensureValid(getChronology(), unit.addTo(this, amountToAdd));   /// TODO: Generics replacement Risk!
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    @Override
    public long until(Temporal endExclusive, TemporalUnit unit) {
        Objects.requireNonNull(endExclusive, "endExclusive");
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        ChronoZonedDateTime<D> end = (ChronoZonedDateTime<D>) getChronology().zonedDateTime(endExclusive);
        if (unit instanceof ChronoUnit) {
            end = end.withZoneSameInstant(offset);
            return dateTime.until(end.toLocalDateTime(), unit);
        }
        Objects.requireNonNull(unit, "unit");
        return unit.between(this, end);
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * Writes the ChronoZonedDateTime using a
     * <a href="../../../serialized-form.html#java.time.chrono.Ser">dedicated serialized form</a>.
     * @serialData
     * <pre>
     *  out.writeByte(3);                  // identifies a ChronoZonedDateTime
     *  out.writeObject(toLocalDateTime());
     *  out.writeObject(getOffset());
     *  out.writeObject(getZone());
     * </pre>
     *
     * @return the instance of {@code Ser}, not null
     */
    private Object writeReplace() {
        return new Ser(Ser.CHRONO_ZONE_DATE_TIME_TYPE, this);
    }

    /**
     * Defend against malicious streams.
     *
     * @param s the stream to read
     * @throws InvalidObjectException always
     */
    private void readObject(ObjectInputStream s) throws InvalidObjectException {
        throw new InvalidObjectException("Deserialization via serialization delegate");
    }

    void writeExternal(ObjectOutput out) throws IOException {
        out.writeObject(dateTime);
        out.writeObject(offset);
        out.writeObject(zone);
    }

    static ChronoZonedDateTime<?> readExternal(ObjectInput in) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        ChronoLocalDateTime<?> dateTime = (ChronoLocalDateTime<?>) in.readObject();
        ZoneOffset offset = (ZoneOffset) in.readObject();
        ZoneId zone = (ZoneId) in.readObject();
        return dateTime.atZone(offset).withZoneSameLocal(zone);
        // TODO: ZDT uses ofLenient()
    }

    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        if (this == obj) {
            return true;
        }
        if (obj instanceof ChronoZonedDateTime) {
            return compareTo((ChronoZonedDateTime<?>) obj) == 0;
        }
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        return toLocalDateTime().hashCode() ^ getOffset().hashCode() ^ Integer.rotateLeft(getZone().hashCode(), 3);
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        String str = toLocalDateTime().toString() + getOffset().toString();
        if (getOffset() != getZone()) {
            str += '[' + getZone().toString() + ']';
        }
        return str;
    }


}