* Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *  limitations under the License.
package org.apache.bcel.util;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Hashtable;

import org.apache.bcel.Const;
import org.apache.bcel.classfile.ClassParser;
import org.apache.bcel.classfile.ConstantClass;
import org.apache.bcel.classfile.ConstantPool;
import org.apache.bcel.classfile.ConstantUtf8;
import org.apache.bcel.classfile.JavaClass;
import org.apache.bcel.classfile.Utility;

 * <p>Drop in replacement for the standard class loader of the JVM. You can use it
 * in conjunction with the JavaWrapper to dynamically modify/create classes
 * as they're requested.</p>
 * <p>This class loader recognizes special requests in a distinct
 * format, i.e., when the name of the requested class contains with
 * "$$BCEL$$" it calls the createClass() method with that name
 * (everything bevor the $$BCEL$$ is considered to be the package
 * name. You can subclass the class loader and override that
 * method. "Normal" classes class can be modified by overriding the
 * modifyClass() method which is called just before defineClass().</p>
 * <p>There may be a number of packages where you have to use the
 * default class loader (which may also be faster). You can define the
 * set of packages where to use the system class loader in the
 * constructor. The default value contains "java.", "sun.",
 * "javax."</p>
 * @see JavaWrapper
 * @see ClassPath
 * @deprecated 6.0 Do not use - does not work
public class ClassLoader extends java.lang.ClassLoader {

    private static final String BCEL_TOKEN = "$$BCEL$$";

    public static final String[] DEFAULT_IGNORED_PACKAGES = {
            "java.", "javax.", "sun."

    private final Hashtable<String, Class<?>> classes = new Hashtable<>();
    // Hashtable is synchronized thus thread-safe
    private final String[] ignored_packages;
    private Repository repository = SyntheticRepository.getInstance();

    /** Ignored packages are by default ( "java.", "sun.",
     * "javax."), i.e. loaded by system class loader
    public ClassLoader() {

    /** @param deferTo delegate class loader to use for ignored packages
    public ClassLoader(final java.lang.ClassLoader deferTo) {
        this.ignored_packages = DEFAULT_IGNORED_PACKAGES;
        this.repository = new ClassLoaderRepository(deferTo);

    /** @param ignored_packages classes contained in these packages will be loaded
     * with the system class loader
    public ClassLoader(final String[] ignored_packages) {
        this.ignored_packages = ignored_packages;

    /** @param ignored_packages classes contained in these packages will be loaded
     * with the system class loader
     * @param deferTo delegate class loader to use for ignored packages
    public ClassLoader(final java.lang.ClassLoader deferTo, final String[] ignored_packages) {
        this.repository = new ClassLoaderRepository(deferTo);

    protected Class<?> loadClass( final String class_name, final boolean resolve ) throws ClassNotFoundException {
        Class<?> cl = null;
        /* First try: lookup hash table.
        if ((cl = classes.get(class_name)) == null) {
            /* Second try: Load system class using system class loader. You better
             * don't mess around with them.
            for (final String ignored_package : ignored_packages) {
                if (class_name.startsWith(ignored_package)) {
                    cl = getParent().loadClass(class_name);
            if (cl == null) {
                JavaClass clazz = null;
                /* Third try: Special request?
                if (class_name.contains(BCEL_TOKEN)) {
                    clazz = createClass(class_name);
                } else { // Fourth try: Load classes via repository
                    if ((clazz = repository.loadClass(class_name)) != null) {
                        clazz = modifyClass(clazz);
                    } else {
                        throw new ClassNotFoundException(class_name);
                if (clazz != null) {
                    final byte[] bytes = clazz.getBytes();
                    cl = defineClass(class_name, bytes, 0, bytes.length);
                } else {
                    cl = Class.forName(class_name);
            if (resolve) {
        classes.put(class_name, cl);
        return cl;

    /** Override this method if you want to alter a class before it gets actually
     * loaded. Does nothing by default.
    protected JavaClass modifyClass( final JavaClass clazz ) {
        return clazz;

     * Override this method to create you own classes on the fly. The
     * name contains the special token $$BCEL$$. Everything before that
     * token is considered to be a package name. You can encode your own
     * arguments into the subsequent string. You must ensure however not
     * to use any "illegal" characters, i.e., characters that may not
     * appear in a Java class name too
     * <p>
     * The default implementation interprets the string as a encoded compressed
     * Java class, unpacks and decodes it with the Utility.decode() method, and
     * parses the resulting byte array and returns the resulting JavaClass object.
     * </p>
     * @param class_name compressed byte code with "$$BCEL$$" in it
    protected JavaClass createClass( final String class_name ) {
        final int index = class_name.indexOf(BCEL_TOKEN);
        final String real_name = class_name.substring(index + BCEL_TOKEN.length());
        JavaClass clazz = null;
        try {
            final byte[] bytes = Utility.decode(real_name, true);
            final ClassParser parser = new ClassParser(new ByteArrayInputStream(bytes), "foo");
            clazz = parser.parse();
        } catch (final IOException e) {
            return null;
        // Adapt the class name to the passed value
        final ConstantPool cp = clazz.getConstantPool();
        final ConstantClass cl = (ConstantClass) cp.getConstant(clazz.getClassNameIndex(),
        final ConstantUtf8 name = (ConstantUtf8) cp.getConstant(cl.getNameIndex(),
        name.setBytes(class_name.replace('.', '/'));
        return clazz;