/*

   Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
   contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
   this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
   The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
   (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
   the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

   Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
   distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
   WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
   See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
   limitations under the License.

 */
package org.apache.batik.ext.awt.image.rendered;


import java.awt.Point;
import java.awt.Transparency;
import java.awt.color.ColorSpace;
import java.awt.image.BandCombineOp;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.awt.image.ColorConvertOp;
import java.awt.image.ColorModel;
import java.awt.image.ComponentColorModel;
import java.awt.image.DataBuffer;
import java.awt.image.PixelInterleavedSampleModel;
import java.awt.image.Raster;
import java.awt.image.SampleModel;
import java.awt.image.WritableRaster;

import org.apache.batik.ext.awt.ColorSpaceHintKey;
import org.apache.batik.ext.awt.image.GraphicsUtil;

/**
 * This function will tranform an image from any colorspace into a
 * luminance image.  The alpha channel if any will be copied to the
 * new image.
 *
 * @author <a href="mailto:[email protected]">Thomas DeWeese</a>
 * @version $Id: Any2LumRed.java 475477 2006-11-15 22:44:28Z cam $ */
public class Any2LumRed extends AbstractRed {

    /**
     * Construct a luminace image from src.
     *
     * @param src The image to convert to a luminance image
     */
    public Any2LumRed(CachableRed src) {
        super(src,src.getBounds(), 
              fixColorModel(src),
              fixSampleModel(src),
              src.getTileGridXOffset(),
              src.getTileGridYOffset(),
              null);

        props.put(ColorSpaceHintKey.PROPERTY_COLORSPACE,
                  ColorSpaceHintKey.VALUE_COLORSPACE_GREY);
    }

    public WritableRaster copyData(WritableRaster wr) {
        // Get my source.
        CachableRed src = (CachableRed)getSources().get(0);

        SampleModel sm     = src.getSampleModel();
        ColorModel  srcCM  = src.getColorModel();
        Raster      srcRas = src.getData(wr.getBounds());
        if (srcCM == null) {
            // We don't really know much about this source.

            float [][] matrix = null;
            if (sm.getNumBands() == 2) {
                matrix = new float[2][2];
                matrix[0][0] = 1;
                matrix[1][1] = 1;
            } else {
                matrix = new float[sm.getNumBands()][1];
                matrix[0][0] = 1;
            }

            BandCombineOp op = new BandCombineOp(matrix, null);
            op.filter(srcRas, wr);
        } else {
            WritableRaster srcWr  = (WritableRaster)srcRas;

            // Divide out alpha if we have it.  We need to do this since
            // the color convert may not be a linear operation which may 
            // lead to out of range values.
            if (srcCM.hasAlpha())
                GraphicsUtil.coerceData(srcWr, srcCM, false);

            BufferedImage srcBI, dstBI;
            srcBI = new BufferedImage(srcCM, 
                                      srcWr.createWritableTranslatedChild(0,0),
                                      false, 
                                      null);
            ColorModel dstCM = getColorModel();
            if (!dstCM.hasAlpha()) {
                // No alpha ao we don't have to work around the bug
                // in the color convert op.
                dstBI = new BufferedImage
                    (dstCM, wr.createWritableTranslatedChild(0,0),
                     dstCM.isAlphaPremultiplied(), null);
            } else {
                // All this nonsense is to work around the fact that the
                // Color convert op doesn't properly copy the Alpha from
                // src to dst.
                PixelInterleavedSampleModel dstSM;
                dstSM = (PixelInterleavedSampleModel)wr.getSampleModel();
                SampleModel smna = new PixelInterleavedSampleModel
                    (dstSM.getDataType(),    
                     dstSM.getWidth(),       dstSM.getHeight(),
                     dstSM.getPixelStride(), dstSM.getScanlineStride(),
                     new int [] { 0 });

