/*
 * File: JarClassLoader.java
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2008-2013 JDotSoft. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 * See the GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston,
 * MA 02110-1301 USA
 *
 * Visit jdotsoft.com for commercial license.
 *
 * $Id: JarClassLoader.java,v 1.39 2016/04/24 17:25:30 mg Exp $
 */
package com.jdotsoft.jarloader;

import java.applet.AppletContext;
import java.applet.AppletStub;
import java.io.BufferedOutputStream;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.io.DataInputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.FileReader;
import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.PrintStream;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.lang.reflect.Modifier;
import java.net.JarURLConnection;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.URLDecoder;
import java.security.CodeSource;
import java.security.ProtectionDomain;
import java.security.cert.Certificate;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.jar.Attributes;
import java.util.jar.Attributes.Name;
import java.util.jar.JarEntry;
import java.util.jar.JarFile;
import java.util.jar.Manifest;

import javax.swing.JApplet;

/**
 * This class loader loads classes, native libraries and resources from
 * the top JAR and from JARs inside top JAR. The loading process looks
 * through JARs hierarchy and allows their tree structure, i.e. nested JARs.
 * <p>
 * The top JAR and nested JARs are included in the classpath and searched
 * for the class or resource to load. The nested JARs could be located
 * in any directories or subdirectories in a parent JAR.
 * <p>
 * All directories or subdirectories in the top JAR and nested JARs are
 * included in the library path and searched for a native library.
 * For example, the library "Native.dll" could be in the JAR root directory
 * as "Native.dll" or in any directory as "lib/Native.dll"
 * or "abc/xyz/Native.dll".
 * <p>
 * This class delegates class loading to the parent class loader and
 * successfully loads classes, native libraries and resources when it works
 * not in a JAR environment.
 * <p>
 * Create a launcher class to start your class
 * <code>com.mycompany.MyApp main()</code> method to start your application
 * <code>
<pre>
public class MyAppLauncher {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        JarClassLoader jcl = new JarClassLoader();
        try {
            jcl.invokeMain("com.mycompany.MyApp", args);
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    } // main()

} // class MyAppLauncher
</pre>
 * </code>
 * <p>
 * An application could be started in two different environments:
 * <br/>
 * 1. Application is started from an exploded JAR with dependent resources
 * locations defined in a classpath.
 * Command line to start the application could point to the main class e.g.
 * <code>MyApp.main()</code> or to the <code>MyAppLauncher.main()</code>
 * class (see example above). The application behavior in both cases
 * is identical. Application started with <code>MyApp.main()</code>
 * uses system class loader and resources loaded from a file system.
 * Application started with <code>MyAppLauncher.main()</code>
 * uses <code>JarClassLoader</code> which transparently passes class
 * loading to the system class loader.
 *
 * <br/>
 * 2. Application is started from a JAR with dependent JARs and other
 * resources inside the main JAR.
 * Application must be started with <code>MyAppLauncher.main()</code> and
 * <code>JarClassLoader</code> will load <code>MyApp.main()</code>
 * and required resources from the main JAR.
 *
 * <p>The launcher class for the Java applet is very similar to application
 * launcher.
 * <code>
<pre>
public class MyAppletLauncher extends JApplet {

    private JarClassLoader jcl;

    @Override
    public void init() {
        jcl = new JarClassLoader();
        try {
            jcl.initApplet("com.mycompany.MyApplet", this);
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void start() {
        jcl.startApplet();
    }

    @Override
    public void stop() {
        jcl.stopApplet();
    }

    @Override
    public void destroy() {
        jcl.destroyApplet();
    }

} // class MyAppletLauncher
</pre>
 * </code>
 * The applet launcher class could have both <code>main()</code> and applet
 * related methods for UI class which could be started as an application or
 * an applet. This technique is very convenient to develop an applet and test
 * it as an application.
 *
 * <p>
 * Use VM parameters in the command line for logging settings (examples):
 * <ul>
 * <li><code>-DJarClassLoader.logger=[filename]</code> for logging into the file.
 * The default is console.</li>
 * <li><code>-DJarClassLoader.logger.level=INFO</code> for logging level.
 * The default level is ERROR. See also {@link LogLevel}.</li>
 * <li><code>-DJarClassLoader.logger.area=CLASS,RESOURCE</code> for logging area.
 * The default area is ALL. See also {@link LogArea}. Multiple logging areas
 * could be specified with ',' delimiter.</li>
 * </ul>
 *
 * <p>
 * Known issues: some temporary files created by class loader are not deleted
 * on application exit because JVM does not close handles to them.
 * See details in {@link #shutdown()}.
 * <p>
 * See also discussion "How load library from jar file?"
 * http://discuss.develop.com/archives/wa.exe?A2=ind0302&L=advanced-java&D=0&P=4549
 * Unfortunately, the native method java.lang.ClassLoader$NativeLibrary.unload()
 * is package accessed in a package accessed inner class.
 * Moreover, it's called from finalizer. This does not allow releasing
 * the native library handle and delete the temporary library file.
 * Option to explore: use JNI function UnregisterNatives(). See also
 * native code in ...\jdk\src\share\native\java\lang\ClassLoader.class
 *
 * @version $Revision: 1.39 $
 */
public class JarClassLoader extends ClassLoader {

    /** VM parameter key to turn on logging to file or console. */
    public static final String KEY_LOGGER = "JarClassLoader.logger";

    /**
     * VM parameter key to define log level.
     * Valid levels are defined in {@link LogLevel}.
     * Default value is {@link LogLevel#OFF}.
     */
    public static final String KEY_LOGGER_LEVEL = "JarClassLoader.logger.level";

