/*
 * Copyright (C) 2011 readyState Software Ltd, 2007 The Android Open Source Project
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package com.jaus.albertogiunta.justintrain_oraritreni.db.sqliteAsset;

import android.content.Context;
import android.database.DatabaseErrorHandler;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.CursorFactory;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;
import android.util.Log;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.zip.ZipInputStream;

/**
 * A helper class to manage database creation and version management using
 * an application's raw asset files.
 *
 * This class provides developers with a simple way to ship their Android app
 * with an existing SQLite database (which may be pre-populated with data) and
 * to manage its initial creation and any upgrades required with subsequent
 * version releases.
 *
 * <p>This class makes it easy for {@link android.content.ContentProvider}
 * implementations to defer opening and upgrading the database until first use,
 * to avoid blocking application startup with long-running database upgrades.
 *
 * <p>For examples see <a href="https://github.com/jgilfelt/android-sqlite-asset-helper">
 * https://github.com/jgilfelt/android-sqlite-asset-helper</a>
 *
 * <p class="note"><strong>Note:</strong> this class assumes
 * monotonically increasing version numbers for upgrades.  Also, there
 * is no concept of a database downgrade; installing a new version of
 * your app which uses a lower version number than a
 * previously-installed version will result in undefined behavior.</p>
 */
public class SQLiteAssetHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {

    private static final String TAG           = SQLiteAssetHelper.class.getSimpleName();
    private static final String ASSET_DB_PATH = "databases";

    private final Context       mContext;
    private final String        mName;
    private final CursorFactory mFactory;
    private final int           mNewVersion;

    private SQLiteDatabase mDatabase       = null;
    private boolean        mIsInitializing = false;

    private String mDatabasePath;

    private String mAssetPath;

    private String mUpgradePathFormat;

    private int mForcedUpgradeVersion = 0;

    /**
     * Create a helper object to create, open, and/or manage a database in
     * a specified location.
     * This method always returns very quickly.  The database is not actually
     * created or opened until one of {@link #getWritableDatabase} or
     * {@link #getReadableDatabase} is called.
     *
     * @param context to use to open or create the database
     * @param name of the database file
     * @param storageDirectory to store the database file upon creation; caller must
     * ensure that the specified absolute path is available and can be written to
     * @param factory to use for creating cursor objects, or null for the default
     * @param version number of the database (starting at 1); if the database is older,
     * SQL file(s) contained within the application assets folder will be used to
     * upgrade the database
     */
    public SQLiteAssetHelper(Context context, String name, String storageDirectory, CursorFactory factory, int version, DatabaseErrorHandler errorHandler) {
        super(context, name, factory, version, errorHandler);

        if (version < 1) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Version must be >= 1, was " + version);
        if (name == null) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Database name cannot be null");

        mContext = context;
        mName = name;
        mFactory = factory;
        mNewVersion = version;

        mAssetPath = ASSET_DB_PATH + "/" + name;
        if (storageDirectory != null) {
            mDatabasePath = storageDirectory;
        } else {
            mDatabasePath = context.getApplicationInfo().dataDir + "/databases";
        }
        mUpgradePathFormat = ASSET_DB_PATH + "/" + name + "_upgrade_%s-%s.sql";
    }

    /**
     * Create a helper object to create, open, and/or manage a database in
     * the application's default private data directory.
     * This method always returns very quickly.  The database is not actually
     * created or opened until one of {@link #getWritableDatabase} or
     * {@link #getReadableDatabase} is called.
     *
     * @param context to use to open or create the database
     * @param name of the database file
     * @param factory to use for creating cursor objects, or null for the default
     * @param version number of the database (starting at 1); if the database is older,
     * SQL file(s) contained within the application assets folder will be used to
     * upgrade the database
     */
    public SQLiteAssetHelper(Context context, String name, CursorFactory factory, int version) {
        this(context, name, null, factory, version, null);
    }

