/**
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.apache.sqoop.manager;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import org.apache.commons.cli.CommandLine;
import org.apache.commons.cli.GnuParser;
import org.apache.commons.cli.OptionBuilder;
import org.apache.commons.cli.ParseException;
import org.apache.commons.lang.StringEscapeUtils;
import org.apache.commons.lang.StringUtils;
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.TaskAttemptID;
import org.apache.sqoop.mapreduce.netezza.NetezzaExternalTableExportJob;
import org.apache.sqoop.mapreduce.netezza.NetezzaExternalTableImportJob;

import com.cloudera.sqoop.SqoopOptions;
import com.cloudera.sqoop.cli.RelatedOptions;
import com.cloudera.sqoop.util.ExportException;
import com.cloudera.sqoop.util.ImportException;

/**
 * Manages direct mode transfers from Netezza databases using the external table
 * options.
 */
public class DirectNetezzaManager extends NetezzaManager {

  public static final Log LOG = LogFactory.getLog(DirectNetezzaManager.class
      .getName());

  public static final String NETEZZA_LOG_DIR_OPT = "netezza.log.dir";
  public static final String NETEZZA_LOG_DIR_LONG_ARG = "log-dir";

  public static final String NETEZZA_ERROR_THRESHOLD_OPT =
      "netezza.error.threshold";
  public static final String NETEZZA_ERROR_THRESHOLD_LONG_ARG =
      "max-errors";

  public static final String NETEZZA_CTRL_CHARS_OPT =
      "netezza.ctrl.chars";
  public static final String NETEZZA_CTRL_CHARS_LONG_ARG =
      "ctrl-chars";


  public static final String NETEZZA_CRIN_STRING_OPT =
      "netezza.crin.string";
  public static final String NETEZZA_CRIN_STRING_LONG_ARG =
      "crin-string";


  public static final String NETEZZA_IGNORE_ZERO_OPT =
      "netezza.ignore.zero";
  public static final String NETEZZA_IGNORE_ZERO_LONG_ARG =
      "ignore-zero";

  public static final String NETEZZA_TRUNC_STRING_OPT =
      "netezza.trunc.string";
  public static final String NETEZZA_TRUNC_STRING_LONG_ARG =
      "trunc-string";



  private static final String QUERY_CHECK_DICTIONARY_FOR_TABLE =
      "SELECT 1 FROM _V_TABLE WHERE OWNER= ? "
      + " AND TABLENAME = ?";
  public static final String NETEZZA_NULL_VALUE =
      "netezza.exttable.null.value";

  public DirectNetezzaManager(SqoopOptions opts) {
    super(opts);
    try {
      handleNetezzaExtraArgs(options);
    } catch (ParseException pe) {
      throw  new RuntimeException(pe.getMessage(), pe);
    }
  }

  private void checkNullValueStrings(String nullStrValue,
      String nullNonStrValue) throws IOException {

    if (!StringUtils.equals(nullStrValue, nullNonStrValue)) {
        throw new IOException(
          "Detected different values of --input-string and --input-non-string "
          + "parameters. Netezza direct manager does not support that. Please "
          + "either use the same values or omit the --direct parameter.");
    }


    // Null String values cannot be more 4 chars in length in the case
    // Netezza external tables.

    if (nullStrValue != null)  {
      nullStrValue = StringEscapeUtils.unescapeJava(nullStrValue);
      if (nullStrValue.length() > 4) {
        throw new IOException(
            "Null string (and null non string) values for Netezza direct mode"
          + " manager must be less than 4 characters in length");
      }
      options.getConf().set(NETEZZA_NULL_VALUE, nullStrValue);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Check Table if it is valid for export. Parse the table like what we do in
   * Oracle manager
   *
   * @throws IOException
   * @throws ExportException
   */
  private void checkTable() throws IOException, ExportException {
    String tableOwner = this.options.getUsername();
    String tableName = this.options.getTableName();
    String shortTableName = tableName;
    int qualifierIndex = tableName.indexOf('.');
    if (qualifierIndex != -1) {
      tableOwner = tableName.substring(0, qualifierIndex);
      shortTableName = tableName.substring(qualifierIndex + 1);
    }
    Connection conn = null;
    PreparedStatement ps = null;
    ResultSet rs = null;