    /**
     * VM parameter key to define log area.
     * Valid areas are defined in {@link LogArea}.
     * Default value is {@link LogArea#ALL}. Multiple areas could be specified
     * with ',' delimiter (no spaces!).
     */
    public static final String KEY_LOGGER_AREA = "JarClassLoader.logger.area";

    public enum LogLevel { ERROR, WARN, INFO, DEBUG }
    public enum LogArea {
        /** Enable all logging areas. */
        ALL,
        /** Configuration related logging. Enabled always. */
        CONFIG,
        /** Enable JAR related logging. */
        JAR,
        /** Enable class loading related logging. */
        CLASS,
        /** Enable resource loading related logging. */
        RESOURCE,
        /** Enable native libraries loading related logging. */
        NATIVE
    }

    /**
     * Sub directory name for temporary files.
     * <p>
     * JarClassLoader extracts all JARs and native libraries into temporary files
     * and makes the best attempt to clean these files on exit.
     * <p>
     * The sub directory is created in the directory defined in a system
     * property "java.io.tmpdir". Verify the content of this directory
     * periodically and empty it if required. Temporary files could accumulate
     * there if application was killed.
     */
    public static final String TMP_SUB_DIRECTORY = "JarClassLoader";

    private File dirTemp;
    private PrintStream logger;
    private List<JarFileInfo> lstJarFile;
    private Set<File> hsDeleteOnExit;
    private Map<String, Class<?>> hmClass;
    private LogLevel logLevel;
    private Set<LogArea> hsLogArea;
    private boolean bLogConsole;
    private JApplet applet;

    /**
     * Default constructor.
     * Defines system class loader as a parent class loader.
     */
    public JarClassLoader() {
        this(ClassLoader.getSystemClassLoader());
    }

    /**
     * Constructor.
     *
     * @param parent class loader parent.
     */
    public JarClassLoader(ClassLoader parent) {
        super(parent);
        initLogger();

        hmClass = new HashMap<String, Class<?>>();
        lstJarFile = new ArrayList<JarFileInfo>();
        hsDeleteOnExit = new HashSet<File>();

        // Prepare common for all protocols
        String sUrlTopJar = null;
        ProtectionDomain pdTop = getClass().getProtectionDomain();
        CodeSource cs = pdTop.getCodeSource();
        URL urlTopJar = cs.getLocation();
        String protocol = urlTopJar.getProtocol();

        // Work with different cases:
        JarFileInfo jarFileInfo = null;
        if ("http".equals(protocol) || "https".equals(protocol)) {
            // Protocol 'http' or 'https' - application launched from WebStart / JNLP or as Java applet
            try {
                // Convert:
                //   urlTopJar = "http://.../MyApp.jar" --> connection sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection
                // to
                //   urlTopJar = "jar:http://.../MyApp.jar!/" --> connection java.net.JarURLConnection
                urlTopJar = new URL("jar:" + urlTopJar + "!/");
                JarURLConnection jarCon = (JarURLConnection)urlTopJar.openConnection();
                JarFile jarFile = jarCon.getJarFile();
                jarFileInfo = new JarFileInfo(jarFile, jarFile.getName(), null, pdTop, null);
                logInfo(LogArea.JAR, "Loading from top JAR: '%s' PROTOCOL: '%s'",
                        urlTopJar, protocol);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                // ClassCastException, IOException
                logError(LogArea.JAR, "Failure to load HTTP JAR: %s %s", urlTopJar, e.toString());
                return;
            }
        }
        if ("file".equals(protocol)) {
            // Protocol 'file' - application launched from exploded dir or JAR
            // Decoding required for 'space char' in URL:
            //    URL.getFile() returns "/C:/my%20dir/MyApp.jar" for "/C:/my dir/MyApp.jar"
            try {
                sUrlTopJar = URLDecoder.decode(urlTopJar.getFile(), "UTF-8");
            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
                logError(LogArea.JAR, "Failure to decode URL: %s %s", urlTopJar, e.toString());
                return;
            }
            File fileJar = new File(sUrlTopJar);

            // Application is loaded from directory:
            if (fileJar.isDirectory()) {
                logInfo(LogArea.JAR, "Loading from exploded directory: %s", sUrlTopJar);
                return; // JarClassLoader completed its job
            }

            // Application is loaded from a JAR:
            try {
                jarFileInfo = new JarFileInfo(new JarFile(fileJar), fileJar.getName(), null, pdTop, null);
                logInfo(LogArea.JAR, "Loading from top JAR: '%s' PROTOCOL: '%s'", sUrlTopJar, protocol);
            } catch (IOException e) {
                logError(LogArea.JAR, "Not a JAR: %s %s", sUrlTopJar, e.toString());
                return;
            }
        }

        // FINALLY LOAD TOP JAR:
        try {
            if (jarFileInfo == null) {
                throw new IOException(String.format(
                    "Unknown protocol %s", protocol));
            }
            loadJar(jarFileInfo); // start recursive JAR loading
        } catch (IOException e) {
            logError(LogArea.JAR, "Not valid URL: %s %s", urlTopJar, e.toString());
            return;
        }

        checkShading();
        Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                shutdown();
            }
        });
    } // JarClassLoader()

    //--------------------------------separator--------------------------------
    static int ______INIT;

    private void initLogger() {
        // Logger defaults:
        bLogConsole = true;
        this.logger = System.out; // default to console
        logLevel = LogLevel.ERROR;
        hsLogArea = new HashSet<LogArea>();
        hsLogArea.add(LogArea.CONFIG);

