LeetCode – Range Sum Query – Mutable (Java)

Given an integer array nums, find the sum of the elements between indices i and j (i ≤ j), inclusive. The update(i, val) function modifies nums by updating the element at index i to val.

Java Solution 1 - Segment Tree
range-sum-query-mutable

class TreeNode{
    int start;
    int end;
    int sum;
    TreeNode leftChild;
    TreeNode rightChild;
 
    public TreeNode(int left, int right, int sum){
        this.start=left;
        this.end=right;
        this.sum=sum;
    }
    public TreeNode(int left, int right){
        this.start=left;
        this.end=right;
        this.sum=0;
    }
}
 
public class NumArray {
    TreeNode root = null;
 
    public NumArray(int[] nums) {
        if(nums==null || nums.length==0)
            return;
 
        this.root = buildTree(nums, 0, nums.length-1);    
    }
 
    void update(int i, int val) {
        updateHelper(root, i, val);
    }
 
    void updateHelper(TreeNode root, int i, int val){
        if(root==null)
            return;
 
 
 
        int mid = root.start + (root.end-root.start)/2;
        if(i<=mid){
            updateHelper(root.leftChild, i, val);
        }else{
            updateHelper(root.rightChild, i, val);
        }
 
        if(root.start==root.end&& root.start==i){
            root.sum=val;
            return;
        }
 
        root.sum=root.leftChild.sum+root.rightChild.sum;
    }
 
    public int sumRange(int i, int j) {
        return sumRangeHelper(root, i, j);
    }
 
    public int sumRangeHelper(TreeNode root, int i, int j){
        if(root==null || j<root.start || i > root.end ||i>j )
            return 0;
 
        if(i<=root.start && j>=root.end){
            return root.sum;
        }    
        int mid = root.start + (root.end-root.start)/2;
        int result = sumRangeHelper(root.leftChild, i, Math.min(mid, j))
                    +sumRangeHelper(root.rightChild, Math.max(mid+1, i), j);
 
        return result;            
    }
 
    public TreeNode buildTree(int[] nums, int i, int j){
        if(nums==null || nums.length==0|| i>j)
            return null;
 
        if(i==j){
            return new TreeNode(i, j, nums[i]);
        }
 
        TreeNode current = new TreeNode(i, j);
 
        int mid = i + (j-i)/2;
 
        current.leftChild = buildTree(nums, i, mid);
        current.rightChild = buildTree(nums, mid+1, j);
 
        current.sum = current.leftChild.sum+current.rightChild.sum;
 
        return current;
    }
}

Java Solution 2 - Binary Index Tree / Fenwick Tree

Here is a perfect video to show how binary index tree works. In addition, my notes at the end of the post may also help.

public class NumArray {
 
    int[] btree;
    int[] arr;
 
    public NumArray(int[] nums) {
        btree = new int[nums.length+1];
        arr = nums;
 
        for(int i=0; i<nums.length; i++){
            add(i+1, nums[i]);
        }
    }
 
    void add(int i, int val) {
        for(int j=i; j<btree.length; j=j+(j&(-j)) ){
            btree[j] += val;
        }
    }
 
    void update(int i, int val) {
        add(i+1, val-arr[i]);
        arr[i]=val;
    }
 
    public int sumRange(int i, int j) {
        return sumHelper(j+1)-sumHelper(i);
    }
 
    public int sumHelper(int i){
        int sum=0;
        for(int j=i; j>=1; j=j-(j&(-j))){
            sum += btree[j];
        }
        return sum;
    }
}

range-query-sum-binary-index-tree

Category >> Algorithms  
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