                WritableRaster dstWr;
                dstWr = Raster.createWritableRaster(smna,
                                                    wr.getDataBuffer(),
                                                    new Point(0,0));
                dstWr = dstWr.createWritableChild
                    (wr.getMinX()-wr.getSampleModelTranslateX(),
                     wr.getMinY()-wr.getSampleModelTranslateY(),
                     wr.getWidth(), wr.getHeight(),
                     0, 0, null);
                
                ColorModel cmna = new ComponentColorModel
                    (ColorSpace.getInstance(ColorSpace.CS_GRAY),
                     new int [] {8}, false, false,
                     Transparency.OPAQUE, 
                     DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE);

                dstBI = new BufferedImage(cmna, dstWr, false, null);
            }

            ColorConvertOp op = new ColorConvertOp(null);
            op.filter(srcBI, dstBI);

            // Have to 'fix' alpha premult
            if (dstCM.hasAlpha()) {
                copyBand(srcWr, sm.getNumBands()-1,
                         wr,    getSampleModel().getNumBands()-1);
                if (dstCM.isAlphaPremultiplied())
                    GraphicsUtil.multiplyAlpha(wr);
            }
        }
        return wr;
    }

    /**
     * This function 'fixes' the source's color model.  Right now
     * it just selects if it should have one or two bands based on
     * if the source had an alpha channel.
     */
    protected static ColorModel fixColorModel(CachableRed src) {
        ColorModel  cm = src.getColorModel();
        if (cm != null) {
            if (cm.hasAlpha())
                return new ComponentColorModel
                    (ColorSpace.getInstance(ColorSpace.CS_GRAY),
                     new int [] {8,8}, true,
                     cm.isAlphaPremultiplied(),
                     Transparency.TRANSLUCENT, 
                     DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE);

            return new ComponentColorModel
                (ColorSpace.getInstance(ColorSpace.CS_GRAY),
                 new int [] {8}, false, false,
                 Transparency.OPAQUE, 
                 DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE);
        } 
        else {
            // No ColorModel so try to make some intelligent
            // decisions based just on the number of bands...
            // 1 bands -> lum
            // 2 bands -> lum (Band 0) & alpha (Band 1)
            // >2 bands -> lum (Band 0) - No color conversion...
            SampleModel sm = src.getSampleModel();

            if (sm.getNumBands() == 2)
                return new ComponentColorModel
                    (ColorSpace.getInstance(ColorSpace.CS_GRAY),
                     new int [] {8,8}, true,
                     true, Transparency.TRANSLUCENT, 
                     DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE);

            return new ComponentColorModel
                (ColorSpace.getInstance(ColorSpace.CS_GRAY),
                 new int [] {8}, false, false,
                 Transparency.OPAQUE, 
                 DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE);
        }
    }

    /**
     * This function 'fixes' the source's sample model.
     * Right now it just selects if it should have one or two bands
     * based on if the source had an alpha channel.
     */
    protected static SampleModel fixSampleModel(CachableRed src) {
        SampleModel sm = src.getSampleModel();

        int width  = sm.getWidth();
        int height = sm.getHeight();

        ColorModel  cm = src.getColorModel();
        if (cm != null) {
            if (cm.hasAlpha()) 
                return new PixelInterleavedSampleModel
                    (DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, width, height, 2, 2*width,
                     new int [] { 0, 1 });

            return new PixelInterleavedSampleModel
                (DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, width, height, 1, width,
                 new int [] { 0 });
        }
        else {
            // No ColorModel so try to make some intelligent
            // decisions based just on the number of bands...
            // 1 bands -> lum
            // 2 bands -> lum (Band 0) & alpha (Band 1)
            // >2 bands -> lum (Band 0) - No color conversion...
            if (sm.getNumBands() == 2)
                return new PixelInterleavedSampleModel
                    (DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, width, height, 2, 2*width,
                     new int [] { 0, 1 });

            return new PixelInterleavedSampleModel
                (DataBuffer.TYPE_BYTE, width, height, 1, width,
                 new int [] { 0 });
        }
    }
}