        // Logger stream console or file:
        String sLogger = System.getProperty(KEY_LOGGER);
        if (sLogger != null) {
            try {
                this.logger = new PrintStream(sLogger);
                bLogConsole = false;
            } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
                logError(LogArea.CONFIG, "Cannot create log file %s.", sLogger);
            }
        }

        // Logger level:
        String sLogLevel = System.getProperty(KEY_LOGGER_LEVEL);
        if (sLogLevel != null) {
            try {
                logLevel = LogLevel.valueOf(sLogLevel);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                logError(LogArea.CONFIG, "Not valid parameter in %s=%s", KEY_LOGGER_LEVEL, sLogLevel);
            }
        }

        // Logger area:
        String sLogArea = System.getProperty(KEY_LOGGER_AREA);
        if (sLogArea != null) {
            String[] tokenAll = sLogArea.split(",");
            try {
                for (String t : tokenAll) {
                    hsLogArea.add(LogArea.valueOf(t));
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                logError(LogArea.CONFIG, "Not valid parameter in %s=%s", KEY_LOGGER_AREA, sLogArea);
            }
        }
        if (hsLogArea.size() == 1 && hsLogArea.contains(LogArea.CONFIG)) {
            for (LogArea la : LogArea.values()) {
                hsLogArea.add(la);
            }
        }
    } // initLogger()

    /**
     * Using temp files (one per inner JAR/DLL) solves many issues:
     * 1. There are no ways to load JAR defined in a JarEntry directly
     *    into the JarFile object (see also #6 below).
     * 2. Cannot use memory-mapped files because they are using
     *    nio channels, which are not supported by JarFile ctor.
     * 3. JarFile object keeps opened JAR files handlers for fast access.
     * 4. Deep resource in a jar-in-jar does not have well defined URL.
     *    Making temp file with JAR solves this problem.
     * 5. Similar issues with native libraries:
     *    <code>ClassLoader.findLibrary()</code> accepts ONLY string with
     *    absolute path to the file with native library.
     * 6. Option "java.protocol.handler.pkgs" does not allow access to nested JARs(?).
     *
     * @param inf JAR entry information.
     * @return temporary file object presenting JAR entry.
     * @throws JarClassLoaderException
     */
    private File createTempFile(JarEntryInfo inf)
    throws JarClassLoaderException {
        // Temp files directory:
        //   WinXP: C:/Documents and Settings/username/Local Settings/Temp/JarClassLoader
        //    Unix: /var/tmp/JarClassLoader
        if (dirTemp == null) {
            File dir = new File(System.getProperty("java.io.tmpdir"), TMP_SUB_DIRECTORY);
            if (!dir.exists()) {
                dir.mkdir();
            }
            chmod777(dir); // Unix - allow temp directory RW access to all users.
            if (!dir.exists() || !dir.isDirectory()) {
                throw new JarClassLoaderException(
                        "Cannot create temp directory " + dir.getAbsolutePath());
            }
            dirTemp = dir;
        }
        File fileTmp = null;
        try {
            fileTmp = File.createTempFile(inf.getName() + ".", null, dirTemp);
            fileTmp.deleteOnExit();
            chmod777(fileTmp); // Unix - allow temp file deletion by any user
            byte[] a_by = inf.getJarBytes();
            BufferedOutputStream os = new BufferedOutputStream(
                                      new FileOutputStream(fileTmp));
            os.write(a_by);
            os.close();
            return fileTmp;
        } catch (IOException e) {
            throw new JarClassLoaderException(String.format(
                    "Cannot create temp file '%s' for %s", fileTmp, inf.jarEntry), e);
        }
    } // createTempFile()

    /**
     * Loads specified JAR.
     *
     * @param jarFileInfo
     * @throws IOException
     */
    private void loadJar(JarFileInfo jarFileInfo) throws IOException {
        lstJarFile.add(jarFileInfo);
        try {
            Enumeration<JarEntry> en = jarFileInfo.jarFile.entries();
            final String EXT_JAR = ".jar";
            while (en.hasMoreElements()) {
                JarEntry je = en.nextElement();
                if (je.isDirectory()) {
                    continue;
                }
                String s = je.getName().toLowerCase(); // JarEntry name
                if (s.lastIndexOf(EXT_JAR) == s.length() - EXT_JAR.length()) {
                    JarEntryInfo inf = new JarEntryInfo(jarFileInfo, je);
                    File fileTemp = createTempFile(inf);
                    logInfo(LogArea.JAR, "Loading inner JAR %s from temp file %s",
                            inf.jarEntry, getFilename4Log(fileTemp));
                    // Construct ProtectionDomain for this inner JAR:
                    URL url = fileTemp.toURI().toURL();
                    ProtectionDomain pdParent = jarFileInfo.pd;
                    // 'csParent' is never null: top JAR has it, JCL creates it for child JAR:
                    CodeSource csParent = pdParent.getCodeSource();
                    Certificate[] certParent = csParent.getCertificates();
                    CodeSource csChild = (certParent == null ? new CodeSource(url, csParent.getCodeSigners())
                                                             : new CodeSource(url, certParent));
                    ProtectionDomain pdChild = new ProtectionDomain(csChild,
                            pdParent.getPermissions(), pdParent.getClassLoader(), pdParent.getPrincipals());
                    loadJar(new JarFileInfo(
                            new JarFile(fileTemp), inf.getName(), jarFileInfo, pdChild, fileTemp));
                }
            }
        } catch (JarClassLoaderException e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(
                    "ERROR on loading inner JAR: " + e.getMessageAll());
        }
    } // loadJar()

    private JarEntryInfo findJarEntry(String sName) {
        for (JarFileInfo jarFileInfo : lstJarFile) {
            JarFile jarFile = jarFileInfo.jarFile;
            JarEntry jarEntry = jarFile.getJarEntry(sName);
            if (jarEntry != null) {
                return new JarEntryInfo(jarFileInfo, jarEntry);
            }
        }
        return null;
    } // findJarEntry()

    private List<JarEntryInfo> findJarEntries(String sName) {
        List<JarEntryInfo> lst = new ArrayList<JarEntryInfo>();
        for (JarFileInfo jarFileInfo : lstJarFile) {
            JarFile jarFile = jarFileInfo.jarFile;
            JarEntry jarEntry = jarFile.getJarEntry(sName);
            if (jarEntry != null) {
                lst.add(new JarEntryInfo(jarFileInfo, jarEntry));
            }
        }
        return lst;
    } // findJarEntries()