    try {
      try {
        conn = getConnection();
        ps = conn.prepareStatement(QUERY_CHECK_DICTIONARY_FOR_TABLE,
            ResultSet.TYPE_FORWARD_ONLY, ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
        ps.setString(1, tableOwner);
        ps.setString(2, shortTableName);
        rs = ps.executeQuery();
        if (!rs.next()) {
          String message = tableName
              + " is not a valid Netezza table.  "
              + "Please make sure that you have connected to the Netezza DB "
              + "and the table name is right.   The current values are\n\t"
              + "  connection string : " + options.getConnectString()
              + "\n\t  table owner : " + tableOwner + "\n\t  table name : "
              + shortTableName;
          LOG.error(message);
          throw new IOException(message);
        }
      } finally {
        if (rs != null) {
          rs.close();
        }
        if (ps != null) {
          ps.close();
        }
        close();
      }
    } catch (SQLException sqle) {
      throw new IOException("SQL exception checking table "
          + sqle.getMessage(), sqle);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Export data stored in HDFS into a table in a database.
   */
  public void exportTable(com.cloudera.sqoop.manager.ExportJobContext context)
      throws IOException, ExportException {
    options = context.getOptions();
    context.setConnManager(this);

    checkTable(); // Throws exception as necessary
    NetezzaExternalTableExportJob exporter = null;

    char qc = (char) options.getInputEnclosedBy();
    char ec = (char) options.getInputEscapedBy();
    checkNullValueStrings(options.getInNullStringValue(),
        options.getInNullNonStringValue());

    if (qc > 0 && !(qc == '"' || qc == '\'')) {
      throw new ExportException("Input enclosed-by character must be '\"' "
         + "or ''' for netezza direct mode exports");
    }
    if (ec > 0 && ec != '\\') {
      throw new ExportException("Input escaped-by character must be '\\' "
          + "for netezza direct mode exports");
    }
    exporter = new NetezzaExternalTableExportJob(context);
    exporter.runExport();
  }

  /**
   * Import the table into HDFS by using Netezza external tables to pull out the
   * data from the database and upload the files directly to HDFS.
   */
  @Override
  public void importTable(com.cloudera.sqoop.manager.ImportJobContext context)
      throws IOException, ImportException {

    context.setConnManager(this);

    String tableName = context.getTableName();
    String jarFile = context.getJarFile();
    SqoopOptions options = context.getOptions();

    if (null == tableName) {
      LOG.
        error("Netezza external table import does not support query imports.");
      LOG.
        error("Do not use --direct and --query together for Netezza.");
      throw
        new IOException("Null tableName for Netezza external table import.");
    }

    checkNullValueStrings(options.getNullStringValue(),
        options.getNullNonStringValue());

    char qc = options.getOutputEnclosedBy();
    char ec = options.getOutputEscapedBy();

    if (qc > 0 && !(qc == '"' || qc == '\'')) {
      throw new ImportException("Output enclosed-by character must be '\"' "
         + "or ''' for netezza direct mode imports");
    }
    if (ec > 0 && ec != '\\') {
      throw new ImportException("Output escaped-by character must be '\\' "
          + "for netezza direct mode exports");
    }

    NetezzaExternalTableImportJob importer = null;

    importer = new NetezzaExternalTableImportJob(options, context);

    // Direct Netezza Manager will use the datasliceid so no split columns
    // will be used.

    LOG.info("Beginning netezza fast path import");

    if (options.getFileLayout() != SqoopOptions.FileLayout.TextFile) {
      LOG.warn("File import layout " + options.getFileLayout()
          + " is not supported by");
      LOG.warn("Netezza direct import; import will proceed as text files.");
    }

    importer.runImport(tableName, jarFile, null, options.getConf());
  }

  protected  RelatedOptions getNetezzaExtraOpts() {
    // Just add the options from NetezzaManager and ignore the setting
    // for direct mode access
    RelatedOptions netezzaOpts =
        new RelatedOptions("Netezza Connector Direct mode options");