    /**
     * Create and/or open a database that will be used for reading and writing.
     * The first time this is called, the database will be extracted and copied
     * from the application's assets folder.
     *
     * <p>Once opened successfully, the database is cached, so you can
     * call this method every time you need to write to the database.
     * (Make sure to call {@link #close} when you no longer need the database.)
     * Errors such as bad permissions or a full disk may cause this method
     * to fail, but future attempts may succeed if the problem is fixed.</p>
     *
     * <p class="caution">Database upgrade may take a long time, you
     * should not call this method from the application main thread, including
     * from {@link android.content.ContentProvider#onCreate ContentProvider.onCreate()}.
     *
     * @return a read/write database object valid until {@link #close} is called
     * @throws SQLiteException if the database cannot be opened for writing
     */
    @Override
    public synchronized SQLiteDatabase getWritableDatabase() {
        if (mDatabase != null && mDatabase.isOpen() && !mDatabase.isReadOnly()) {
            return mDatabase;  // The database is already open for business
        }

        if (mIsInitializing) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("getWritableDatabase called recursively");
        }

        // If we have a read-only database open, someone could be using it
        // (though they shouldn't), which would cause a lock to be held on
        // the file, and our attempts to open the database read-write would
        // fail waiting for the file lock.  To prevent that, we acquire the
        // lock on the read-only database, which shuts out other users.

        boolean        success = false;
        SQLiteDatabase db      = null;
        //if (mDatabase != null) mDatabase.lock();
        try {
            mIsInitializing = true;
            //if (mName == null) {
            //    db = SQLiteDatabase.create(null);
            //} else {
            //    db = mContext.openOrCreateDatabase(mName, 0, mFactory);
            //}
            db = createOrOpenDatabase(false);

            int version = db.getVersion();

            // do force upgrade
            if (version != 0 && version < mForcedUpgradeVersion) {
                db = createOrOpenDatabase(true);
                db.setVersion(mNewVersion);
                version = db.getVersion();
            }

            if (version != mNewVersion) {
                db.beginTransaction();
                try {
                    if (version == 0) {
                        onCreate(db);
                    } else {
                        if (version > mNewVersion) {
                            Log.w(TAG, "Can't downgrade read-only database from version " +
                                    version + " to " + mNewVersion + ": " + db.getPath());
                        }
                        onUpgrade(db, version, mNewVersion);
                    }
                    db.setVersion(mNewVersion);
                    db.setTransactionSuccessful();
                } finally {
                    db.endTransaction();
                }
            }

            onOpen(db);
            success = true;
            return db;
        } finally {
            mIsInitializing = false;
            if (success) {
                if (mDatabase != null) {
                    try {
                        mDatabase.close();
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                    }
                    //mDatabase.unlock();
                }
                mDatabase = db;
            } else {
                //if (mDatabase != null) mDatabase.unlock();
                if (db != null) db.close();
            }
        }

    }

    /**
     * Create and/or open a database.  This will be the same object returned by
     * {@link #getWritableDatabase} unless some problem, such as a full disk,
     * requires the database to be opened read-only.  In that case, a read-only
     * database object will be returned.  If the problem is fixed, a future call
     * to {@link #getWritableDatabase} may succeed, in which case the read-only
     * database object will be closed and the read/write object will be returned
     * in the future.
     *
     * <p class="caution">Like {@link #getWritableDatabase}, this method may
     * take a long time to return, so you should not call it from the
     * application main thread, including from
     * {@link android.content.ContentProvider#onCreate ContentProvider.onCreate()}.
     *
     * @return a database object valid until {@link #getWritableDatabase}
     * or {@link #close} is called.
     * @throws SQLiteException if the database cannot be opened
     */
    @Override
    public synchronized SQLiteDatabase getReadableDatabase() {
        if (mDatabase != null && mDatabase.isOpen()) {
            return mDatabase;  // The database is already open for business
        }

        if (mIsInitializing) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("getReadableDatabase called recursively");
        }

        try {
            return getWritableDatabase();
        } catch (SQLiteException e) {
            if (mName == null) throw e;  // Can't open a temp database read-only!
            Log.e(TAG, "Couldn't open " + mName + " for writing (will try read-only):", e);
        }