    /**
     * Finds native library entry.
     *
     * @param sLib Library name. For example for the library name "Native"
     *  - Windows returns entry "Native.dll"
     *  - Linux returns entry "libNative.so"
     *  - Mac returns entry "libNative.jnilib" or "libNative.dylib"
     *    (depending on Apple or Oracle JDK and/or JDK version)
     * @return Native library entry.
     */
    private JarEntryInfo findJarNativeEntry(String sLib) {
        String sName = System.mapLibraryName(sLib);
        for (JarFileInfo jarFileInfo : lstJarFile) {
            JarFile jarFile = jarFileInfo.jarFile;
            Enumeration<JarEntry> en = jarFile.entries();
            while (en.hasMoreElements()) {
                JarEntry je = en.nextElement();
                if (je.isDirectory()) {
                    continue;
                }
                // Example: sName is "Native.dll"
                String sEntry = je.getName(); // "Native.dll" or "abc/xyz/Native.dll"
                // sName "Native.dll" could be found, for example
                //   - in the path: abc/Native.dll/xyz/my.dll <-- do not load this one!
                //   - in the partial name: abc/aNative.dll   <-- do not load this one!
                String[] token = sEntry.split("/"); // the last token is library name
                if (token.length > 0 && token[token.length - 1].equals(sName)) {
                    logInfo(LogArea.NATIVE, "Loading native library '%s' found as '%s' in JAR %s",
                            sLib, sEntry, jarFileInfo.simpleName);
                    return new JarEntryInfo(jarFileInfo, je);
                }
            }
        }
        return null;
    } // findJarNativeEntry()

    /**
     * Loads class from a JAR and searches for all jar-in-jar.
     *
     * @param sClassName class to load.
     * @return Loaded class.
     * @throws JarClassLoaderException.
     */
    private Class<?> findJarClass(String sClassName) throws JarClassLoaderException {
        Class<?> c = hmClass.get(sClassName);
        if (c != null) {
            return c;
        }
        // Char '/' works for Win32 and Unix.
        String sName = sClassName.replace('.', '/') + ".class";
        JarEntryInfo inf = findJarEntry(sName);
        String jarSimpleName = null;
        if (inf != null) {
            jarSimpleName = inf.jarFileInfo.simpleName;
            definePackage(sClassName, inf);
            byte[] a_by = inf.getJarBytes();
            try {
                c = defineClass(sClassName, a_by, 0, a_by.length, inf.jarFileInfo.pd);
            } catch (ClassFormatError e) {
                throw new JarClassLoaderException(null, e);
            }
        }
        if (c == null) {
            throw new JarClassLoaderException(sClassName);
        }
        hmClass.put(sClassName, c);
        logInfo(LogArea.CLASS, "Loaded %s by %s from JAR %s",
                sClassName, getClass().getName(), jarSimpleName);
        return c;
    } // findJarClass()

    private void checkShading() {
        if (logLevel.ordinal() < LogLevel.WARN.ordinal()) {
            // Do not waste time if no logging.
            return;
        }
        Map<String, JarFileInfo> hm = new HashMap<String, JarFileInfo>();
        for (JarFileInfo jarFileInfo : lstJarFile) {
            JarFile jarFile = jarFileInfo.jarFile;
            Enumeration<JarEntry> en = jarFile.entries();
            while (en.hasMoreElements()) {
                JarEntry je = en.nextElement();
                if (je.isDirectory()) {
                    continue;
                }
                String sEntry = je.getName(); // "Some.txt" or "abc/xyz/Some.txt"
                if ("META-INF/MANIFEST.MF".equals(sEntry)) {
                    continue;
                }
                JarFileInfo jar = hm.get(sEntry);
                if (jar == null) {
                    hm.put(sEntry, jarFileInfo);
                } else {
                    logWarn(LogArea.JAR, "ENTRY %s IN %s SHADES %s",
                            sEntry, jar.simpleName, jarFileInfo.simpleName);
                }
            }
        }
    } // checkShading()

    //--------------------------------separator--------------------------------
    static int ______SHUTDOWN;

    /**
     * Called on shutdown to cleanup temporary files.
     * <p>
     * JVM does not close handles to native libraries files or JARs with
     * resources loaded as getResourceAsStream(). Temp files are not deleted
     * even if they are marked deleteOnExit(). They also fail to delete explicitly.
     * Workaround is to preserve list with temp files in configuration file
     * "[user.home]/.JarClassLoader" and delete them on next application run.
     * <p>
     * See http://bugs.sun.com/bugdatabase/view_bug.do?bug_id=4171239
     * "This occurs only on Win32, which does not allow a file to be deleted
     * until all streams on it have been closed."
     */
    private void shutdown() {
        for (JarFileInfo jarFileInfo : lstJarFile) {
            try {
                jarFileInfo.jarFile.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                // Ignore. In the worst case temp files will accumulate.
            }
            File file = jarFileInfo.fileDeleteOnExit;
            if (file != null  &&  !file.delete()) {
                hsDeleteOnExit.add(file);
            }
        }
        // Private configuration file with failed to delete temporary files:
        //   WinXP: C:/Documents and Settings/username/.JarClassLoader
        //    Unix: /export/home/username/.JarClassLoader
        //           -or-  /home/username/.JarClassLoader
        File fileCfg = new File(System.getProperty("user.home")
                               + File.separator + ".JarClassLoader");
        deleteOldTemp(fileCfg);
        persistNewTemp(fileCfg);
    } // shutdown()

