Java Design Pattern: Prototype

Prototype design pattern is used when very similar objects frequently are required. Prototype pattern clones objects and set the changed feature. This way less resources are consumed. Think about why less resources are consumed?

1. Prototype Pattern Class Diagram

prototype-pattern-class-diagram

2. Prototype Pattern Java Example

package designpatterns.prototype;
 
//prototype
interface Prototype {
    void setSize(int x);
    void printSize();
 }
 
// a concrete class
class A implements Prototype, Cloneable {
    private int size;
 
    public A(int x) {
        this.size = x;
    }
 
    @Override
    public void setSize(int x) {
        this.size = x;
    }
 
    @Override
    public void printSize() {
        System.out.println("Size: " + size);
    }
 
 
    @Override
    public A clone() throws CloneNotSupportedException {
        return (A) super.clone();
    }
}
 
//when we need a large number of similar objects
public class PrototypeTest {
    public static void main(String args[]) throws CloneNotSupportedException {
        A a = new A(1);
 
        for (int i = 2; i < 10; i++) {
            Prototype temp = a.clone();
            temp.setSize(i);
            temp.printSize();
        }
    }
}

3. Prototype Design Pattern Used in Java Standard Library

java.lang.Object - clone()

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