Access ServletContext from within a JAX-WS Web Service

In a typical J2EE project, we put the application level initial parameter in context-param tag in web.xml, such as database configuration, administrator's email address, etc.

The values within the element can be accessed like so:

String value = 

When dealing with Web Service, the same problem comes up.

What if we want to put database configuration information in a configuration file, and let Web Service access it? We want the configuration info is not hard-coded, and therefore can be changed during the deployment stage.

Luckily for us, the servlet context can be access by Web Service too. Servlet Context is available by JAX-WS via the message context, which can be retrieved using the web service context. Inserting the following member will cause JAX-WS to inject a reference to the web service context into your web service:

private WebServiceContext context;

Then, you can access the servlet context using:

ServletContext servletContext =
    (ServletContext) context.getMessageContext().get(MessageContext.SERVLET_CONTEXT);

What about other ways to put configuration information for Java Web Service?

Category >> JSP/JSF >> Web Services  
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  • admin

    Thanks for your comment.

    I think when a war file is deployed to the server, a ServletContext is initialized. So you can access it. Since it is accessed through a web service method, whenever you call a method, the value is got through that call.

    The problem is: is this the right way to do it?

  • Daniel Manzke

    But this way is only possible, while processing a request. How would you solve it, when you want to initialize it, before there is a request?