    /**
     * Deletes temporary files listed in the file.
     * The method is called on shutdown().
     *
     * @param fileCfg file with temporary files list.
     */
    private void deleteOldTemp(File fileCfg) {
        BufferedReader reader = null;
        try {
            int count = 0;
            reader = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(fileCfg));
            String sLine;
            while ((sLine = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                File file = new File(sLine);
                if (!file.exists()) {
                    continue; // already deleted; from command line?
                }
                if (file.delete()) {
                    count++;
                } else {
                    // Cannot delete, will try next time.
                    hsDeleteOnExit.add(file);
                }
            }
            logDebug(LogArea.CONFIG, "Deleted %d old temp files listed in %s",
                    count, fileCfg.getAbsolutePath());
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // Ignore. This file may not exist.
        } finally {
            if (reader != null) {
                try { reader.close(); } catch (IOException e) { }
            }
        }
    } // deleteOldTemp()

    /**
     * Creates file with temporary files list. This list will be used to
     * delete temporary files on the next application launch.
     * The method is called from shutdown().
     *
     * @param fileCfg file with temporary files list.
     */
    private void persistNewTemp(File fileCfg) {
        if (hsDeleteOnExit.size() == 0) {
            logDebug(LogArea.CONFIG, "No temp file names to persist on exit.");
            fileCfg.delete(); // do not pollute disk
            return;
        }
        logDebug(LogArea.CONFIG, "Persisting %d temp file names into %s",
                hsDeleteOnExit.size(), fileCfg.getAbsolutePath());
        BufferedWriter writer = null;
        try {
            writer = new BufferedWriter(new FileWriter(fileCfg));
            for (File file : hsDeleteOnExit) {
                if (!file.delete()) {
                    String f = file.getCanonicalPath();
                    writer.write(f);
                    writer.newLine();
                    logWarn(LogArea.JAR, "JVM failed to release %s", f);
                }
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // Ignore. In the worst case temp files will accumulate.
        } finally {
            if (writer != null) {
                try { writer.close(); } catch (IOException e) { }
            }
        }
    } // persistNewTemp()

    //--------------------------------separator--------------------------------
    static int ______ACCESS;

    /**
     * Checks how the application was loaded: from JAR or file system.
     *
     * @return true if application was started from JAR.
     */
    public boolean isLaunchedFromJar() {
        return (lstJarFile.size() > 0);
    } // isLaunchedFromJar()

    /**
     * Returns the name of the jar file main class, or null if
     * no "Main-Class" manifest attributes was defined.
     *
     * @return Main class declared in JAR's manifest.
     */
    public String getManifestMainClass() {
        Attributes attr = null;
        if (isLaunchedFromJar()) {
            try {
                // The first element in array is the top level JAR
                Manifest m = lstJarFile.get(0).jarFile.getManifest();
                attr = m.getMainAttributes();
            } catch (IOException e) {
            }
        }
        return (attr == null ? null : attr.getValue(Attributes.Name.MAIN_CLASS));
    } // getManifestMainClass()

    /**
     * Invokes main() method on class with provided parameters.
     *
     * @param sClass class name in form "MyClass" for default package
     * or "com.abc.MyClass" for class in some package
     *
     * @param args arguments for the main() method or null.
     *
     * @throws Throwable wrapper for many exceptions thrown while
     * <p>(1) main() method lookup:
     *        ClassNotFoundException, SecurityException, NoSuchMethodException
     * <p>(2) main() method launch:
     *        IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException (disabled)
     * <p>(3) Actual cause of InvocationTargetException
     *
     * See
     * {@link http://java.sun.com/developer/Books/javaprogramming/JAR/api/jarclassloader.html}
     * and
     * {@link http://java.sun.com/developer/Books/javaprogramming/JAR/api/example-1dot2/JarClassLoader.java}
     */
    public void invokeMain(String sClass, String[] args) throws Throwable {
        Class<?> clazz = loadClass(sClass);
        logInfo(LogArea.CONFIG, "Launch: %s.main(); Loader: %s", sClass, clazz.getClassLoader());
        Method method = clazz.getMethod("main", new Class<?>[] { String[].class });

        boolean bValidModifiers = false;
        boolean bValidVoid = false;

        if (method != null) {
            method.setAccessible(true); // Disable IllegalAccessException
            int nModifiers = method.getModifiers(); // main() must be "public static"
            bValidModifiers = Modifier.isPublic(nModifiers) &&
                              Modifier.isStatic(nModifiers);
            Class<?> clazzRet = method.getReturnType(); // main() must be "void"
            bValidVoid = (clazzRet == void.class);
        }
        if (method == null  ||  !bValidModifiers  ||  !bValidVoid) {
            throw new NoSuchMethodException(
                    "The main() method in class \"" + sClass + "\" not found.");
        }

        // Invoke method.
        // Crazy cast "(Object)args" because param is: "Object... args"
        try {
            method.invoke(null, (Object)args);
        } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
            throw e.getTargetException();
        }
    } // invokeMain()