    netezzaOpts.addOption(OptionBuilder
        .withArgName(NETEZZA_ERROR_THRESHOLD_OPT).hasArg()
        .withDescription("Error threshold for the job")
        .withLongOpt(NETEZZA_ERROR_THRESHOLD_LONG_ARG).create());
    netezzaOpts.addOption(OptionBuilder.withArgName(NETEZZA_LOG_DIR_OPT)
        .hasArg().withDescription("Netezza log directory")
        .withLongOpt(NETEZZA_LOG_DIR_LONG_ARG).create());
    netezzaOpts.addOption(OptionBuilder.withArgName(NETEZZA_CTRL_CHARS_OPT)
      .withDescription("Allow control chars in data")
      .withLongOpt(NETEZZA_CTRL_CHARS_LONG_ARG).create());
    netezzaOpts.addOption(OptionBuilder.withArgName(NETEZZA_TRUNC_STRING_OPT)
      .withDescription("Truncate string to declared storage size")
      .withLongOpt(NETEZZA_TRUNC_STRING_LONG_ARG).create());
    netezzaOpts.addOption(OptionBuilder.withArgName(NETEZZA_CRIN_STRING_OPT)
      .withDescription("Truncate string to declared storage size")
      .withLongOpt(NETEZZA_CRIN_STRING_LONG_ARG).create());
    netezzaOpts.addOption(OptionBuilder.withArgName(NETEZZA_IGNORE_ZERO_OPT)
      .withDescription("Truncate string to declared storage size")
      .withLongOpt(NETEZZA_IGNORE_ZERO_LONG_ARG).create());
    return netezzaOpts;
  }

  private void handleNetezzaExtraArgs(SqoopOptions opts)
      throws ParseException {

    Configuration conf = opts.getConf();

    String[] extraArgs = opts.getExtraArgs();

    RelatedOptions netezzaOpts = getNetezzaExtraOpts();
    CommandLine cmdLine = new GnuParser().parse(netezzaOpts, extraArgs, true);
    if (cmdLine.hasOption(NETEZZA_ERROR_THRESHOLD_LONG_ARG)) {
      int threshold = Integer.parseInt(cmdLine
          .getOptionValue(NETEZZA_ERROR_THRESHOLD_LONG_ARG));
      conf.setInt(NETEZZA_ERROR_THRESHOLD_OPT, threshold);
    }
    if (cmdLine.hasOption(NETEZZA_LOG_DIR_LONG_ARG)) {
      String dir = cmdLine.getOptionValue(NETEZZA_LOG_DIR_LONG_ARG);
      conf.set(NETEZZA_LOG_DIR_OPT, dir);
    }

    conf.setBoolean(NETEZZA_CTRL_CHARS_OPT,
      cmdLine.hasOption(NETEZZA_CTRL_CHARS_LONG_ARG));

    conf.setBoolean(NETEZZA_TRUNC_STRING_OPT,
      cmdLine.hasOption(NETEZZA_TRUNC_STRING_LONG_ARG));

    conf.setBoolean(NETEZZA_CRIN_STRING_OPT,
      cmdLine.hasOption(NETEZZA_CRIN_STRING_LONG_ARG));

    conf.setBoolean(NETEZZA_IGNORE_ZERO_OPT,
      cmdLine.hasOption(NETEZZA_IGNORE_ZERO_LONG_ARG));

    // Always true for Netezza direct mode access
    conf.setBoolean(NETEZZA_DATASLICE_ALIGNED_ACCESS_OPT, true);
  }

  @Override
  public boolean supportsStagingForExport() {
    return false;
  }

  @Override
  public boolean isORMFacilitySelfManaged() {
    if (options.getHCatTableName() != null) {
      return false;
    }
    return true;
  }

  @Override
  public boolean isDirectModeHCatSupported() {
    return true;
  }


  public static String getLocalLogDir(TaskAttemptID attemptId) {
      int tid = attemptId.getTaskID().getId();
      int aid = attemptId.getId();
      String jid = attemptId.getJobID().toString();
      StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(jid).append('-');
      sb.append(tid).append('-').append(aid);
      String localLogDir = sb.toString();
      return localLogDir;
  }
}