        SQLiteDatabase db = null;
        try {
            mIsInitializing = true;
            String path = mContext.getDatabasePath(mName).getPath();
            db = SQLiteDatabase.openDatabase(path, mFactory, SQLiteDatabase.OPEN_READONLY);
            if (db.getVersion() != mNewVersion) {
                throw new SQLiteException("Can't upgrade read-only database from version " +
                        db.getVersion() + " to " + mNewVersion + ": " + path);
            }

            onOpen(db);
            Log.w(TAG, "Opened " + mName + " in read-only mode");
            mDatabase = db;
            return mDatabase;
        } finally {
            mIsInitializing = false;
            if (db != null && db != mDatabase) db.close();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Close any open database object.
     */
    @Override
    public synchronized void close() {
        if (mIsInitializing) throw new IllegalStateException("Closed during initialization");

        if (mDatabase != null && mDatabase.isOpen()) {
            mDatabase.close();
            mDatabase = null;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onConfigure(SQLiteDatabase db) {
        // not supported!
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
        // do nothing - createOrOpenDatabase() is called in
        // getWritableDatabase() to handle database creation.
    }

    @Override
    public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {

        Log.w(TAG, "Upgrading database " + mName + " from version " + oldVersion + " to " + newVersion + "...");

        ArrayList<String> paths = new ArrayList<String>();
        getUpgradeFilePaths(oldVersion, newVersion - 1, newVersion, paths);

        if (paths.isEmpty()) {
            Log.e(TAG, "no upgrade script path from " + oldVersion + " to " + newVersion);
            throw new SQLiteAssetException("no upgrade script path from " + oldVersion + " to " + newVersion);
        }

        Collections.sort(paths, new VersionComparator());
        for (String path : paths) {
            try {
                Log.w(TAG, "processing upgrade: " + path);
                InputStream is  = mContext.getAssets().open(path);
                String      sql = com.jaus.albertogiunta.justintrain_oraritreni.db.sqliteAsset.Utils.convertStreamToString(is);
                if (sql != null) {
                    List<String> cmds = com.jaus.albertogiunta.justintrain_oraritreni.db.sqliteAsset.Utils.splitSqlScript(sql, ';');
                    for (String cmd : cmds) {
                        if (cmd.trim().length() > 0) {
                            db.execSQL(cmd);
                        }
                    }
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

        Log.w(TAG, "Successfully upgraded database " + mName + " from version " + oldVersion + " to " + newVersion);

    }

    @Override
    public void onDowngrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
        // not supported!
    }

    /**
     * Bypass the upgrade process (for each increment up to a given version) and simply
     * overwrite the existing database with the supplied asset file.
     *
     * @param version bypass upgrade up to this version number - should never be greater than the
     * latest database version.
     * @deprecated use {@link #setForcedUpgrade} instead.
     */
    @Deprecated
    public void setForcedUpgradeVersion(int version) {
        setForcedUpgrade(version);
    }

    /**
     * Bypass the upgrade process (for each increment up to a given version) and simply
     * overwrite the existing database with the supplied asset file.
     *
     * @param version bypass upgrade up to this version number - should never be greater than the
     * latest database version.
     */
    public void setForcedUpgrade(int version) {
        mForcedUpgradeVersion = version;
    }

    /**
     * Bypass the upgrade process for every version increment and simply overwrite the existing
     * database with the supplied asset file.
     */
    public void setForcedUpgrade() {
        setForcedUpgrade(mNewVersion);
    }

    private SQLiteDatabase createOrOpenDatabase(boolean force) throws SQLiteAssetException {