    /**
     * Call this method to initialize an applet from your launcher class
     * <code>MyAppletLauncher.init()</code> method.
     *
     * @param sClass class name in form "MyClass" for default package
     * or "com.abc.MyClass" for class in some package
     *
     * @param appletParent parent applet from a launcher.
     *
     * @throws Throwable wrapper for many exceptions thrown while applet
     * instantiation and calling init() method.
     */
    public void initApplet(String sClass, final JApplet appletParent) throws Throwable {
        Class<?> clazz = loadClass(sClass);
        logInfo(LogArea.CONFIG, "initApplet() --> %s.init(); Loader: %s", sClass, clazz.getClassLoader());
        applet = (JApplet)clazz.newInstance();
        applet.setStub(new AppletStub() {
            @Override
            public boolean isActive() {
                return appletParent.isActive();
            }
            @Override
            public URL getDocumentBase() {
                return appletParent.getDocumentBase();
            }
            @Override
            public URL getCodeBase() {
                return appletParent.getCodeBase();
            }
            @Override
            public String getParameter(String name) {
                return appletParent.getParameter(name);
            }
            @Override
            public AppletContext getAppletContext() {
                return appletParent.getAppletContext();
            }
            @Override
            public void appletResize(int width, int height) {
                appletParent.resize(width, height);
            }
        });
        applet.init();
        appletParent.setContentPane(applet.getContentPane());
    } // initApplet()

    /**
     * Call this method to start the applet from your launcher class
     * <code>MyAppletLauncher.start()</code> method.
     */
    public void startApplet() {
        checkApplet();
        logInfo(LogArea.CONFIG, "startApplet() --> %s.start()", applet.getClass().getName());
        applet.start();
    }

    /**
     * Call this method to stop the applet from your launcher class
     * <code>MyAppletLauncher.stop()</code> method.
     */
    public void stopApplet() {
        checkApplet();
        logInfo(LogArea.CONFIG, "stopApplet() --> %s.stop()", applet.getClass().getName());
        applet.stop();
    }

    /**
     * Call this method to destroy the applet from your launcher class
     * <code>MyAppletLauncher.destroy()</code> method.
     */
    public void destroyApplet() {
        checkApplet();
        logInfo(LogArea.CONFIG, "destroyApplet() --> %s.destroy()", applet.getClass().getName());
        applet.destroy();
    }

    //--------------------------------separator--------------------------------
    static int ______OVERRIDE;

    /**
     * Class loader JavaDoc encourages overriding findClass(String) in derived
     * class rather than overriding this method. This does not work for
     * loading classes from a JAR. Default implementation of loadClass() is
     * able to load a class from a JAR without calling findClass().
     */
    @Override
    protected synchronized Class<?> loadClass(String sClassName, boolean bResolve)
    throws ClassNotFoundException
    {
        logDebug(LogArea.CLASS, "LOADING %s (resolve=%b)", sClassName, bResolve);
        // Each thread must have THIS class loader set as a context class loader.
        // This is required to prevent failure finding a class or resource from
        // external JAR requested by a common class loaded from rt.jar.
        // The best example is external LnF, explained in steps:
        // 1. Application requests 'javax.swing.JOptionPane'.
        // 2. THIS class loader passes request to system default class loader
        // to load the class from rt.jar.
        // 3. The class 'javax.swing.JOptionPane' is loaded by system default class
        // loader.
        // 4. The class 'javax.swing.JOptionPane' is requesting 'UIDefaults.getUI()'
        // for component, which resides in external LnF JAR.
        // 5. The class loader which is used to load the requested component is
        // current thread context class loader if it is set, otherwise the parent
        // thread context class loader, or the default system class loader
        // for the top level thread.
        // 6. The system class loader is used to load requested component if
        // thread context class loader is not set. The default system class loader is
        //   - sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader - run from file system or JAR
        //   - com.sun.jnlp.JNLPClassLoader     - run from JNLP
        // System class loaders cannot find requested component in external
        // JAR and throw exception.
        //
        // Setting thread context class loader for the top thread in invokeMain()
        // method is sufficient for most cases. It fails for new threads created
        // not from the main thread.
        //
        // Setting thread context class loader below must be reconsidered
        // for specific conditions.
        //
        // Essential reading:
        //   - Thread.getContextClassLoader() JavaDoc.
        //   - http://www.javaworld.com/javaworld/javaqa/2003-06/01-qa-0606-load.html
        Thread.currentThread().setContextClassLoader(this);

        Class<?> c = null;
        try {
            // Step 0. This class is already loaded by system classloader.
            if (getClass().getName().equals(sClassName)) {
                return JarClassLoader.class;
            }
            // Step 1. Load from JAR.
            if (isLaunchedFromJar()) {
                try {
                    c = findJarClass(sClassName); // Do not simplify! See "finally"!
                    return c;
                } catch (JarClassLoaderException e) {
                    if (e.getCause() == null) {
                        logDebug(LogArea.CLASS, "Not found %s in JAR by %s: %s",
                                sClassName, getClass().getName(), e.getMessage());
                    } else {
                        logDebug(LogArea.CLASS, "Error loading %s in JAR by %s: %s",
                                sClassName, getClass().getName(), e.getCause());
                    }
                    // keep looking...
                }
            }
            // Step 2. Load by parent (usually system) class loader.
            // Call findSystemClass() AFTER attempt to find in a JAR.
            // If it called BEFORE it will load class-in-jar using
            // SystemClassLoader and "infect" it with SystemClassLoader.
            // The SystemClassLoader will be used to load all dependent
            // classes. SystemClassLoader will fail to load a class from
            // jar-in-jar and to load dll-in-jar.
            try {
                // No need to call findLoadedClass(sClassName) because it's called inside:
                ClassLoader cl = getParent();
                c = cl.loadClass(sClassName);
                // System classloader does not define ProtectionDomain->CodeSource - null
                logInfo(LogArea.CLASS, "Loaded %s by %s", sClassName, cl.getClass().getName());
                return c;
            } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            }
            // What else?
            throw new ClassNotFoundException("Failure to load: " + sClassName);
        } finally {
            if (c != null  &&  bResolve) {
                resolveClass(c);
            }
        }
    } // loadClass()

