/**
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations
 * under the License.
 */
package async;

import org.apache.curator.framework.CuratorFramework;
import org.apache.curator.x.async.AsyncCuratorFramework;
import org.apache.curator.x.async.AsyncEventException;
import org.apache.curator.x.async.WatchMode;
import org.apache.zookeeper.WatchedEvent;
import java.util.concurrent.CompletionStage;

/**
 * Examples using the asynchronous DSL
 */
public class AsyncExamples
{
    public static AsyncCuratorFramework wrap(CuratorFramework client)
    {
        // wrap a CuratorFramework instance so that it can be used async.
        // do this once and re-use the returned AsyncCuratorFramework instance
        return AsyncCuratorFramework.wrap(client);
    }

    public static void create(CuratorFramework client, String path, byte[] payload)
    {
        AsyncCuratorFramework async = AsyncCuratorFramework.wrap(client);   // normally you'd wrap early in your app and reuse the instance

        // create a node at the given path with the given payload asynchronously
        async.create().forPath(path, payload).whenComplete((name, exception) -> {
            if ( exception != null )
            {
                // there was a problem
                exception.printStackTrace();
            }
            else
            {
                System.out.println("Created node name is: " + name);
            }
        });
    }

    public static void createThenWatch(CuratorFramework client, String path)
    {
        AsyncCuratorFramework async = AsyncCuratorFramework.wrap(client);   // normally you'd wrap early in your app and reuse the instance

        // this example shows to asynchronously use watchers for both event
        // triggering and connection problems. If you don't need to be notified
        // of connection problems, use the simpler approach shown in createThenWatchSimple()

        // create a node at the given path with the given payload asynchronously
        // then watch the created node
        async.create().forPath(path).whenComplete((name, exception) -> {
            if ( exception != null )
            {
                // there was a problem creating the node
                exception.printStackTrace();
            }
            else
            {
                handleWatchedStage(async.watched().checkExists().forPath(path).event());
            }
        });
    }

    public static void createThenWatchSimple(CuratorFramework client, String path)
    {
        AsyncCuratorFramework async = AsyncCuratorFramework.wrap(client);   // normally you'd wrap early in your app and reuse the instance

        // create a node at the given path with the given payload asynchronously
        // then watch the created node
        async.create().forPath(path).whenComplete((name, exception) -> {
            if ( exception != null )
            {
                // there was a problem creating the node
                exception.printStackTrace();
            }
            else
            {
                // because "WatchMode.successOnly" is used the watch stage is only triggered when
                // the EventType is a node event
                async.with(WatchMode.successOnly).watched().checkExists().forPath(path).event().thenAccept(event -> {
                    System.out.println(event.getType());
                    System.out.println(event);
                });
            }
        });
    }

    private static void handleWatchedStage(CompletionStage<WatchedEvent> watchedStage)
    {
        // async handling of Watchers is complicated because watchers can trigger multiple times
        // and CompletionStage don't support this behavior

        // thenAccept() handles normal watcher triggering.
        watchedStage.thenAccept(event -> {
            System.out.println(event.getType());
            System.out.println(event);
            // etc.
        });

        // exceptionally is called if there is a connection problem in which case
        // watchers trigger to signal the connection problem. "reset()" must be called
        // to reset the watched stage
        watchedStage.exceptionally(exception -> {
            AsyncEventException asyncEx = (AsyncEventException)exception;
            asyncEx.printStackTrace();    // handle the error as needed
            handleWatchedStage(asyncEx.reset());
            return null;
        });
    }
}