        // test for the existence of the db file first and don't attempt open
        // to prevent the error trace in log on API 14+
        SQLiteDatabase db   = null;
        File           file = new File(mDatabasePath + "/" + mName);
        if (file.exists()) {
            db = returnDatabase();
        }
        //SQLiteDatabase db = returnDatabase();

        if (db != null) {
            // database already exists
            if (force) {
                Log.w(TAG, "forcing database upgrade!");
                copyDatabaseFromAssets();
                db = returnDatabase();
            }
            return db;
        } else {
            // database does not exist, copy it from assets and return it
            copyDatabaseFromAssets();
            db = returnDatabase();
            return db;
        }
    }

    private SQLiteDatabase returnDatabase() {
        try {
            SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openDatabase(mDatabasePath + "/" + mName, mFactory, SQLiteDatabase.OPEN_READWRITE);
            Log.i(TAG, "successfully opened database " + mName);
            return db;
        } catch (SQLiteException e) {
            Log.w(TAG, "could not open database " + mName + " - " + e.getMessage());
            return null;
        }
    }

    private void copyDatabaseFromAssets() throws SQLiteAssetException {
        Log.w(TAG, "copying database from assets...");

        String      path  = mAssetPath;
        String      dest  = mDatabasePath + "/" + mName;
        InputStream is;
        boolean     isZip = false;

        try {
            // try uncompressed
            is = mContext.getAssets().open(path);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // try zip
            try {
                is = mContext.getAssets().open(path + ".zip");
                isZip = true;
            } catch (IOException e2) {
                // try gzip
                try {
                    is = mContext.getAssets().open(path + ".gz");
                } catch (IOException e3) {
                    SQLiteAssetException se = new SQLiteAssetException("Missing " + mAssetPath + " file (or .zip, .gz archive) in assets, or target folder not writable");
                    se.setStackTrace(e3.getStackTrace());
                    throw se;
                }
            }
        }

        try {
            File f = new File(mDatabasePath + "/");
            if (!f.exists()) {
                f.mkdir();
            }
            if (isZip) {
                ZipInputStream zis = com.jaus.albertogiunta.justintrain_oraritreni.db.sqliteAsset.Utils.getFileFromZip(is);
                if (zis == null) {
                    throw new SQLiteAssetException("Archive is missing a SQLite database file");
                }
                com.jaus.albertogiunta.justintrain_oraritreni.db.sqliteAsset.Utils.writeExtractedFileToDisk(zis, new FileOutputStream(dest));
            } else {
                com.jaus.albertogiunta.justintrain_oraritreni.db.sqliteAsset.Utils.writeExtractedFileToDisk(is, new FileOutputStream(dest));
            }

            Log.w(TAG, "database copy complete");

        } catch (IOException e) {
            SQLiteAssetException se = new SQLiteAssetException("Unable to write " + dest + " to data directory");
            se.setStackTrace(e.getStackTrace());
            throw se;
        }
    }

    private InputStream getUpgradeSQLStream(int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
        String path = String.format(mUpgradePathFormat, oldVersion, newVersion);
        try {
            return mContext.getAssets().open(path);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            Log.w(TAG, "missing database upgrade script: " + path);
            return null;
        }
    }

    private void getUpgradeFilePaths(int baseVersion, int start, int end, ArrayList<String> paths) {

        int a;
        int b;

        InputStream is = getUpgradeSQLStream(start, end);
        if (is != null) {
            String path = String.format(mUpgradePathFormat, start, end);
            paths.add(path);
            a = start - 1;
            b = start;
            is = null;
        } else {
            a = start - 1;
            b = end;
        }

        if (a < baseVersion) {
            return;
        } else {
            getUpgradeFilePaths(baseVersion, a, b, paths); // recursive call
        }

    }

    /**
     * An exception that indicates there was an error with SQLite asset retrieval or parsing.
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("serial")
    public static class SQLiteAssetException extends SQLiteException {

        public SQLiteAssetException() {
        }

        public SQLiteAssetException(String error) {
            super(error);
        }
    }

}