    /**
     * @see java.lang.ClassLoader#findResource(java.lang.String)
     *
     * @return A URL object for reading the resource, or null if the resource could not be found.
     * Example URL: jar:file:C:\...\some.jar!/resources/InnerText.txt
     */
    @Override
    protected URL findResource(String sName) {
        logDebug(LogArea.RESOURCE, "findResource: %s", sName);
        if (isLaunchedFromJar()) {
            JarEntryInfo inf = findJarEntry(normalizeResourceName(sName));
            if (inf != null) {
                URL url = inf.getURL();
                logInfo(LogArea.RESOURCE, "found resource: %s", url);
                return url;
            }
            logInfo(LogArea.RESOURCE, "not found resource: %s", sName);
            return null;
        }
        return super.findResource(sName);
    } // findResource()

    /**
     * @see java.lang.ClassLoader#findResources(java.lang.String)
     *
     * @return  An enumeration of {@link java.net.URL <tt>URL</tt>} objects for
     *          the resources
     */
    @Override
    public Enumeration<URL> findResources(String sName) throws IOException {
        logDebug(LogArea.RESOURCE, "getResources: %s", sName);
        if (isLaunchedFromJar()) {
            List<JarEntryInfo> lstJarEntry = findJarEntries(normalizeResourceName(sName));
            List<URL> lstURL = new ArrayList<URL>();
            for (JarEntryInfo inf : lstJarEntry) {
                URL url = inf.getURL();
                if (url != null) {
                    lstURL.add(url);
                }
            }
            return Collections.enumeration(lstURL);
        }
        return super.findResources(sName);
    } // findResources()

    /**
     * @see java.lang.ClassLoader#findLibrary(java.lang.String)
     *
     * @return The absolute path of the native library.
     */
    @Override
    protected String findLibrary(String sLib) {
        logDebug(LogArea.NATIVE, "findLibrary: %s", sLib);
        if (isLaunchedFromJar()) {
            JarEntryInfo inf = findJarNativeEntry(sLib);
            if (inf != null) {
                try {
                    File file = createTempFile(inf);
                    logDebug(LogArea.NATIVE, "Loading native library %s from temp file %s",
                            inf.jarEntry, getFilename4Log(file));
                    hsDeleteOnExit.add(file);
                    return file.getAbsolutePath();
                } catch (JarClassLoaderException e) {
                    logError(LogArea.NATIVE, "Failure to load native library %s: %s", sLib, e.toString());
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
        return super.findLibrary(sLib);
    } // findLibrary()

    //--------------------------------separator--------------------------------
    static int ______HELPERS;

    /**
     * The default <code>ClassLoader.defineClass()</code> does not create package
     * for the loaded class and leaves it null. Each package referenced by this
     * class loader must be created only once before the
     * <code>ClassLoader.defineClass()</code> call.
     * The base class <code>ClassLoader</code> keeps cache with created packages
     * for reuse.
     *
     * @param sClassName class to load.
     * @throws  IllegalArgumentException
     *          If package name duplicates an existing package either in this
     *          class loader or one of its ancestors.
     */
    private void definePackage(String sClassName, JarEntryInfo inf)
    throws IllegalArgumentException {
        int pos = sClassName.lastIndexOf('.');
        String sPackageName = pos > 0 ? sClassName.substring(0, pos) : "";
        if (getPackage(sPackageName) == null) {
            JarFileInfo jfi = inf.jarFileInfo;
            definePackage(sPackageName,
                jfi.getSpecificationTitle(), jfi.getSpecificationVersion(),
                jfi.getSpecificationVendor(), jfi.getImplementationTitle(),
                jfi.getImplementationVersion(), jfi.getImplementationVendor(),
                jfi.getSealURL());
        }
    }

    /**
     * The system class loader could load resources defined as
     * "com/abc/Foo.txt" or "com\abc\Foo.txt".
     * This method converts path with '\' to default '/' JAR delimiter.
     *
     * @param sName resource name including path.
     * @return normalized resource name.
     */
    private String normalizeResourceName(String sName) {
        return sName.replace('\\', '/');
    }

    private void chmod777(File file) {
        file.setReadable(true, false);
        file.setWritable(true, false);
        file.setExecutable(true, false); // Unix: allow content for dir, redundant for file
    }

    private String getFilename4Log(File file) {
        if (logger != null) {
            try {
                // In form "C:\Documents and Settings\..."
                return file.getCanonicalPath();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                // In form "C:\DOCUME~1\..."
                return file.getAbsolutePath();
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    private void checkApplet() {
        if (applet == null) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("Applet is not inited. " +
                "Please call JarClassLoader.initApplet() first.");
        }
    }
    private void logDebug(LogArea area, String sMsg, Object ... obj) {
        log(LogLevel.DEBUG, area, sMsg, obj);
    }

    private void logInfo(LogArea area, String sMsg, Object ... obj) {
        log(LogLevel.INFO, area, sMsg, obj);
    }

    private void logWarn(LogArea area, String sMsg, Object ... obj) {
        log(LogLevel.WARN, area, sMsg, obj);
    }

    private void logError(LogArea area, String sMsg, Object ... obj) {
        log(LogLevel.ERROR, area, sMsg, obj);
    }

    private void log(LogLevel level, LogArea area, String sMsg, Object ... obj) {
        if (level.ordinal() <= logLevel.ordinal()) {
            if (hsLogArea.contains(LogArea.ALL) || hsLogArea.contains(area)) {
                logger.printf("JarClassLoader-" + level + ": " + sMsg + "\n", obj);
            }
        }
        if (!bLogConsole && level == LogLevel.ERROR) { // repeat to console
            System.out.printf("JarClassLoader-" + level + ": " + sMsg + "\n", obj);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Inner class with JAR file information.
     */
    private static class JarFileInfo {
        JarFile jarFile;   // this is the essence of JarFileInfo wrapper
        String simpleName; // accumulated for logging like: "topJar!childJar!kidJar"
        File fileDeleteOnExit;
        Manifest mf; // required for package creation
        ProtectionDomain pd;

        /**
         * @param jarFile
         *            Never null.
         * @param simpleName
         *            Used for logging. Never null.
         * @param jarFileParent
         *            Used to make simpleName for logging. Null for top level JAR.
         * @param fileDeleteOnExit
         *            Used only to delete temporary file on exit.
         *            Could be null if not required to delete on exit (top level JAR)
         * @throws JarClassLoaderException
         */
        JarFileInfo(JarFile jarFile, String simpleName, JarFileInfo jarFileParent,
                    ProtectionDomain pd, File fileDeleteOnExit)
        {
            this.simpleName = (jarFileParent == null ? "" : jarFileParent.simpleName + "!") + simpleName;
            this.jarFile = jarFile;
            this.pd = pd;
            this.fileDeleteOnExit = fileDeleteOnExit;
            try {
                this.mf = jarFile.getManifest(); // 'null' if META-INF directory is missing
            } catch (IOException e) {
                // Ignore and create blank manifest
            }
            if (this.mf == null) {
                this.mf = new Manifest();
            }
        }
        String getSpecificationTitle() {
            return mf.getMainAttributes().getValue(Name.SPECIFICATION_TITLE);
        }
        String getSpecificationVersion() {
            return mf.getMainAttributes().getValue(Name.SPECIFICATION_VERSION);
        }
        String getSpecificationVendor() {
            return mf.getMainAttributes().getValue(Name.SPECIFICATION_VENDOR);
        }
        String getImplementationTitle() {
            return mf.getMainAttributes().getValue(Name.IMPLEMENTATION_TITLE);
        }
        String getImplementationVersion() {
            return mf.getMainAttributes().getValue(Name.IMPLEMENTATION_VERSION);
        }
        String getImplementationVendor() {
            return mf.getMainAttributes().getValue(Name.IMPLEMENTATION_VENDOR);
        }
        URL getSealURL() {
            String seal = mf.getMainAttributes().getValue(Name.SEALED);
            if (seal != null) {
                try {
                    return new URL(seal);
                } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
                    // Ignore, will return null
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
    } // inner class JarFileInfo

    /**
     * Inner class with JAR entry information. Keeps JAR file and entry object.
     */
    private static class JarEntryInfo {
        JarFileInfo jarFileInfo;
        JarEntry jarEntry;
        JarEntryInfo(JarFileInfo jarFileInfo, JarEntry jarEntry) {
            this.jarFileInfo = jarFileInfo;
            this.jarEntry = jarEntry;
        }
        URL getURL() { // used in findResource() and findResources()
            try {
                return new URL("jar:file:" + jarFileInfo.jarFile.getName() + "!/" + jarEntry);
            } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
                return null;
            }
        }
        String getName() { // used in createTempFile() and loadJar()
            return jarEntry.getName().replace('/', '_');
        }
        @Override
        public String toString() {
            return "JAR: " + jarFileInfo.jarFile.getName() + " ENTRY: " + jarEntry;
        }
        /**
         * Read JAR entry and returns byte array of this JAR entry. This is
         * a helper method to load JAR entry into temporary file.
         *
         * @param inf JAR entry information object
         * @return byte array for the specified JAR entry
         * @throws JarClassLoaderException
         */
        byte[] getJarBytes() throws JarClassLoaderException {
            DataInputStream dis = null;
            byte[] a_by = null;
            try {
                long lSize = jarEntry.getSize();
                if (lSize <= 0  ||  lSize >= Integer.MAX_VALUE) {
                    throw new JarClassLoaderException(
                            "Invalid size " + lSize + " for entry " + jarEntry);
                }
                a_by = new byte[(int)lSize];
                InputStream is = jarFileInfo.jarFile.getInputStream(jarEntry);
                dis = new DataInputStream(is);
                dis.readFully(a_by);
            } catch (IOException e) {
                throw new JarClassLoaderException(null, e);
            } finally {
                if (dis != null) {
                    try {
                        dis.close();
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                    }
                }
            }
            return a_by;
        }
    } // inner class JarEntryInfo

    /**
     * Inner class to handle JarClassLoader exceptions.
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("serial")
    private static class JarClassLoaderException extends Exception {
        JarClassLoaderException(String sMsg) {
            super(sMsg);
        }
        JarClassLoaderException(String sMsg, Throwable eCause) {
            super(sMsg, eCause);
        }
        String getMessageAll() {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            for (Throwable e = this;  e != null;  e = e.getCause()) {
                if (sb.length() > 0) {
                    sb.append(" / ");
                }
                String sMsg = e.getMessage();
                if (sMsg == null  ||  sMsg.length() == 0) {
                    sMsg = e.getClass().getSimpleName();
                }
                sb.append(sMsg);
            }
            return sb.toString();
        }
    } // inner class JarClassLoaderException

} // class JarClassLoader